Science Articles

This is a list of peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters authored by TNC staff, including links to pdf versions where available. Click an article's title for more information. To submit additions or corrections, or to report problems using this site, please email us.

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Quantifying livestock effects on bunchgrass vegetation with Landsat ETM+ data across a single growing season International Journal of Remote SensingJansen, Vincent S.; Kolden, Crystal A.; Taylor, Robert V.; Newingham, Beth A.2016 systems provide important habitat for native biodiversity and forage for livestock, with livestock grazing playing an important role influencing sustainable ecosystem function. Traditional field techniques to monitor the effects of grazing on velivestock, cattle, grasslands, biodiversity, vegetation, remote sensing
Balancing hydropower and biodiversity in the Amazon, Congo, and MekongScienceK. O. Winemiller, P. B. McIntyre, L. Castello, E. Fluet-Chouinard, T. Giarrizzo, S. Nam, I. G. Baird, W. Darwall, N. K. Lujan, I. Harrison, M. L. J. Stiassny, R. A. M. Silvano, D. B. Fitzgerald, F. M. Pelicice, A. A. Agostinho, L. C. Gomes, J. S. Albert, E. Baran, M. Petrere Jr., C. Zarfl, M. Mulligan, J. P. Sullivan, C. C. Arantes, L. M. Sousa, A. A. Koning, D. J. Hoeinghaus, M. Sabaj, J. G. Lundberg, J. Armbruster, M. L. Thieme, P. Petry, J. Zuanon, G. Torrente Vilara, J. Snoeks, C. Ou, W. Rainboth, C. S. Pavanelli, A. Akama, A. van Soesbergen, L. Sáenz2016fish, energy, rivers, South America, Asia, Africa
Potential Links Between Certified Organic Coffee and Deforestation in a Protected Area in Chiapas, MexicoWorld DevelopmentM. Jurjonas, K. Crossman, J. Solomon, W. Lopez Baez2016coffee
Synergies and tradeoffs among environmental impacts under conservation planning of shale gas surface infrastructureEnvironmental ManagementAustin W. Milt, Tamara Gagnolet, Paul R. Armsworth2016Shale Gas Development, Effective Mesh Size, State Forest Land, Marcellus Shale, SI Fig, Central Appalachian Region, Impact Metric, Shale Gas Reserve, Least-cost Path, State Game Land, Forest Fragmentation, Hydraulic Fracture
A Horizon Scan of Global Conservation Issues for 2016Trends in Ecology & EvolutionSutherland, William J, Broad, Steven, Caine, Jacqueline, Clout, Mick, Dicks, Lynn V, Doran, Helen, Entwistle, Abigail C, Fleishman, Erica, Gibbons, David W, Keim, Brandon, LeAnstey, Becky, Lickorish, Fiona A, Markillie, Paul, Monk, Kathryn A, Mortimer, Diana, Ockendon, Nancy, Pearce-Higgins, James W, Peck, Lloyd S, Pretty, Jules, Rockström, Johan, Spalding, Mark D, Tonneijck, Femke H, Wintle, Bonnie C, Wright, Katherine E2016
Using food-web theory to conserve ecosystemsNature CommunicationsE. McDonald-Madden; R. Sabbadin; E. T. Game; P. W. J. Baxter; I. Chadès; H. P. Possingham2016
Synthesizing Global and Local Datasets to Estimate Jurisdictional Forest Carbon Fluxes in Berau, IndonesiaPLoS ONEGriscom BW, Ellis PW, Baccini A, Marthinus D, Evans JS, Ruslandi2016
Ecosystem-service based metrics of sustainability as tools for promoting conservation and food securityFisher, J.R.B. and Kareiva, P.2016agriculture, metrics, corporate, green labels, sustainability
Response of medium- and large-sized terrestrial fauna to corridor restoration along the middle Sacramento RiverRestoration EcologyDerugin, V.V.; Silveira, J.G.; Golet, G.H.; LeBuhn, G.2016
The benefits of crops and field management practices to wintering waterbirds in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta of CaliforniaRenewable Agriculture and Food StstemsShuford, W.D.; Reiter, M.E.; Strum, K.M.; Gilbert, M.M.; Hickey, C.M.; Golet, G.H.2016
Evidence for genetic erosion of a California native tree, Platanus racemosa, via recent, ongoing introgressive hybridization with an introduced ornamental speciesConservation GeneticsJohnson, M.G.; Lang, K.; Manos, P.; Golet, G.H.; Schierenbeck, K.2016
Economic value of a large marine ecosystem: Danajon double barrier reef, PhilippinesOcean & Coastal ManagementSamontea, Giselle P.B.; Eisma-Osoriob, Rose-Liza; Amolob, Rizaller; Whitec, Alan2016Economic valuation; Inter-governmental cooperation; Marine protected area
Managing Coasts with Natural Solutions2016 guidance note provides review and recommendations for how the protective services of mangroves and coral reefs can be measured and valued in a manner consistent with national economic accounts and included in other decision-making processes to support planning for development, disaster risk, and coastal zone management. coral reefs, mangroves, marine/coastal, technical report, The Nature Conservancy, WAVES, WBG
Water depletion: An improved metric for incorporating seasonal and dry-year water scarcity into water risk assessmentsElementaBrauman, K., B.D. Richter, S. Postel, M. Malsy, and M. Florke2016 present an improved water-scarcity metric we call water depletion, calculated as the fraction of renewable water consumptively used for human activities. We employ new data from the WaterGAP3 integrated global water resources model to illustrate water depletion for 15,091 watersheds worldwide, constituting 90% of total land area. Our analysis illustrates that moderate water depletion at an annual time scale is better characterized as high depletion at a monthly time scale and we are thus able to integrate seasonal and dry-year depletion into the water depletion metric, providing a more accurate depiction of water shortage that could affect irrigated agriculture, urban water supply, and freshwater ecosystems. Applying the metric, we find that the 2% of watersheds that are more than 75% depleted on an average annual basis are home to 15% of global irrigated area and 4% of large cities. An additional 30% of watersheds are depleted by more than 75% seasonally or in dry years. In total, 71% of world irrigated area and 47% of large cities are characterized as experiencing at least periodic water shortage.
The Effects of Sub-Regional Climate Velocity on the Distribution and Spatial Extent of Marine Species AssemblagesPLoS ONEKristin M. Kleisner, Michael J. Fogarty, Sally McGee, Analie Barnett, Paula Fratantoni, Jennifer Greene, Jonathan A. Hare, Sean M. Lucey, Christopher McGuire, Jay Odell, Vincent S. Saba, Laurel Smith, Katherine J. Weaver, Malin L. Pinsky2016 studies illustrate variable patterns in individual species distribution shifts in response to changing temperature. However, an assemblage, a group of species that shares a common environmental niche, will likely exhibit similar responses to climate changes, and these community-level responses may have significant implications for ecosystem function. Therefore, we examine the relationship between observed shifts of species in assemblages and regional climate velocity (i.e., the rate and direction of change of temperature isotherms). The assemblages are defined in two sub-regions of the U.S. Northeast Shelf that have heterogeneous oceanography and bathymetry using four decades of bottom trawl survey data and we explore temporal changes in distribution, spatial range extent, thermal habitat area, and biomass, within assemblages. These sub-regional analyses allow the dissection of the relative roles of regional climate velocity and local physiography in shaping observed distribution shifts. We find that assemblages of species associated with shallower, warmer waters tend to shift west-southwest and to shallower waters over time, possibly towards cooler temperatures in the semi-enclosed Gulf of Maine, while species assemblages associated with relatively cooler and deeper waters shift deeper, but with little latitudinal change. Conversely, species assemblages associated with warmer and shallower water on the broad, shallow continental shelf from the Mid-Atlantic Bight to Georges Bank shift strongly northeast along latitudinal gradients with little change in depth. Shifts in depth among the southern species associated with deeper and cooler waters are more variable, although predominantly shifts are toward deeper waters. In addition, spatial expansion and contraction of species assemblages in each region corresponds to the area of suitable thermal habitat, but is inversely related to assemblage biomass. This suggests that assemblage distribution shifts in conjunction with expansion or contraction of thermal habitat acts to compress or stretch marine species assemblages, which may respectively amplify or dilute species interactions to an extent that is rarely considered. Overall, regional differences in climate change effects on the movement and extent of species assemblages hold important implications for management, mitigation, and adaptation on the U.S. Northeast Shelf.
Restricted grouper reproductive migrations support community-based managementRoyal Society Open SciencePeter A. Waldie, Glenn R. Almany, Tane H. Sinclair-Taylor, Richard J. Hamilton, Tapas Potuku, Mark A. Priest, Kevin L. Rhodes, Jan Robinson, Joshua E. Cinner, Michael L. Berumen2016 commonly requires trade-offs between social and ecological goals. For tropical small-scale fisheries, spatial scales of socially appropriate management are generally small—the median no-take locally managed marine area (LMMA) area throughout the Pacific is less than 1 km2. This is of particular concern for large coral reef fishes, such as many species of grouper, which migrate to aggregations to spawn. Current data suggest that the catchment areas (i.e. total area from which individuals are drawn) of such aggregations are at spatial scales that preclude effective community-based management with no-take LMMAs. We used acoustic telemetry and tag-returns to examine reproductive migrations and catchment areas of the grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus at a spawning aggregation in Papua New Guinea. Protection of the resultant catchment area of approximately 16 km2 using a no-take LMMA is socially untenable here and throughout much of the Pacific region. However, we found that spawning migrations were skewed towards shorter distances. Consequently, expanding the current 0.2 km2 no-take LMMA to 1–2 km2 would protect approximately 30–50% of the spawning population throughout the non-spawning season. Contrasting with current knowledge, our results demonstrate that species with moderate reproductive migrations can be managed at scales congruous with spatially restricted management tools.
Big, Bold and Blue: Lessons from Australia’s Marine Protected Areas.Spalding, M.D. and L.Z. Hale2016The world’s oceans cover about 70% of our planet. To safeguard the delicate ecological and environmental functions of the oceans and their remarkable biodiversity, networks of marine protected areas are being created. In some of these areas, human activity is restricted to non-exploitative activities and in others it is managed in a sustainable way. Australia is at the forefront of marine conservation, with one of the largest systems of marine protected areas in the world. Big, Bold and Blue: Lessons from Australia’s Marine Protected Areas captures Australia’s experience, sharing important lessons from the Great Barrier Reef and many other extraordinary marine protected areas. It presents real-world examples, leading academic research, perspectives on government policy, and information from Indigenous sea country management, non-governmental organisations, and commercial and recreational fishing sectors. The lessons learnt during the rapid expansion of Australia’s marine protected areas, both positive and negative, will aid and advise other nations in their own marine conservation efforts.Australia, marine protected areas
Status of Implementation and Sources of Leverage to Enhance Ambition.Conservation Science and PracticeLinda Krueger2016This chapter reviews the role and status of legal frameworks and other commitments for protected areas. It explores the relationship between scientific evidence and political practicality in implementing current targets and achieving the more ambitious ones. Prompted by increasingly urgent scientific warnings on biodiversity loss and supported by an emerging international community of practice around protected areas, governments have been commendably responsive both through commitment and action in developing national protected area networks. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), signed at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, has gradually emerged as the most comprehensive legal framework for protected areas. Programme of Work on Protected Areas (PoWPA) remains the framework for implementing protected area goals, although it has been supplemented by the Strategic Plan Targets, the Aichi Targets, adopted at the CBD's 10th Conference of the Parties (COP 10).Convention on Biological Diversity; government commitments; protected areas; Strategic Plan Targets
Cattle grazing and grassland birds in the northern tallgrass prairieJournal of Wildlife ManagementMarissa A. Ahlering; Christopher L. Merkord2016With the loss of over 70% of North America's grasslands (Samson et al. 2004), grassland birds increasingly rely on habitat that is privately owned and managed for livestock production. Therefore, it is critical to understand how livestock grazing influences grassland bird abundance and community structure. We evaluated the response of 4 obligate grassland bird species to grazing intensity, vegetation structure, ecological site description, and burning across a landscape including pastures with no recent grazing to pastures experiencing grazing intensities similar to that for private livestock production operations. We evaluated models using a binomial N-mixture model implemented in the R package unmarked. Overall, 3 of the 4 obligate species included positive relationships with grazing intensity in the top abundance model (i.e., grasshopper sparrow [Ammodramus savannarum], bobolink [Dolichonyx oryzivorus], and upland sandpiper [Bartramia longicauda]), suggesting the range of grazing intensities evaluated (0–4.57 animal months/ha) did not negatively affect the abundance of these species. Marbled godwit (Limosa fedoa) abundance, however, was higher with greater variability in litter depth but was not directly related to grazing intensity. Finally, the effect of year was correlated with decreasing precipitation over the course of the study and had the greatest influence on community composition with some community separation by grazing intensity. Our results suggest that cattle grazing can positively influence the abundance of some grassland bird species but annual variation in weather patterns can influence community composition at sites regardless of management decisions.
Property Rights for Fishing Cooperatives: How (and How Well) Do They Work?The World Bank Economic ReviewOctavio Aburto-Oropeza, Heather M. Leslie, Austen Mack-Crane, Sriniketh Nagavarapu, Sheila M.W. Reddy, Leila Sievanen2016Octavio Aburto-Oropeza is an assistant professor at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California-San Diego <a href="mailto:(">(</a>. Heather M. Leslie is director and Libra Associate Professor at Darling Marine Center, University of Maine <a href="mailto:(">(</a>. Austen Mack-Crane is a research assistant at the Center on Social Dynamics and Policy, Brookings Institution <a href="mailto:(">(</a>. Sriniketh Nagavarapu (corresponding author) is a senior policy associate at Acumen, LLC. Sheila M.W. Reddy is a senior scientist for sustainability at The Nature Conservancy <a href="mailto:(">(</a>. Leila Sievanen is an associate scientist at California Ocean Science Trust <a href="mailto:(">(</a>. We appreciate outstanding research assistance from Gustavo Hinojosa Arango, Juan José Cota Nieto, Alexandra Sánchez, Alexander Lobert, Florencia Borrescio-Higa, Ashley Anderson, Steven Hagerty, and Katherine Wong. For invaluable advice, we thank Chris Costello, Robert Deacon, Andrew Foster, Vernon Henderson, Kaivan Munshi, and seminar participants at Brown's Population Studies and Training Center, Brown's Spatial Structures in the Social Sciences, the UC-Santa Barbara fisheries working group, the MIT/Harvard Environment and Development seminar, and the UC-Berkeley ARE seminar. We are grateful for financial support from the Institute at Brown for Environment and Society at Brown University and the US National Science Foundation Coupled Natural and Human Systems program (NSF Award GEO-11114964). Remaining errors are our own. Author contributions: 1) Design of research: Leslie, Nagavarapu, Reddy; 2) Quantitative data: Aburto, Reddy; 3) Qualitative data: Leslie, Reddy, Sievanen; 4) Theoretical model: Mack-Crane, Nagavarapu; 5) Empirical analysis: Mack-Crane, Nagavarapu, Reddy; 6) Writing: Leslie, Mack-Crane, Nagavarapu, Reddy. A supplemental appendix to this article is available at <a href=""></a>.
Nature-based solutions: lessons from around the worldProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Maritime EngineeringNigel Pontee, Siddharth Narayan, Michael W. Beck, Adam H. Hosking2016This paper considers an emerging group of coastal management approaches that offer the potential to reduce coastal flood and erosion risks while also providing nature conservation, aesthetic and amenity benefits. These solutions mimic the characteristics of natural features, but are enhanced or created by man to provide specific services such as wave energy dissipation and erosion reduction. Such approaches can include beaches, dunes, saltmarshes, mangroves, sea grasses, coral and oyster reefs. The paper describes a number of innovative projects and the lessons learned in their development and implementation. These lessons include the planning, design and construction of projects, their development following implementation, the engagement of local communities and the cost-effectiveness of solutions.
Upgrading Marine Ecosystem Restoration Using Ecological‐Social ConceptsBioScienceAvigdor Abelson, Benjamin S. Halpern, Daniel C. Reed, Robert J. Orth, Gary A. Kendrick, Michael W. Beck, Jonathan Belmaker, Gesche Krause, Graham J. Edgar, Laura Airoldi, Eran Brokovich, Robert France, Nadav Shashar, Arianne de Blaeij, Noga Stambler, Pierre Salameh, Mordechai Shechter, Peter A. Nelson2016 and environmental management are principal countermeasures to the degradation of marine ecosystems and their services. However, in many cases, current practices are insufficient to reverse ecosystem declines. We suggest that restoration ecology, the science underlying the concepts and tools needed to restore ecosystems, must be recognized as an integral element for marine conservation and environmental management. Marine restoration ecology is a young scientific discipline, often with gaps between its application and the supporting science. Bridging these gaps is essential to using restoration as an effective management tool and reversing the decline of marine ecosystems and their services. Ecological restoration should address objectives that include improved ecosystem services, and it therefore should encompass social–ecological elements rather than focusing solely on ecological parameters. We recommend using existing management frameworks to identify clear restoration targets, to apply quantitative tools for assessment, and to make the re-establishment of ecosystem services a criterion for success.
Optimizing regulatory requirements to aid in the implementation of compensatory mitigationJournal of Applied EcologyKei Sochi, Joseph Kiesecker2016 offsets, compensatory mitigation, energy development, Marxan,mitigation planning, protected species mitigation
A Framework for Developing Monitoring Plans for Coastal Wetland Restoration and Living Shoreline Projects in New JerseyMetthea Yepsen, Joshua Moody, Elizabeth Schuster2016
Government Commitments for Protected Areas: Status of Implementation and Sources of Leverage to Enhance AmbitionKrueger, L.2016This chapter reviews the role and status of legal frameworks and other commitments for protected areas. It explores the relationship between scientific evidence and political practicality in implementing current targets and achieving the more ambitious ones. Prompted by increasingly urgent scientific warnings on biodiversity loss and supported by an emerging international community of practice around protected areas, governments have been commendably responsive both through commitment and action in developing national protected area networks. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), signed at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, has gradually emerged as the most comprehensive legal framework for protected areas. Programme of Work on Protected Areas (PoWPA) remains the framework for implementing protected area goals, although it has been supplemented by the Strategic Plan Targets, the Aichi Targets, adopted at the CBD's 10th Conference of the Parties (COP 10).
Examining the relationship between environmental factors and conflict in pastoralist areas of East AfricaScience of The Total EnvironmentEssayas K. Ayana, Pietro Ceccato, Jonathan R.B. Fisher, Ruth DeFries2016The eastern Africa region has long been known for recurring drought, prolonged civil war and frequent pastoral conflicts. Several researchers have suggested that environmental factors can trigger conflicts among pastoralist communities, but quantitative support for this hypothesis is lacking. Here we use 29 years of georeferenced precipitation and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data to evaluate long term trends in scarcity of water and forage for livestock, and then ask whether these environmental stressors have any predictive power with respect to the location and timing of 11 years of conflict data based on Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED) and Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP). Results indicate that environmental stressors were only partly predictive of conflict events. To better understand the drivers behind conflict, the contribution of other potential stressors to conflict need to be systematically quantified and be taken into consideration.
Advancing Conservation by Understanding and Influencing Human BehaviorConservation LettersSheila M.W. Reddy, Jensen Montambault, Yuta J. Masuda, Ayelet Gneezy, Elizabeth Keenan, William Butler, Jonathan R.B. Fisher, Stanley T. Asah2016 sciences can advance conservation by systematically identifying behavioral barriers to conservation and how to best overcome them. Behavioral sciences have informed policy in many other realms (e.g., health, savings), but they are a largely untapped resource for conservation. We propose a set of guiding questions for applying behavioral insights to conservation policy. These questions help define the conservation problem as a behavior change problem, understand behavioral mechanisms and identify appropriate approaches for behavior change (awareness, incentives, nudges), and evaluate and adapt approaches based on new behavioral insights. We provide a foundation for the questions by synthesizing a wide range of behavior change models and evidence related to littering, water and energy conservation, and land management. We also discuss the methodology and data needed to answer these questions. We illustrate how these questions have been answered in practice to inform efforts to promote conservation for climate risk reduction. Although more comprehensive research programs to answer these questions are needed, some insights are emerging. Integrating two or more behavior change approaches that target multiple, context-dependent factors may be most successful; however, caution must be taken to avoid approaches that could undermine one another (e.g., economic incentives crowding out intrinsic incentives).
Hyperstability masks declines in bumphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum) populationsCoral ReefsRichard J. Hamilton , Glenn R. Almany, Don Stevens, Michael Bode, John Pita, Nate A. Peterson, J. Howard Choat2016Bolbometopon muricatum, the largest species of parrotfish, is a functionally important species that is characterised by the formation of aggregations for foraging, reproductive, and sleeping behaviours. Aggregations are restricted to shallow reef habitats, the locations of which are often known to local fishers. Bolbometopon muricatum fisheries are therefore vulnerable to overfishing and are likely to exhibit hyperstability, the maintenance of high catch per unit effort (CPUE) while population abundance declines. In this study, we provide a clear demonstration of hyperstable dynamics in a commercial B. muricatum fishery in Isabel Province, Solomon Islands. Initially, we used participatory mapping to demarcate the Kia fishing grounds into nine zones that had experienced different historic levels of fishing pressure. We then conducted comprehensive underwater visual census (UVC) and CPUE surveys across these zones over a 21-month period in 2012–2013. The individual sites for replicate UVC surveys were selected using a generalised random tessellation stratified variable probability design, while CPUE surveys involved trained provincial fisheries officers and local spearfishers. A comparison of fishery-independent abundance data and fishery-dependent CPUE data indicate extreme hyperstability, with CPUE maintained as B. muricatum abundance declines towards zero. Hyperstability may explain the sudden collapses of many B. muricatum spear fisheries across the Pacific and highlights the limitations of using data-poor fisheries assessment methods to evaluate the status of commercially valuable coral reef fishes that form predicable aggregations.
Spatial patterns of agricultural expansion determine impacts on biodiversity and carbon storageProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesChaplin-Kramer, R., R.P. Sharp, L. Mandle, S. SIm, J. Johnson, I. Butnar, Lloren Milˆ i Canals, B. A. Eichelberger, I. Ramler, C. Mueller, N. McLachlan, A. Yousefi, H. King, and P. M. Kareiva.2015The agricultural expansion and intensification required to meet growing food and agri-based product demand present important challenges to future levels and management of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Influential actors such as corporationagriculture
The Human Footprint in Mexico: Physical Geography and Historical LegaciesPLoS ONEGonz‡lez-Abraham, C., Ezcurra E., P.P. Garcill‡n, A. Ortega-Rubio, M. Kolb, and J.E. Bezaury Creel2015Using publicly available data on land use and transportation corridors we calculated the human footprint index for the whole of Mexico to identify large-scale spatial patterns in the anthropogenic transformation of the land surface. We developed
Functional equivalence of constructed and natural intertidal eastern oyster reef habitats in a northern Gulf of Mexico estuaryMarine Ecology Progress SeriesDillon, K.S., M.S. Peterson, and C.A. functional equivalence of constructed and natural intertidal eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica reefs was evaluated over 2 yr using oyster density, taxa richness, phyletic abundance, and carbon and nitrogen stable isotope (ë«13C and
Density-dependent effects on initial growth of a branching coral under restorationRestoration EcologyGriffin, J. N., Schrack, E. C., Lewis, K.-A., Baums, I. B., Soomdat, N. and Silliman, B. R2015<a href=""></a>
Marine zoning in St. Kitts and Nevis: A design for sustainable management in the CaribbeanOcean and Coastal ManagementAgostini, V. N., Margles, S. W., Knowles, J. K., Schill, S. R., Bovino, R. J., & Blyther, R. J2015<a href=""></a>
Conservation for CitiesRobert I. McDonald2015It’s time to think differently about cities and nature. More people than ever live in urban areas, and all of this growth, along with challenges of adapting to climate change, will require a new approach to infrastructure in order to create liveable urbanurban, natural infrastructure
Can orchards help connect Mediterranean ecosystems? Animal movement data alter conservation prioritiesAmerican Midland NaturalistNogeire, T., E. Boydston, K. Crooks, B.H. McRae, L. Lyren, and F. Davis2015
Marine zoning in St. Kitts and Nevis: A design for sustainable management in the CaribbeanOcean and Coastal ManagementAgostini, Vera N.; Margles, Shawn W.; Knowles, John K.; Schill, Steven R.; Bovino, Robbie J.; Blyther, Ruth J.2015
Otolith Chemistry to Determine Within-River Origins of Alabama Shad in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River BasinTransactions Of The American Fisheries SocietySchaffler, Jason J.; Young, Shawn P.; Herrington, Steve; Ingram, Travis; Tannehill, Josh2015
ChinaSall, Christopher; Brandon, Katrina2015
Using ecosystem services valuation to measure the economic impacts of land-use changes on the Spanish Mediterranean coast (El Maresme, 1850-2010)Regional Environmental ChangeDupras, J., L. Parcerisas, and J.*~hmac=142de0243cbf6ef35093d8cb681e69309394236314c41fc0096fe8be2a0b5703
Connecting the dots: Connectivity mapping for tigers in central IndiaRegional Environmental ChangeDutta, T., S. Sharma, R. DeFries, B.H. McRae, and P.S.
Climate change implications in the northern coastal temperate rainforest of North AmericaClimatic ChangeShanley, C.S., S. Pyare, M.I. Goldstein, P.B. Alaback,ÊD.M. Albert, C.M. Beier, T.J. Brinkman, R.T. Edwards, E. Hood, A. MacKinnon, M.V. McPhee, T.M. Patterson, L.H. Suring, D. Tallmon, M.S. Wipfli2015
Landscape-level analysis of mountain goat population connectivity in Washington and southern British ColumbiaConservation GeneticsParks, L.C., D.O. Wallin, S.A. Cushman, and B.H. McRae2015
Native North American pine attenuates the competitive effects of a European invader on native grassesBiological InvasionsMetlen, Kerry L.; Callaway, Ragan M.2015
Private protected areas in Australia: current status and future directionsNature ConservationFitzsimons, J.A2015
Do protected areas reduce blue carbon emissions? A quasi-experimental evaluation of mangroves in IndonesiaEcological EconomicsMiteva, D.A., Murray, B.C., Pattanayak, S.K.2015
Ecological checklist of the Missouri flora for Floristic Quality AssessmentPhytoneuronLadd, Douglas, Justin R Thomas2015
Use of monitoring data to support conservation management and policy decisions in MicronesiaConservation BiologyMontambault, J.R., S. Wongbusarakum, T. Leberer, E. Joseph, W. Andrew, F. Castro, B. Nevitt, Y. Golbuu, N. W. Oldiais, C. R. Groves, W. Kostka, and P. Houk2015
Key directions for valuing ecosystem services and protected areas in AustraliaMackey, B.; Figgis, P.; Fitzsimons, J.; Irving, J.; Clarke, P.2015
Factors affecting broadleaf woody vegetation in upland pine forests managed for longleaf pine restorationForest Ecology and ManagementAddington RN, Knapp BO, Sorrell GG, Elmore ML, Wang GG, Walker JL2015
Factors affecting broadleaf woody vegetation in upland pine forests managed for longleaf pine restorationForest Ecology and ManagementRobert N. Addington, Benjamin O. Knapp, Geoffrey G. Sorrell, Michele L. Elmore, G. Geoff Wang,Joan L. Walker2015
Restoring Longleaf Pine: Effects of Seasonal Prescribed Fire and Overstory Density on Vegetation Structure of a Young Longleaf Pine PlantationForest ScienceAddington, R.N., T.A. Greene, W.C. Harrison, G.G. Sorrell, M.L. Elmore, and S.M.
Distribution of Mangrove Habitats of Grenada and the GrenadinesJournal Of Coastal ResearchMoore, Gregg E.; Gilmer, Ben F.; Schill, Steven R.2015
A gap analysis of tree species representation in the protected areas of the Canadian boreal forest: applying a new assemblage of digital Forest Resource Inventory dataCanadian Journal of Forest ResearchCumming, Steven G.; Drever, C. Ronnie; Houle, Melina; Cosco, John; Racine, Pierre; Bayne, Erin; Schmiegelow, Fiona K. A.2015
Water Quality Monitoring Station Design For Remote Sites Experiencing Extreme Water Level FluctuationRiver Research And ApplicationsRice, C. L.; Weber, D. S.; Haase, C. S.; Piazza, B. P.2015
Multiple Use ManagementAlavalapati, Janaki R. R. and Jensen R. Montambault2015
Sustainability: map the evidenceNatureMcKinnon, Madeleine C.; Cheng, Samantha H.; Garside, Ruth; Masuda, Yuta J.; Miller, Daniel C.2015!/menu/main/topColumns/topLeftColumn/pdf/528185a.pdf
Recommendations for Improving Recovery Criteria under the US Endangered Species ActBioScienceDoak, Daniel F.; Boor, Gina K. Himes; Bakker, Victoria J.; Morris, William F.; Louthan, Allison; Morrison, Scott A.; Stanley, Amanda; Crowder, Larry B.2015
Conserving Biodiversity: Practical Guidance about Climate Change Adaptation Approaches in Support of Land-use PlanningNatural Areas JournalSchmitz, Oswald J.; Lawler, Joshua J.; Beier, Paul; Groves, Craig; Knight, Gary; Boyce, Douglas A., Jr.; Bulluck, Jason; Johnston, Kevin M.; Klein, Mary L.; Muller, Kit; Pierce, D. John; Singleton, William R.; Strittholt, James R.; Theobald, David M.; Tro2015
Groundwater nitrogen processing in Northern Gulf of Mexico restored marshesJournal Of Environmental ManagementSparks, Eric L.; Cebrian, Just; Tobias, Craig R.; May, Christopher A.2015
Constraints of philanthropy in determining the distribution of biodiversity conservation fundingConservation BiologyEric R. Larson, Stephen Howell, Peter Kareiva, Paul R. Armsworth2015land trust;prioritization;protected area;return on investment (ROI);systematic conservation planning;área protegida;fideicomiso de tierras;planeación sistemática de la conservación;priorización;retorno de la inversión (RDI)
Vulnerability and adaptation of US shellfisheries to ocean acidificationNature Climate ChangeEkstrom, J. A., Suatoni, L., Cooley, S. R., Pendleton, L. H., Waldbusser, G. G., Cinner, J. E., Ritter, J., Langdon, C., van Hooidonk, R., Gledhill, D., Wellman, K., Beck, M.W., Brander, L.M., Rittschof, D., Doherty, C., Edwards, P.E.T., and Portela, R.2015
Vulnerability and adaptation of US shellfisheries to ocean acidificationNature Climate ChangeEkstrom, Julia A.; Suatoni, Lisa; Cooley, Sarah R.; Pendleton, Linwood H.; Waldbusser, George G.; Cinner, Josh E.; Ritter, Jessica; Langdon, Chris; van Hooidonk, Ruben; Gledhill, Dwight; Wellman, Katharine; Beck, Michael W.; Brander, Luke M.; Rittschof,
Floral visitation by the Argentine ant reduces bee visitation and plant seed setEcologyHanna, Cause; Naughton, Ida; Boser, Christina; Alarcon, Ruben; Hung, Keng-Lou James; Holway, David2015
A new era for ecologists: Incorporating climate change into natural resource managementHall, K.R.2015
Who loses? Tracking ecosystem service redistribution from road development and mitigation in the Peruvian AmazonFront Ecol EnvironLisa Mandle, Heather Tallis, Leonardo Sotomayor, and Adrian L Vogl2015
Synergistic Patterns of Threat and the Challenges Facing Global Anguillid Eel ConservationGlobal Ecology and ConservationJacoby, David M.P., John M. Casselman, Vicki Crook, Mari-Beth DeLucia, Hyojin Ahn, Kenzo Kaifu, Tagried Kurwie, et al2015
Multi-scale responses of eastern Massasauga rattlesnakes (Sistrurus catenatus) to prescribed fire.American Midland NaturalistCross, M. D., K. V. Root, C. J. Mehne, J. McGowan-Stinski, and D. R. Pearsall2015
Ten ways remote sensing can contribute to conservationConservation BiologyRose, Robert A.; Byler, Dirck; Eastman, J. Ron; Fleishman, Erica; Geller, Gary; Goetz, Scott; Guild, Liane; Hamilton, Healy; Hansen, Matt; Headley, Rachel; Hewson, Jennifer; Horning, Ned; Kaplin, Beth A.; Laporte, Nadine; Leidner, Allison; Leinagruber, Pe2015
A new approach to evaluate forest structure restoration needs across Oregon and Washington, USAForest Ecology and ManagementHaugo, R. D., C. Zanger, T. DeMeo, C. D. Ringo, A. J. Shlisky, K. Blankenship, M. Simpson, K. MellenMcLean, J. Kertis, and M.
Hec-Rpt - Software For Facilitating Development Of River Management AlternativesRiver Research And ApplicationsHickey, J. T.; Newbold, S. J.; Warner, A. T.2015
IntroductionMackey, B.; Figgis, P.; Fitzsimons, J.; Irving, J.; Clarke, P.2015
Managing the introduction and spread of aquatic invasive plants in the Laurentian Great Lakes: a regional risk assessment approachManagement of Biological InvasionsGantz, C.A., D.R. Gordon, C.L. Jerde, R.P. Keller, W.L. Chadderton, P. Champion, and D.M. Lodge2015
A proposed process for applying a structured decision-making framework to restoration planning in the Atchafalaya River Basin, Louisiana, USARestoration EcologyKozak, Justin P.; Piazza, Bryan P.2015
Operationalizing resilience for adaptive coral reef management under global environmental changeGlobal Change BiologyAnthony, Kenneth R. N.; Marshall, Paul A.; Abdulla, Ameer; Beeden, Roger; Bergh, Chris; Black, Ryan; Eakin, C. Mark; Game, Edward T.; Gooch, Margaret; Graham, Nicholas A. J.; Green, Alison; Heron, Scott F.; van Hooidonk, Ruben; Knowland, Cheryl; Mangubhai2015
Real-world progress in overcoming the challenges of adaptive spatial planning in marine protected areasBiological ConservationMills, Morena; Weeks, Rebecca; Pressey, Robert L.; Gleason, Mary G.; Eisma-Osorio, Rose-Liza; Lombard, Amanda T.; Harris, Jean M.; Killmer, Annette B.; White, Alan; Morrison, Tiffany H.2015
Islands within an island: Repeated adaptive divergence in a single populationEvolutionLangin, Kathryn M.; Sillett, T. Scott; Funk, W. Chris; Morrison, Scott A.; Desrosiers, Michelle A.; Ghalambor, Cameron K.2015
Floodplain conservation in the Mississippi River Valley: combining spatial analysis, landowner outreach, and market assessment to enhance land protection for the Atchafalaya River Basin, Louisiana, USARestoration EcologyPiazza, Bryan P.; Allen, Yvonne C.; Martin, Richard; Bergan, James F.; King, Katherine; Jacob, Rick2015
Spatial heterogeneity increases diversity and stability in grassland bird communitiesEcological ApplicationsHovick, Torre J.; Elmore, R. Dwayne; Fuhlendorf, Samuel D.; Engle, David M.; Hamilton, Robert G.2015
Lichenes Exsiccati Magnicamporum Fascicle 1, with comments on selected taxaOpuscula PhilolichenumDOUGLAS LADD & CALEB
Lichenes Exsiccati Magnicamporum Fascicle 1, with comments on selected taxaOpuscula PhilolichenumDOUGLAS LADD & CALEB
Incorporating critical elements of city distinctiveness into urban biodiversity conservationBiodiversity And ConservationParker, Sophie S.2015
The spatiotemporal dynamics of habitat use by blacktip (Carcharhinus limbatus) and lemon (Negaprion brevirostris) sharks in nurseries of St. John, United States Virgin IslandsMarine BiologyLegare, Bryan; Kneebone, Jeff; DeAngelis, Bryan; Skomal, Gregory2015
Natural capital and ecosystem services informing decisions: From promise to practice.Proceedings of the National Academy of SciencesGuerry, A.D., S. Polasky, J. Lubchenco, R. Chaplin-Kramer, G.C. Daily, R. Griffin, M. Ruckelshaus, I.J. Bateman, A. Duraiappah, T. Elmqvist, M.W. Feldman, C. Folke, J. Hosekstra, P. M. Kareiva, B. L. Keeler, S. Li, E. McKenzie, Z. Ouyang, B. Reyers, T.
Setting the bar: Standards for ecosystem services.Proceedings of the National Academy of SciencesPolasky, S., H. Tallis, and B.
Improving global environmental management with standard corporate reporting.Proceedings of the National Academy of SciencesKareiva, P.M., B. W. McNally, S. McCormick, T. Miller, M.
One step ahead of the plow: Using cropland conversion risk to guide Sprague's Pipit conservation in the northern Great PlainsBiological ConservationLipsey, M.K., K.E. Doherty, D.E. Naugle, S. Fields, J.S. Evans, S.K. Davis and N. Koper2015 conversion; Conservation planning; Cropland; Grassland; Private lands; Sprague's Pipit
Estimating the impacts of conservation on ecosystem services and poverty by integrating modeling and evaluationProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesFerraro, P.J., Hanauer, M.M., Miteva, D.A., Nelson, J.L., Pattanayak, S.K., Nolte, C., Sims,
Geologic and Geomorphic Controls on the Occurrence of Fens in the Oregon Cascades and Implications for Vulnerability and Conservation.WetlandsAldous, A.R., Gannett, M.W., Keith, M., and O'Connor, J.2015
Relationships among wildfire, prescribed fire, and droughtin a fire-prone landscape in the south-eastern United StatesInternational Journal of Wildland FireAddington, Robert N.,Stephen J. Hudson, J. Kevin Hiers,Matthew D. Hurteau, Thomas F. Hutcherson, George Matusickand James M. Parker2015
Payment for ecosystem services in practice – savanna burning and carbon abatement at Fish River, northern AustraliaWalton, N.; Fitzsimons, J.2015
Hurricane-induced sedimentation improves marsh resilience and vegetation vigor under high rates of relative sea level riseWetlandsBaustian, Joseph J.; Mendelssohn, Irving A.2015sea level rise, marsh resilience, hurricane sedimentation, coastal marsh
Removing Dams: Benefits for People and NatureSolutionsCathy Bozek2015
Climate mediates hypoxic stress on fish diversity and nursery function at the land–sea interfacePNASHughes, B.B., M.D. Levey, M.C. Fountain, A.B. Carlisle, F.P. Chavez, and M.G. Gleason2015 services, El Niño, fisheries, hypoxia, resilience
Spatial design principles for sustainable hydropower development in river basinsRenewable & Sustainable Energy ReviewsJager, Henriette I.; Efroymson, Rebecca A.; Opperman, Jeff J.; Kelly, Michael R.2015
Purpose, History, and Importance of the Student AngleFisheriesCarlson, Andrew K.; Fischer, Jesse R.; Pierce, Landon L.; Dembkowski, Dan J.; Colvin, Michael E.; Kerns, Janice A.; Fore, Jeffrey D.2015
Ecological effects of bottom trawling on the structural attributes of fish habitat in unconsolidated sediments along the central California outer continental shelfFishery BulletinLindholm, James; Gleason, Mary; Kline, Donna; Clary, Larissa; Rienecke, Steve; Cramer, Alli; Huertos, Marc Los2015
Establishing a marine conservation baseline for the insular CaribbeanMarine PolicyKnowles, J. E., E. Doyle, S. R. Schill, L. M. Roth, A. Milam, and G. T. Raber2015
Establishing a marine conservation baseline for the insular CaribbeanMarine PolicyKnowles, J. E., E. Doyle, S. R. Schill, L. M. Roth, A. Milam, and G. T. Raber2015
Developing a marine conservation program in temperate Australia: determining priorities for actionAustralian Journal of Maritime & Ocean AffairsJA Fitzsimons, L Hale, B Hancock, MW Beck2015
Basics of landscape ecology: an introduction to landscapes and population processes for landscape geneticistsCushman, S.A., B.H. McRae, and K. McGarigal2015
A Systematic Framework for Spatial Conservation Planning and Ecological Priority Design in St. Lucia, Eastern CaribbeanEvans, J.S., S.R. Schill, G.T. Raber2015
Natural Shorelines Promote the Stability of Fish Communities in an Urbanized Coastal SystemPLoS ONESB Scyphers, TC Gouhier, JH Grabowski, MW Beck, J Mareska, S
Social and environmental impacts of forest management certification in IndonesiaPLoS ONEMiteva, D.A., Loucks, C., Pattanayak,
The Micronesia Challenge: Assessing the Relative Contribution of Stressors on Coral Reefs to Facilitate Science-to-Management FeedbackPLoS ONEHouk, P., R Camacho, S. Johnson, M .McLean, S. Maxin, J. Anson, E. Joseph, O. Nedlic, M. Luckymis, K. Adams, D. Hess, E. Kabua, A. Yalon, E. Buthung, C. Graham, T. Leberer, B. Taylor, R. van Woesik2015
Aligning natural resource conservation and flood hazard mitigation in CaliforniaPLoS ONEJ Calil, MW Beck, M Gleason, M Merrifield, K Klausmeyer, S
Integrating regional conservation priorities for multiple objectives into national policyNature CommunicationsBeger, Maria; McGowan, Jennifer; Treml, Eric A.; Green, Alison L.; White, Alan T.; Wolff, Nicholas H.; Klein, Carissa J.; Mumby, Peter J.; Possingham, Hugh P.2015
Managing the introduction and spread of aquatic invasive plants in the Laurentian Great Lakes: a regional risk assessment approachManagement of Biological InvasionsGantz, C.A.,D.R. Gordon, C.L. Jerde, R.P. Keller,W.L. Chadderton, P. Champion, and D.M.
Building the Foundation for International Conservation Planning for Breeding Ducks across the US and Canadian BorderPLoS ONEDoherty, Kevin E.; Evans, Jeffrey S.; Walker, Johann; Devries, James H.; Howerter, David W.2015
Mitochondrial Genomes Suggest Rapid Evolution of Dwarf California Channel Islands Foxes (Urocyon littoralis)PLoS ONEHofman, Courtney A.; Rick, Torben C.; Hawkins, Melissa T. R.; Funk, W. Chris; Ralls, Katherine; Boser, Christina L.; Collins, Paul W.; Coonan, Tim; King, Julie L.; Morrison, Scott A.; Newsome, Seth D.; Sillett, T. Scott; Fleischer, Robert C.; Maldonado, J2015
Effects of Climate Change on Exposure to Coastal Flooding in Latin America and the CaribbeanPLoS ONEBG Reguero, IJ Losada, P Díaz-Simal, FJ Méndez, MW
Land-use impacts on water resources and protected areas: applications of state-and-transition simulation modeling of future scenariosAIMS Environmental ScienceWilson, T.S., B.M. Sleeter, J. Sherba, D. Cameron2015
Comment on Using ecological thresholds to evaluate the costs and benefits of set-asides in a biodiversity hotspotScienceFinney, Christopher2015
A new era for ecologists: Incorporating climate change into natural resource managementHall, K.R2015
A Systematic Framework for Spatial Conservation Planning and Ecological Priority Design in St. Lucia, Eastern CaribbeanCentral American Biodiversity: Conservation, Ecology and a Sustainable FutureEvans, J.S., S.R. Schill, G.T. Raber2015
Resistance surface modeling in landscape geneticsSpear, S.F., S.A. Cushman, and B.H. McRae2015
Status of bottomland forests in the Albemarle Sound of North Carolina and Virginia, 1984-2012Lorber, Jean H.; Rose, Anita K.2015 hardwoods, FIA, forest inventory and analysis, growth, harvesting, removalse-Res. Pap. SRS-54
The Effectiveness of Coral Reefs for Coastal Risk Reduction and Climate AdaptationMW Beck2015
No Reef Is an Island: Integrating Coral Reef Connectivity Data into the Design of Regional-Scale Marine Protected Area NetworksPLoS ONESchill SR, Raber GT, Roberts JJ, Treml EA, Brenner J, Halpin PN2015
Conservation planning: informed decisions for a healthier planetGroves, Craig R.; Game, Edward T.2015
Modeled sea level rise impacts on coastal ecosystems at six major estuaries on Florida’s Gulf Coast through use of the sea level affecting marshes model and implications for adaptation planningPLoS ONEGeselbracht, L.L., K. Freeman, J. Brenner, A.P. Birch, and D.R.
Evaluating the Role of Coastal Habitats and Sea-Level Rise in Hurricane Risk Mitigation: An ecological economic assessment method and application to a business decisionJournal of Integrated Environmental Assessment and ManagementReddy, S., G. Guannel, R. Griffin, J. Faries, T. Boucher, M. Thompson, J. Brenner, J. Bernhardt, G. Verutes, S. Wood, J. Silver, J. Toft, A. Rogers, A. Maas, A. Guerry, J. Molnar, J.
High Time for Conservation: Adding the Environment to the Debate on Marijuana LiberalizationBioScienceCarah, J., Howard, J., Thompson, S., Short Gianotti, A., Bauer, S., et
Focal species and landscape “naturalness” corridor models offer complementary approaches for connectivity conservation planningLandscape EcologyKrosby, M., I. Breckheimer, D. J. Pierce, P. H. Singleton, S.A. Hall, K.C. Halupka, W.L. Gaines, R.A. Long, B.H. McRae, B.L. Cosentino, and J.P. Schuett-Hames2015
Restoring fire-prone Inland Pacific landscapes: seven coreprinciplesLandscape EcologyPaul F. Hessburg, Derek J. Churchill, Andrew J. Larson, Ryan D. Haugo, Carol Miller, Thomas A. Spies, Malcolm P. North, Nicholas A. Povak, R. Travis Belote, Peter H. Singleton, William L. Gaines, Robert E. Keane, Gregory H. Aplet, Scott L. Stephens, Penelope Morgan, Peter A. Bisson, Bruce E. Rieman, R. Brion Salter, Gordon H.
Risks of overharvesting seed from native tallgrass prairiesRestoration EcologyMeissen, J.C., S.M. Galatowitsch, and M.W. Cornett2015
Integrating an uncertain future into conservation management and restoration: guidance for planners in land managing agencies and organizationsRestoration EcologySutter, R.D., J.K. Hiers, K.Kirkman, A. Barnett, D.R. Gordon.2015
Commodity production as restoration driver in the Brazilian Amazon? Pasture re-agro-forestation with cocoa (Theobroma cacao) in southern ParaSustainability ScienceGotz Schroth, Edenise Garcia, Bronson Winthrop Griscom, Wenceslau Geraldes Teixeira, Lucyana Pereira Barros2015
Risk assessment of alien species: comparisons across taxa, changes in risk associated with changes in the invasion stages, practicalities of implementationDowney, P.O., S. Brunel, A. Buckmaster, P.D. Champion, Dorjee, D.R. Gordon, J. Heikkilä, F. Koike, S. Kumschick, N.E. Mandrak, I.D. Paterson, S. Sathyapala, O.L.F. Weyl and S.B. Johnson2015
Valuing nature: protected areas and ecosystem servicesFiggis, Penelope; Mackey, Brendan; Fitzsimons, James; Irving, Jason; Clarke, Pepe2015
Lichen Community Response to Prescribed Burning and Thinning in Southern Pine Forests of the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain, USAFire EcologyRay, David G.; Barton, Jason W.; Lendemer, James C.2015 effects of prescribed burning and thinning on lichen communities is a poorly understood aspect of biodiversity conservation, despite the widespread use of these practices to achieve conservation-oriented land management goals. To address this knowledge gap we documented apparent changes in the diversity and abundance of lichens following 0 to 2 growing-season burns preceded by 0 to 1 commercial thinnings within nine southern pine dominated stands on the Delmarva Peninsula of Maryland, USA. Corticolous lichens growing on the stems and within the canopies of pines and co-occurring hardwoods were identified to species and fractional coverage was estimated; growth forms and reproductive modes were also determined. A total of 93 lichen taxa were recorded on the 19 tree species (4 pines, 15 hardwoods) represented in this study. Burning emerged as a strong driver of reductions in lichen diversity (P = 0.002), whereas thinning in the absence of burning did not (P = 0.279). In general, we found that lichens growing on tree bases and lower bole sections were more strongly impacted by burning, both in terms of diversity and cover, than those residing in the canopy. The apparent refugia represented by the canopy was qualified by the limited overlap in lichen species composition observed among the various sampling heights. This work calls attention to an understudied component of biodiversity that appears to be sensitive to fire management; however, we suggest that these results need to be interpreted in the context of altered disturbance regimes and the trajectory of community assembly resulting from long-term fire exclusion.
An evaluation of rapid methods for monitoring vegetation characteristics of wetland bird habitatWetlands Ecology and ManagementBrian G. Tavernia, James E. Lyons, Brian W. Loges, Andrew Wilson, Jaime A. Collazo, Michael C. Runge2015 managers benefit from monitoring data of sufficient precision and accuracy to assess wildlife habitat conditions and to evaluate and learn from past management decisions. For large-scale monitoring programs focused on waterbirds (waterfowl, wading birds, secretive marsh birds, and shorebirds), precision and accuracy of habitat measurements must be balanced with fiscal and logistic constraints. We evaluated a set of protocols for rapid, visual estimates of key waterbird habitat characteristics made from the wetland perimeter against estimates from (1) plots sampled within wetlands, and (2) cover maps made from aerial photographs. Estimated percent cover of annuals and perennials using a perimeter-based protocol fell within 10 percent of plot-based estimates, and percent cover estimates for seven vegetation height classes were within 20 % of plot-based estimates. Perimeter-based estimates of total emergent vegetation cover did not differ significantly from cover map estimates. Post-hoc analyses revealed evidence for observer effects in estimates of annual and perennial covers and vegetation height. Median time required to complete perimeter-based methods was less than 7 percent of the time needed for intensive plot-based methods. Our results show that rapid, perimeter-based assessments, which increase sample size and efficiency, provide vegetation estimates comparable to more intensive methods.Habitat management, Monitoring, Observer effects, Visual estimates, Wetland management
Monitoring the Impact of Grazing on Rangeland Conservation Easements Using MODIS Vegetation IndicesRangeland Ecology & ManagementMiriam Tsalyuk, Maggi Kelly, Kevin Koy, Wayne M. Getz, H. Scott Butterfield2015Monitoring the effects of grazing on rangelands is crucial for ensuring sustainable rangeland ecosystem function and maintaining its conservation values. Residual dry matter (RDM), the dry grass biomass left on the ground at the end of the grazing season, is a commonly used proxy for rangeland condition in Mediterranean climates. Moderate levels of RDM are correlated with soil stability, forage production, wildlife habitat, and diversity of native plants. Therefore RDM is widely monitored on rangeland conservation properties. Current ground-based methods for RDM monitoring are expensive, are labor intensive, and provide information in the fall, after the effects of grazing have already occurred. In this paper we present a cost-effective, rapid, and robust methodology to monitor and predict RDM using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite data. We performed a time series analysis of three MODIS-based vegetation indices (VIs) measured over the period 2000–2012: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Leaf Area Index (LAI), and Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR). We examined the correlation between the four VIs and fall RDM measured at The Nature Conservancy’s Simon Newman Ranch in central California. We found strong and significant correlations between maximum VI values in late spring and RDM in the fall. Among the VIs, LAI values had the most significant correlation with fall RDM. MODIS-based multivariate models predicted up to 63% of fall RDM. Importantly, maximum and sum VIs values were significantly higher in management units with RDM levels in compliance with RDM conservation easement terms compared with units out of compliance. On the basis of these results, we propose a management model that uses time series analysis of MODIS VIs to predict forage quantities, manage stocking rates, and monitor rangeland easement compliance. This model can be used to improve monitoring of rangeland conservation by providing information on range conditions throughout the year.
Evaluating predictors of local dabbling duck abundance during migration: Managing the spectrum of conditions faced by migrants.WildfowlKevin Aagaard, Shawn M. Crimmins, Wayne E. Thogmartin, Brian G. Tavernia, James E. Lyons2015 development of robust modelling techniques to derive inferences from largescale migratory bird monitoring data at appropriate scales has direct relevance to their management. The Integrated Waterbird Management and Monitoring programme (IWMM) represents one of the few attempts to monitor migrating waterbirds across entire flyways using targeted local surveys. This dataset included 13,208,785 waterfowl (eight Anas species) counted during 28,000 surveys at nearly 1,000 locations across the eastern United States between autumn 2010 and spring 2013 and was used to evaluate potential predictors of waterfowl abundance at the wetland scale. Mixed-effects, loglinear models of local abundance were built for the Atlantic and Mississippi flyways during spring and autumn migration to identify factors relating to habitat structure, forage availability, and migration timing that influence target dabbling duck species abundance. Results indicated that migrating dabbling ducks responded differently to environmental factors. While the factors identified demonstrated a high degree of importance, they were inconsistent across species, flyways and seasons. Furthermore, the direction and magnitude of the importance of each covariate group considered here varied across species. Given our results, actionable policy recommendations are likely to be most effective if they consider species-level variation within targeted taxonomic units and across management areas. The methods implemented here can easily be applied to other contexts, and serve as a novel investigation into local-level population patterns using data from broad-scale monitoring programmes.ducks, migrationPrint ISSN: 0954-6324, Electronic ISSN: 2052-6458
Burning Controls Barb Goatgrass (Aegilops triuncialis) in California Grasslands for at Least 7 YearsInvasive Plant Science and ManagementJaymee T. Marty, Sara B. Sweet, Jennifer J. Buck-Diaz2015Barb goatgrass is an invasive annual grass from the Mediterranean region that negatively affects both native plant biodiversity and the forage quality of grasslands. Prescribed burning may be the best landscape-level tool available to manage invasive species like barb goatgrass while also enhancing biodiversity, but few studies have quantified the long-term effects of fire on goatgrass and the rest of the plant community. We assessed the effects of fire on an invading front of barb goatgrass on a private ranch in Sacramento County, CA. We established burned and unburned treatment plots within the goatgrass-infested area and used prescribed fire to burn the treatment plots in June 2005. We monitored plant-community composition before burning and for 7 consecutive yr following the burn. Additionally, we tested the viability of goatgrass seeds in both burned and unburned plots. One year after the burn, goatgrass cover in burned plots was 3% compared with 21% in unburned plots. This reduction in goatgrass cover was still strong 2 yr after the burn (burned, 6%; unburned, 27%) and weaker but still statistically significant for 4 of the next 5 yr. The burn also reduced germination of goatgrass seed by 99% as indicated by seed-viability tests conducted in the laboratory. The native plant community responded positively to the burn treatment in the first year following the burn with an increase in native diversity in burned plots vs. unburned plots, but the effect was not detectable in subsequent years. Nonnative annual forb species cover also increased in the first year following the burn. Our study shows that a single springtime burn can result in a short-term boost in native species diversity, reduced seed germination of barb goatgrass to near zero, and reduced cover of barb goatgrass for at least 7 yr after the burn.
Dynamic Disturbance Processes Create Dynamic Lek Site Selection in a Prairie GrousePLoS ONEHovick TJ, Allred BW, Elmore RD, Fuhlendorf SD, Hamilton RG, Breland A 2015 is well understood that landscape processes can affect habitat selection patterns, movements, and species persistence. These selection patterns may be altered or even eliminated as a result of changes in disturbance regimes and a concomitant management focus on uniform, moderate disturbance across landscapes. To assess how restored landscape heterogeneity influences habitat selection patterns, we examined 21 years (1991, 1993–2012) of Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido) lek location data in tallgrass prairie with restored fire and grazing processes. Our study took place at The Nature Conservancy’s Tallgrass Prairie Preserve located at the southern extent of Flint Hills in northeastern Oklahoma. We specifically addressed stability of lek locations in the context of the fire-grazing interaction, and the environmental factors influencing lek locations. We found that lek locations were dynamic in a landscape with interacting fire and grazing. While previous conservation efforts have treated leks as stable with high site fidelity in static landscapes, a majority of lek locations in our study (i.e., 65%) moved by nearly one kilometer on an annual basis in this dynamic setting. Lek sites were in elevated areas with low tree cover and low road density. Additionally, lek site selection was influenced by an interaction of fire and patch edge, indicating that in recently burned patches, leks were located near patch edges. These results suggest that dynamic and interactive processes such as fire and grazing that restore heterogeneity to grasslands do influence habitat selection patterns in prairie grouse, a phenomenon that is likely to apply throughout the Greater Prairie-Chicken’s distribution when dynamic processes are restored. As conservation moves toward restoring dynamic historic disturbance patterns, it will be important that siting and planning of anthropogenic structures (e.g., wind energy, oil and gas) and management plans not view lek locations as static points, but rather as sites that shift around the landscape in response to shifting vegetation structure. Acknowledging shifting lek locations in these landscapes will help ensure conservation efforts are successful by targeting the appropriate areas for protection and management.
Understanding the Groundwater Hydrology of a Geographically-Isolated Prairie Fen: Implications for ConservationPLoS ONEPrasanna Venkatesh Sampath, Hua-Sheng Liao, Zachary Kristopher Curtis, Patrick J. Doran, Matthew E. Herbert, Christopher A. May, Shu-Guang Li2015 sources of water and corresponding delivery mechanisms to groundwater-fed fens are not well understood due to the multi-scale geo-morphologic variability of the glacial landscape in which they occur. This lack of understanding limits the ability to effectively conserve these systems and the ecosystem services they provide, including biodiversity and water provisioning. While fens tend to occur in clusters around regional groundwater mounds, Ives Road Fen in southern Michigan is an example of a geographically-isolated fen. In this paper, we apply a multi-scale groundwater modeling approach to understand the groundwater sources for Ives Road fen. We apply Transition Probability geo-statistics on more than 3000 well logs from a state-wide water well database to characterize the complex geology using conditional simulations. We subsequently implement a 3-dimensional reverse particle tracking to delineate groundwater contribution areas to the fen. The fen receives water from multiple sources: local recharge, regional recharge from an extensive till plain, a regional groundwater mound, and a nearby pond. The regional sources deliver water through a tortuous, 3-dimensional “pipeline” consisting of a confined aquifer lying beneath an extensive clay layer. Water in this pipeline reaches the fen by upwelling through openings in the clay layer. The pipeline connects the geographically-isolated fen to the same regional mound that provides water to other fen clusters in southern Michigan. The major implication of these findings is that fen conservation efforts must be expanded from focusing on individual fens and their immediate surroundings, to studying the much larger and inter-connected hydrologic network that sustains multiple fens.
Warm-water coral reefs and climate change.ScienceSpalding, M.D., B.E. Brown2015 reefs are highly dynamic ecosystems that are regularly exposed to natural perturbations. Human activities have increased the range, intensity, and frequency of disturbance to reefs. Threats such as overfishing and pollution are being compounded by climate change, notably warming and ocean acidification. Elevated temperatures are driving increasingly frequent bleaching events that can lead to the loss of both coral cover and reef structural complexity. There remains considerable variability in the distribution of threats and in the ability of reefs to survive or recover from such disturbances. Without significant emissions reductions, however, the future of coral reefs is increasingly bleak.water, coral reefs, climate change
A practical guide to the application of the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems criteria.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological SciencesRodriguez, J.P., D.A. Keith, K.M. Rodriguez-Clark, N.J. Murray, E. Nicholson, T.J. Regan, R.M. Miller, E.G. Barrow, L.M. Bland, K. Boe, T.M. Brooks, M.A. Oliveira-Miranda, M. Spalding, P. Wit2015 newly developed IUCN Red List of Ecosystems is part of a growing toolbox for assessing risks to biodiversity, which addresses ecosystems and their functioning. The Red List of Ecosystems standard allows systematic assessment of all freshwater, marine, terrestrial and subterranean ecosystem types in terms of their global risk of collapse. In addition, the Red List of Ecosystems categories and criteria provide a technical base for assessments of ecosystem status at the regional, national, or subnational level. While the Red List of Ecosystems criteria were designed to be widely applicable by scientists and practitioners, guidelines are needed to ensure they are implemented in a standardized manner to reduce epistemic uncertainties and allow robust comparisons among ecosystems and over time. We review the intended application of the Red List of Ecosystems assessment process, summarize ‘best-practice’ methods for ecosystem assessments and outline approaches to ensure operational rigour of assessments. The Red List of Ecosystems will inform priority setting for ecosystem types worldwide, and strengthen capacity to report on progress towards the Aichi Targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity. When integrated with other IUCN knowledge products, such as the World Database of Protected Areas/Protected Planet, Key Biodiversity Areas and the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Red List of Ecosystems will contribute to providing the most complete global measure of the status of biodiversity yet achieved.Ecosystems
The IUCN Red List of Ecosystems: motivations, challenges and applications.Conservation LettersKeith, D.A., J.P. Rodríguez, T.M. Brooks, M.A. Burgman, E.G. Barrow, L. Bland, P.J. Comer, J. Franklin, J. Link, M.A. McCarthy, R.M. Miller, N.J. Murray, J. Nel, E. Nicholson, M.A. Olivera-Miranda, T.J. Regan, K.M. Rodríguez-Clark, M. Rouget, M.D. Spalding2015 response to growing demand for ecosystem-level risk assessment in biodiversity conservation, and rapid proliferation of locally tailored protocols, the IUCN recently endorsed new Red List criteria as a global standard for ecosystem risk assessment. Four qualities were sought in the design of the IUCN criteria: generality; precision; realism; and simplicity. Drawing from extensive global consultation, we explore trade-offs among these qualities when dealing with key challenges, including ecosystem classification, measuring ecosystem dynamics, degradation and collapse, and setting decision thresholds to delimit ordinal categories of threat. Experience from countries with national lists of threatened ecosystems demonstrates well-balanced trade-offs in current and potential applications of Red Lists of Ecosystems in legislation, policy, environmental management and education. The IUCN Red List of Ecosystems should be judged by whether it achieves conservation ends and improves natural resource management, whether its limitations are outweighed by its benefits, and whether it performs better than alternative methods. Future development of the Red List of Ecosystems will benefit from the history of the Red List of Threatened Species which was trialed and adjusted iteratively over 50 years from rudimentary beginnings. We anticipate the Red List of Ecosystems will promote policy focus on conservation outcomes in situ across whole landscapes and seascapes.Ecosystems
New opportunities for conservation of a threatened biogenic habitat: a worldwide assessment of knowledge on bivalve reef representation in marine and coastal Ramsar Sites.Marine & Freshwater ResearchKasoar, T., P.S.E.z. Ermgassen, A. Carranza, B. Hancock, M. Spalding2015 present study draws attention to the current state of knowledge of bivalve reef, an important but historically overlooked habitat type. Recent interest has led to the explicit recognition of this habitat type under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (the Ramsar Convention), an international treaty that has widespread governmental and scientific involvement. To assess the state of knowledge, the Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetlands (RIS) for marine and coastal Sites was searched for evidence that bivalve-reef habitat is present in the site. We then examined the quality of this information using alternative data sources. These were public databases of geolocated species records at three spatial scales, local and regional experts, and a general web search. It was found that of the 893 marine and coastal Ramsar Sites considered, the RIS for 16 Sites provided strong evidence of bivalve-reef habitat and 99 had confirmed presence of reef-forming bivalves, a strikingly high number, given that it is not yet compulsory to include bivalve reef in RISs. However, the alternative information sources identified bivalve reefs or reef-forming bivalves in 142 further Sites. No one information source provided comprehensive information, highlighting the overall poor state of knowledge of this habitat type.coastal habitats, marine habitats, mussel beds, oyster reefs, shellfish
The current state of knowledge on mangrove fishery values.Hutchison, J., P. zu Ermgassen, M. Spalding2015 are widely understood to be important habitats for fisheries, supporting resident fish, crustacean, and mollusk populations as well as acting as nursery grounds for species that are targeted by offshore fisheries. There is, however, a lack of quantitative data on fisheries that operate in and around mangroves. We carried out a systematic search to gather data on mangrove fisheries from the scientific literature. We filtered the 4,358 studies returned by the search based on their title and abstract and extracted data from 169 of these. Despite the abundance of literature on mangrove fisheries, we were unable to build a data set of comparable, quantitative data of sufficient size to support numerical modeling approaches. In part, this is due to the variety of mangrove fisheries, which range from small-scale subsistence fishing for mollusks and crabs to large-scale industrialized prawn trawling. This is compounded by the broad range of reporting methods and metrics encountered in the literature. We make a number of recommendations to guide the future reporting of mangrove fisheries to allow for better quantification and comparison of fisheries values at large spatial scales.range of reporting methods and metrics encountered in the literature. We make a number of recommendations to guide the future reporting of mangrove fisheries to allow for better quantification and comparison of fisheries values at large spatial scales.mangrove
Shortfalls and solutions for meeting national and global conservation area targets.Conservation LettersButchart, S.H.M., M. Clarke, B. Smith, R. Sykes, J.P.W. Scharlemann, M. Harfoot, G.M. Buchanan, r. Angulo, A. Balmford, B. Bertzky, T.M. Brooks, K.E. Carpenter, M. Comeros, J. Cornell, N.K. Dulvy, G.F. Ficetola, L.D.C. Fishpool, H. Harwell, C. Hilton-Taylor, M. Hoffmann, A. Joolia, L. Joppa, N. Kingston, I. May, A. Milam, B. Polidoro, G. Ralph, N. Richman, C. Rondinini, B. Skolnik, M. Spalding, S.N. Stuart, A. Symes, J. Taylor, P. Visconti, J. Watson, N.D. Burgess2015 have committed to conserving ࣙ17% of terrestrial and ࣙ10% of marine environments globally, especially “areas of particular importance for biodiversity” through “ecologically representative” Protected Area (PA) sys- tems or other “area-based conservation measures”, while individual countries have committed to conserve 3–50% of their land area. We estimate that PAs currently cover 14.6% of terrestrial and 2.8% of marine extent, but 59–68% of ecoregions, 77–78% of important sites for biodiversity, and 57% of 25,380 species have inadequate coverage. The existing 19.7 million km 2 terrestrial PA network needs only 3.3 million km 2 to be added to achieve 17% terres- trial coverage. However, it would require nearly doubling to achieve, cost- efficiently, coverage targets for all countries, ecoregions, important sites, and species. Poorer countries have the largest relative shortfalls. Such extensive and rapid expansion of formal PAs is unlikely to be achievable. Greater fo- cus is therefore needed on alternative approaches, including community- and privately managed sites and other effective area-based conservation measures.
A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2015.Trends in Ecology and EvolutionSutherland, W.J., M. Clout, M. Depledge, L.V. Dicks, J. Dinsdale, A.C. Entwistle, E. Fleishman, D.W. Gibbons, B. Keim, F.A. Lickorish, K.A. Monk, N. Ockendon, L.S. Peck, J. Pretty, J. Rockström, M.D. Spalding, F.H. Tonneijck, B.C. Wintle2015 paper presents the results of our sixth annual horizon scan, which aims to identify phenomena that may have substantial effects on the global environment, but are not widely known or well understood. A group of professional horizon scanners, researchers, practitioners, and a journalist identified 15 topics via an iterative, Delphi-like process. The topics include a novel class of insecticide compounds, legalisation of recreational drugs, and the emergence of a new ecosystem associated with ice retreat in the Antarctic.environment; public health; priority setting; future; drugs; Antarctica; trade
Mangroves, tropical cyclones and coastal hazard risk reduction.McIvor, A., T. Spencer, M. Spalding, C. Lacambra, I. Möller2015Risks from coastal hazards to people and property are expected to increase with near-future sea level rise, changes in storminess, and increasing coastal populations. Evidence from empirical and modeling studies suggests that mangrove forest vegetation can reduce storm surge peak waters levels where mangroves are present over sufficiently large areas. Mangroves are best used alongside other risk reduction measures (embankments, early warning systems) to ensure the lowest possible level of residual risk. Forest density; Inundation extent; Mangrove loss; Mangrove restoration; Natural coastal protection; Numerical modeling; Storm surge; Tropical cyclone
Influence of soil properties on coastal sandplain grassland establishment on former agricultural fieldsRestoration EcologyChristopher Neill, Megan M. Wheeler, Elizabeth Loucks, Annalisa Weiler, Betsy Von Holle, Matthew Pelikan andTom Chase2015 decline in species-rich grasslands across the United States has increased the importance of conservation and restoration efforts to preserve the biodiversity supported by these habitats. Abandoned agricultural fields often provide practical locations for the reestablishment of species-rich grasslands. However, these fields often retain legacies of agriculture both in their soils, which may have higher pH and nitrogen (N) contents than soils that were never farmed, and in their plant communities, which are dominated by non-native species and poor in native seed stock. We considered methods of reversing these legacies to create native-species-rich grassland on former agricultural land. We tested seeding and tilling combined with additions of sulfur (S), carbon (C), N or water to establish diverse sandplain grassland vegetation on an old field on Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts. We measured soil pH, extractable nitrate and ammonium, and total and native species richness and native species cover for 5 years after treatment. S additions lowered pH to values typical of never-tilled sandplain ecosystems and increased native species cover, but had no effect on species richness. C, N, and water additions had no significant effects on the soil or vegetation. Seeding and tilling were more effective at restoring native species richness than any soil amendments and indicated a greater importance of biotic factors compared with soil conditions in promoting sandplain vegetation establishment. S amendment accelerated establishment of native species cover for several years but the effect of S additions compared with seeding and tilling alone declined over time.
Vegetation removal and seed addition contribute to coastal sandplain grassland establishment on former agricultural fieldsRestoration EcologyMegan M. Wheeler, Christopher Neill, Elizabeth Loucks, Annalisa Weiler, Betsy Von Holle, Matthew Pelikan, Tom Chase2015Creating native-species-rich grasslands to replace agricultural grasslands can be an important strategy for supplementing the area of grasslands, which are in decline in many regions. In the northeastern United States, sandplain grasslands support a diverse plant community and rare plant and animal species that are declining because of reductions in historical disturbances such as fire and grazing. We designed an experiment on Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, to test methods of establishing native-species-rich coastal sandplain grassland on former agricultural land. We tested the efficacy of: (1) tilling, herbicide, hot foam, and plastic cover in removing initial nonnative vegetation, and (2) combinations of tilling and seeding for establishing native species. We measured native and nonnative species richness and percent cover before and for 5 years after treatment. Herbicide, plastic cover, and spring, summer, and fall tilling were about equally effective in reducing nonnative species cover and promoting native species cover. Tilling and seeding each increased native species richness and percent cover, and seeding and tilling together increased native species richness and cover more than either treatment alone. Combined seeding and disturbance also reduced the cover of nonnative species, but nonnative species cover remained higher than in adjacent reference sandplain grassland. Results indicated that native species establishment was enhanced by the availability of seeds and by reduction of initial nonnative plant cover. The most efficient method of converting coastal agricultural grasslands to sandplain grassland with a higher number and proportion of native species is a single season of plant removal and seeding.
New partnerships for managing large desert landscapes: experiences from the Martu Living Deserts ProjectThe Rangeland JournalTony Jupp, James Fitzsimons, Ben Carr, Peter See2015 fauna in Australia’s arid zone has declined significantly since European settlement; however, Martu country in the Western Desert of Western Australia retains a diversity of iconic and threatened species that were once more widespread. An innovative partnership between The Nature Conservancy, BHP Billiton and the Martu people (represented by Kanyirninpa Jukurrpa – KJ) is achieving positive social, cultural, economic and environmental outcomes, which builds on funding from the Australian Government for land management on Martu country. The partners support Martu people in fulfilling their desire to conserve the cultural and natural values of their 13.7 million ha native title determination area. Through KJ as the local delivery partner, Martu people are returning to work on country to clean and protect waterholes; improve fire management; control feral herbivores and predators; manage cultural heritage; and actively manage priority threatened species (such as the Greater Bilby and the Black-flanked Rock-wallaby). The project provides significant employment opportunities for Martu men and women in ranger teams working throughout their country. It is also generating measurable social, cultural and economic benefits for Martu people and environmental benefits for part of the most intact arid ecosystem anywhere on Earth.
Considering the impact of climate change on human communities significantly alters the outcome of species and site-based vulnerability assessmentsDiversity and DistributionsDaniel B. Segan, David G. Hole, Camila I. Donatti, Chris Zganjar, Shaun Martin, Stuart H. M. Butchart, James E. M. Watson2015Aim Human activities are largely responsible for the processes that threaten biodiversity, yet potential changes in human behaviour as a response to climate change are ignored in most species and site-based vulnerability assessments (VAs). Here we assess how incorporation of the potential impact of climate change on humans alters our view of vulnerability when using well-established site and species VA methodologies. Location Southern Africa. Methods Our baseline was two published studies that used accepted VA methodologies aimed at examining the direct impacts of climate changes on species and sites. The first identified potential shifts in the distributions of 164 restricted-range avian species, the second forecasted species turnover in 331 Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs). We used a published spatially explicit assessment of potential climate change impacts on people to evaluate which species and sites overlap with human populations most likely to be impacted. By doing this, we were able to assess how the integration of potential climate impacts on human populations changes our perception of which species and sites are most vulnerable to climate change. Results We found no correlation between species and sites most likely to be impacted directly by climate change and those where the potential response of human populations could drive major indirect impacts. The relative vulnerability of individual species and sites shifted when potential impacts of climate change on human communities were considered, with more than one-fifth of species and one-tenth of sites moving from ‘low’ to ‘high’ risk. Main conclusions Standard VA methodologies that fail to consider how people are likely to respond to climate change will result in systematically biased assessments. This may lead to the implementation of inappropriate management actions, and a failure to address those species or sites that may be uniquely, or additionally, imperilled by the impacts of human responses to climate change.
Building an expert-judgment-based model of mangrove fisheriesAmerican Fisheries Society SymposiumHutchison, J., D.P. Philipp, J.E. Claussen, O. Aburto‐Oropeza, M. Carrasquilla‐Henao, G.A. Castellanos‐Galindo, M.T. Costa, P.D. Daneshgar, H.J. Hartmann, F. Juanes, M.N. Khan, L. Knowles, E. Knudsen, S.Y. Lee, K.J. Murchie, J. Tiedemann, P. zu Ermgassen, M. Spalding2015
Connecting MPAs – eight challenges for science and managementAquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater EcosystemsLagabrielle E., Crochelet E., Andrello M., Schill S. R., Arnaud-Haond S., Alloncle N., and Ponge B2014<a href=""></a>
Ten Ways Remote Sensing Can Contribute to ConservationConservation BiologyRose, R.A, et al2014<a href=""></a>
Low-Cost Restoration Techniques for Rapidly Increasing Wood Cover in Coastal Coho Salmon StreamsNorth American Journal Of Fisheries ManagementCarah, Jennifer K.; Blencowe, Christopher C.; Wright, David W.; Bolton, Lisa A.2014
The intrinsic vulnerability to fishing of coral reef fishes and their differential recovery in fishery closuresReviews in Fish Biology and FisheriesAbesamis, Rene A.; Green, Alison L.; Russ, Garry R.; Jadloc, Claro Renato L.2014
Establishing a Functional Region-Wide Coral Triangle Marine Protected Area SystemCoastal ManagementWalton, Anne; White, Alan T.; Tighe, Stacey; Alino, Porfirio M.; Laroya, Lynette; Dermawan, Agus; Kasasiah, Ahsanal; Hamid, Shahima Abdul; Vave-Karamui, Agnetha; Genia, Viniu; Martins, Lino De Jesus; Green, Alison L.2014
Fish Assemblage Response to a Small Dam Removal in the Eightmile River System, Connecticut, USAEnvironmental ManagementPoulos, Helen M.; Miller, Kate E.; Kraczkowski, Michelle L.; Welchel, Adam W.; Heineman, Ross; Chernoff, Barry2014
Species distribution models of an endangered rodent offer conflicting measures of habitat quality at multiple scalesJournal of Applied EcologyBean, William T.; Prugh, Laura R.; Stafford, Robert; Butterfield, H. Scott; Westphal, Michael; Brashares, Justin S.2014
Responses of predatory invertebrates to seeding density and plant species richness in experimental tallgrass prairie restorationsAgriculture Ecosystems and EnvironmentNemec, Kristine T.; Allen, Craig R.; Danielson, Stephen D.; Helzer, Christopher J.2014
Agricultural wetland restorations on the USA Atlantic Coastal Plain achieve diverse native wetland plant communities but differ from natural wetlandsAgriculture Ecosystems and EnvironmentYepsen, Metthea; Baldwin, Andrew H.; Whigham, Dennis F.; McFarland, Eliza; LaForgia, Marina; Lang, Megan2014agriculture
The evolving linkage between conservation science and practice at The Nature ConservancyJournal of Applied EcologyKareiva, Peter; Groves, Craig; Marvier, Michelle2014
Conserving migratory mule deer through the umbrella of sage-grouseEcosphereCopeland, H. E., H. Sawyer, K. L. Monteith, D. E. Naugle,ÊA. Pocewicz, N. Graf, and M. J.
Conservation of urban biodiversity under climate change: Climate-informed management for Chicago green spacesLewis, A.D.,ÊR.K. Moseley, K.R. Hall, and J.J. Hellmann2014
Fire Synchrony and the Influence of Pacific Climate Variability on Wildfires in the Florida Keys, United StatesAnnals of the Association Of American GeographersHarley, Grant L.; Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.; Horn, Sally P.; Bergh, Chris2014
Survival Of Planted Star Cactus, Astrophytum Asterias, In Southern TexasSouthwestern NaturalistReemts, Charlotte M.; Conner, Patrick; Janssen, Gena K.; Wahl, Kimberly2014
Global agriculture and carbon trade-offsProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesJohnson, Justin Andrew; Runge, Carlisle Ford; Senauer, Benjamin; Foley, Jonathan; Polasky, Stephen2014agriculture
Better integration of sectoral planning and management approaches for the interlinked ecology of the open oceansMarine PolicyBan, Natalie C.; Maxwell, Sara M.; Dunn, Daniel C.; Hobday, Alistair J.; Bax, Nicholas J.; Ardron, Jeff; Gjerde, Kristina M.; Game, Edward T.; Devillers, Rodolphe; Kaplan, David M.; Dunstan, Piers K.; Halpin, Patrick N.; Pressey, Robert L.2014
Spatial Data Quality Control for the Coral Triangle AtlasCoastal ManagementCros, Annick; Venegas-Li, Ruben; Teoh, Shwu Jiau; Peterson, Nate; Wen, Wen; Fatan, Nurulhuda Ahmad2014
Long-term seafloor monitoring at an open ocean aquaculture site in the western Gulf of Maine, USA: Development of an adaptive protocolMarine Pollution BulletinGrizzle, R. E.; Ward, L. G.; Fredriksson, D. W.; Irish, J. D.; Langan, R.; Heinig, C. S.; Greene, J. K.; Abeels, H. A.; Peter, C. R.; Eberhardt, A. L.2014
The Nature Conservancy in Shangrila: Transnational conservation and its critiquesMoseley, R.K., and R.B. Mullen2014
The evidence and values underlying 'new conservation'Trends in Ecology and EvolutionMarvier, Michelle; Kareiva, Peter2014
Terrain and vegetation structural influences on local avian species richness in two mixed-conifer forestsRemote Sensing Of EnvironmentVogeler, Jody C.; Hudak, Andrew T.; Vierling, Lee A.; Evans, Jeffrey; Green, Patricia; Vierling, Kern I. T.2014
Loss of avian phylogenetic diversity in neotropical agricultural systemsScienceFrishkoff, Luke O.; Karp, Daniel S.; M'Gonigle, Leithen K.; Mendenhall, Chase D.; Zook, Jim; Kremen, Claire; Hadly, Elizabeth A.; Daily, Gretchen C.2014agriculture
A Framework to Integrate Habitat Monitoring and Restoration with Endangered Insect RecoveryEnvironmental ManagementBried, Jason; Tear, Tim; Shirer, Rebecca; Zimmerman, Chris; Gifford, Neil; Campbell, Steve; O'Brien, Kathy2014
Increasing CO2 threatens human nutritionNatureMyers, Samuel S.; Zanobetti, Antonella; Kloog, Itai; Huybers, Peter; Leakey, Andrew D. B.; Bloom, Arnold J.; Carlisle, Eli; Dietterich, Lee H.; Fitzgerald, Glenn; Hasegawa, Toshihiro; Holbrook, N. Michele; Nelson, Randall L.; Ottman, Michael J.; Raboy, Vi2014
Predicting road culvert passability for migratory fishesDiversity and DistributionsJanuchowski-Hartley, Stephanie R.; Diebel, Matthew; Doran, Patrick J.; McIntyre, Peter B.2014
Designing Marine Reserves for Fisheries Management, Biodiversity Conservation, and Climate Change AdaptationCoastal ManagementGreen, Alison L.; Fernandes, Leanne; Almany, Glenn; Abesamis, Rene; McLeod, Elizabeth; Alino, Porfirio M.; White, Alan T.; Salm, Rod; Tanzer, John; Pressey, Robert L.2014
Topography influences the distribution of autumn frost damage on trees in a Mediterranean-type Eucalyptus forestTrees-Structure And FunctionMatusick, George; Ruthrof, Katinka X.; Brouwers, Niels C.; Hardy, Giles St. J.2014
A More Realistic Portrayal of Tropical Forestry: Response to Kormos and ZimmermanConservation LettersPutz, Francis E.; Zuidema, Pieter A.; Synnott, Timothy; Pena-Claros, Marielos; Pinard, Michelle A.; Sheil, Douglas; Vanclay, Jerome K.; Sist, Plinio; Gourlet-Fleury, Sylvie; Palmer, John; Zagt, Roderick; Griscom, Bronson2014
A Multidisciplinary Conceptualization of Conservation OpportunityConservation BiologyMoon, Katie; Adams, Vanessa M.; Januchowski-Hartley, Stephanie R.; Polyakov, Maksym; Mills, Morena; Biggs, Duan; Knight, Andrew T.; Game, Edward T.; Raymond, Christopher M.2014
Effects of overstory retention, herbicides, and fertilization on sub-canopy vegetation structure and functional group composition in loblolly pine forests restored to longleaf pineForest Ecology and ManagementKnapp, Benjamin O.; Walker, Joan L.; Wang, G. Geoff; Hu, Huifeng; Addington, Robert N.2014
Effects of overstory retention, herbicides, and fertilization on sub-canopy vegetation structure and functional group composition in loblolly pine forests restored to longleaf pineKnapp BO, Walker JL, Wang GG, Hu H, Addington RN2014
Infusing considerations of trophic dependencies into species distribution modellingEcology LettersTrainor, Anne M.; Schmitz, Oswald J.2014
Updating conservation priorities over 111 years of species observationsJournal of Applied EcologyMilt, Austin W.; Palmer, Sally R.; Armsworth, Paul R.2014
Landbird stopover in the Great Lakes region: Integrating habitat use and climate in conservationStudies in Avian BiologyEwert, D.N., K.R. Hall, R.J. Smith, and P.J. Rodewald2014
Landbird stopover in the Great Lakes region: Integrating habitat use and climate in conservationEwert, D.N., K.R. Hall, R.J. Smith, and P.J. Rodewald2014
Notes on the distribution and breeding of the Manus Friarbird Philemon albitorques and other birds of small islands of the Admiralties Group, Papua New GuineaAustralian Field OrnithologyFitzsimons,
Point counts surveys of land birds at the Four Canyon Preserve, Ellis County, OklahomaHise,
An Estuarine Habitat Classification for a Complex Fjordal Island ArchipelagoEstuaries And CoastsSchoch, G. Carl; Albert, David M.; Shanley, Colin S.2014
Sex And Age Differences In Site Fidelity, Food Resource Tracking, And Body Condition Of Wintering Kirtland'S Warblers (Setophaga Kirtlandii) In The BahamasOrnithological MonographsWunderle, Joseph M., Jr.; Lebow, Patricia K.; White, Jennifer D.; Currie, Dave; Ewert, David N.2014
More than the Fish. Environmental Flows for Good Policy and Governance, Poverty Alleviation and Climate AdaptationMatthews, J. H.; Forslund, A.; McClain, M. E.; Tharmee, R. E.2014
Development by Design in Western Australia: Overcoming offset obstaclesLandFitzsimons, J., M. Heiner, B. McKenney, K. Sochi, and J. Kiesecker2014
Conserving the World's Finest Grassland Amidst Ambitious National DevelopmentConservation BiologyBatsaikhan, Nyamsuren; Buuveibaatar, Bayarbaatar; Chimed, Bazaar; Enkhtuya, Oidov; Galbrakh, Davaa; Ganbaatar, Oyunsaikhan; Lkhagvasuren, Badamjav; Nandintsetseg, Dejid; Berger, Joel; Calabrese, Justin M.; Edwards, Ann E.; Fagan, William F.; Fuller, Todd2014
Quantitative estimate of commercial fish enhancement by seagrass habitat in souther AustraliaEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf ScienceBlandon, A. and P.S.E. zu Ermgassen2014
Ecological connectivity or Barrier Fence? Critical choices on the agricultural margins of Western AustraliaEcological Management and RestorationBradby, K.,ÊJ.A. Fitzsimons, A. Del Marco, D.A. Driscoll, E.G. Ritchie, J. Lau, C.J.A. Bradshaw & R.J.
The breeding diet of Wedge-tailed Eagles Aquila audax in the absence of rabbits: Kangaroo Island, South AustraliaCorellaFitzsimons, J.A., K. Carlyon, J.L. Thomas, A.B.
Developing Marine Protected Area Networks in the Coral Triangle: Good Practices for Expanding the Coral Triangle Marine Protected Area SystemCoastal ManagementWeeks, Rebecca; Alino, Porfirio M.; Atkinson, Scott; Beldia, Pacifico, II; Binson, Augustine; Campos, Wilfredo L.; Djohani, Rili; Green, Alison L.; Hamilton, Richard; Horigue, Vera; Jumin, Robecca; Kalim, Kay; Kasasiah, Ahsanal; Kereseka, Jimmy; Klein, Ca2014
2000 years of sustainable use of watersheds and coral reefs in Pacific Islands: A review for PalauEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf ScienceKoshiba, Shirley; Besebes, Meked; Soaladaob, Kiblas; Ngiraingas, Madelsar; Isechal, Adelle Lukes; Victor, Steven; Golbuu, Yimnang2014
A model-based meta-analysis for estimating species-specific wood density and identifying potential sources of variationJournal Of EcologyOgle, Kiona; Pathikonda, Sharmila; Sartor, Karla; Lichstein, Jeremy W.; Osnas, Jeanne L. D.; Pacala, Stephen W.2014
Vegetation Responses to Pinyon-Juniper Treatments in Eastern NevadaRangeland Ecology & ManagementProvencher, Louis; Thompson, Julie2014
Insect Visitors and Pollination Ecology of Spalding's Catchfly (Silene spaldingii) in the Zumwalt Prairie of Northeastern OregonNatural Areas JournalTubbesing, Carmen; Strohm, Christopher; DeBano, Sandra J.; Gonzalez, Natalie; Kimoto, Chiho; Taylor, Robert V.2014
Adopting a Learning Network Approach for Growing Fire Adapted CommunitiesFire Management Today (FMT)Goulette, N., Decker, L., Medley-Daniel, M., & Goldstein, B. E2014
Oyster reef restoration in the northern Gulf of Mexico: Extent, methods and outcomesOcean and Coastal ManagementLa Peyre, Megan; Furlong, Jessica; Brown, Laura A.; Piazza, Bryan P.; Brown, Ken2014
Governing and Delivering a Biome-Wide Restoration Initiative: The Case of Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact in BrazilForestsPinto, Severino R.; Melo, Felipe; Tabarelli, Marcelo; Padovesi, Aurelio; Mesquita, Carlos A.; de Mattos Scaramuzza, Carlos Alberto; Castro, Pedro; Carrascosa, Helena; Calmon, Miguel; Rodrigues, Ricardo; Cesar, Ricardo Gomes; Brancalion, Pedro H. S.2014
Hypolimnetic oxygenation in Twin Lakes, WA. Part I: Distribution and movement of troutLake And Reservoir ManagementMoore, Barry C.; Cross, Benjamin K.; Clegg, Emily M.; Lanouette, Brian P.; Skinner, Megan; Preece, Ellen; Child, Andrew; Gantzer, Paul; Shallenberger, Ed; Christensen, David; Nine, Bret2014
Bridging climate science to adaptation action in data sparse TanzaniaEnvironmental ConservationGirvetz, Evan H.; Gray, Elizabeth; Tear, Timothy H.; Brown, Matthew A.2014
Climate change effects on northern Great Lake (USA) forests: A case for preserving diversityEcosphereDuveneck, M. J., R. M. Scheller, M. A. White, S. D. Handler, and C. Ravenscroft2014
Predicting Global Patterns in Mangrove Forest BiomassConservation LettersHutchison, James; Manica, Andrea; Swetnam, Ruth; Balmford, Andrew; Spalding, Mark2014
Deglacial delta O-18 and hydrologic variability in the tropical Pacific and Indian OceansEarth And Planetary Science LettersGibbons, Fern T.; Oppo, Delia W.; Mohtadi, Mahyar; Rosenthal, Yair; Cheng, Jun; Liu, Zhengyu; Linsley, Braddock K.2014
Development of a Shared Vision for Groundwater Management to Protect and Sustain Baseflows of the Upper San Pedro River, Arizona, USAWaterRichter, H.E., B. Gungle, L.J. Lacher, D.S. Turner, and B.M.
Geographic selection bias of occurrence data influences transferability of invasive Hydrilla verticillata distribution modelsEcology and EvolutionBarnes, Matthew A.; Jerde, Christopher L.; Wittmann, Marion E.; Chadderton, W. Lindsay; Ding, Jianqing; Zhang, Jialiang; Purcell, Matthew; Budhathoki, Milan; Lodge, David M.2014
Water Markets: A New Tool for Securing Urban Water Supplies?Journal American Water Works AssociationRichter, Brian2014
Conservation in a Wicked Complex World; Challenges and SolutionsConservation LettersGame, Edward T.; Meijaard, Erik; Sheil, Douglas; McDonald-Madden, Eve2014
A call for inclusive conservationNatureTallis, Heather; Lubchenco, Jane2014
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Choosing your path: Evaluating and selecting adaptation optionsHoffman, J. B. Stein, and K. Hall2014
Modeling Hawaiian ecosystem degradation due to invasive plants under current and future climatesPLoS ONEVorsino, Adam E.; Fortini, Lucas B.; Amidon, Fred A.; Miller, Stephen E.; Jacobi, James D.; Price, Jonathan P.; Gon III, Sam 'Ohukani'ohi'a; Koob, Gregory A.2014 of native ecosystems by invasive plant species alters their structure and/or function. In Hawaii, a subset of introduced plants is regarded as extremely harmful due to competitive ability, ecosystem modification, and biogeochemical habitat degradation. By controlling this subset of highly invasive ecosystem modifiers, conservation managers could significantly reduce native ecosystem degradation. To assess the invasibility of vulnerable native ecosystems, we selected a proxy subset of these invasive plants and developed robust ensemble species distribution models to define their respective potential distributions. The combinations of all species models using both binary and continuous habitat suitability projections resulted in estimates of species richness and diversity that were subsequently used to define an invasibility metric. The invasibility metric was defined from species distribution models with 0.8; True Skill Statistic &gt;0.75) as evaluated per species. Invasibility was further projected onto a 2100 Hawaii regional climate change scenario to assess the change in potential habitat degradation. The distribution defined by the invasibility metric delineates areas of known and potential invasibility under current climate conditions and, when projected into the future, estimates potential reductions in native ecosystem extent due to climate-driven invasive incursion. We have provided the code used to develop these metrics to facilitate their wider use (Code S1). This work will help determine the vulnerability of native-dominated ecosystems to the combined threats of climate change and invasive species, and thus help prioritize ecosystem and species management actions.
Riparian responses to reduced flood flows: comparing and contrasting narrowleaf and broadleaf cottonwoodsHydrological Sciences JournalThomas K. Wilding; John S. Sanderson; David M. Merritt; Stewart B. Rood; N. LeRoy Poff2014To enable assessment of risks of water management to riparian ecosystems at a regional scale, we developed a quantile-regression model of abundance of broadleaf cottonwoods (Populus deltoides and P. fremontii) as a function of flood flow attenuation. To test whether this model was transferrable to narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia), we measured narrowleaf abundance along 39 river reaches in northwestern Colorado, USA. The model performed well for narrowleaf in all 32 reaches where reservoir storage was 90% of mean annual flow. In these four reaches, narrowleaf was abundant despite peak flow attenuation of 45–61%. Poor model performance in these four reaches may be explained in part by a pulse of narrowleaf cottonwood expansion as a response to channel narrowing and in part by differences between narrowleaf and broadleaf cottonwood response to floods and drought.
Spatial heterogeneity stabilizes livestock productivity in a changing climateAgriculture, Ecosystems & EnvironmentAllred, B.W., J.D. Scasta, T.J. Hovick, S.D. Fuhlendorf, R.G. Hamilton2014Sustaining livestock agriculture is important for global food security. Livestock productivity, however, can fluctuate due to many environmental factors, including climate variability. Current predictions of continued warming, decreased precipitation, and increased climate variability worldwide raise serious questions for scientists and producers alike. Foremost is understanding how to mitigate livestock production losses attributed to climate extremes and variability. We investigated the influence of spatial heterogeneity on livestock production over six years in tallgrass prairie of the southern Great Plains, USA. We manipulated heterogeneity by allowing fire and grazing to interact spatially and temporally at broad scales across pastures ranging from 430 to 900 ha. We found that the influence of precipitation on livestock productivity was contingent upon heterogeneity. When heterogeneity was absent, livestock productivity decreased with reduced rainfall. In contrast, when heterogeneity was present, there was no relationship with rainfall and livestock productivity, resulting in heterogeneity stabilizing livestock productivity through time. With predicted increases in climate variability and uncertainty, managing for heterogeneity may assist livestock producers in adapting to climate change and in mitigating livestock productivity loss caused by climatic variability.Cattle; Climatic extremes; Drought; Fire-grazing interaction; Great Plains; Weight gain
Solution scanning as a key policy tool: identifying management interventions to help maintain and enhance regulating ecosystem services.Ecology and SocietySutherland, W.J., T. Gardner, T.L. Bogich, R.B. Bradbury, B. Clothier, M. Jonsson, V. Kapos, S.N. Lane, I. Möller, M. Schroeder, M. Spalding, T. Spencer, P.C.L. White, L.V. Dicks2014 major task of policy makers and practitioners when confronted with a resource management problem is to decide on the potential solution(s) to adopt from a range of available options. However, this process is unlikely to be successful and cost effective without access to an independently verified and comprehensive available list of options. There is currently burgeoning interest in ecosystem services and quantitative assessments of their importance and value. Recognition of the value of ecosystem services to human well-being represents an increasingly important argument for protecting and restoring the natural environment, alongside the moral and ethical justifications for conservation. As well as understanding the benefits of ecosystem services, it is also important to synthesize the practical interventions that are capable of maintaining and/or enhancing these services. Apart from pest regulation, pollination, and global climate regulation, this type of exercise has attracted relatively little attention. Through a systematic consultation exercise, we identify a candidate list of 296 possible interventions across the main regulating services of air quality regulation, climate regulation, water flow regulation, erosion regulation, water purification and waste treatment, disease regulation, pest regulation, pollination and natural hazard regulation. The range of interventions differs greatly between habitats and services depending upon the ease of manipulation and the level of research intensity. Some interventions have the potential to deliver benefits across a range of regulating services, especially those that reduce soil loss and maintain forest cover. Synthesis and applications: Solution scanning is important for questioning existing knowledge and identifying the range of options available to researchers and practitioners, as well as serving as the necessary basis for assessing cost effectiveness and guiding implementation strategies. We recommend that it become a routine part of decision making in all environmental policy areas.water management
Estimates of historical ecosystem service provision can guide restoration effortsZu Ermgassen, M.D. Spalding, R. Brumbaugh2014 is undertaken not only to reverse habitat losses but also to recover the many valuable ecosystem services associated with coastal habitats. While ecosystem services are increasingly being used to define restoration objectives for a number of marine and terrestrial habitats, historical estimates of ecosystem service delivery are rare, in part due to the difficulty of making such estimates. However, by combining historical data with an understanding of the habitat characteristics (e.g., density or habitat complexity) and environmental conditions (e.g., salinity, location relative to other habitats) that influence service provision, historical estimates of ecosystem services can be used to target restoration efforts and management practices toward the desired outcomes. Oyster reefs have suffered an estimated 85 percent decline globally over the past 150 years, and there are growing efforts to restore oyster reefs at a large scale to recover oyster fishery, fish production, water quality, and other ecosystem services. In this chapter, Philine zu Ermgassen, Mark D. Spalding, and Robert D. Brumbaugh explore the estimation of historical provision of ecosystem services in oyster reefs as a case study to understand the ecological and socially relevant reference points that these estimates provide for restoration goals.ecosystem services, habitat, historical ecology, restoration ecology, estuaries
Merging science and management in a rapidly changing world: Biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago III and 7th Conference on Research and Resource Management in the Southwestern Deserts; 2012 May 1-5; Tucson, AZGottfried, G.J., P.F. Ffolliott, B.S. Gebow, L.G. Eskew, and L.C. Collins,
Biofuels and biodiversity: the implications of energy sprawlEncyclopedia of Biodiversity, second editionRobertson B.A., and P.J. Doran2013
Ecosystem servicesEncyclopedia of Biodiversity, second editionTallis, H., A. Guerry, and G.C. Daily2013
Phenological matching across hemispheres in a long-distance migratory birdDiversity and DistributionsRenfrew, Rosalind B.; Kim, Daniel; Perlut, Noah; Smith, Joseph; Fox, James; Marra, Peter P.2013
Assessing Natural and Anthropogenic Variability in Wetland Structure for Two Hydrogeomorphic Riverine Wetland SubclassesEnvironmental ManagementDvorett, Daniel; Bidwell, Joseph; Davis, Craig; DuBois, Chris2013
Projected climate-driven faunal movement routesEcology LettersLawler, J. J.; Ruesch, A. S.; Olden, J. D.; McRae, B. H.2013
Biodiversity in the Madrean Archipelago of Sonora, MexicoVan Devender, T.R., S. Avila-Villegas, M. Emerson, D. Turner, A.D. Flesch, and N.S.
Balancing the conservation of wildlife habitat with subsistence hunting access: A geospatial-scenario planning frameworkLandscape and Urban PlanningShanley, Colin S.; Kofinas, Gary P.; Pyare, Sanjay2013
Phenotypic covariance at species' bordersBmc Evolutionary BiologyCaley, M. Julian; Cripps, Edward; Game, Edward T.2013
Comparison of Preliminary Herpetofaunas of the Sierras la Madera (Oposura) and Bacadehuachi with the Mainland Sierra Madre Occidental in Sonora, MexicoVan Devender, T.R., E.F. Enderson, D.S. Turner, R.A. Villa, S.F. Hale, G.M. Ferguson, and C.
Marine spatial planning in practiceEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf ScienceJS Collie, MW Beck, B Craig, TE Essington, D Fluharty, J Rice, JN Sanchirico2013
Marine spatial planning in practiceEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf ScienceCollie, J., V. Adamowicz, M.W. Beck, B. Craig, T. Essington, D. Fluharty, J. Rice, J. Sanchirico2013
Lessons from large-scale conservation networks in AustraliaParksFitzsimons, J., I. Pulsford, and G. Wescott2013
The role of marine protected areas in alleviating poverty in the Asia-Pacificvan Beukering, Pieter J. H.; Scherl, Lea M.; Leisher, Craig2013
Winter management of California's rice fields to maximize waterbird habitat and minimize water useAgriculture Ecosystems and EnvironmentStrum, K. M., Reiter, M. E., Hartman, C. A., Iglecia, M. N., Kelsey, T. R., &amp; Hickey, C. M.2013
Using systematic conservation planning to minimize REDD plus conflict with agriculture and logging in the tropicsConservation LettersVenter, Oscar; Possingham, Hugh P.; Hovani, Lex; Dewi, Sonya; Griscom, Bronson; Paoli, Gary; Wells, Phillip; Wilson, Kerrie A.2013agriculture
California's marine protected area network planning process: Introduction to the special issueOcean and Coastal ManagementGleason, Mary; Kirlin, John; Fox, Evan2013
Conference Summary: Biodiversity and Management of the Madrean Archipelago III: Closing Remarks and Notes From the Concluding SessionTurner D.S., and A.
Nesting of the Rufous-tailed Hawk Buteo ventralis on a rocky wall in southern ChileRevista Brasileira De OrnitologiaNorambuena, Heraldo V.; Zamorano, Solange; Munoz-Pedreros, Andres2013
Optimising control of invasive crayfish using life-history informationFreshwater BiologyRogowski, David L.; Sitko, Suzanne; Bonar, Scott A.2013
Successes, Failures and Suggested Future Directions for Ecosystem Restoration of the Middle Sacramento River, CaliforniaSan Francisco Estuary and Watershed ScienceGolet, Gregory H.; Brown, David L.; Carlson, Melinda; Gardali, Thomas; Henderson, Adam; Holl, Karen D.; et al.2013
The Red Knot (Calidris canutus rufa) decline in the western hemisphere: is there a lemming connection?Canadian Journal Of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De ZoologieFraser, J. D.; Karpanty, S. M.; Cohen, J. B.; Truitt, B. R.2013
Reproductive biology of squaretail coralgrouper Plectropomus areolatus using age-based techniquesJournal of Fish BiologyRhodes, K. L.; Taylor, B. M.; Wichilmel, C. B.; Joseph, E.; Hamilton, R. J.; Almany, G. R.2013
Bird assemblage response to restoration of fire-suppressed longleaf pine sandhillsEcological ApplicationsSteen, David A.; Conner, L. M.; Smith, Lora L.; Provencher, Louis; Hiers, J. Kevin; Pokswinski, Scott; Helms, Brian S.; Guyer, Craig2013
Quantifying Tropical Dry Forest Type and Succession: Substantial Improvement with LiDARBiotropicaMartinuzzi, Sebastian; Gould, William A.; Vierling, Lee A.; Hudak, Andrew T.; Nelson, Ross F.; Evans, Jeffrey S.2013
Can a combination of grazing, herbicides, and seeding facilitate succession in old fields?Ecological RestorationTaylor, R.V., M.L. Pokorny, J. Mangold, and N. Rudd2013agriculture, ranching
Enabling conditions to support marine protected area network planning: California's Marine Life Protection Act Initiative as a case studyOcean and Coastal ManagementFox, Evan; Miller-Henson, Melissa; Ugoretz, John; Weber, Mike; Gleason, Mary; Kirlin, John; Caldwell, Meg; Mastrup, Sonke2013
Geomorphology within the interdisciplinary science of environmental flowsGeomorphologyMeitzen, Kimberly M.; Doyle, Martin W.; Thoms, Martin C.; Burns, Catherine E.2013
Reptile assemblage response to restoration of fire-suppressed longleaf pine sandhillsEcological ApplicationsSteen, David A.; Smith, Lora L.; Conner, L. M.; Litt, Andrea R.; Provencher, Louis; Hiers, J. Kevin; Pokswinski, Scott; Guyer, Craig2013
Quantifying the historic contribution of Olympia oysters to filtration in Pacific Coast (USA) estuaries and the implications for restoration objectivesAquatic EcologyErmgassen, P. S. E. Zu; Gray, M. W.; Langdon, C. J.; Spalding, M. D.; Brumbaugh, R. D.2013
A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2014Trends in Ecology and EvolutionSutherland, W. J., R. Aveling, T. M. Brooks, M. Clout, L. V. Dicks, L. Fellman, E. Fleishman, D. W. Gibbons, B. Keim, F. Lickorish, K. A. Monk, D. Mortimer, L. S. Peck, J. Pretty, J. Rockstro¬m, J. P. Rodri«guez, R. K. Smith, M. D. Spalding, F. H. Tonneij2013
Palau's taro fields and mangroves protect the coral reefs by trapping eroded fine sedimentWetlands Ecology And ManagementKoshiba, Shirley; Besebes, Meked; Soaladaob, Kiblas; Isechal, Adelle Lukes; Victor, Steven; Golbuu, Yimnang2013
A dynamic reference model: a framework for assessing biodiversity restoration goals in a fire-dependent ecosystemEcological ApplicationsKirkman, L. Katherine; Barnett, Analie; Williams, Brett W.; Hiers, J. Kevin; Pokswinski, Scott M.; Mitchell, Robert J.2013
Wild Pollinators Enhance Fruit Set of Crops Regardless of Honey Bee AbundanceScienceGaribaldi, Lucas A.; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf; Winfree, Rachael; Aizen, Marcelo A.; Bommarco, Riccardo; Cunningham, Saul A.; Kremen, Claire; Carvalheiro, Luisa G.; Harder, Lawrence D.; Afik, Ohad; Bartomeus, Ignasi; Benjamin, Faye; Boreux, Virginie; Cariv2013
Measurement and modeling of indoor air pollution in rural households with multiple stove interventions in Yunnan, ChinaAtmospheric EnvironmentChowdhury, Zohir; Campanella, Luke; Gray, Christen; Al Masud, Abdullah; Marter-Kenyon, Jessica; Pennise, David; Charron, Dana; Zuzhang, Xia2013
Coastal IssuesCaldwell, Margaret R.; Hartge, Eric H.; Ewing, Lesley C.; Griggs, Gary; Kelly, Ryan P.; Moser, Susanne C.; Newkirk, Sarah G.; Smyth, Rebecca A.; Woodson, C. Brock2013
Male's return rate, rather than territory fidelity and breeding dispersal, explains geographic variation in song sharing in two populations of an oscine passerine (Oreothlypis celata)Behavioral Ecology And SociobiologyYoon, Jongmin; Sillett, T. Scott; Morrison, Scott A.; Ghalambor, Cameron K.2013
Presence and management of the invasive plant Gypsophila paniculata (baby's breath) on sand dunes alters arthropod abundance and community structureBiological ConservationEmery, S.M., and P.J. Doran2013
Role of biotic interactions in regulating conifer invasion of grasslandsForest Ecology and ManagementHaugo, Ryan D.; Bakker, Jonathan D.; Halpern, Charles B.2013
Decline And Recovery Of Small Mammals After Flooding: Implications For Pest Management And Floodplain Community DynamicsRiver Research And ApplicationsGolet, G. H.; Hunt, J. W.; Koenig, D.2013
A comparison of zoning analyses to inform the planning of a marine protected area network in Raja Ampat, IndonesiaMarine PolicyGrantham, Hedley S.; Agostini, Vera N.; Wilson, Joanne; Mangubhai, Sangeeta; Hidayat, Nur; Muljadi, Andreas; Muhajir; Rotinsulu, Chris; Mongdong, Meity; Beck, Michael W.; Possingham, Hugh P.2013
A comparison of zoning analyses to inform the planning of a marine protected area network in Raja Ampat, IndonesiaMarine PolicyHS Grantham, VN Agostini, J Wilson, S Mangubhai, N Hidayat, A Muljadi, C Rotinsulu, M Mongdong, MW Beck, HP
Managing waterIssues In Science And TechnologyRichter, Brian2013
Preparing to manage coral reefs for ocean acidification: lessons from coral bleachingFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentMcleod, Elizabeth; Anthony, Kenneth R. N.; Andersson, Andreas; Beeden, Roger; Golbuu, Yimnang; Kleypas, Joanie; Kroeker, Kristy; Manzello, Derek; Salm, Rod V.; Schuttenberg, Heidi; Smith, Jennifer E.2013
ÔNetworking the networksÕ: coordinating Conservation Management Networks in VictoriaLinking Australia's Landscapes: Lessons and Opportunities from Large-scale Conservation NetworksCrosthwaite, J., J. Fitzsimons, J. Stanley, and J. Greacen2013
'Networking the networks': coordinating Conservation Management Networks in VictoriaCrosthwaite, Jim; Fitzsimons, James; Stanley, Julia; Greacen, Jane2013
Think before you plan: Introducing preplanning considerations in conservationJournal of Indonesian Natural HistoryMeijaard, E., C. Leisher, E.T. Game, and C. Groves2013
The relevance of wetland conservation in arid regions: A re-examination of vanishing communities in the American SouthwestJournal Of Arid EnvironmentsMinckley, T. A.; Turner, D. S.; Weinstein, S.
The vulnerability of Amazon freshwater ecosystemsConservation LettersCastello, Leandro; McGrath, David G.; Hess, Laura L.; Coe, Michael T.; Lefebvre, Paul A.; Petry, Paulo; Macedo, Marcia N.; Reno, Vivian F.; Arantes, Caroline C.2013
Cities of the Future: Where Will the Water Come From?Journal American Water Works AssociationRichter, Brian2013
Prioritizing locations for implementing agricultural best management practices in a Midwestern watershedJournal of Soil and Water ConservationLegge, J., P.J. Doran, M. Herbert, J. Asher, G. OÕNeil, S. Mysorekar, S. Sowa and K. Hall2013agriculture
From model outputs to conservation action: Prioritizing locations for implementing agricultural best management practices in a Midwestern watershedJournal of Soil and Water ConservationLegge, J. T.; Doran, P. J.; Herbert, M. E.; Asher, J.; O'Neil, G.; Mysorekar, S.; Sowa, S.; Hall, K. R.2013
A more effective means of delivering conservation management: a ÔNew Integrated ConservationÕ model for Australian rangelandsThe Rangeland JournalSalmon, M., and R. Gerritsen2013
Saving sage-grouse from the trees: A proactive solution to reducing a key threat to a candidate speciesBiological ConservationBaruch-Mordo, Sharon; Evans, Jeffrey S.; Severson, John P.; Naugle, David E.; Maestas, Jeremy D.; Kiesecker, Joseph M.; Falkowski, Michael J.; Hagen, Christian A.; Reese, Kerry P.2013
Farm practices for food safety: an emerging threat to floodplain and riparian ecosystemsFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentGennet, Sasha; Howard, Jeanette; Langholz, Jeff; Andrews, Kathryn; Reynolds, Mark D.; Morrison, Scott A.2013agriculture
Root-Inhabiting Bark Beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) And Their Fungal Associates Breeding In Dying Loblolly Pine In AlabamaFlorida EntomologistMatusick, George; Menard, Roger D.; Zeng, Yuan; Eckhardt, Lori G.2013
Conservation biology, discipline ofEncyclopedia of Biodiversity, second editionDobson, A.P., K. Nowak, and J.P. Rodr’guez. Conservation biology, discipline of2013
Shared Conservation Goals but Differing Views on How to Most Effectively Achieve Results: A Response from Kareiva and MarvierBioScienceKareiva, Peter; Marvier, Michelle2013
Adapting stakeholder processes to region-specific challenges in marine protected area network planningOcean and Coastal ManagementFox, Evan; Poncelet, Eric; Connor, Darci; Vasques, Jason; Ugoretz, John; McCreary, Scott; Monie, Dominique; Harty, Michael; Gleason, Mary2013
Use of patch selection models as a decision support tool to evaluate mitigation strategies of human-wildlife conflictBiological ConservationBaruch-Mordo, Sharon; Webb, Colleen T.; Breck, Stewart W.; Wilson, Kenneth R.2013
Prairie Restorations can Protect Remnant Tallgrass Prairie Plant CommunitiesAmerican Midland NaturalistRowe, Helen I.; Fargione, Joseph; Holland, Jeffrey D.2013
Opportunities and Challenges to Implementing Bird Conservation on Private LandsWildlife Society BulletinCiuzio, Elizabeth; Hohman, William L.; Martin, Brian; Smith, Mark D.; Stephens, Scott; Strong, Allan M.; VerCauteren, Tammy2013
Trans-boundary infrastructure and land cover change: Highway paving and community-level deforestation in a tri-national frontier in the AmazonLand Use PolicyPerz, Stephen G.; Qiu, Youliang; Xia, Yibin; Southworth, Jane; Sun, Jing; Marsik, Matthew; Rocha, Karla; Passos, Veronica; Rojas, Daniel; Alarcon, Gabriel; Barnes, Grenville; Baraloto, Christopher2013
The importance of interdisciplinary research in conservation networks: lessons from south-eastern AustraliaFitzsimons, James; Wescott, Geoff2013
Human Dimensions of State-and-Transition Simulation Model Applications to Support Decisions in Wildland Fire ManagementBlankenship, K. L. Provencher, L. Frid, C. Daniel and J. Smith2013
Enhanced Innate Immune Responses in a Brood Parasitic Cowbird Species: Degranulation and Oxidative BurstAvian DiseasesHahn, D. Caldwell; Summers, Scott G.; Genovese, Kenneth J.; He, Haiqi; Kogut, Michael H.2013
Challenges and opportunities for linking Australia's landscapes: a synthesisFitzsimons, James; Pulsford, Ian; Wescott, Geoff2013
Vinecology: pairing wine with natureConservation LettersViers, Joshua H.; Williams, John N.; Nicholas, Kimberly A.; Barbosa, Olga; Kotze, Inge; Spence, Liz; Webb, Leanne B.; Merenlender, Adina; Reynolds, Mark2013
Community Participation and Benefits in REDD+: A Review of Initial Outcomes and LessonsForestsKathleen Lawlor, Erin Myers Madeira, Jill Blockhus, and David J. Ganz2013
Community Participation and Benefits in REDD plus : A Review of Initial Outcomes and LessonsForestsLawlor, Kathleen; Madeira, Erin Myers; Blockhus, Jill; Ganz, David
How to sell ecosystem services: a guide for designing new marketsFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentBanerjee, Simanti; Secchi, Silvia; Fargione, Joseph; Polasky, Stephen; Kraft, Steven2013
The Many Elements of Traditional Fire Knowledge: Synthesis, Classification, and Aids to Cross-cultural Problem Solving in Fire-dependent Systems Around the WorldEcology and SocietyHuffman, Mary R.2013
California's Marine Life Protection Act Initiative: Supporting implementation of legislation establishing a statewide network of marine protected areasOcean and Coastal ManagementKirlin, John; Caldwell, Meg; Gleason, Mary; Weber, Mike; Ugoretz, John; Fox, Evan; Miller-Henson, Melissa2013
Viability of Aquatic Plant Fragments following DesiccationInvasive Plant Science and ManagementBarnes, Matthew A.; Jerde, Christopher L.; Keller, Doug; Chadderton, W. Lindsay; Howeth, Jennifer G.; Lodge, David M.2013
A Social Landscape Analysis of Land Use Decision Making in a Coastal WatershedSociety & Natural ResourcesWashburn, Erika L.2013
Retrospective analysis and sea level rise modeling of coastal habitat change in Charlotte Harbor to identify restoration and adaptation prioritiesFlorida ScientistGeselbracht, L., K. Freeman, E. Kelly, D. Gordon, and A. Birch2013
Retrospective analysis and sea level rise modeling of coastal habitat change in Charlotte Harbor to identify restoration and adaptation priorities.Florida Scientist Geselbracht, L., K. Freeman, E. Kelly, D. Gordon, and A. Birch.2013
Modeling marine ecosystem servicesGuerry, A.D., M.H. Ruckelshaus, M.L. Plummer, and D. Holland.2013
Tapped out: how can cities secure their water future?Water PolicyRichter, Brian D.; Abell, David; Bacha, Emily; Brauman, Kate; Calos, Stavros; Cohn, Alex; Disla, Carlos; O'Brien, Sarah Friedlander; Hodges, David; Kaiser, Scott; Loughran, Maria; Mestre, Cristina; Reardon, Melissa; Siegfried, Emma2013
A new species of Fellhanera (lichenized Ascomycota: Pilocarpaceae) from central North AmericaLichenologistMorse, Caleb A.; Ladd, Douglas2013
Addressing policy issues in a stakeholder-based and science-driven marine protected area network planning processOcean and Coastal ManagementFox, Evan; Hastings, Sean; Miller-Henson, Melissa; Monie, Dominique; Ugoretz, John; Frimodig, Adam; Shuman, Craig; Owens, Brian; Garwood, Rebecca; Connor, Darci; Serpa, Paulo; Gleason, Mary2013
Water funds: A new ecosystem service and biodiversity conservation strategyEncyclopedia of Biodiversity, second editionGoldman-Benner, R.L., S. Benitez, A. Calvache, A. Ramos, and F. Veiga2013
Employing lidar data to identify butterfly habitat characteristics of four contrasting butterfly species across a diverse landscapeRemote Sensing LettersHess, Anna N.; Falkowski, Michael J.; Webster, Christopher R.; Storer, Andrew J.; Pocewicz, Amy; Martinuzzi, Sebastian2013
The interrelationship of hydrology and biology in a Tennessee stream, USAEcohydrologyElkin, Kimberly; Lanier, Susan; Rebecca, Monette2013
Allometric Equations for Ashe Juniper (Juniperus ashei) of Small DiameterThe Southwestern NaturalistReemts, C. M2013
A comprehensive review of climate adaptation in the United States: more than before, but less than neededMitigation And Adaptation Strategies For Global ChangeBierbaum, Rosina; Smith, Joel B.; Lee, Arthur; Blair, Maria; Carter, Lynne; Chapin, F. Stuart, III; Fleming, Paul; Ruffo, Susan; Stults, Missy; McNeeley, Shannon; Wasley, Emily; Verduzco, Laura2013
Quantifying the Loss of a Marine Ecosystem Service: Filtration by the Eastern Oyster in US EstuariesEstuaries And CoastsErmgassen, Philine S. E. Zu; Spalding, Mark D.; Grizzle, Raymond E.; Brumbaugh, Robert D.2013
Male attacks on infants and infant death during male takeovers in wild white-headed langurs (Trachypithecus leucocephalus)Integrative ZoologyYin, Lijie; Jin, Tong; Watanabe, Kunio; Qin, Dagong; Wang, Dezhi; Pan, Wenshi2013
Joint analysis of stressors and ecosystems services to enhance restoration effectivenessProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesAllan, J.D., P.B. McIntyre, S.D.P. Smith, B.S. Halpern, G.L. Boyer, A. Buchsbaum, G.A. Burton Jr., L.M. Campbell, W.L. Chadderton, J.J.H. Ciborowski, P.J. Doran, T. Eder, D.M. Infante, L.B. Johnson, C.A. Joseph, A.L. Marino, A. Prusevich, J. Read, J.B. Ro2013
Native Bees Associated With Isolated Aspen Stands in Pacific Northwest Bunchgrass PrairieNatural Areas JournalGonzalez, Natalie; DeBano, Sandra J.; Kimoto, Chiho; Taylor, Robert V.; Tubbesing, Carmen; Strohm, Christopher2013
Assessing risk associated with sea-level rise and storm surge-ReduxNatural HazardsShepard, Christine C.; Agostini, Vera N.; Gilmer, Ben; Allen, Tashya; Stone, Jeff; Brooks, William; Beck, Michael W.2013
Assessing risk associated with sea-level rise and storm surge—ReduxNatural hazardsCC Shepard, VN Agostini, B Gilmer, T Allen, J Stone, W Brooks, MW Beck2013
In their own words: Perceptions of climate change adaptation from the Great Lakes region’s resource management communityEnvironmental PracticePetersen, B.C., K.R. Hall, K.J. Kahl, and P.J. Doran2013
In their own words: Perceptions of climate change adaptation from the Great Lakes region’s resource management communityEnvironmental PracticePetersen, B.C., K.R. Hall, K.J. Kahl, and P.J. Doran2013
Is reduced benthic flux related to the Diporeia decline? Analysis of spring blooms and whiting events in Lake OntarioJournal Of Great Lakes ResearchWatkins, J. M.; Rudstam, L. G.; Crabtree, D. L.; Walsh, M. G.2013
Sustaining the Grassland Sea: Regional Perspectives on Identifying, Protecting and Restoring the Sky Island Region's Most Intact Grassland Valley LandscapesBodner, G.S., P. Warren, D. Gori, K. Sartor, and S.
Connectivity Planning to Address Climate ChangeConservation BiologyNunez, Tristan A.; Lawler, Joshua J.; Mcrae, Brad H.; Pierce, D. John; Krosby, Meade B.; Kavanagh, Darren M.; Singleton, Peter H.; Tewksbury, Joshua J.2013
The case for improved forest management (IFM) as a priority REDD plus strategy in the tropicsTropical Conservation ScienceGriscom, Bronson W.; Cortez, Rane2013
Acting Optimally for Biodiversity in a World Obsessed with REDDConservation LettersVenter, Oscar; Hovani, Lex; Bode, Michael; Possingham, Hugh P.2013
Accelerating Adaptation of Natural Resource Management to Address Climate ChangeConservation BiologyCross, Molly S.; McCarthy, Patrick D.; Garfin, Gregg; Gori, David; Enquist, Carolyn A.
Terrigenous sediment impact on coral recruitment and growth affects the use of coral habitat by recruit parrotfishes (F. Scaridae)Journal Of Coastal ConservationDeMartini, E.; Jokiel, P.; Beets, J.; Stender, Y.; Storlazzi, C.; Minton, D.; Conklin, E.2013
Biodiversity, human well-being and marketsBinder, S., and S. Polasky. Biodiversity, human well-being and markets2013
Effects of Human Population Density and Proximity to Markets on Coral Reef Fishes Vulnerable to Extinction by FishingConservation BiologyBrewer, T. D.; Cinner, J. E.; Green, A.; Pressey, R. L.2013
Tailoring Global Data to Guide Corporate Investments in Biodiversity, Environmental Assessments and SustainabilitySustainabilityOakleaf, James R.; Kennedy, Christina M.; Boucher, Timothy; Kiesecker, Joseph2013
Soil Morphologic Properties and Cattle Stocking Rate Affect Dynamic Soil PropertiesRangeland Ecology & ManagementSchmalz, Heidi J.; Taylor, Robert V.; Johnson, Tracey N.; Kennedy, Patricia L.; DeBano, Sandra J.; Newingham, Beth A.; McDaniel, Paul A.2013agriculture, ranching
Preferences of Wyoming residents for siting of energy and residential developmentApplied GeographyPocewicz, A., M. Nielsen-Pincus2013
The role of science in supporting marine protected area network planning and design in CaliforniaOcean and Coastal ManagementSaarman, Emily; Gleason, Mary; Ugoretz, John; Airame, Satie; Carr, Mark; Fox, Evan; Frimodig, Adam; Mason, Tom; Vasques, Jason2013
Climate-change impacts on ecological systems: introduction to a US assessmentFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentGrimm, Nancy B.; Staudinger, Michelle D.; Staudt, Amanda; Carter, Shawn L.; Chapin, F. Stuart, III; Kareiva, Peter; Ruckelshaus, Mary; Stein, Bruce A.2013
DECISION-MAKING INPUTS FOR THE CONSERVATION OF THE WESTERN AMAZON BASINEcología AplicadaJosse, C., B. Young, R. Lyons-Smyth, T. Brroks, A. Frances, P. Petry, H. Balslev, B. Bassuner, B. Goettsch, J. Hak, P. Jorgensen, D. Larrea-Alcázar, G. Navarro, S. Saatchi, A. Sanchez de Lozana, J. C. Svenning, L. A. Tovar & A. Moscoso2013
Make no little plans: developing biodiversity conservation strategies for the Great LakesEnvironmental PracticePearsall, D.R., M.L. Khoury, J. Paskus, D. Kraus, P.J. Doran, S.P. Sowa, R. Franks Taylor, and L.K. Elbing2013
Biodiversity in a changing climate: a synthesis of current and projected trends in the USFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentStaudinger, Michelle D.; Carter, Shawn L.; Cross, Molly S.; Dubois, Natalie S.; Duffy, J. Emmett; Enquist, Carolyn; Griffis, Roger; Hellmann, Jessica J.; Lawler, Joshua J.; O'Leary, John; Morrison, Scott A.; Sneddon, Lesley; Stein, Bruce A.; Thompson, Lau2013
A Transactional and Collaborative Approach to Reducing Effects of Bottom TrawlingConservation BiologyGleason, Mary; Feller, Erika M.; Merrifield, Matt; Copps, Stephen; Fujita, Rod; Bell, Michael; Rienecke, Steve; Cook, Chuck2013
A Transactional and Collaborative Approach to Reducing Effects of Bottom TrawlingConservation BiologyMARY GLEASON, ERIKA M. FELLER, MATT MERRIFIELD, STEPHEN COPPS, ROD FUJITA, MICHAEL BELL, STEVE RIENECKE, AND CHUCK COOK2013
FireScape: A Program for Whole-Mountain Fire Management in the Sky Island RegionGebow, B., C. Stetson, D.A. Falk, and C. Dolan2013
Six Common Mistakes in Conservation Priority SettingConservation BiologyGame, Edward T.; Kareiva, Peter; Possingham, Hugh P.2013
Climate change's impact on key ecosystem services and the human well-being they support in the USFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentNelson, Erik J.; Kareiva, Peter; Ruckelshaus, Mary; Arkema, Katie; Geller, Gary; Girvetz, Evan; Goodrich, Dave; Matzek, Virginia; Pinsky, Malin; Reid, Walt; Saunders, Martin; Semmens, Darius; Tallis, Heather2013
Role and trends of protected areas in conservationEncyclopedia of Biodiversity, second editionBoucher, T., M. Spalding, and C. Revenga2013
Development by Design: Using a revisionist history to guide a sustainable futureEncyclopedia of Biodiversity, second editionKiesecker, J., K. Sochi, M. Heiner, B. McKenney, J. Evans, and H. Copeland2013
A Framework for Implementing and Valuing Biodiversity Offsets in Colombia: A Landscape Scale PerspectiveSustainabilitySaenz, Shirley; Walschburger, Tomas; Carlos Gonzalez, Juan; Leon, Jorge; McKenney, Bruce; Kiesecker, Joseph2013
Aboveground and belowground impacts following removal of the invasive species babyÕs breath (Gypsophila paniculata) on Lake Michigan sand dunesRestoration EcologyEmery, S.M., P.J. Doran, J.T. Legge, M. Kleitch, and S. Howard2013
Overwater Movement of Raccoons (Procyon lotor) in a Naturally Fragmented Coastal LandscapeNortheastern NaturalistDueser, Raymond D.; Moncrief, Nancy D.; Keiss, Oskars; Martin, Joel D.; Porter, John H.; Truitt, Barry R.2013
Detection of Asian carp DNA as part of a Great Lakes basin-wide surveillance programCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic SciencesJerde, Christopher L.; Chadderton, W. Lindsay; Mahon, Andrew R.; Renshaw, Mark A.; Corush, Joel; Budny, Michelle L.; Mysorekar, Sagar; Lodge, David M.2013
Obligate Brood Parasites Show More Functionally Effective Innate Immune Responses: An Eco-immunological HypothesisEvolutionary BiologyHahn, D. Caldwell; Summers, Scott G.; Genovese, Kenneth J.; He, Haiqi; Kogut, Michael H.2013
Marine birds of Yakutat Bay, Alaska: evaluating summer distribution, abundance, and threats at seaMarine OrnithologySchoen, S.K., M.L. Kissling, N.R. Hatch, C.S. Shanley, S.W. Stephensen, J.K. Jansen, N.T. Catterson, and S.A. Oehlers2013
Landscape conservation forecasting™ for Great Basin National ParkPark ScienceProvencher, L., T. Anderson, G. Low, B. Hamilton, T. Williams, and B.
Conservation outside of protected areas and the effect of human-dominated landscapes on stress hormones in savannah elephantsConservation BiologyAhlering, M.A., J.E. Maldonado, L.S. Eggert, R.C. Fleischer, D. Western, and J.L.
Conservation outside Protected Areas and the Effect of Human-Dominated Landscapes on Stress Hormones in Savannah ElephantsConservation BiologyAhlering, M. A.; Maldonado, J. E.; Eggert, L. S.; Fleischer, R. C.; Western, D.; Brown, J. L.2013
A global quantitative synthesis of local and landscape effects on wild bee pollinators in agroecosystemsEcology LettersKennedy, Christina M.; Lonsdorf, Eric; Neel, Maile C.; Williams, Neal M.; Ricketts, Taylor H.; Winfree, Rachael; Bommarco, Riccardo; Brittain, Claire; Burley, Alana L.; Cariveau, Daniel; Carvalheiro, Luisa G.; Chacoff, Natacha P.; Cunningham, Saul A.; Dan2013
Reproductive Ecology Of The Island Scrub-JayCondorCaldwell, Luke; Bakker, Victoria J.; Sillett, T. Scott; Desrosiers, Michelle A.; Morrison, Scott A.; Angeloni, Lisa M.2013
Comparison of population genetic patterns in two widespread freshwater mussels with contrasting life histories in western North AmericaMolecular EcologyMock, K. E.; Box, J. C. Brim; Chong, J. P.; Furnish, J.; Howard, J. K.2013
Chaetaspis Attenuatus, A New Species Of Cavernicolous Milliped From Arkansas (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Macrosternodesmidae)Journal Of Cave And Karst StudiesLewis, Julian J.; Slay, Michael E.2013
Achieving the triple bottom line in the face of inherent trade-offs among social equity, economic return, and conservationProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesHalpern, Benjamin S.; Klein, Carissa J.; Brown, Christopher J.; Beger, Maria; Grantham, Hedley S.; Mangubhai, Sangeeta; Ruckelshaus, Mary; Tulloch, Vivitskaia J.; Watts, Matt; White, Crow; Possingham, Hugh P.2013
Dispersal of Grouper Larvae Drives Local Resource Sharing in a Coral Reef FisheryCurrent BiologyAlmany, Glenn R.; Hamilton, Richard J.; Bode, Michael; Matawai, Manuai; Potuku, Tapas; Saenz-Agudelo, Pablo; Planes, Serge; Berumen, Michael L.; Rhodes, Kevin L.; Thorrold, Simon R.; Russ, Garry R.; Jones, Geoffrey P.2013
Competitive outcomes between two exotic invaders are modified by direct and indirect effects of a native coniferOikosMetlen, Kerry L.; Aschehoug, Erik T.; Callaway, Ragan M.2013
Short-Term Effects Of Repeated Wildfires In Oak-Juniper WoodlandsFire EcologyReemts, Charlotte M.; Hansen, Laura L.2013
The quest for the optimal payment for environmental services program: Ambition meets reality, with useful lessonsForest Policy And EconomicsKroeger, Timm2013
From Danggali to Riverland: experiences from the Bookmark Biosphere Reserve, South AustraliaMackenzie, Duncan; Fitzsimons, James2013
Outplanting Wyoming Big Sagebrush Following Wildfire: Stock Performance and EconomicsRangeland Ecology & ManagementDettweiler-Robinson, Eva; Bakker, Jonathan D.; Evans, James R.; Newsome, Heidi; Davies, G. Matt; Wirth, Troy A.; Pyke, David A.; Easterly, Richard T.; Salstrom, Debra; Dunwiddie, Peter W.2013
Securing natural capital and human well-being: Innovation and impact in ChinaActa Ecologica SinicaDaily, G.C., Z. Ouyang, H. Zheng, S. Li, Y. Wang, M. Feldman, P. Kareiva, S. Polasky, and M. Ruckelshaus2013
Discovering Ecologically Relevant Knowledge from Published Studies through Geosemantic SearchingBioScienceKarl, Jason W.; Herrick, Jeffrey E.; Unnasch, Robert S.; Gillan, Jeffrey K.; Ellis, Erle C.; Lutters, Wayne G.; Martin, Laura J.2013
MarineMap: A web-based platform for collaborative marine protected area planningOcean and Coastal ManagementMerrifield, Matthew S.; McClintock, Will; Burt, Chad; Fox, Evan; Serpa, Paulo; Steinback, Charles; Gleason, Mary2013
Response of an ecological indicator to landscape composition and structure: Implications for functional units of temperate rainforest ecosystemsEcological IndicatorsShanley, Colin S.; Pyare, Sanjay; Smith, Winston P.2013
Differential effects of food availability and nest predation risk on avian reproductive strategiesBehavioral EcologySofaer, Helen R.; Sillett, T. Scott; Peluc, Susana I.; Morrison, Scott A.; Ghalambor, Cameron K.2013
Fish and Blue Crab Assemblages in the Shore Zone of Tidal Creeks in the Delaware Coastal BaysNortheastern NaturalistBoutin, Brian P.; Targett, Timothy E.2013
A Long-Term Comparison of Hydrology and Plant Community Composition in Constructed Versus Naturally Occurring Vernal PoolsRestoration EcologyCollinge, Sharon K.; Ray, Chris; Marty, Jaymee T.2013
Long-term effects of fire frequency and season on herbaceous vegetation in savannas of the Kruger National Park, South AfricaJournal of Plant EcologySmith, Melinda D.; van Wilgen, Brian W.; Burns, Catherine E.; Govender, Navashni; Potgieter, Andre L. F.; Andelman, Sandy; Biggs, Harry C.; Botha, Judith; Trollope, Winston S. W.2013
Sustainability and biodiversityEncyclopedia of Biodiversity, second editionCavender-Bares, J., J. Heffernan, E. King, S. Polasky, P. Balvanera, and W.C. Clark. Sustainability and biodiversity2013
Evidence of market-driven size-selective fishing and the mediating effects of biological and institutional factorsEcological ApplicationsReddy, Sheila M. W.; Wentz, Allison; Aburto-Oropeza, Octavio; Maxey, Martin; Nagavarapu, Sriniketh; Leslie, Heather M.2013
Search Efforts for Ivory-billed Woodpecker in South CarolinaSoutheastern NaturalistMoskwik, Matthew; Thom, Theresa; Barnhill, Laurel M.; Watson, Craig; Koches, Jennifer; Kilgo, John; Hulslander, Bill; Degarady, Colette; Peters, Gary2013
The Elusive Pursuit of Interdisciplinarity at the Human-Environment InterfaceBioScienceRoy, Eric D.; Morzillo, Anita T.; Seijo, Francisco; Reddy, Sheila M. W.; Rhemtulla, Jeanine M.; Milder, Jeffrey C.; Kuemmerle, Tobias; Martin, Sherry L.2013
Habitat re-creation (ecological restoration) as a strategy for conserving insect communities in highly fragmented landscapesInsectsShuey, J.
Use of Historical Logging Patterns to Identify Disproportionately Logged Ecosystems within Temperate Rainforests of Southeastern AlaskaConservation BiologyAlbert, David M.; Schoen, John W.2013
Paleoenvironmental Framework for Understanding the Development, Stability, and State-Changes of Cienegas in the American DesertsMinckley, T.A., A. Brunelle, and D.
The effect of coachwhip presence on body size of North American racers suggests competition between these sympatric snakesJournal Of ZoologySteen, D. A.; McClure, C. J. W.; Smith, L. L.; Halstead, B. J.; Dodd, C. K., Jr.; Sutton, W. B.; Lee, J. R.; Baxley, D. L.; Humphries, W. J.; Guyer, C.2013
Achieving MPA effectiveness through application of responsive governance incentives in the Tubbataha reefsMarine PolicyDygico, Marivel; Songco, Angelique; White, Alan T.; Green, Stuart J.2013
Designing a network of marine protected areas in California: Achievements, costs, lessons learned, and challenges aheadOcean and Coastal ManagementGleason, Mary; Fox, Evan; Ashcraft, Susan; Vasques, Jason; Whiteman, Elizabeth; Serpa, Paulo; Saarman, Emily; Caldwell, Meg; Frimodig, Adam; Miller-Henson, Melissa; Kirlin, John; Ota, Becky; Pope, Elizabeth; Weber, Mike; Wiseman, Ken2013
The watershed approach: Lessons learned through a collaborative effortNational Wetlands NewsletterWilkinson, Jessica, Mark P. Smith, and Nicholas Miller2013
Coastal habitats shield people and property from sea-level rise and stormsNature Climate ChangeArkema, Katie K.; Guannel, Greg; Verutes, Gregory; Wood, Spencer A.; Guerry, Anne; Ruckelshaus, Mary; Kareiva, Peter; Lacayo, Martin; Silver, Jessica M.2013
Marine protected areas: Static boundaries in a changing worldEncyclopedia of Biodiversity, second editionMcleod, E2013
Niche Divergence Among Sex and Age Classes in Black-and-White Snub-nosed Monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti)International Journal Of PrimatologyWan, Yi; Quan, Rui-Chang; Ren, Guo-Peng; Wang, Lin; Long, Yong-Cheng; Liu, Xiao-Hu; Zhu, Jian-Guo2013
Rails following snakes: Predator-response behaviour, potential prey, prey-flushing or curiosity? Australian Field OrnithologyCutten, D., G. Goodyear, T. Tarrant, J. Fitzsimons, and G. Palmer2013
A Five-year Record Mast Production and Climate in Contrasting Mixed-oak-hickory Forests on the Mashomack Preserve, Long Island, New York, USANatural Areas JournalAbrams, Marc D.; Scheibel, Michael S.2013
Focal areas for measuring the human well-being impacts of a conservation initiativeSustainabilityLeisher, C., Samberg, L.H., Van Buekering, P., and M. Sanjayan2013
Key areas for conserving United StatesÕ biodiversity likely threatened by future land use changeEcosphereMartinuzzi, S., V.C. Radeloff, J. Higgins, D. Helmers, A.J. Plantinga, and D.J. Lewis2013
Rapid assessment of plant and animal vulnerability to climate changeYoung, B.E, K.R. Hall, E. Byers, K. Gravuer, G. Hammerson, A. Redder, and K. Szabo2013
Two challenges for U.S. irrigation due to climate change: increasing irrigated area in wet states and increasing irrigation rates in dry statesPLoS ONEMcDonald, R. and E. Girvetz2013
Measuring the Effectiveness of Conservation: A Novel Framework to Quantify the Benefits of Sage-Grouse Conservation Policy and Easements in WyomingPLoS ONECopeland, Holly E.; Pocewicz, Amy; Naugle, David E.; Griffiths, Tim; Keinath, Doug; Evans, Jeffrey; Platt, James2013
Modeling the Distribution of Migratory Bird Stopovers to Inform Landscape-Scale Siting of Wind DevelopmentPLoS ONEPocewicz, Amy; Estes-Zumpf, Wendy A.; Andersen, Mark D.; Copeland, Holly E.; Keinath, Douglas A.; Griscom, Hannah R.2013
Development by Design in Colombia: Making Mitigation Decisions Consistent with Conservation OutcomesPLoS ONESaenz, S., T. Walschburger, J.C. Gonza«lez, J. Leo«n, B. McKenney, and J. Kiesecker2013
Benthic communities at two remote Pacific coral reefs: effects of reef habitat, depth, and wave energy gradients on spatial patternsPeerjWilliams, Gareth J.; Smith, Jennifer E.; Conklin, Eric J.; Gove, Jamison M.; Sala, Enric; Sandin, Stuart
The Ecological Footprint Remains a Misleading Metric of Global SustainabilityPlos BiologyBlomqvist, Linus; Brook, Barry W.; Ellis, Erle C.; Kareiva, Peter M.; Nordhaus, Ted; Shellenberger, Michael2013
Does the Shoe Fit? Real versus Imagined Ecological FootprintsPlos BiologyBlomqvist, Linus; Brook, Barry W.; Ellis, Erle C.; Kareiva, Peter M.; Nordhaus, Ted; Shellenberger, Michael2013
Integrating Collaboration, Adaptive Management, and Scenario-Planning: Experiences at Las Cienegas National Conservation AreaEcology and SocietyCaves, Jeremy K.; Bodner, Gitanjali S.; Simms, Karen; Fisher, Larry A.; Robertson, Tahnee2013
Navigating a Murky Adaptive Comanagement Governance Network: Agua Fria Watershed, Arizona, USAEcology and SocietyChilds, Cameron; York, Abigail M.; White, Dave; Schoon, Michael L.; Bodner, Gitanjali S.2013
Encouraging a Watershed-Based Approach to Mitigation Planning in the Etowah River WatershedNational Wetlands NewsletterOwens, Katie and Sara
Linking Conservation Priorities to Wetland and Stream Mitigation Decisions: A Watershed Planning Approach for the Stones River Watershed, TennesseeNational Wetlands NewsletterPalmer, Sally2013
A social and ecological assessment of tropical land uses at multiple scales: the Sustainable Amazon NetworkPhilosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society B-Biological SciencesGardner, Toby A.; Ferreira, Joice; Barlow, Jos; Lees, Alexander C.; Parry, Luke; Guimaraes Vieira, Ima Celia; Berenguer, Erika; Abramovay, Ricardo; Aleixo, Alexandre; Andretti, Christian; Aragao, Luiz E. O. C.; Araujo, Ivanei; de Avila, Williams Souza; Ba2013
Seed source has variable effects on species, communities, and ecosystem properties in grassland restorationsEcosphereCarter, Daniel L.; Blair, John M.2013
Combining precision conservation technologies into a flexible framework to facilitate agricultural watershed planningJournal of Soil and Water ConservationTomer, Mark D.; Porter, Sarah A.; James, David E.; Boomer, Kathleen M. B.; Kostel, Jill A.; McLellan, Eileen2013agriculture, nutrients, water quality
Conservation in the Context of Climate Change: Practical Guidelines for Land Protection at Local ScalesPLoS ONERuddock, Kevin; August, Peter V.; Damon, Christopher; LaBash, Charles; Rubinoff, Pamela; Robadue, Donald2013
Models of Regional Habitat Quality and Connectivity for Pumas (Puma concolor) in the Southwestern United StatesPLoS ONEDickson, Brett G.; Roemer, Gary W.; McRae, Brad H.; Rundall, Jill M.2013
Subjective risk assessment for planning conservation projectsEnvironmental Research LettersGame, Edward T.; Fitzsimons, James A.; Lipsett-Moore, Geoff; McDonald-Madden, Eve2013
Energy Potential of Biomass from Conservation Grasslands in Minnesota, USAPLoS ONEJungers, Jacob M.; Fargione, Joseph E.; Sheaffer, Craig C.; Wyse, Donald L.; Lehman, Clarence2013
The Role of Phragmites australis in Mediating Inland Salt Marsh Migration in a Mid-Atlantic EstuaryPLoS ONESmith, Joseph A.
Squaretail coralgrouper Plectropomus areolatus reproduction in Pohnpei, Micronesia, using age-based techniquesJournal of Fish BiologyRhodes K.L., B.M. Taylor, C.B. Wichilmel, E. Joseph, R.J. Hamilton, G. Almany2013
Rapid assessment of plant and animal vulnerability to climate changeYoung, B.E, K.R. Hall, E. Byers, K. Gravuer, G. Hammerson, A. Redder, and K. Szabo2013
Linking AustraliaÕs Landscapes: Lessons and Opportunities for Large-scale Conservation NetworksFitzsimons, J., I. Pulsford, and G. Wescott (eds)2013
Restoring aquatic ecosystem connectivity requires expanding inventories of both dams and road crossingsFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentJanuchowski-Hartley, S.R., P.B. McIntyre, M. Diebel, P.J. Doran, D. Infante, C. Joseph, and J.D. Allan2013
Understanding the contribution of habitats and regional variation to long-term population trends in tricolored blackbirdsEcology and EvolutionGraves, E.E., M. Holyoak, T. Rodd Kelsey, and R.J.
Sacaton Riparian Grasslands of the Sky Islands: Mapping Distribution and Ecological Condition Using State-and-Transition Models in Upper Cienega Creek WatershedTiller, R., M. Hughes, and G. Bodner2013
A Primer for Monitoring Water FundsHiggins, J.V., and A. Zimmerling (eds.2013
Does conserving biodiversity work to reduce poverty? A state of knowledge reviewLeisher, C., Sanjayan, M., Blockhus, J., Larsen, N. and Kontoleon, A2013
Forest restoration in a changing world: complexity and adaptation examples from the Great Lakes region of North AmericaCornett, M. and M. White2013
An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of MexicoOcean Studies Board; Division on Earth and Life Studies; National Research
A landscape-based assessment of climate change vulnerability for all native Hawaiian plantsFortini, Lucas; Price, Jonathan; Jacobi, James; Vorsino, Adam; Burgett, Jeff; Brinck, Kevin W.; Amidon, Fred; Miller, Steve; Gon III, Sam `Ohukani`ohi`a; Koob, Gregory; Paxton, Eben2013 Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report
A New Map of Standardized Terrestrial Ecosystems of AfricaSayre, R., P. Comer, J. Hak, C. Josse, J. Bow, H. Warner, M. Larwanou, E. Kelbessa, T. Bekele, H. Kehl, R. Amena, R. Andriamasimanana, T. Ba, L. Benson, T. Boucher, M. Brown, J. Cress, O. Dassering, B. Friesen, F. Gachathi, S. Houcine, M. Keita, E. Khamala, D. Marangu, F. Mokua, B. Morou, L. Mucina, S. Mugisha, E. Mwavu, M. Rutherford, P. Sanou, S. Syampungani, B. Tomor, A. Vall, J. Vande Weghe, E. Wangui, L. Waruingi2013 ecosystems and vegetation of Africa were classified and mapped as part of a larger effort and global protocol (GEOSS – the Global Earth Observation System of Systems), which includes an activity to map terrestrial ecosystems of the earth in a standardized, robust, and practical manner, and at the finest possible spatial resolution. To model the potential distribution of ecosystems, new continental datasets for several key physical environment datalayers (including coastline, landforms, surficial lithol - ogy, and bioclimates) were developed at spatial and classification resolutions finer than existing similar datalayers. A hierarchical vegetation classification was developed by African ecosystem scientists and vegetation geographers, who also provided sample locations of the newly classified vegetation units. The vegetation types and ecosystems were then mapped across the continent using a classification and regres - sion tree (CART) inductive model, which predicted the potential distribution of vegetation types from a suite of biophysical environmental attributes including bioclimate region, biogeographic region, surficial lithology, landform, elevation and land cover. Multi-scale ecosystems were classified and mapped in an increasingly detailed hierarchical framework using vegetation-based concepts of class, subclass, forma - tion, division, and macrogroup levels. The finest vegetation units (macrogroups) classified and mapped in this effort are defined using diagnostic plant species and diagnostic growth forms that reflect biogeo - graphic differences in composition and sub-continental to regional differences in mesoclimate, geology, substrates, hydrology, and disturbance regimes (FGDC, 2008). The macrogroups are regarded as me - so-scale (100s to 10,000s of hectares) ecosystems. A total of 126 macrogroup types were mapped, each with multiple, repeating occurrences on the landscape. The modeling effort was implemented at a base spatial resolution of 90 m. In addition to creating several rich, new continent-wide biophysical datalayers describing African vegetation and ecosystems, our intention was to explore feasible approaches to rapidly moving this type of standardized, continent-wide, ecosystem classification and mapping effort forward.Special supplement to the African Geographical Review
Protecting Marine Spaces: global targets and changing approaches.Ocean YearbookSpalding, M.D., I. Meliane, A. Milam, C. Fitzgerald, L.Z. Hale2013 to the marine environment are complex, multiple, and often overlapping or synergistic. Mitigating these threats, likewise, is not simple, but rather relies on multiple management approaches, ranging from controls on fishing, sand and gravel extraction, energy development, shipping, and waste water disposal, to active interventions such as restoration and re-stocking, through to managing ex situ threats by managing human activities in adjacent watersheds. Among this array of approaches, one of the key tools for conservation has been marine protected areas.
Scientific foundations for an IUCN Red List of Ecosystems.PLOS ONEKeith, D.A., J.P. Rodríguez, K.M. Rodríguez-Clark, K. Aapala, A. Alonso, M. Asmussen, S. Bachman, A. Bassett, E.G. Barrow, J.S. Benson, M.J. Bishop, R. Bonifacio, T.M. Brooks, M.A. Burgman, P. Comer, F.A. Comín, F. Essl, D. Faber-Langendoen, P.G. Fairweather, R. Holdaway, M. Jennings, R.T. Kingsford, R.E. Lester, R.M. Nally, M.A. McCarthy, J. Moat, E. Nicholson, M.A. Oliveira-Miranda, P. Pisanu, B. Poulin, U. Riecken, M.D. Spalding, S. Zambrano-Martínez2013 understanding of risks to biodiversity is needed for planning action to slow current rates of decline and secure ecosystem services for future human use. Although the IUCN Red List criteria provide an effective assessment protocol for species, a standard global assessment of risks to higher levels of biodiversity is currently limited. In 2008, IUCN initiated development of risk assessment criteria to support a global Red List of ecosystems. We present a new conceptual model for ecosystem risk assessment founded on a synthesis of relevant ecological theories. To support the model, we review key elements of ecosystem definition and introduce the concept of ecosystem collapse, an analogue of species extinction. The model identifies four distributional and functional symptoms of ecosystem risk as a basis for assessment criteria: A) rates of decline in ecosystem distribution; B) restricted distributions with continuing declines or threats; C) rates of environmental (abiotic) degradation; and D) rates of disruption to biotic processes. A fifth criterion, E) quantitative estimates of the risk of ecosystem collapse, enables integrated assessment of multiple processes and provides a conceptual anchor for the other criteria. We present the theoretical rationale for the construction and interpretation of each criterion. The assessment protocol and threat categories mirror those of the IUCN Red List of species. A trial of the protocol on terrestrial, subterranean, freshwater and marine ecosystems from around the world shows that its concepts are workable and its outcomes are robust, that required data are available, and that results are consistent with assessments carried out by local experts and authorities. The new protocol provides a consistent, practical and theoretically grounded framework for establishing a systematic Red List of the world’s ecosystems. This will complement the Red List of species and strengthen global capacity to report on and monitor the status of biodiversity.IUCN, Ecosystems, Marine Ecosystems
Experimental approaches for evaluating the invasion risk of biofuel cropsEnvironmental Research LettersFlory, S.L., K.A. Lorenz, D.R. Gordon and L.E.
Evidence For Population Bottlenecks And Subtle Genetic Structure In The Yellow RailCondorMiller, Mark P.; Haig, Susan M.; Mullins, Thomas D.; Popper, Kenneth J.; Green, Michael2012
Measuring the benefits and costs of community education and outreach in marine protected areasMarine PolicyLeisher, Craig; Mangubhai, Sangeeta; Hess, Sebastiaan; Widodo, Hesti; Soekirman, Tri; Tjoe, Salomina; Wawiyai, Stevanus; Larsen, S. Neil; Rumetna, Lukas; Halim, A.; Sanjayan, M.2012
QnAs with Peter M. KareivaProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesNair, Prashant; Kareiva, Peter M.2012
Disturbance Type and Plant Successional Communities in Bahamian Dry ForestsBiotropicaLarkin, Claire C.; Kwit, Charles; Wunderle, Joseph M., Jr.; Helmer, Eileen H.; Stevens, M. Henry H.; Roberts, Montara T. K.; Ewert, David N.2012
Incorporating clonal growth form clarifies the role of plant height in response to nitrogen additionOecologiaGough, Laura; Gross, Katherine L.; Cleland, Elsa E.; Clark, Christopher M.; Collins, Scott L.; Fargione, Joseph E.; Pennings, Steven C.; Suding, Katharine N.2012
The impact of climate change on California's ecosystem services (vol 109, S465, 2011)Climatic ChangeShaw, M. Rebecca; Pendleton, Linwood; Cameron, D. Richard; Morris, Belinda; Bachelet, Dominique; Klausmeyer, Kirk; MacKenzie, Jason; Conklin, David R.; Bratman, Gregory N.; Lenihan, James; Haunreiter, Erik; Daly, Christopher; Roehrdanz, Patrick R.2012
Modeling benefits from nature: using ecosystem services to inform coastal and marine spatial planningInternational Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & ManagementGuerry, A. D., Ruckelshaus, M. H., Arkema, K. K., Bernhardt, J. R., Guannel, G., Kim, C. K., ... & Spencer,
Landscape-level influences of terrestrial snake occupancy within the southeastern United StatesEcological ApplicationsSteen, David A.; McClure, Christopher J. W.; Brock, Jean C.; Rudolph, D. Craig; Pierce, Josh B.; Lee, James R.; Humphries, W. Jeffrey; Gregory, Beau B.; Sutton, William B.; Smith, Lora L.; Baxley, Danna L.; Stevenson, Dirk J.; Guyer, Craig2012
Integrating Climate Change into Habitat Conservation Plans Under the U.S. Endangered Species ActEnvironmental ManagementBernazzani, Paola; Bradley, Bethany A.; Opperman, Jeffrey J.2012
Catching the right wave: evaluating wave energy resources and potential compatibility with existing marine and coastal usesPLoS ONEC. Kim, J.E. Toft, M. Papenfus, G. Verutes, A.D. Guerry, M.H. Ruckelshaus, K.K. Arkema, G. Guannel, S.A. Wood, J.R. Bernhardt, H.Tallis, M.L. Plummer, B.S. Halpern, M.L. Pinsky, M.W. Beck, F. Chan, K.M.A. Chan, P.S. Levin, S.
Short-term responses of native bees to livestock and implications for managing ecosystem services in grasslandsEcosphereKimoto, Chiho; DeBano, Sandra J.; Thorp, Robbin W.; Taylor, Robert V.; Schmalz, Heidi; DelCurto, Timothy; Johnson, Tracey; Kennedy, Patricia L.; Rao, Sujaya2012agriculture, ranching
Evaluating alternative future sea-level rise scenariosNatural hazardsCC Shepard, VN Agostini, B Gilmer, T Allen, J Stone, W Brooks, MW Beck2012
Evaluating alternative future sea-level rise scenariosNatural HazardsShepard, Christine C.; Agostini, Vera N.; Gilmer, Ben; Allen, Tashya; Stone, Jeff; Brooks, William; Beck, Michael W.2012
Maximising return on conservation investment in the conterminous USAEcology LettersWithey, John C.; Lawler, Joshua J.; Polasky, Stephen; Plantinga, Andrew J.; Nelson, Erik J.; Kareiva, Peter; Wilsey, Chad B.; Schloss, Carrie A.; Nogeire, Theresa M.; Ruesch, Aaron; Ramos, Jorge, Jr.; Reid, Walter2012
Can landscape-level ecological restoration influence fire risk? A spatially-explicit assessment of a northern temperate-southern boreal forest landscapeForest Ecology and ManagementShinneman, Douglas J.; Palik, Brian J.; Cornett, Meredith W.2012
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The voice of the fishermen of the Gulf of Honduras: Improving regional fisheries management through fisher participationFisheries ResearchHeyman, William D.; Granados-Dieseldorff, Pablo2012
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An ecosystem service-based watershed approach to wetland conservation in the Great Lakes basinNational Wetlands NewsletterMiller, N., J. Wagner, and T. Bernthal2012
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Carbon outcomes from fuels treatment and bioenergy production in a Sierra Nevada forestForest Ecology and ManagementWinford, Eric M.; Gaither, James C., Jr.2012
Pelagic provinces of the world: A biogeographic classification of the world's surface pelagic watersOcean and Coastal ManagementSpalding, Mark D.; Agostini, Vera N.; Rice, Jake; Grant, Susie M.2012
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Hierarchical distance-sampling models to estimate population size and habitat-specific abundance of an island endemicEcological ApplicationsSillett, T. Scott; Chandler, Richard B.; Royle, J. Andrew; Kery, Marc; Morrison, Scott A.2012
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Modified Pollard Transects Do Not Predict Estimated Daily Population Size For The Secretive Butterfly, Neonympha Mitchellii Mitchellii FrenchJournal of the Lepidopterists' SocietyShuey, John; Szymanski, Jennifer2012
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Fishing in the dark-local knowledge, night spearfishing and spawning aggregations in the Western Solomon IslandsBiological ConservationHamilton, R. J.; Giningele, M.; Aswani, S.; Ecochard, J. L.2012
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The Dynamic Reference Concept: Measuring Restoration Success in a Rapidly Changing No-Analogue FutureEcological RestorationHiers, J.K., R.J. Mitchell, A. Barnett, J.R. Walters, M. Mack, B. Williams, and R. Sutter2012
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Sustaining conservation values in selectively logged tropical forests: the attained and the attainableConservation LettersPutz, Francis E.; Zuidema, Pieter A.; Synnott, Timothy; Pena-Claros, Marielos; Pinard, Michelle A.; Sheil, Douglas; Vanclay, Jerome K.; Sist, Plinio; Gourlet-Fleury, Sylvie; Griscom, Bronson; Palmer, John; Zagt, Roderick2012
Planting practices to maximize Garry oak seedling performance in a semiarid environmentNorthwest ScienceBakker, J.D., L.J. Colasurdo, and J.R. Evans2012
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Evaluating the scientific support of conservation best management practices for shale gas extraction in the Appalachian BasinEnvironmental PracticeBearer, S., E. Nicholas, T. Gagnolet, M. DePhilip, T. Moberg, and N. Johnson2012
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The Role of Local Ecological Knowledge in the Conservation and Management of Reef Fish Spawning AggregationsReef Fish Spawning Aggregations: Biology, Research And ManagementHamilton, Richard; de Mitcheson, Yvonne Sadovy; Aguilar-Perera, Alfonso2012
Analysis of threats to South American flora and its implications for conservationJournal for Nature ConservationRamirez-Villegas, Julian; Jarvis, Andy; Touval, Jerry2012
Historical ecology with real numbers: past and present extent and biomass of an imperilled estuarine habitatProceedings Of The Royal Society B-Biological SciencesErmgassen, Philine S. E. Zu; Spalding, Mark D.; Blake, Brady; Coen, Loren D.; Dumbauld, Brett; Geiger, Steve; Grabowski, Jonathan H.; Grizzle, Raymond; Luckenbach, Mark; McGraw, Kay; Rodney, William; Ruesink, Jennifer L.; Powers, Sean P.; Brumbaugh, Rober2012
The Adaptation for Conservation Targets (ACT) Framework: A Tool for Incorporating Climate Change into Natural Resource ManagementEnvironmental ManagementCross, Molly S.; Zavaleta, Erika S.; Bachelet, Dominique; Brooks, Marjorie L.; Enquist, Carolyn A. F.; Fleishman, Erica; Graumlich, Lisa J.; Groves, Craig R.; Hannah, Lee; Hansen, Lara; Hayward, Greg; Koopman, Marni; Lawler, Joshua J.; Malcolm, Jay; Nordg2012
We Really Can Get There from Here: Important Steps Toward Ecosystem-Based Fishery ManagementMcGee, Sally2012
Passing the baton of action from research to conservation implementation for Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea)Ornitologia NeotropicalHamel, P.B, D. Mehlman, S.K. Herzog, K.V. Rosenberg, J.
Fungal endophytes directly increase the competitive effects of an invasive forbEcologyAschehoug, Erik T.; Metlen, Kerry L.; Callaway, Ragan M.; Newcombe, George2012
Modeling the effects of conservation practices on stream healthScience Of The Total EnvironmentEinheuser, Matthew D.; Nejadhashemi, A. Pouyan; Sowa, Scott P.; Wang, Lizhu; Hamaamin, Yaseen A.; Woznicki, Sean A.2012agriculture
An evaluation of Internet versus paper-based methods for Public Participation Geographic Information Systems (PPGIS)Transactions in GISPocewicz, A., M. Nielsen-Pincus, G. Brown, and R. Schnitzer2012
Species loss in the brown world: are heterotrophic systems inherently stable?Aquatic SciencesRubbo, Michael J.; Belden, Lisa K.; Storrs-Mendez, Sara I.; Cole, Jonathan J.; Kiesecker, Joseph M.2012
Market access, population density, and socioeconomic development explain diversity and functional group biomass of coral reef fish assemblagesGlobal Environmental Change-Human And Policy DimensionsBrewer, Tom D.; Cinner, Joshua E.; Fisher, Rebecca; Green, Alison; Wilson, Shaun K.2012
Small Reserves Can Successfully Preserve Rare Plants Despite Management ChallengesNatural Areas JournalParker, Sophie2012
Integrating Avian Habitat Distribution Models into a Conservation Planning Framework for the San Joaquin River, California, USANatural Areas JournalSeavy, Nathaniel E.; Gardali, Thomas; Golet, Gregory H.; Jongsomjit, Dennis; Kelsey, Rodd; Matsumoto, Sandi; Paine, Seth; Stralberg, Diana2012
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Evaluating the ecological niche of American chestnut for optimal hybrid seedling reintroduction sites in the Appalachian ridge and valley provinceNew ForestsGriscom, H. P.; Griscom, B. W.2012
Bankrupting Nature: Denying Our Planetary BoundariesNatureKareiva, Peter2012
Avoiding conflicts and protecting coral reefs: customary management benefits marine habitats and fish biomassOryxCampbell, Stuart J.; Cinner, Joshua E.; Ardiwijaya, Rizya L.; Pardede, Shinta; Kartawijaya, Tasrif; Mukmunin, Ahmed; Herdiana, Yudi; Hoey, Andrew S.; Pratchett, Morgan S.; Baird, Andrew H.2012
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Marine Protected Area Management Effectiveness: Progress and Lessons in the PhilippinesCoastal ManagementMaypa, Aileen P.; White, Alan T.; Canares, Elline; Martinez, Raffy; Eisma-Osorio, Rose Liza; Alino, Porfirio; Apistar, Dean2012
Breeding density, not life history, predicts interpopulation differences in territorial aggression in a passerine birdAnimal BehaviourYoon, Jongmin; Sillett, T. Scott; Morrison, Scott A.; Ghalambor, Cameron K.2012
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Fishing top predators indirectly affects condition and reproduction in a reef-fish communityJournal of Fish BiologyWalsh, S. M.; Hamilton, S. L.; Ruttenberg, B. I.; Donovan, M. K.; Sandin, S. A.2012
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Dam choices: Analyses for multiple needsProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesKareiva, Peter M.2012
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Are Agrofuels A Conservation Threat Or Opportunity For Grassland Birds In The United States?CondorRobertson, Bruce A.; Rice, Robert A.; Sillett, T. Scott; Ribic, Christine A.; Babcock, Bruce A.; Landis, Douglas A.; Herkert, James R.; Fletcher, Robert J., Jr.; Fontaine, Joseph J.; Doran, Patrick J.; Schemske, Douglas W.2012
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Weed Risk Assessment for Aquatic Plants: Modification of a New Zealand system for the United States.PLoS ONEGordon, D.R., C.A. Gantz, C.L. Jerde, W.L. Chadderton, R.P. Keller, and P.D. Champion.2012
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Assessing future risk: quantifying the effects of sea level rise on storm surge risk for the southern shores of Long Island, New YorkNatural HazardsShepard, Christine C.; Agostini, Vera N.; Gilmer, Ben; Allen, Tashya; Stone, Jeff; Brooks, William; Beck, Michael W.2012
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Where to Restore Ecological Connectivity? Detecting Barriers and Quantifying Restoration BenefitsPLoS ONEMcRae, Brad H.; Hall, Sonia A.; Beier, Paul; Theobald, David M.2012
Ocean acidificationÑManagementMcLeod, E., and K.R.N. Anthony2012
Experimental approaches for evaluating the invasion risk of biofuel crops.Environmental Research Letters Flory, S.L., K.A. Lorenz, D.R. Gordon and L.E. Sollenberger.2012
A conceptual model for floodplains in the Sacremento-San Joaquin DeltaSan Francisco Estuary and Watershed ScienceOpperman, J. J2012
Plant and animal endemism in the eastern Andean slope: challenges to conservationBmc EcologySwenson, Jennifer J.; Young, Bruce E.; Beck, Stephan; Comer, Pat; Cordova, Jesus H.; Dyson, Jessica; Embert, Dirk; Encarnacion, Filomeno; Ferreira, Wanderley; Franke, Irma; Grossman, Dennis; Hernandez, Pilar; Herzog, Sebastian K.; Josse, Carmen; Navarro,2012
Global Introductions of Crayfishes: Evaluating the Impact of Species Invasions on Ecosystem ServicesLodge, David M.; Deines, Andrew; Gherardi, Francesca; Yeo, Darren C. J.; Arcella, Tracy; Baldridge, Ashley K.; Barnes, Matthew A.; Chadderton, W. Lindsay; Feder, Jeffrey L.; Gantz, Crysta A.; Howard, Geoffrey W.; Jerde, Christopher L.; Peters, Brett W.; P2012
Shifting restoration policy to address landscape change, novel ecosystems, and monitoringEcology and SocietyZedler, J.B., J.M. Doherty & N.A. Miller2012
Safeguarding the blue planet: Six strategies for accelerating ocean protectionParksHastings, J., S. Thomas, V. Burgener, K. Gjerde, D. Laffoley, R. Salm et al2012
Conservation in tropical Pacific Island countries: Case studies of successful programmesParksKeppel, G., C. Morrison, H. Hardcastle, I.A. Rounds, I.K. Wilmott, F. Hurahura, and P.K. Shed2012
Global diversity of drought tolerance and grassland climate-change resilienceNature Climate ChangeCraine, J.M., T.W. Ocheltree, J.B. Nippert, E.G. Towne, A.M. Skibbe, S.W. Kembel, and J.E. Fargione2012
Costs of Achieving Current Protected Area Conservation Goals Under Future Climate ChangeConservation BiologyShaw, M.R., K. Klausmeyer, D.R. Cameron, J.B. MacKenzie, P. Roehrdanz2012
Climate change adaptation for people and nature: A case study from the U.S. SouthwestAdv. Clim. Change ResMcCarthy, P.
Climate change and disruptions to global fire activityEcosphereMoritz, Max A.; Parisien, Marc-Andre; Batllori, Enric; Krawchuk, Meg A.; Van Dorn, Jeff; Ganz, David J.; Hayhoe, Katharine2012
Energy, Water and Fish: Biodiversity Impacts of Energy-Sector Water Demand in the United States Depend on Efficiency and Policy MeasuresPLoS ONEMcDonald, Robert I.; Olden, Julian D.; Opperman, Jeffrey J.; Miller, William M.; Fargione, Joseph; Revenga, Carmen; Higgins, Jonathan V.; Powell, Jimmie2012
Global Monthly Water Scarcity: Blue Water Footprints versus Blue Water AvailabilityPLoS ONEHoekstra, Arjen Y.; Mekonnen, Mesfin M.; Chapagain, Ashok K.; Mathews, Ruth E.; Richter, Brian D.2012agriculture, water footprint
Evolutionary History of the Odd-Nosed Monkeys and the Phylogenetic Position of the Newly Described Myanmar Snub-Nosed Monkey Rhinopithecus strykeriPLoS ONELiedigk, Rasmus; Yang, Mouyu; Jablonski, Nina G.; Momberg, Frank; Geissmann, Thomas; Lwin, Ngwe; Hla, Tony Htin; Liu, Zhijin; Wong, Bruce; Ming, Li; Long Yongcheng; Zhang, Ya-Ping; Nadler, Tilo; Zinner, Dietmar; Roos, Christian2012
An Approach to Enhance the Conservation-Compatibility of Solar Energy DevelopmentPLoS ONECameron, D. Richard; Cohen, Brian S.; Morrison, Scott A.2012
Prioritizing Key Resilience Indicators to Support Coral Reef Management in a Changing ClimatePLoS ONEMcClanahan, Tim R.; Donner, Simon D.; Maynard, Jeffrey A.; MacNeil, M. Aaron; Graham, Nicholas A. J.; Maina, Joseph; Baker, Andrew C.; Alemu, Jahson B. I.; Beger, Maria; Campbell, Stuart J.; Darling, Emily S.; Eakin, C. Mark; Heron, Scott F.; Jupiter, Sta2012
Making monitoring work: Lessons from The Nature ConservancyMontambault, J., and C. Groves2012
Climate change and biodiversity in the Great Lakes Region: From “fingerprints” of change to helping safeguard species.Hall, K.R. and T.L. Root2012
Integrating climate change into conservation planning in Washington State and the Pacific NorthwestKrosby, M., J. Hoffman, J.J. Lawler, and B.H. McRae2012
Climate change and biodiversity in the Great Lakes Region: From “fingerprints” of change to helping safeguard speciesHall, K.R. and T.L. Root2012
Modeling Conservation LinkagesSingleton, P.H. and B.H. McRae2012
Modeling on the Grand Scale: LANDFIRE Lessons LearnedBlankenship, K., J. Smith, R. Swaty, A. Shlisky, J. Patton, S.Hagen2012
Developing ecological criteria for sustainable water management in MinnesotaThe Nature ConservancyBlann K, Kendy E2012
Khawa Karpo: Tibetan Traditional Knowledge and Biodiversity ConservationSalick, Jan, and Robert K.
Assessing the invasion risk of Eucalyptus in the U.S. using the Australian Weed Risk Assessment.International Journal of Forestry ResearchGordon, D.R., S.L. Flory, A.L. Cooper, and S.K. Morris.2012
Climate Change in the Midwest: Impacts on Biodiversity and EcosystemsU.S. National Climate Assessment Midwest Technical Input ReportHall,
Innovation for 21st Century ConservationAustralian Committee for IUCN, SydneyFiggis, P., J. Fitzsimons and J. Irving (eds)2012
Distribution of the long-footed potoroo (Potorous longipes) and spot-tailed quoll (Dasyurus maculatus) in the Goolengook Forest, East Gippsland, VictoriaAustralian MammalogyElsner, W.K., Mitchell, A.T. & Fitzsimons,
Securing the future of mangroves: A policy briefHamilton, Canada, UNU-INWEH, UNESCO MAB with ISME, ITTO, FAO, UNEP WCMC and TNCVan Lavieren, H., M. Spalding, D. Alongi, M. Kainuma, M. ClŸsener-Godt, and Z. Adeel2012
Achieving fisheries and conservation objectives within marine protected areas: Zoning the Raja Ampat networkThe Nature Conservancy, Indo-Pacific Division, DenpasarAgostini, V. N., H.S. Grantham, J. Wilson, S. Mangubhai, C. Rotinsulu, N. Hidayat, A. Muljadi, Muhajir, M. Mongdong, A. Darmawan, L. Rumetna, M.V. Erdmann, and H.P.
Role of simulation models in understanding the salt marsh restoration processTidal Marsh Restoration: A Synthesis of Science and ManagementKonisky,
A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2013Trends in Ecology and EvolutionSutherland, W.J., S. Bardsley, M. Clout, M.H. Depledge, L.V. Dicks, L. Fellman, E. Fleishman, D.W. Gibbons, B. Keim, F. Lickorish, C. Margerison, K.A. Monk, K. Norris, L.S. Peck, S.V. Prior, J.P.W. Scharlemann, M.D. Spalding, and A.R. Watkinson2012
Developing a framework for assessing coastal vulnerability to sea level rise in Southern New England, USAGilmer, B. and Z. Ferda–a2012
A practical guide to environmental flows for policy and planning, with nine case studies from the United StatesKendy, E., C. Apse, and K.
Protecting ChinaÕs biodiversity: A guide to land use, land tenure and land protection toolsKram, M. C. Bedford, M. Durnin, Y. Luo, K. Rokpelnis, B. Roth, N. Smith, Y. Wang, G. Yu, Q. Yu, and X. Zhao2012
Climate Change in the Midwest: Impacts on Biodiversity and EcosystemsHall,
Fishes of the Fitzcarrald, Peruvian AmazonJames Albert, Tiago Carvalho, Junior Chuctaya, Paulo Petry, Roberto Reis, Blanca Rengifo and Hernan Ortega2012
TNC's whole-system freshwater conservation projectsKendy E, Smith MP, Higgins J, Benjamin G, Hawes T, Lutz K, McGrath D, Reuter
Getting to scale with environmental flow assessment: the watershed flow evaluation toolRiver Research and ApplicationsJ. S. Sanderson, N. Rowan, T. Wilding, B. P. Bledsoe, W. J. Miller, N. L. Poff2012Growing water demand across the world is increasing the stress on river ecosystems, causing concern for both biodiversity and people. River-specific environmental flow assessments cannot keep pace with the rate and geographic extent of water development. Society needs methods to assess ecological impacts of flow management at broad scales so that appropriate regional management can be implemented. To meet this need in Colorado, USA, we developed a Watershed Flow Evaluation Tool (WFET) to estimate flow-related ecological risk at a regional scale. The WFET entails four steps: (i) modelling natural and developed daily streamflows; (ii) analysing the resulting flow time series; (iii) describing relationships between river attributes and flow metrics (flow–ecology relationships); and (iv) mapping of flow-related risk for trout, native warm-water species and riparian plant communities. We developed this tool in two watersheds with differing geomorphic settings and data availability. In one of the two watersheds, the WFET was successfully implemented to assess ecological risk across the 3400-km2 watershed, providing consistent watershed-wide information on flow-related risk. In the other watershed, active channel change and limited data precluded a successful application. In Colorado, the WFET will be used to evaluate the risk of impacts on river ecosystems under future climate change and water development scenarios (e.g. for energy development or municipal water supply). As water continues to be developed for people, the WFET and similar methods will provide a cost-effective means to evaluate and balance ecosystem needs at large scales.
Groundwater use by native plants in response to changes in precipitation in an intermountain basinJournal of Arid EnvironmentsJ.A. Kray; D.J. Cooper; J.S. Sanderson2012Many arid basins in western North America are likely to experience future changes in precipitation timing and amount. Where shallow water tables occur, plant acquisition of groundwater and soil water may be influenced by growing season precipitation. We conducted a rainfall manipulation experiment to investigate responses of four common native plant species to ambient, increased, and decreased summer monsoon rainfall. We measured plant xylem pressure potentials (Ψ) and stable oxygen isotope signatures (δ18O) to assess effects of altered precipitation on plant water relations and water acquisition patterns. Reduced rainfall decreased Ψ more in the grasses Sporobolus airoides and Distichlis spicata than the more deeply rooted shrubs Sarcobatus vermiculatus and Ericameria nauseosa. E. nauseosa had little response to natural or experimental differences in available soil water. Plant xylem water δ18O indicated that S. airoides and D. spicata are almost entirely dependent on rain-recharged soil water, while E. nauseosa is almost entirely groundwater-dependent. Sarcobatus vermiculatus used groundwater during dry periods, but utilized precipitation from soil layers after large rainfall events. Persistent changes in precipitation patterns could cause shifts in plant community composition that may alter basin-scale groundwater consumption by native plants, affecting water availability for human and ecosystem uses.
River Floodplain Restoration Experiments Offer a Window into the PastSwenson, R. O., Reiner, R. J., Reynolds, M., Marty, J.2012Chapter 15
A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2012.Trends in Ecology and EvolutionSutherland, W.J., R. Aveling, L. Bennun, E. Chapman, M. Clout, I.M. Côté, M.H. Depledge, L.V. Dicks, A.P. Dobson, L. Fellman, E. Fleishman, D.W. Gibbons, B. Keim, F. Lickorish, D.B. Lindenmayer, K.A. Monk, K. Norris, L.S. Peck, S.V. Prior, J.P.W. Scharlemann, M. Spalding, A.R. Watkinson2012Our aim in conducting annual horizon scans is to identify issues that, although currently receiving little attention, may be of increasing importance to the conservation of biological diversity in the future. The 15 issues presented here were identified by a diverse team of 22 experts in horizon scanning, and conservation science and its application. Methods for identifying and refining issues were the same as in two previous annual scans and are widely transferable to other disciplines. The issues highlight potential changes in climate, technology and human behaviour. Examples include warming of the deep sea, increased cultivation of perennial grains, burning of Arctic tundra, and the development of nuclear batteries and hydrokinetic in-stream conservation
Proactive Conservation Management of an Island-endemic Bird Species in the Face of Global ChangeBioScienceMorrison, Scott A.; Sillett, T. Scott; Ghalambor, Cameron K.; Fitzpatrick, John W.; Graber, David M.; Bakker, Victoria J.; Bowman, Reed; Collins, Charles T.; Collins, Paul W.; Delaney, Kathleen Semple; Doak, Daniel F.; Koenig, Walter D.; Laughrin, Lyndal;2011
Horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2011Trends in Ecology and EvolutionSutherland, William J.; Bardsley, Sarah; Bennun, Leon; Clout, Mick; Cote, Isabelle M.; Depledge, Michael H.; Dicks, Lynn V.; Dobson, Andrew P.; Fellman, Liz; Fleishman, Erica; Gibbons, David W.; Impey, Andrew J.; Lawton, John H.; Lickorish, Fiona; Lindenm2011
Surveillance for West Nile Virus and Vaccination of Free-Ranging Island Scrub-Jays (Aphelocoma insularis) on Santa Cruz Island, CaliforniaVector-Borne And Zoonotic DiseasesBoyce, Walter M.; Vickers, Winston; Morrison, Scott A.; Sillett, T. Scott; Caldwell, Luke; Wheeler, Sarah S.; Barker, Christopher M.; Cummings, Robert; Reisen, William K.2011
Efficacy of Three Vaccines in Protecting Western Scrub-Jays (Aphelocoma californica) from Experimental Infection with West Nile Virus: Implications for Vaccination of Island Scrub-Jays (Aphelocoma insularis)Vector-Borne And Zoonotic DiseasesWheeler, Sarah S.; Langevin, Stanley; Woods, Leslie; Carroll, Brian D.; Vickers, Winston; Morrison, Scott A.; Chang, Gwong-Jen J.; Reisen, William K.; Boyce, Walter M.2011
Water Sustainability Risk Assessment Part 1: Defining the Area of Influence and Sustainability BoundariesJournal American Water Works AssociationVigerstol, Kari2011
Shellfish reefs at risk globally and recommendations for ecosystem revitalizationBioScienceM. W. Beck, R. D. Brumbaugh, L. Airoldi, A. Carranza, L. D. Coen, C. Crawford, O. Defeo, G. J. Edgar, B. Hancock &amp; M. Kay2011
Oyster reefs at risk and recommendations for conservation, restoration, and managementBioScienceBeck, M. W., Brumbaugh, R. D., Airoldi, L., Carranza, A., Coen, L. D., Crawford, C., ... & Guo,
Should we implement monitoring or research for conservation?Trends in Ecology and EvolutionMcDonald-Madden, Eve; Baxter, Peter W. J.; Fuller, Richard A.; Martin, Tara G.; Game, Edward T.; Montambault, Jensen; Possingham, Hugh P.2011
Argentine ants on Santa Cruz Island, California: conservation issues and management optionsRandall, J. M., K. R. Faulkner, C. Boser, C. Cory, P. Power, L. A. Vermeer, L. Lozier, and S. A.
Biofuels and biodiversityEcological ApplicationsWiens, John; Fargione, Joseph; Hill, Jason2011
Channel Dynamics in the Middle Green River, Washington, from 1936 to 2002Northwest ScienceKonrad, Christopher; Berge, Hans; Fuerstenberg, Robert; Steff, Kate; Olsen, Theresa; Guyenet, Julie2011
Predation of a small passerine by the Purple-winged Roller (Coracias temminckii), an endemic species of SulawesiKukilaArgeloo, M. and J. Fitzsimons2011
How Human Household Size Affects the Habitat of Black-and-White Snub-Nosed Monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti) in Hongla Snow Mountain Nature Reserve in Tibet, ChinaInternational Journal Of PrimatologyQuan, Rui-Chang; Huang, Yong; Warren, Matthew W.; Zhao, Qi-Kun; Ren, Guopeng; Huo, Sheng; Long, Yongcheng; Zhu, Jianguo2011
Sea turtles of the Phoenix Islands, 2000-2002Atoll Research BulletinObura D., S. Mangubhai, and A. Yoshinaga2011
Climate forcing and the California Current ecosystemIces Journal Of Marine ScienceKing, Jacquelynne R.; Agostini, Vera N.; Harvey, Christopher J.; McFarlane, Gordon A.; Foreman, Michael G. G.; Overland, James E.; Di Lorenzo, Emanuele; Bond, Nicholas A.; Aydin, Kerim Y.2011
Evaluating Agricultural Best Management Practices in Tile-Drained Subwatersheds of the Mackinaw River, IllinoisJournal Of Environmental QualityLemke, A. M.; Kirkham, K. G.; Lindenbaum, T. T.; Herbert, M. E.; Tear, T. H.; Perry, W. L.; Herkert, J. R.2011, nutrients, water quality
Financial and environmental consequences of a voluntary farm environmental assurance program in MichiganJournal of Soil and Water ConservationVollmer-Sanders, C.; Wolf, C.; Batie, S. S.2011agriculture
Operational Forest Stream Crossings Effects on Water Quality in the Virginia PiedmontSouthern Journal Of Applied ForestryAust, Wallace M.; Carroll, Mathew B.; Bolding, M. Chad; Dolloff, C. Andrew2011
Landscape context and long-term tree influences shape the dynamics of forest-meadow ecotones in mountain ecosystemsEcosphereHaugo, Ryan D.; Halpern, Charles B.; Bakker, Jonathan D.2011
An alternative approach for quantifying climate regulation by ecosystemsFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentWest, Paul C.; Narisma, Gemma T.; Barford, Carol C.; Kucharik, Christopher J.; Foley, Jonathan A.2011
Temporal and Taxonomic Variability in Response of Fauna to Riparian RestorationRestoration EcologyGolet, Gregory H.; Gardali, Thomas; Hunt, John W.; Koenig, David A.; Williams, Neal M.2011
Concordance of freshwater and terrestrial biodiversityConservation LettersAbell, Robin; Thieme, Michele; Ricketts, Taylor H.; Olwero, Nasser; Ng, Rebecca; Petry, Paulo; Dinerstein, Eric; Revenga, Carmen; Hoekstra, Jonathan2011
Estimated supply of RED credits 2011-2035Climate PolicyCoren, Michael J.; Streck, Charlotte; Madeira, Erin Myers2011
Assessment of sea level rise impacts on human population and real property in the Florida KeysClimatic ChangeZhang, K., J. Dittmar, M. Ross, and C.
Biennial cycling caused by demographic delays in a fire-adapted annual plantProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesQuintana-Ascencio, Pedro F.; Menges, Eric S.; Weekley, Carl W.; Kelrick, Michael I.; Pace-Aldana, Beatriz2011
Patterns of trait convergence and divergence among native and exotic species in herbaceous plant communities are not modified by nitrogen enrichmentJournal Of EcologyCleland, Elsa E.; Clark, Chris M.; Collins, Scott L.; Fargione, Joseph E.; Gough, Laura; Gross, Katherine L.; Pennings, Steven C.; Suding, Katharine N.2011
Modeling Species Distribution and Change Using Random ForestEvans, Jeffrey S.; Murphy, Melanie A.; Holden, Zachary A.; Cushman, Samuel
Applying systematic conservation planning principles to palustrine and inland saline wetlands of New ZealandFreshwater BiologyAusseil, Anne-Gaelle E.; Chadderton, W. Lindsay; Gerbeaux, Philippe; Stephens, R. T. Theo; Leathwick, John R.2011
An interoperable decision support tool for conservation planningEnvironmental Modelling & SoftwareSegan, Daniel B.; Game, Edward T.; Watts, Matthew E.; Stewart, Romola R.; Possingham, Hugh P.2011
BirdsEncyclopedia of Climate and Weather, 2nd EditionHall, K.R2011
BirdsHall, K.R2011
Sight-unseen detection of rare aquatic species using environmental DNAConservation LettersJerde, Christopher L.; Mahon, Andrew R.; Chadderton, W. Lindsay; Lodge, David M.2011
Priority areas for amphibian conservation in a neotropical megadiverse country: the need for alternative, non place based, conservationBiodiversity And ConservationEmbert, Dirk; Reichle, Steffen; Larrea-Alcazar, Daniel M.; Cortez, Claudia; Munoz, Arturo; Gonzales, Lucindo; Montano, Rossy; Aguayo, Rodrigo; Domic, Enrique; Padial, Jose M.; Maldonado, Mayra; Caballero, Patricia; Guerrero, Marcelo2011
Iowa UNESCO-HELP: From capacity building to on-the- ground actionJournal of Hydrological EnvironmentMuste, M., J. Filipiak, and C. Spitzack2011
Involving Stakeholders in the Development of a Global Water Certification StandardJournal American Water Works AssociationKrchnak, Karin M.2011
Baseline marine biological surveys of the Phoenix Islands, July 2000Atoll Research BulletinObura D.O., G. Stone, S. Mangubhai, S. Bailey, A. Yoshinaga, C. Holloway, and R. Barrel2011
A freshwater conservation assessment of the Upper Mississippi River basin using a coarse- and fine-filter approachFreshwater BiologyKhoury, Mary; Higgins, Jonathan; Weitzell, Roy2011
FijiÕs collared kingfishers (Todiramphus chloris vitensis) do hunt for fish in inland watersNotornisFitzsimons, J.A. and Thomas, J.L2011
Influence of roadways on patterns of mortality and flight behavior of adult dragonflies near wetland areasBiological ConservationSoluk, Daniel A.; Zercher, Deanna S.; Worthington, Amy M.2011
Hurricane effects on subtropical pine rocklands of the Florida KeysClimatic ChangeSaha, Sonali; Bradley, Keith; Ross, Michael S.; Hughes, Phillip; Wilmers, Thomas; Ruiz, Pablo L.; Bergh, Chris2011
Emerging marine protected area networks in the Coral Triangle: Lessons and way forwardConservation and SocietyGreen, S.J., A.T. White, P. Christie, S. Kilarski, A.B.T. Meneses, G. Samonte-Tan, L.B. Karrer, H. Fox, S. Campbell, and J.D. Claussen2011
Risk assessment for invasiveness differs for aquatic and terrestrial plant speciesBiological InvasionsGordon, Doria R.; Gantz, Crysta A.2011
Livelihood transitions and the changing nature of farmer-herder conflict in Sahelian West AfricaJournal of Development StudiesTurner, M., A. Ayantunde, K. Patterson, and E. Patterson2011agriculture
Community-based conservation results in the recovery of reef fish spawning aggregations in the Coral TriangleBiological ConservationHamilton, R. J.; Potuku, T.; Montambault, J. R.2011
Soil nitrogen availability and transformations differ between the summer and the growing season in a California grasslandApplied Soil EcologyParker, Sophie S.; Schimel, Joshua P.2011
Redesigning biodiversity conservation projects for climate change: examples from the fieldBiodiversity And ConservationPoiani, Karen A.; Goldman, Rebecca L.; Hobson, Jennifer; Hoekstra, Jonathan M.; Nelson, Kara S.2011
Benefits of supporting plant and animal eradication projects with helicoptersKnapp, J. J., T. Schuyler, K. N. Walker, N. L. Macdonald, and S. A. Morrison2011
Mountain Ecosystem Response To Global ChangeErdkundeLoeffler, Joerg; Anschlag, Kerstin; Baker, Barry; Finch, Oliver-D.; Diekkrueger, Bernd; Wundram, Dirk; Schroeder, Boris; Pape, Roland; Lundberg, Anders2011
The efficacy of salvage logging in reducing subsequent fire severity in conifer-dominated forests of Minnesota, USAEcological ApplicationsFraver, Shawn; Jain, Theresa; Bradford, John B.; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Kastendick, Doug; Palik, Brian; Shinneman, Doug; Stanovick, John2011
The disappearing mammal fauna of northern Australia: context, cause, and responseConservation LettersWoinarski, John C. Z.; Legge, Sarah; Fitzsimons, James A.; Traill, Barry J.; Burbidge, Andrew A.; Fisher, Alaric; Firth, Ron S. C.; Gordon, Iain J.; Griffiths, Anthony D.; Johnson, Christopher N.; McKenzie, Norm L.; Palmer, Carol; Radford, Ian; Rankmore,2011
Carystoides Mexicana Freeman, A Species And Genus New To Cuba And The Caribbean (Hesperiidae)Journal of the Lepidopterists' SocietyShuey, John; Anderson, Robert2011
Brackenridgia Ashleyi (Isopoda: Trichoniscidae): Range Extension With Notes On EcologyJournal Of Cave And Karst StudiesSlay, Michael E.; Taylor, Steven J.2011
Aquatic biodiversity in the Amazon: Habitat specialization and geographic isolation promote species richnessAnimalsAlbert, J. S., Carvalho, T. P. Petry, P., Holder, M. A., Maxime, E. L., Espino, J., et al2011
Woody Shrubs as a Barrier to Invasion by Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica)Invasive Plant Science and ManagementYager, Lisa Y.; Miller, Deborah L.; Jones, Jeanne2011
Urban forests and pollution mitigation: Analyzing ecosystem services and disservicesEnvironmental PollutionEscobedo, Francisco J.; Kroeger, Timm; Wagner, John E.2011
Trophic considerations in eradicating multiple pestsIsland Invasives: Eradication and ManagementMorrison,
The Next Frontier: Projecting the Effectiveness of Broad-scale Forest Conservation StrategiesSilbernagel, Janet; Price, Jessica; Swaty, Randy; Miller, Nicholas2011
Establishing IUCN Red List Criteria for Threatened EcosystemsConservation BiologyPaul Rodriguez, Jon; Rodriguez-Clark, Kathryn M.; Baillie, Jonathan E. M.; Ash, Neville; Benson, John; Boucher, Timothy; Brown, Claire; Burgess, Neil D.; Collen, Ben; Jennings, Michael; Keith, David A.; Nicholson, Emily; Revenga, Carmen; Reyers, Belinda;2011
Designing, implementing and managing marine protected areas: Emerging trends and opportunities for coral reef nationsJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and EcologyBan, Natalie C.; Adams, Vanessa M.; Almany, Glenn R.; Ban, Stephen; Cinner, Josh E.; McCook, Laurence J.; Mills, Morena; Pressey, Robert L.; White, Alan2011
Use of generalised dissimilarity modelling to improve the biological discrimination of river and stream classificationsFreshwater BiologyLeathwick, J. R.; Snelder, T.; Chadderton, W. L.; Elith, J.; Julian, K.; Ferrier, S.2011
Major Biogeographic and Phylogenetic PatternsAlbert, James S.; Petry, Paulo; Reis, Roberto E.2011
Droughts, floods and freshwater ecosystems: evaluating climate change impacts and developing adaptation strategiesMarine And Freshwater ResearchAldous, Allison; Fitzsimons, James; Richter, Brian; Bach, Leslie2011
Occurrence and distribution of established and new introduced bird species in north Sulawesi, IndonesiaForktailFitzsimons, James A.; Thomas, Janelle L.; Argeloo, Marc2011
Perennial biomass feedstocks enhance avian diversityGlobal Change Biology BioenergyRobertson, Bruce A.; Doran, Patrick J.; Loomis, Liz R.; Robertson, J. Roy; Schemske, Douglas W.2011
A comparison of tools for modeling freshwater ecosystem servicesJournal Of Environmental ManagementVigerstol, Kari L.; Aukema, Juliann E.2011
The distributions of one invasive and two native crayfishes in relation to coarse-scale natural and anthropogenic factorsFreshwater BiologyWesthoff, J. T.; Rabeni, C. F.; Sowa, S. P.2011
Bridging The Divide Between Fisheries And Marine Conservation ScienceBulletin of Marine ScienceSalomon, Anne K.; Gaichas, Sarah K.; Jensen, Olaf P.; Agostini, Vera N.; Sloan, N. A.; Rice, Jake; McClanahan, Tim R.; Ruckelshaus, Mary H.; Levin, Phil S.; Dulvy, Nicholas K.; Babcock, Elizabeth A.2011
Predation on a blotched bluetongue lizard (Tiliqua nigroletea) by a highlands copperhead (Austrelaps ramsayi) in the Blue Mountains, AustraliaHerpetology NotesFitzsimons, J.A2011
Choosing the survivors? A GIS-based triage support tool for micro-endemics: Application to data for Mexican amphibiansBiological ConservationOchoa-Ochoa, Leticia M.; Bezaury-Creel, Juan E.; Vazquez, Luis-Bernardo; Flores-Villela, Oscar2011
Where Does Your Water Come From?Journal American Water Works AssociationHerrin, Misty; Richter, Brian2011
Payments for Environmental Services in Latin America as a Tool for Restoration and Rural DevelopmentAmbioMontagnini, Florencia; Finney, Christopher2011
Responses of Prairie Vegetation to Fire, Herbicide, and Invasive Species LegacyNorthwest ScienceRook, Erik J.; Fischer, Dylan G.; Seyferth, Rebecca D.; Kirsch, Justin L.; Leroy, Carri J.; Hamman, Sarah2011
Top 40 Priorities for Science to Inform US Conservation and Management PolicyBioScienceFleishman, Erica; Blockstein, David E.; Hall, John A.; Mascia, Michael B.; Rudd, Murray A.; Scott, J. Michael; Sutherland, William J.; Bartuska, Ann M.; Brown, A. Gordon; Christen, Catherine A.; Clement, Joel P.; DellaSala, Dominick; Duke, Clifford S.; Ea2011
Hydrologic and geomorphic considerations in restoration of river-floodplain connectivity in a highly altered river system, Lower Missouri River, USAWetlands Ecology And ManagementJacobson, Robert B.; Janke, Tyler P.; Skold, Jason J.2011
Planning for reserve adequacy in dynamic landscapes; maximizing future representation of vegetation communities under flood disturbance in the Pantanal wetlandDiversity and DistributionsLourival, Reinaldo; Drechsler, Martin; Watts, Matthew E.; Game, Edward T.; Possingham, Hugh P.2011
Comparison of Burning and Mowing Treatments in a Remnant Willamette Valley Wet Prairie, Oregon, 2001-2007Northwest ScienceNuckols, Jason L.; Rudd, Nathan T.; Alverson, Edward R.; Voss, Gilbert A.2011
Habitat selection and dispersal of the cobblestone tiger beetle (Cicindela marginipennis Dejean) along the Genesee River, New YorkAmerican Midland NaturalistHudgins, R., C. Norment, M.D. Schlesinger, and P.G. Novak2011
A Call to Enhance the Resiliency of the Nation's Water ManagementJournal Of Water Resources Planning And Management-AsceWarner, Andrew; Opperman, Jeffrey J.; Pietrowsky, Robert2011
Hydropower, Salmon and the Penobscot River (Maine, USA): Pursuing Improved Environmental and Energy Outcomes Through Participatory Decision-Making and Basin-Scale Decision ContextOpperman, Jeffrey J.; Apse, Colin; Ayer, Fred; Banks, John; Day, Laura Rose; Royte, Joshua; Seebach, John2011
Incorporating climate change adaptation into national conservation assessmentsGlobal Change BiologyGame, Edward T.; Lipsett-Moore, Geoffrey; Saxon, Earl; Peterson, Nate; Sheppard, Stuart2011
Dam reoperation in an era of climate changeMarine And Freshwater ResearchWatts, R. J.; Richter, B. D.; Opperman, J. J.; Bowmer, K. H.2011
Management strategies for invasive plants in Pacific Northwest prairies,Ê savannas, and oak woodlandsNorthwest ScienceDennehy, C., E. R. Alverson, H. E. Anderson, D. R. Clements, R. Gilbert, and T. N. Kaye2011
Bird community responses to cattle stocking rates in a Pacific Northwest bunchgrass prairieAgriculture Ecosystems and EnvironmentJohnson, Tracey N.; Kennedy, Patricia L.; DelCurto, Tim; Taylor, Robert V.2011
Mislabeling marine protected areas and why it matters-a case study of AustraliaConservation LettersFitzsimons, James A.2011
Retrospective and prospective model simulations of sea level rise impacts on Gulf of Mexico coastal marshes and forests in Waccasassa Bay, FloridaClimatic ChangeGeselbracht, Laura; Freeman, Kathleen; Kelly, Eugene; Gordon, Doria R.; Putz, Francis E.2011
Non-natives: 141 scientists objectNatureSimberloff, Daniel; Alexander, Jake; Allendorf, Fred; Aronson, James; Antunes, Pedro M.; Bacher, Sven; Bardgett, Richard; Bertolino, Sandro; Bishop, Melanie; Blackburn, Tim M.; Blakeslee, April; Blumenthal, Dana; Bortolus, Alejandro; Buckley, Ralf; Buckle2011
Impact assessment at the bioenergy-water nexusBiofuels Bioproducts & Biorefining-BiofprFingerman, Kevin R.; Berndes, Goran; Orr, Stuart; Richter, Brian D.; Vugteveen, Pim2011
Effectiveness of China's nature reserves in representing ecological diversityFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentWu, Ruidong; Zhang, Shuang; Yu, Douglas W.; Zhao, Peng; Li, Xinhai; Wang, Longzhu; Yu, Qian; Ma, Jian; Chen, Ai; Long, Yongcheng2011
Global development and the future of the protected area strategyBiological ConservationMcDonald, Robert I.; Boucher, Timothy M.2011
Informed opportunism for conservation planning in the Solomon IslandsConservation LettersGame, Edward T.; Lipsett-Moore, Geoffrey; Hamilton, Richard; Peterson, Nate; Kereseka, Jimmy; Atu, William; Watts, Matthew; Possingham, Hugh P.2011
Effect of sea-level rise on piping plover (Charadrius melodus) breeding habitatBiological ConservationSeavey, Jennifer R.; Gilmer, Ben; McGarigal, Kevin M.2011
Conservation Easements in California Blue Oak Woodlands: Testing the Assumption of Livestock Grazing as a Compatible UseNatural Areas JournalReiner, Rich; Craig, Andrea2011agriculture, ranching
Climate Change Impacts on Western Pacific Northwest Prairies and SavannasNorthwest ScienceBachelet, Dominique; Johnson, Bart R.; Bridgham, Scott D.; Dunn, Pat V.; Anderson, Hannah E.; Rogers, Brendan M.2011
Nutrient Release from a Recently Flooded Delta Wetland: Comparison of Field Measurements to Laboratory ResultsWetlandsWong, Siana W.; Barry, Matthew J.; Aldous, Allison R.; Rudd, Nathan T.; Hendrixson, Heather A.; Doehring, Carolyn M.2011
Influence Of Moisture And Food Supply On The Movement Dynamics Of A Nonbreeding Migratory Bird (Parkesia Noveboracensis) In A Seasonal LandscapeAukSmith, Joseph A. M.; Reitsma, Leonard R.; Marra, Peter P.2011
The impact of giant panda foraging on bamboo dynamics in an isolated environmentPlant EcologyHull, Vanessa; Shortridge, Ashton; Liu, Bin; Bearer, Scott; Zhou, Xiaoping; Huang, Jinyan; Zhou, Shiqiang; Zhang, Hemin; Ouyang, Zhiyun; Liu, Jianguo2011
Global urban growth and the geography of water availability, quality and deliveryAmbioMcDonald, R.I., I. Doublas, C. Revenga, R. Hale, N. Grimm, J. Gronwall, and B. Fekete2011
Energy Boosting Biofuel YieldsNature Climate ChangeFargione, Joseph2011
The essential nonscience of eradication programmes: creating conditions for successIsland Invasives: Eradication and ManagementMorrison, S. A., K. R. Faulkner, L. A. Vermeer, L. Lozier, and M. R.
Larval Sucker Distribution And Condition Before And After Large-Scale Restoration At The Williamson River Delta, Upper Klamath Lake, OregonWestern North American NaturalistErdman, Charles S.; Hendrixon, Heather A.; Rudd, Nathan T.2011
The Coral TriangleVeron, John (Charlie) E. N.; DeVantier, Lyndon M.; Turak, Emre; Green, Alison L.; Kininmonth, Stuart; Stafford-Smith, M.; Peterson, N.2011
Flooding requirements for biodiversity values along the Victorian floodplain of the Murray ValleyVictorian NaturalistFitzsimons, J.A., P. Peake, D. Frood, M. Mitchell, N. Withers, M. White and R. Webster2011
Energy Development and Greater Sage-GrouseStudies in Avian BiologyNaugle, David E.; Doherty, Kevin E.; Walker, Brett L.; Holloran, Matthew J.; Copeland, Holly E.2011
Increasing the return on investments in island restorationIsland Invasives: Eradication and ManagementSaunders, A., J. P. Parkes, A. Aguirre-Mu–oz, and S. A.
High-resolution mapping of the world's reservoirs and dams for sustainable river-flow managementFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentLehner, Bernhard; Liermann, Catherine Reidy; Revenga, Carmen; Voeroesmarty, Charles; Fekete, Balazs; Crouzet, Philippe; Doell, Petra; Endejan, Marcel; Frenken, Karen; Magome, Jun; Nilsson, Christer; Robertson, James C.; Roedel, Raimund; Sindorf, Nikolai;2011
Wet/Dry Mapping: Using Citizen Scientists to Monitor the Extent of Perennial Surface Flow in Dryland RegionsEnvironmental ManagementTurner, Dale S.; Richter, Holly
Quantifying Oyster Reef Loss And Functionality At Estuarine And Ecoregional Scales: Towards Quantitative Goals For Restoration In The UsJournal of Shellfish ResearchErmgassen, Philine Zu; Brumbaugh, Robert; Spalding, Mark2011
Energy Development and Conservation Tradeoffs Studies in Avian BiologyDoherty, Kevin E.; Naugle, David E.; Copeland, Holly E.; Pocewicz, Amy; Kiesecker, Joseph M.2011
Longitudinal river ecohydrology: flow variation down the lengths of alluvial riversEcohydrologyLarned, Scott T.; Schmidt, Jochen; Datry, Thibault; Konrad, Christopher P.; Dumas, Jennifer K.; Diettrich, Jan C.2011
Multiple Space-Use Strategies And Their Divergent Consequences In A Nonbreeding Migratory Bird (Parkesia Noveboracensis)AukSmith, Joseph A. M.; Reitsma, Leonard R.; Marra, Peter P.2011
Distribution Of Migratory Landbirds Along The Northern Lake Huron ShorelineWilson Journal of OrnithologyEwert, David N.; Hamas, Michael J.; Smith, Robert J.; Dallman, Matt E.; Jorgensen, Scott W.2011
Ecological Risk Assessment for the Paraguay River Basin: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and ParaguayPetry, P., S. T. Rodrigues, M. B. R. Neto, M. Matsumoto, G. Kimura, M. Becker, P. Rebolledo, A. Araújo, B. C. Oliveira, M. S. Soares, M. G. Oliveira & J. Guimarães2011
Predation Rates On Mercenaria Mercenaria By Channeled And Knobbed WhelkJournal of Shellfish ResearchPadilla, Dianna K.; Gray, Sarah M.; Amaya, Kevin; Garofalo, Sal; Harwood, Alex; Kammerman, Benjamin; Perino, Laurie; Seroy, Sasha K.; Yee, Allison; Doall, Michael; Lobue, Carl2011
Finding solutions for bird restoration and livestock management: comparing grazing exclusion levelsEcological ApplicationsNelson, Kara S.; Gray, Elizabeth M.; Evans, James R.2011agriculture, ranching
A blueprint for blue carbon: toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2Frontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentMcleod, Elizabeth; Chmura, Gail L.; Bouillon, Steven; Salm, Rodney; Bjork, Mats; Duarte, Carlos M.; Lovelock, Catherine E.; Schlesinger, William H.; Silliman, Brian R.2011
Working With New Hampshire Residents To Restore Oyster (Crassostrea Virginica) Populations To The Great Bay EstuaryJournal of Shellfish ResearchWard, Krystin; Grizzle, Ray; Konisky, Raymond2011
Effectiveness of conservation easements for reducing development and maintaining biodiversity in sagebrush ecosystemsBiological ConservationPocewicz, Amy; Kiesecker, Joseph M.; Jones, George P.; Copeland, Holly E.; Daline, Jody; Mealor, Brian A.2011
Geoengineering researchIssues In Science And TechnologyRobock, Alan; Saniayan, M.; Parthasarathy, Shobita; Maccracken, Michael2011
Coral mortality associated with thermal fluctuations in the Phoenix Islands, 2002-2005Coral ReefsObura, D.; Mangubhai, S.2011
Southward range expansion of the Mourning Gecko (Lepidodactylus lugubris) on mainland Australia and nearshore islandsAustralian ZoologistFitzsimons, J.A2011
Outbreak of Acropora white syndrome following a mild bleaching event at Palmyra Atoll, Northern Line Islands, Central PacificCoral ReefsWilliams, G. J.; Knapp, I. S.; Work, T. M.; Conklin, E. J.2011
Urban growth, climate change, and freshwater availabilityProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesMcDonald, Robert I.; Green, Pamela; Balk, Deborah; Fekete, Balazs M.; Revenga, Carmen; Todd, Megan; Montgomery, Mark2011
Can Imazapic Increase Native Species Abundance in Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) Invaded Native Plant Communities?Rangeland Ecology & ManagementElseroad, Adrien C.; Rudd, Nathan T.2011
Species-Specific Barriers to Tree Regeneration in High Elevation Habitats of West VirginiaRestoration EcologyGriscom, Bronson; Griscom, Heather; Deacon, Sarah2011
How successful are plant species reintroductions?Biological ConservationGodefroid, Sandrine; Piazza, Carole; Rossi, Graziano; Buord, Stephane; Stevens, Albert-Dieter; Aguraiuja, Ruth; Cowell, Carly; Weekley, Carl W.; Vogg, Gerd; Iriondo, Jose M.; Johnson, Isabel; Dixon, Bob; Gordon, Doria; Magnanon, Sylvie; Valentin, Bertille2011
Utility of high-density plantings in bay scallop, Argopecten irradians irradians, restorationAquaculture InternationalTettelbach, Stephen T.; Barnes, Debra; Aldred, John; Rivara, Gregg; Bonal, Dennis; Weinstock, Andrew; Fitzsimons-Diaz, Chelsea; Thiel, Josh; Cammarota, M. Chase; Stark, Adam; Wejnert, Katherine; Ames, Richard; Carroll, John2011
Combined long-term effects of variable tree regeneration and timber management on forest songbirds and timber productionForest Ecology and ManagementMillington, James D. A.; Walters, Michael B.; Matonis, Megan S.; Laurent, Edward J.; Hall, Kimberly R.; Liu,
Assessing the invasive potential of biofuel species proposed for Florida and the United States using the Australian weed risk assessmentBiomass and BioenergyGordon, D.R., K.J. Tancig, D.A. Onderdonk and C.A. Gantz2011
Why we disagree about assisted migration: Ethical implications of a key debate regarding the future of Canada's forestsForestry ChronicleAubin, I.; Garbe, C. M.; Colombo, S.; Drever, C. R.; McKenney, D. W.; Messier, C.; Pedlar, J.; Saner, M. A.; Venier, L.; Wellstead, A. M.; Winder, R.; Witten, E.; Ste-Marie, C.2011
Helping coastal communities adapt to climate changeSolutionsLC Hale, S Newkirk, M Beck2011
Ecological notes on the East Gippsland Burrowing Crayfish (Engaeus orientalis), including burrow structure and associated faunaAustralian ZoologistFitzsimons, J.A. & Antos, M.J2011
Comparison of Bayesian Clustering and Edge Detection Methods for Inferring Boundaries in Landscape GeneticsInternational Journal Of Molecular SciencesSafner, Toni; Miller, Mark P.; McRae, Brad H.; Fortin, Marie-Josee; Manel, Stephanie2011
Toward Best Practices for Developing Regional Connectivity MapsConservation BiologyBeier, Paul; Spencer, Wayne; Baldwin, Robert F.; McRae, Brad H.2011
Identifying freshwater conservation priorities in the Upper Yangtze River BasinFreshwater BiologyHeiner, Michael; Higgins, Jonathan; Li, Xinhai; Baker, Barry2011
Global stressors and the global decline of amphibians: tipping the stress immunocompetency axisEcological ResearchKiesecker, Joseph M.2011
Coastal benthic habitat mapping to support marine resource planning and management in St. Kitts and NevisGeography CompassSchill, S.R., J.E. Knowles, G. Rowlands, S. Margles, V. Agostini, and R. Blyther2011
West Nile virus impacts in American crow populations are associated with human land use and climateEcological ResearchLaDeau, Shannon L.; Calder, Catherine A.; Doran, Patrick J.; Marra, Peter P.2011
Historical Vegetation of the Willamette Valley, Oregon, circa 1850Northwest ScienceChristy, John A.; Alverson, Edward R.2011
Large-scale Flow Experiments for Managing River SystemsBioScienceKonrad, Christopher P.; Olden, Julian D.; Lytle, David A.; Melis, Theodore S.; Schmidt, John C.; Bray, Erin N.; Freeman, Mary C.; Gido, Keith B.; Hemphill, Nina P.; Kennard, Mark J.; McMullen, Laura E.; Mims, Meryl C.; Pyron, Mark; Robinson, Christopher T2011
Groundwater-dependent ecosystems in Oregon: an assessment of their distribution and associated threatsFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentBrown, Jenny; Bach, Leslie; Aldous, Allison; Wyers, Abby; DeGagne, Julia2011
So, You Want to Do Research in the Rainforest?Edison, Arthur S.; Cosio, Eric; Halloy, Stephan; Vivanco, Jorge2011
Large-scale movements and high-use areas of western Pacific leatherback turtles, Dermochelys coriaceaEcosphereBenson, Scott R.; Eguchi, Tomoharu; Foley, Dave G.; Forney, Karin A.; Bailey, Helen; Hitipeuw, Creusa; Samber, Betuel P.; Tapilatu, Ricardo F.; Rei, Vagi; Ramohia, Peter; Pita, John; Dutton, Peter H.2011
Building Regional Threat Based Networks for Estuaries in the Western United StatesPLoS ONEMS Merrifield, E Hines, X Liu, MW
Predator- induced demographic shifts in coral reef fish assemblagesPLoS ONERuttenberg B.I., S.L. Hamilton, S.M. Walsh, M.K. Donovan, A. Friedlander, et al2011
Development by design: Mitigating wind development's impacts on wildlife in KansasPLoS ONEObermeyer, B., R. Manes, J. Kiesecker, J. Fargione, and K. Sochi2011
The protective role of coastal marshes: a systematic review and meta-analysisPLoS ONECC Shepard, CM Crain, MW
Quantifying the Spatial Ecology of Wide-Ranging Marine Species in the Gulf of California: Implications for Marine Conservation PlanningPLoS ONEDaniel Anadon, Jose; D'Agrosa, Caterina; Gondor, Anne; Gerber, Leah R.2011
Systematic Conservation Planning in the Face of Climate Change: Bet-Hedging on the Columbia PlateauPLoS ONESchloss, Carrie A.; Lawler, Joshua J.; Larson, Eric R.; Papendick, Hilary L.; Case, Michael J.; Evans, Daniel M.; Delap, Jack H.; Langdon, Jesse G. R.; Hall, Sonia A.; Mcrae, Brad H.2011
Striking a Balance: Socioeconomic Development and Conservation in Grassland through Community-Based ZoningPLoS ONELeisher, Craig; Brouwer, Roy; Boucher, Timothy M.; Vogelij, Rogier; Bainbridge, W. R.; Sanjayan, M.2011
Documenting diversity: The Madrean Archipelago Biodiversity Assessment (MABA)Journal of BiocommunicationHedgcock, C., and D.
Object-based classification of semi-arid wetlandsJournal Of Applied Remote SensingHalabisky, Meghan; Moskal, L. Monika; Hall, Sonia A.2011
Climate vulnerability of ecosystems and landscapes on Alaska's North SlopeRegional Environmental ChangeKittel, Timothy G. F.; Baker, Barry B.; Higgins, Jonathan V.; Haney, J. Christopher2011
A new approach to determining environmental flow requirements: Sustaining the natural values of floodplains of the southern Murray-Darling BasinEcological Management and RestorationPeake, P., J. Fitzsimons, D. Frood, M. Mitchell, N. Withers, M. White, and R. Webster2011
Pest interceptions on live plants at US ports of entry: A system overwhelmedPhytopathologyBritton, K. O.; Parke, J. L.; Garrett, L. J.; Lowenstein, F.; Nuding, A.2011
Progress and pitfalls in developing policies for reducing risks of introductions of exotic forest insects and pathogensPhytopathologyCampbell, F. T.2011
Water Sustainability Risk Assessment, Part 2: Primary and Secondary EffectsJournal American Water Works AssociationVigerstol, Kari2011
Reply to Vermeulen and Wollenberg: Distinguishing food security and crop yieldsProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesWest, Paul C.; Gibbs, Holly K.; Monfreda, Chad; Wagner, John; Barford, Carol; Carpenter, Stephen R.; Foley, Jonathan2011
Evaluating the road-effect zone on wildlife distribution in a rural landscapeEcosphereShanley, Colin S.; Pyare, Sanjay2011
Landscape-scale indicators of biodiversity's vulnerability to climate changeEcosphereKlausmeyer, Kirk R.; Shaw, M. Rebecca; MacKenzie, Jason B.; Cameron, D. Richard2011
The Importance of Conserving Biodiversity Outside of Protected Areas in Mediterranean EcosystemsPLoS ONECox, Robin L.; Underwood, Emma C.2011
Historic emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Mato Grosso, Brazil: 1) source data uncertaintiesCarbon Balance and ManagementDouglas C Morton, Marcio H Sales, Carlos M Souza Jr and Bronson Griscom2011
Building Regional Threat-Based Networks for Estuaries in the Western United StatesPLoS ONEMerrifield, Matthew S.; Hines, Ellen; Liu, Xiaohang; Beck, Michael W.2011
Why Don't We Ask? A Complementary Method for Assessing the Status of Great ApesPLoS ONEMeijaard, Erik; Mengersen, Kerrie; Buchori, Damayanti; Nurcahyo, Anton; Ancrenaz, Marc; Wich, Serge; Atmoko, Sri Suci Utami; Tjiu, Albertus; Prasetyo, Didik; Nardiyono; Hadiprakarsa, Yokyok; Christy, Lenny; Wells, Jessie; Albar, Guillaume; Marshall, Andre2011
Avian Use of Perennial Biomass Feedstocks as Post-Breeding and Migratory Stopover HabitatPLoS ONERobertson, Bruce A.; Doran, Patrick J.; Loomis, Elizabeth R.; Robertson, J. Roy; Schemske, Douglas W.2011
Win-Win for Wind and Wildlife: A Vision to Facilitate Sustainable DevelopmentPLoS ONEKiesecker, Joseph M.; Evans, Jeffrey S.; Fargione, Joe; Doherty, Kevin; Foresman, Kerry R.; Kunz, Thomas H.; Naugle, Dave; Nibbelink, Nathan P.; Niemuth, Neal D.2011
Climate Change Affects Winter Chill for Temperate Fruit and Nut TreesPLoS ONELuedeling, Eike; Girvetz, Evan H.; Semenov, Mikhail A.; Brown, Patrick H.2011
Severe 2010 Cold-Water Event Caused Unprecedented Mortality to Corals of the Florida Reef Tract and Reversed Previous Survivorship PatternsPLoS ONELirman, Diego; Schopmeyer, Stephanie; Manzello, Derek; Gramer, Lewis J.; Precht, William F.; Muller-Karger, Frank; Banks, Kenneth; Barnes, Brian; Bartels, Erich; Bourque, Amanda; Byrne, James; Donahue, Scott; Duquesnel, Janice; Fisher, Louis; Gilliam, Dav2011
Accounting for Ecosystem Alteration Doubles Estimates of Conservation Risk in the Conterminous United StatesPLoS ONESwaty, Randy; Blankenship, Kori; Hagen, Sarah; Fargione, Joseph; Smith, Jim; Patton, Jeannie2011
Cross-boundary cooperation: A mechanism for sustaining ecosystem services from private landsJournal of Soil and Water ConservationRickenbach, Mark; Schulte, Lisa A.; Kittredge, David B.; Labich, William G.; Shinneman, Doug J.2011
Global Human Footprint on the Linkage between Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning in Reef FishesPlos BiologyMora, Camilo; Aburto-Oropeza, Octavio; Ayala Bocos, Arturo; Ayotte, Paula M.; Banks, Stuart; Bauman, Andrew G.; Beger, Maria; Bessudo, Sandra; Booth, David J.; Brokovich, Eran; Brooks, Andrew; Chabanet, Pascale; Cinner, Joshua E.; Cortes, Jorge; Cruz-Mott2011
The biodiversity value of groundwater-dependent ecosystems: A cataloguing of United States federally listed species thatdepend on groundwaterWSPEmilie Blevins and Allison Aldous2011
Protecting Groundwater-Dependent Ecosystems: Gaps and OpportunitiesAllison Aldous and Leslie Bach2011
Predictions of ecological and social implications of alternative residential development policies to inform decision making in a rural landscapeConservation LettersGoldberg, Caren S., A. Pocewicz, M. Nielsen-Pincus, L.P. Waits, P. Morgan, J.E. Force, and L.A.
Terrestrial biodiversityNelson, E., D. R. Cameron, J. Regetz, S. Polasky, and G. Daily2011
Do not stop: The importance of seamless monitoring and enforcement in an Indonesian marine protected areaJournal of Marine BiologyMangubhai, S., M. Saleh, Suprayitno, A. Muljadi, Purwanto, K. L. Rhodes, and K. Tjandra2011
Status and conservation of an imperiled tiger beetle fauna in New York State, USAJournal of Insect ConservationSchlesinger, M.D., and P.G. Novak2011
Comparison of hand-pollinated and naturally pollinated Puget Balsamroot (Balsamorhiza deltoidea Nutt) to determine pollinator limitations on South Puget Sound lowland prairiesFazzino, L., H.E. Kirkpatrick, and C. Fimbel2011
Reefs at Risk RevisitedBurke, L., K. Reytar, M. Spalding, and A.L. Perry2011
TNC Raja Ampat marine protect area perception monitoring trend analysisHess, S., S.N. Larsen, and C. Leisher2011
Portafolio de Conservación de Agua Dulce para la Cuenca del Magdalena – Cauca. Programa NASCA, The Nature conservancy & CormagdalenaTéllez , P., P.Petry, T. Walschburger, J. Higgins & C. Apse2011
Hawaiian agro-ecosystems and their spatial distributionLadefoged, T. N.; Kirch, P. V.; Gon III, S. O.; Chadwick, O. A.; Hartshorn, A. S.; Vitousek, P. M.2011
Identification and Implementation of Native Fish Conservation Areas in the Upper Colorado River BasinFisheriesDaniel C. Dauwalter; John S. Sanderson; Jack E. Williams; James R. Sedell2011Freshwater fishes continue to decline at a rapid rate despite substantial conservation efforts. Native fish conservation areas (NFCAs) are a management approach emphasizing persistent native fish communities and healthy watersheds while simultaneously allowing for compatible human uses. We identified potential NFCAs in the Upper Colorado River Basin in Wyoming—focusing on Colorado River cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii pleuriticus), flannelmouth sucker (Catostomus latipinnis), bluehead sucker (Catostomus discobolus), and roundtail chub (Gila robusta)—through a process that combined known and modeled species distributions, spatial prioritization analysis, and stakeholder discussions. The network of potential NFCAs is intended to serve as a funding framework for a National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) Keystone Initiative focused on Colorado River Basin native fishes. We discuss current opportunities for and impediments to implementing the potential NFCAs we identified for the NFWF Initiative over the long term. NFCAs represent a promising approach to fisheries management that complements existing approaches by focusing on persistent native fish communities.
The role of herbivores in Great Plains conservationEcosphereAllred, B.W, S.D. Fuhlendorf, and R.G. Hamilton2011 Great Plains of North America evolved with significant influence from bison (Bison bison), but is presently dominated by cattle (Bos taurus). While there are a variety of opinions concerning differences between these two species, there is a lack of scientific comparisons, including those that incorporate important ecological variation. We developed a framework to study and compare the grazing behavior and effects of bison and cattle within grassland ecosystems. Environmental (e.g., resource distribution, disturbance) and animal (e.g., number, social organization) factors play a critical role in determining grazing effects and should be incorporated into discussions that compare the effects of bison and cattle. Using this framework we specifically compare the grazing behavior of both species in tallgrass prairie and discuss the implications of these differences in the context of conservation. We collared bison and cattle with global positioning systems and used resource selection functions to estimate the importance of various environmental factors on site selection. Both species preferred recently burned areas and avoided steeper slopes. Cattle selected areas that were closer to water, while bison were not limited by distance to water; cattle also preferred areas with woody vegetation, while bison avoided them. Incorporating broad scale environmental complexity allows for an effective comparison of ecological differences between bison and cattle. While there are similarities and differences in these species, a comprehensive analysis of all conditions and scenarios is not possible. It is clear, however, that the greatest differences between these species will likely be evident from broad scale studies across complex landscapes. In addition to species, conservation and land managers need to consider other environmental factors that are critical to grazing effects and overall conservation.
Scanning the Oceans for Solutions.Solutions Jacquet, J., I. Boyd, J.T. Carlton, H.E. Fox, A.E. Johnson, L. Mee, J. Roman, M. Spalding, W. Sutherland2011 field of conservation science has been highly successful in identifying, diagnosing, and publicizing declines in biodiversity and many other problems affecting our environment. It has been less successful in focusing our attention on solutions. Here we recommend the formal process of what we call a solution scan: the systematic classification of known threats and identified solutions. We illustrate this approach by cataloguing the solutions we found for major marine conservation problems: overfishing, invasive species, and pollution. Our solution scan for the problem of overfishing of a target species, for instance, revealed in excess of a hundred specific interventions, ranging from using biodegradable panels in fishing gear (to avoid ghost fishing by lost gear) to finding plant -based alternatives to fish meal. This approach allows for rapid identification of areas deficient in solutions and is a starting point for gauging the effectiveness of each intervention. It also allows for a broader view of how we approach environmental problems by showing, for instance, that existing options weigh more heavily in favor of treatment than prevention.Oceans
Assessment of threats to ecosystems in South AmericaJournal for Nature ConservationJarvis, A., J. Touval, M. Castro Schmitz, L. Sotomayor, and G. Graham Hyman2010Marine Protected Areas are usually static, permanently closed areas. There are, however, both social and ecological reasons to adopt dynamic closures, where reserves move through time. Using a general theoretical framework, we investigate whether
One method does not fit all: A reply to Segan et al.Biological ConservationWilhere, George F.; Goering, Mark2010
Terrestrial Reserve Networks Do Not Adequately Represent Aquatic EcosystemsConservation BiologyHerbert, Matthew E.; Mcintyre, Peter B.; Doran, Patrick J.; Allan, J. David; Abell, Robin2010
The sounds of silence: Listening to the villagers to learn about orangutansSignificanceMengersen, K., E. Meijaard, J. Wells, L. Christy, and D. Buchori2010
Retrieval of Substrate Bearing Strength from Hyperspectral Imagery during the Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR'07) Multi-Sensor CampaignMarine GeodesyBachmann, Charles M.; Nichols, C. Reid; Montes, Marcos J.; Li, Rong-Rong; Woodward, Patrick; Fusina, Robert A.; Chen, Wei; Mishra, Vimal; Kim, Wonkook; Monty, James; Mcilhany, Kevin; Kessler, Ken; Korwan, Daniel; Miller, W. David; Bennert, Ellen; Smith, G2010
The feasible supply of RED credits: Less than predicted by technical modelsResources for the Future Issue BriefMadeira, E.M., M.J. Coren, and C.
Hydrodynamic and ecological assessment of nearshore restoration: A modeling studyEcological ModellingYang, Zhaoqing; Sobocinski, Kathryn L.; Heatwole, Danelle; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Thom, Ronald; Fuller, Roger2010
Re-Thinking Environmental Flows: From Allocations And Reserves To Sustainability BoundariesRiver Research And ApplicationsRichter, Brian D.2010
Did land protection in Silicon Valley reduce the housing stock?Biological ConservationDenning, Carrie A.; Mcdonald, Robert I.; Christensen, Jon2010
Delineating the Coral TriangleGalaxea, Journal of Coral Reef StudiesVeron, J.E.N., DeVantier, L.M., Turak, E., Green, A.L., Kininmonth, S., Peterson, N2010
Adaptive Management, Restoration, And Monitoring For Performance Based Results In The Fish Creek Watershed In Northeastern Indiana And Northwestern Ohio, UsaSimon, Thomas P.; Altfater, Dave; Tosick, Michael J.; Smith, James R.; Faatz, Wayne; Draper, Joseph; Warner, Beth A.; Wodrich, Carl; Remek, Anne; Campbell-Allison, Jennifer; Sparks, Daniel W.; Clark, Forest2010
Nassella pulchra and spatial patterns in soil resources in na- tive California grasslandGrasslandsParker, S.S. and J.P. Schimel2010
Global Biodiversity: Indicators of Recent DeclinesScienceButchart, S.H.M., et al. (incl. 44 co-authors, and TNC's C. Revenga2010
Conserving biodiversity in the face of climate change: A call to actionConservation BiologyHunter, M., E. Dinerstein, J. Hoekstra, and D. Lindenmayer2010
A Call to Action for Conserving Biological Diversity in the Face of Climate ChangeConservation BiologyHunter, Malcolm, Jr.; Dinerstein, Eric; Hoekstra, Jon; Lindenmayer, David2010
Aquatic invasive species transport via trailered boats: what is being moved, who is moving it, and what can be doneFisheries BulletinRothlisberger, J.D., Chadderton, W .L., McNulty, J., Lodge, D.M2010
Whose sustainability? Top-down participation and emergent rules in marine protected area management in IndonesiaMarine PolicyGlaser, M., W . Baitoningsih, S.C.A. Ferse, M. Neil, R. Deswandi2010
Indicator Taxa to Assess Anthropogenic Impacts in Caribbean and Bahamas Tidal CreeksCaribbean Journal Of ScienceLayman, Craig A.; Arrington, D. Albrey; Kramer, Philip A.; Valentine-Rose, Lori; Dahlgren, Craig P.2010
Response of two sagebrush sites to low-disturbance, mechanical removal of pinyon and juniperInvasive Plant Science and ManagementBaughman, C., T.A. Forbis, and L. Provencher2010
Kirtland'S Warblers In Anthropogenically Disturbed Early-Successional Habitats On Eleuthera, The BahamasCondorWunderle, Joseph M., Jr.; Currie, Dave; Helmer, Eileen H.; Ewert, David N.; White, Jennifer D.; Ruzycki, Thomas S.; Parresol, Bernard; Kwit, Charles2010
Determining The Effects Of Dams On Subdaily Variation In River Flows At A Whole-Basin ScaleRiver Research And ApplicationsZimmerman, Julie K. H.; Letcher, Benjamin H.; Nislow, Keith H.; Lutz, Kimberly A.; Magilligan, Francis J.2010
Restoration of Old Forest Features in Coast Redwood Forests Using Early-stage Variable-density ThinningRestoration EcologyO'Hara, Kevin L.; Nesmith, Jonathan C. B.; Leonard, Lathrop; Porter, Daniel J.2010
Checklist Of The Mosquitoes Of The Bahamas With Three Additions To Its Fauna And Keys To The Adult Females And Fourth InstarsJournal Of The American Mosquito Control AssociationDarsie, Richard F., Jr.; Taylor, D. Scott; Prusak, Zachary A.; Verna, Thomas N.2010
Conservation Without Borders: Building Communication and Action Across Disciplinary Boundaries for Effective ConservationEnvironmental ManagementMargles, Shawn W.; Peterson, Richard B.; Ervin, Jamison; Kaplin, Beth A.2010
Notes on the roost sites of the Sulawesi Masked Owl Tyto rosenbergiiForktailFitzsimons, James A.2010
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World Atlas of MangrovesSpalding, M. D., M. Kainuma, and L. Collins2010
Identifying habitat conservation priorities and gaps for migratory shorebirds and waterfowl in CaliforniaBiodiversity and ConservationStralberg, D., D.R. Cameron, M. D. Reynolds, C. M. Hickey, K. Klausmeyer, S. M. Busby, L. E. Stenzel, W. D. Shuford, and G. W. Page2010
The implementation challenge: Taking stock of government policies to protect and restore environmental flowsLe Quesne T, Kendy E, Weston D.2010
Conserving biodiversity in production landscapesEcological ApplicationsWilson, K., E. Meijaard, S. Drummond, H. Grantham, L. Boitani, G. Catullo, L. Christie, R. Dennis, I. Dutton, A. Falcucci, L. Maiorano, H. Possingham, C. Rondinini, W. Turner, O. Venter, and M.
Aquatic flight behaviour in mouse-deer provides insight into tragulid evolutionMammalian BiologyMeijaard, E., Umilaela, and G. de Silva Wijeyeratne2010
Prioritizing Restoration in Fire-Adapted Forest EcosystemsMapping ForestryZanger, C., Waltz, A2010
Conserving the largest habitat on earth: protected areas in the pelagic oceanMarine Protected Areas: Effects, networks and monitoring - A multidisciplinary approachHobday, A. J., E. T. Game, H. S. Grantham and A. J. Richardson2010
Principles and Practice of Ecosystem-Based Management: A Guide for Conservation Practitioners in the Tropical Western PacificClarke, P., S. Jupiter (and with contributions from J. Wilson, C. Rotinsulu and others)2010
Into Oblivion? The disappearing native mammals of northern AustraliaFitzsimons, J., S. Legge, B. Traill, B. and J.
The Atlas of Global Conservation: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities to Make a DifferenceHoekstra, J. M., J. L. Molnar, M. Jennings, C. Revenga, M. D. Spalding, T. M. Boucher, J. C. Robertson, T. J. Heibel, and K. Ellison2010
Moving Forward Towards Networks and Broader Spatial ManagementMeliane, I., A. White, S. Smith, C. M. Crain, and M. Beck2010
Trade-offs in identifying global conservation priority areasMurdoch, W. M., Bode, J. Hoekstra, P. Kareiva, S. Polasky, H. P. Possingham, K. A. Wilson2010
The 10% Target: Where Do We Stand?Spalding, M. D., L. Wood, C. Fitzgerald, and K. Gjerde2010
BioMap2: Conserving the Biodiversity of Massachusetts in a Changing WorldWoolsey, H., A. Finton, J.
Marine protected area networking training handbookJohnston, P., G. Labrado, R-L Eisma-Osorio, P. Christie, and A.
Adapting to climate change: building interactive decision support to meet management objectives for coastal conservation and hazard mitigation on Long Island, New York, USA.Ferdaña, Z.; Newkirk, S.; Whelchel, A. W.; Gilmer, B.; Beck, M.
Bison as keystone herbivores on the great plains: can cattle serve as proxy for evolutionary grazing patterns?Fuhlendorf, S.D., B.W. Allred, and R.G. Hamilton2010 Paper No. 4
A Horizon Scan of Global Conservation Issues for 2010.Trends in Ecology and EvolutionSutherland, W.J., M. Clout, I.M. Côté, P. Daszak, M.H. Depledge, L. Fellman, E. Fleishman, R. Garthwaite, D.W. Gibbons, J. De Lurio, A.J. Impey, F. Lickorish, D. Lindenmayer, J. Madgwick, C. Margerison, T. Maynard, L.S. Peck, J. Pretty, S. Prior, K.H. Redford, J.P.W. Scharlemann, M. Spalding, A.R. Watkinson.2010 scanning identifies emerging issues in a given field sufficiently early to conduct research to inform policy and practice. Our group of horizon scanners, including academics and researchers, convened to identify fifteen nascent issues that could affect the conservation of biological diversity. These include the impacts of and potential human responses to climate change, novel biological and digital technologies, novel pollutants and invasive species. We expect to repeat this process and collation conservation
Development by design: blending landscape-level planning with the mitigation hierarchyFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentKiesecker, J. M., H. Copeland, A. Pocewicz, and B. McKenney20091. A systematic conservation planning approach using benthic habitat and imperilled species data along with the site prioritization algorithm, MARXAN, was used to identify a spatially efficient portfolio of marine and estuarine sites around Flori
Identification of a spatially efficient portfolio of priority conservation sites in marine and estuarine areas of FloridaAquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater EcosystemsGeselbracht, Laura; Torres, Roberto; Cumming, Graeme S.; Dorfman, Daniel; Beck, Michael; Shaw, Douglas20091. A systematic conservation planning approach using benthic habitat and imperilled species data along with the site prioritization algorithm, MARXAN, was used to identify a spatially efficient portfolio of marine and estuarine sites around Flori
Consequences of climate variability for the performance of bison in tallgrass prairieGlobal Change BiologyCraine, Joseph M.; Towne, E. Gene; Joern, Anthony; Hamilton, Robert G.2009Climate variability is a major structuring factor in grassland ecosystems, yet there is great uncertainty in how changes in precipitation affect grazing herbivores. We determined how interannual variation in the timing and magnitude of precipitat
Measuring a Professional Conservation Education Training Program for Zoos and Wildlife Parks in ChinaZoo BiologyAskue, Laurel; Heimlich, Joe; Yu, Jin Ping; Wang, Xiaohong; Lakly, Shelly2009Designed and implemented in 2006, the Academy for Conservation Training (ACT) is a conservation education academy modeled after the Association for Zoos and Aquariums'(AZA) professional conservation education course. ACT incorporates ...
Accelerate Synthesis in Ecology and Environmental SciencesBioScienceCarpenter, Stephen R.; Armbrust, E. Virginia; Arzberger, Peter W.; Chapin, F. Stuart, III; Elser, James J.; Hackett, Edward J.; Ives, Anthony R.; Kareiva, Peter M.; Leibold, Mathew A.; Lundberg, Per; Mangel, Marc; Merchant, Nirav; Murdoch, William W.; Pal2009Ecology is a leading discipline in the synthesis of diverse knowledge. Ecologists have had considerable experience in bringing together diverse, multinational data sets, disciplines, and cultural perspectives to address a wide range of issues in
Dynamic marine protected areas can improve the resilience of coral reef systemsEcology LettersGame, Edward T.; Bode, Michael; McDonald-Madden, Eve; Grantham, Hedley S.; Possingham, Hugh P.2009Marine Protected Areas are usually static, permanently closed areas. There are, however, both social and ecological reasons to adopt dynamic closures, where reserves move through time. Using a general theoretical framework, we investigate whether
Rethinking Conservation Practice in Light of Climate ChangeEcological RestorationDunwiddie, P. W., S. A. Hall, M. W. Ingraham, J. D. Bakker, K. S. Nelson, R. Fuller, and E. Gray2009Predicted changes in climate present unusual challenges to conservation planners, land managers, and restoration efforts directed toward preserving biodiversity. Successful organisms will respond to these changes by persisting in suitable microsi
The herpetofauna of Sonora, Mexico, with comparisons to adjoining statesChecklistEnderson, E.F., Quijada-Mascare–as, A., Turner, D.S., Rosen, P.C., Bezy, in the topographically complex transition between the Neotropics and the temperate biomes of North America, the state of Sonora, Mexico, has an extraordinarily diverse herpetofauna. Surprisingly little research has been conducted on the
Location and seasonal differences in adult dragonfly size and mass in northern Mississippi, USA (Odonata: Libellulidae)International Journal Of OdonatologyBried, Jason T.2009Size and mass are often uniformly related within individuals and populations, but the relationship may vary in time or space. I asked whether isolated adult dragonfly populations within the same environmental context (climate, physiography, ecore
Multi-scale predictive habitat suitability modeling based on hierarchically delineated patches: an example for yellow-billed cuckoos nesting in riparian forests, California, USALandscape EcologyGirvetz, E. H., and S. E. Greco2009The discipline of landscape ecology recognizes the importance of measuring habitat suitability variables at spatial scales relevant to specific organisms. This paper uses a novel multi-scale hierarchical patch delineation method, PatchMorph, to m
Approaches for Assessing the Status of Nonnative Plants: A Comparative AnalysisInvasive Plant Science and ManagementFox, Alison M.; Gordon, Doria R.2009The magnitude of the invasive plant species problem necessitates prioritization of species for control, regulatory, and public-education programs. Many such priority lists exist but few have been developed according to specified procedures and cr
Designing a resilient network of marine protected areas for Kimbe Bay, Papua New GuineaOryxGreen, Alison; Smith, Scott E.; Lipsett-Moore, Geoff; Groves, Craig; Peterson, Nate; Sheppard, Stu; Lokani, Paul; Hamilton, Richard; Almany, Jeanine; Aitsi, Joseph; Bualia, Leo2009The Nature Conservancy takes a strategic and systematic approach to conservation planning. Ecoregional assessments are used to set goals and identify geographical priorities, and Conservation Action Planning is used to develop strategic plans for
Conservation in a changing climate: A new paradigm for land managementFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentLawler, J., T. Tear, C. Pyke, M. R. Shaw, P. Gonzalez, P. Kareiva, L. Hansen, L. Hannah, K. Klausmayer, L. Hansen, A. Aldous, and C. P. Bienz, S2009The Nature Conservancy takes a strategic and systematic approach to conservation planning. Ecoregional assessments are used to set goals and identify geographical priorities, and Conservation Action Planning is used to develop strategic plans for
Do landscape processes predict phylogeographic patterns in the wood frog?Molecular EcologyLee-Yaw, Julie A.; Davidson, Andrew; McRae, Brad H.; Green, David M.2009The recovery of benthic communities inside the western Gulf of Maine fishing closure area was evaluated by comparing invertebrate assemblages at sites inside and outside of the closure four to six years after the closure was established. The majo
Effects of a large fishing closure on benthic communities in the western Gulf of Maine: Recovery from the effects of gillnets and otter trawlsFisheries BulletinGrizzle, R.E., Ward, L.G., Mayer, L.A., Cooper, A.B., Abeels, H.A., Greene, J.K., Brodeur, M.A., Malik, M.A., Rosenberg, A.A.2009The recovery of benthic communities inside the western Gulf of Maine fishing closure area was evaluated by comparing invertebrate assemblages at sites inside and outside of the closure four to six years after the closure was established. The majo
Predicting Leptodactylus (Amphibia, Anura, Leptodactylidae) distributions: Broad-ranging versus patchily distributed species using a presence-only environmental niche modeling techniqueSouth American Journal of HerpetologyFern‡ndez, M., D. Cole, W. R. Heyer, S. Reichle, and R. O. de S‡ data available for many, if not most, species of Neotropical frogs are based on written descriptions of the collecting sites, not on GPS device determined coordinate data. The pre-GPS device data are imprecise relative to GPS data. Nich
Pyric herbivory: Rewilding landscapes through the recoupling of fire and grazingConservation BiologyFuhlendorf, S. D., D. M. Engle, K. J, and R. G. Hamilton2009Our understanding of fire and grazing is largely based on small-scale experimental studies in which treatments are uniformly applied to experimental units that are considered homogenous. Any discussion of an interaction between fire and grazing agriculture, ranching
Orangutan distribution, density, abundance and impacts of disturbanceHusson, S. J., S. A. Wich, A. J. Marshall, R. A. Dennis, M. Ancrenaz, R. Brassey, M. Gumal, A. J. Hearn, E. Meijaard, T. Simorangkir, and I. Singleton2009Our understanding of fire and grazing is largely based on small-scale experimental studies in which treatments are uniformly applied to experimental units that are considered homogenous. Any discussion of an interaction between fire and grazing
Markov chain estimation of avian seasonal fecundityEcological ApplicationsEtterson, Matthew A.; Bennett, Richard S.; Kershner, Eric L.; Walk, Jeffery W.2009Avian seasonal fecundity is of interest from evolutionary, ecological, and conservation perspectives. However, direct estimation of seasonal fecundity is difficult, especially with multi-brooded birds, and models representing the renesting and quitting pr
The status of wintering Golden-cheeked Warblers in NicaraguaKing, D. I., E. Herrera, S. Hernandez, C. A. Lively, D. W. Mehlman, J. A. Rappole, and D. Roth2009Background Although the message of ‰ÛÏglobal climate change‰Û&#157; is catalyzing international action, it is local and regional changes that directly affect people and ecosystems and are of immediate concern to scientists, managers, and policy makers. A major
Applied Climate-Change Analysis: The Climate Wizard ToolPLoS ONEGirvetz, Evan H.; Zganjar, Chris; Raber, George T.; Maurer, Edwin P.; Kareiva, Peter; Lawler, Joshua J.2009Background Although the message of ‰ÛÏglobal climate change‰Û&#157; is catalyzing international action, it is local and regional changes that directly affect people and ecosystems and are of immediate concern to scientists, managers, and policy makers. A major
The growth of easements as a conservation toolPLoS ONEFishburn, I. S., P. Kareiva, K. J. Gaston, and P. R. Armsworth2009Background The numerous studies examining where efforts to conserve biodiversity should be targeted are not matched by comparable research efforts addressing how conservation investments should be structured and what balance of conservation approaches wor
Incorporating ecological drivers and uncertainty into a demographic population viability analysis for the island foxEcological MonographsBakker, Victoria J.; Doak, Daniel F.; Roemer, Gary W.; Garcelon, David K.; Coonan, Timothy J.; Morrison, Scott A.; Lynch, Colleen; Ralls, Katherine; Shaw, Rebecca2009Biometricians have made great strides in the generation of reliable estimates of demographic rates and their uncertainties from imperfect field data, but these estimates are rarely used to produce detailed predictions of the dynamics or future viability o
Fostering constructive debate: a reply to Chappell et al.Frontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentFischer, Joern; Brosi, Berry; Daily, Gretchen C.; Ehrlich, Paul R.; Goldman, Rebecca; Goldstein, Joshua; Lindenmayer, David B.; Manning, Adrian D.; Mooney, Harold A.; Pejchar, Liba; Ranganathan, Jai; Tallis, Heather2009Chappell et al. raise two points:(1) that yields from organic agriculture are not necessarily lower than those from industrial agriculture, and (2) that land-use intensification, even if it did increase food production, will not necessarily benefit those
Pelagic protected areas: the missing dimension in ocean conservationTrends in Ecology and EvolutionGame, Edward T.; Grantham, Hedley S.; Hobday, Alistair J.; Pressey, Robert L.; Lombard, Amanda T.; Beckley, Lynnath E.; Gjerde, Kristina; Bustamante, Rodrigo; Possingham, Hugh P.; Richardson, Anthony J.2009Fewer protected areas exist in the pelagic ocean than any other ecosystem on Earth. Although there is increasing support for marine protected areas (MPAs) as a tool for pelagic conservation, there have also been numerous criticisms of the ecological, logi
Review of Marine Biodiversity of Costa Rica, Central AmericaKappelle, M2009Fewer protected areas exist in the pelagic ocean than any other ecosystem on Earth. Although there is increasing support for marine protected areas (MPAs) as a tool for pelagic conservation, there have also been numerous criticisms of the ecological, logi
Uncertainty analysis of least-cost modeling for designing wildlife linkagesEcological ApplicationsBeier, Paul; Majka, Daniel R.; Newell, Shawn L.2009Least-cost models for focal species are widely used to design wildlife corridors. To evaluate the least-cost modeling approach used to develop 15 linkage designs in southern California, USA, we assessed robustness of the largest and least constrained link
Ecosystem services in decision making: time to deliverFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentDaily, Gretchen C.; Polasky, Stephen; Goldstein, Joshua; Kareiva, Peter M.; Mooney, Harold A.; Pejchar, Liba; Ricketts, Taylor H.; Salzman, James; Shallenberger, Robert2009Over the past decade, efforts to value and protect ecosystem services have been promoted by many as the last, best hope for making conservation mainstream-attractive and commonplace worldwide. In theory, if we can help individuals and institutions to reco
Characterizing forest succession with lidar data: An evaluation for the Inland Northwest, USARemote Sensing Of EnvironmentFalkowski, Michael J.; Evans, Jeffrey S.; Martinuzzi, Sebastian; Gessler, Paul E.; Hudak, Andrew T.2009Quantifying forest structure is important for sustainable forest management, as it relates to a wide variety of ecosystem processes and services. Lidar data have proven particularly useful for measuring or estimating a suite of forest structural attribute
Thresholds and multiple scale interaction of environment, resource use, and market proximity on reef fishery resources in the Solomon IslandsBiological ConservationBrewer, Tom D.; Cinner, Joshua E.; Green, Alison; Pandolfi, John M.2009Reef fish are critical in maintaining the ecological function of coral reefs and providing food security for coastal communities in developing countries. Reef fishery stocks are under increasing threat from factors such as climate-related habitat degradat
The effects of phenology on indirect measures of aboveground biomass in annual grassesInternational Journal Of Remote SensingButterfield, H. S.; Malmstroem, C. M.2009Remote sensing is increasingly being used to quantify vegetation biomass across large areas, often with algorithms based on calibrated relationships between biomass and indices such as the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). To improve capacity
Simulating the recovery of suspended sediment transport and river-bed stability in response to dam removal on the Elwha River, WashingtonEcological EngineeringKonrad, C. P2009Skip to Main Content. Wiley Online Library. Log in / Register. Log In E-MailAddress Password Forgotten Password? Remember Me. ...
Environmental service payments: Evaluating biodiversity conservation trade-offs and cost-efficiency in the Osa Conservation Area, Costa RicaJournal Of Environmental ManagementBarton, D. N.; Faith, D. P.; Rusch, G. M.; Acevedo, H.; Paniagua, L.; Castro, M.2009The cost-efficiency of payments for environmental services (PES) to private landowners in the Osa Conservation Area, Costa Rica, is evaluated in terms of the trade-off between biodiversity representation and opportunity costs of conservation to agriculturagriculture
Managing Fisheries Resources in Danajon Bank, Bohol, Philippines: An Ecosystem-Based ApproachCoastal ManagementArmada, Nygiel; White, Alan T.; Christie, Patrick2009The Danajon Bank double barrier reef, located off northern Bohol Island of central Philippines, is the focus of this case study on ecosystem-based management (EBM). Fisheries management is relatively new in the area, particularly the aspect of managing .
Scaling Up Local Government Initiatives Toward Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management in Southeast Cebu Island, PhilippinesCoastal ManagementEisma-Osorio, Rose-Liza; Amolo, Rizaller C.; Maypa, Aileen P.; White, Alan T.; Christie, Patrick2009The Philippines adopts a highly decentralized approach to coastal management. Each municipal authority exercises management powers and responsibilities over their 15-km municipal waters. Nevertheless, in some areas like Southeast Cebu in Central Philippin
A high altitude observation of the Beautiful Firetail Stagonopleura bella from East Gippsland, VictoriaCorellaAntos, M. J., J. A. Fitzsimons, and G. has been little research on the ecological requirements of the Beautiful Firetail Stagonopleura bella, and its habitat preferences are poorly understood. On mainland Australia, the Beautiful Firetail is generally considered to be a bird of coastal r
Another case of cryptic diversity in poison frogs (Dendrobatidae: Ameerega) - description of a new species from BoliviaZootaxaLotters, S., A. Schmitz, S. Reichle, D. Rodder, and V.,South%20America-Climate%20Monitoring%20and%20Adaptation%20Integrated%20across%20Regions%20and%20Disciplines,Chapter%2003-14.pdfThis chapter provides an overview and summary of ongoing ALARM research in the South American Andes. ALARM helped to set up the first network for monitoring the impact of climate change in the Andes of Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia and Peru, following GLOR
South America: Climate Monitoring and Adaptation Integrated Across Regions and DisciplinesHalloy, S. R. P., K. Yager, C. Garc’a, S. Beck, J. Carilla, A. Tupayachi Herrera, J. J‡come, R. I. Meneses, J. Farf‡n, A. Seimon, T. A. Seimon, P. Rodr’guez, S. Cuello, and A.,South%20America-Climate%20Monitoring%20and%20Adaptation%20Integrated%20across%20Regions%20and%20Disciplines,Chapter%2003-14.pdfThis chapter provides an overview and summary of ongoing ALARM research in the South American Andes. ALARM helped to set up the first network for monitoring the impact of climate change in the Andes of Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia and Peru, following GLOR
Tropical Marine EBM Feasibility: A Synthesis of Case Studies and Comparative AnalysesCoastal ManagementChristie, Patrick; Pollnac, Richard B.; Fluharty, David L.; Hixon, Mark A.; Lowry, Gordon K.; Mahon, Robin; Pietri, Diana; Tissot, Brian N.; White, Alan T.; Armada, Nygiel; Eisma-Osorio, Rose-Liza2009This overview compares and synthesizes the articles of this theme issue. It highlights that progress has been made toward the goals of marine ecosystem-based management (EBM) in tropical regions. Four key findings are presented:(1) Tailoring EBM to specif
Spatial optimization of protected area placement incorporating ecological, social and economical criteriaEcological ModellingChristensen, Villy; Ferdana, Zach; Steenbeek, Jeroen2009We describe two approaches for spatial optimization of protected area placement, both based on maximizing an objective function that incorporates ecological, social, and economical criteria. Of these, a seed cell selection procedure works by evaluating .
Why do we fly? Ecologists' sins of emissionFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentFox, Helen E.; Kareiva, Peter; Silliman, Brian; Hitt, Jessica; Lytle, David A.; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Hawkes, Christine V.; Lawler, Joshua; Neel, Maile; Olden, Julian D.; Schlaepfer, Martin A.; Smith, Katherine; Tallis, Heather2009We write to address an increasingly unsustainable paradox: a hallmark of modern science is frequent air travel, but the realities of global climate change will force us to find creative and constructive ways to reduce our carbon emissions (IPCC 1999; Paca
Fire in Paramo Ecosystems of Central and South AmericaHorn, S. P., and M. Kappelle2009We write to address an increasingly unsustainable paradox: a hallmark of modern science is frequent air travel, but the realities of global climate change will force us to find creative and constructive ways to reduce our carbon emissions (IPCC 1999; Paca
Using science to assign value to natureFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentRuffo, S., and P. Kareiva2009
US Natural Resources and Climate Change: Concepts and Approaches for Management AdaptationEnvironmental ManagementWest, Jordan M.; Julius, Susan H.; Kareiva, Peter; Enquist, Carolyn; Lawler, Joshua J.; Petersen, Brian; Johnson, Ayana E.; Shaw, M. Rebecca2009
Lichens and Related Fungi of Pine Bluff Arsenal, ArkansasOpuscula PhilolichenumLadd, Douglas2009
Response of Bird Populations to Farmland Set-Aside ProgramsConservation BiologyHerkert, James R.2009agriculture
Landscape ecology as a foundation for sustainable conservationLandscape EcologyWiens, John A.2009
Climate Change and River Ecosystems: Protection and Adaptation OptionsEnvironmental ManagementPalmer, Margaret A.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; Poff, N. LeRoy; Postel, Sandra L.; Richter, Brian; Warner, Richard2009
Are We Missing the Boat ? Collaborative Solutions for North American Fish WarsConservation BiologyGleason, Mary; Cook, Chuck; Bell, Michael; Feller, Erika2009
Featured collection on instream flows Ð recent advances and the road aheadJournal of the American Water Resources AssociationRichter, B. D., K. Williams, and P. Aarrestad2009
Introduction: Featured Collection on Instream Flows-Recent Advances and the Road Ahead1Journal of the American Water Resources AssociationRichter, Brian; Williams, Kathleen; Aarrestad, Peter2009
Climate Change, Coral Reef Ecosystems, and Management Options for Marine Protected AreasEnvironmental ManagementKeller, Brian D.; Gleason, Daniel F.; McLeod, Elizabeth; Woodley, Christa M.; Airame, Satie; Causey, Billy D.; Friedlander, Alan M.; Grober-Dunsmore, Rikki; Johnson, Johanna E.; Miller, Steven L.; Steneck, Robert S.2009
Conducting an interdisciplinary workshop on climate change: facilitating awareness and adaptation in Sajama National Park, BoliviaYager, K., D. Ulloa, and S. R. P. Halloy2009
Finding Common Ground: How Advocacy Coalitions Succeed in Protecting Environmental Flows1Journal of the American Water Resources AssociationSmith, Mark P.2009
Is nest predation on two endangered bird species higher in habitats preferred by snakes?EcoscienceSperry, Jinelle H.; Cimprich, David A.; Peak, Rebecca G.; Weatherhead, Patrick J.2009
Ecosystem service demand and supply along the urban-to-rural gradientJournal of Conservation PlanningMcDonald, R. I2009
Book review: Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Tropical and Sub-Tropical ForestsPhotogrammetric Engineering And Remote SensingSchill, S. R2009
Cave Pygmarrhopalites Vargovitsh, 2009 (Collembola, Symphypleona, Arrhopalitidae) in United StatesZootaxaZeppelini, Douglas; Taylor, Steven J.; Slay, Michael E.2009
A systematic evaluation of the conservation plans for the Pantanal wetland in BrazilWetlandsLourival, R., H. McCallum, G. Grigg, C. Arcangelo, R. Machado, and H. Possingham2009
Sustainable water use: can certification show the way?InnovationsRichter, B2009
Integrating conservation and development in the field: Implementing ecosystem service projectsFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentTallis, H., R. Goldman, M. Uhl, and B. Brosi2009
Carbon payments as a safeguard for threatened tropical mammalsConservation LettersVenter, O., E. Meijaard, H. P. Possingham, R. Dennis, D. Sheil, S. Wich, L. Hovani, and K. Wilson2009
Carbon payments as a safeguard for threatened tropical mammalsConservation LettersVenter, Oscar; Meijaard, Erik; Possingham, Hugh P.; Dennis, Rona; Sheil, Douglas; Wich, Serge; Hovani, Lex; Wilson, Kerrie2009
Quantifying activated floodplains on a lowland regulated river: its application to floodplain restoration in the Sacramento ValleySan Francisco Estuary and Watershed ScienceWilliams, P. B., E. Andrews, J. J. Opperman, S. Bozkurt, and P. B. Moyle2009
Evaluating conservation spending for species return: A retrospective analysis in CaliforniaConservation LettersUnderwood, Emma C.; Klausmeyer, Kirk R.; Morrison, Scott A.; Bode, Michael; Shaw, M. Rebecca2009
La planificaci—n sistem‡tica como instrumento para la conservaci—n de la biodiversidad: Experiencias recientes y desaf’os en Costa RicaRecursos Naturales y AmbienteHerrera, B., and B.
Selecting and conserving lands for biodiversity: The role of remote sensingRemote Sensing Of EnvironmentWiens, John; Sutter, Robert; Anderson, Mark; Blanchard, Jon; Barnett, Analie; Aguilar-Amuchastegui, Naikoa; Avery, Chadwick; Laine,
Wood Energy: The Dangers of Combustion ResponseScienceRichter, Daniel de B., Jr.; Jenkins, Dylan H.; Karakash, John T.; Knight, Josiah; Mccreery, Lew R.; Nemestothy, Kasimir P.2009
New species of Metynnis Cope, 1878 (Characiformes: Characidae) from the Rio Paraguay Basin, Mato Grosso State, BrazilNeotropical IchthyologyOta, R. P., C. S. Pavanelli, and P. Petry2009
The coral reef crisis: The critical importance of 350 ppm CO2Marine Pollution BulletinVeron, J. E. N.; Hoegh-Guldberg, O.; Lenton, T. M.; Lough, J. M.; Obura, D. O.; Pearce-Kelly, P.; Sheppard, C. R. C.; Spalding, M.; Stafford-Smith, M. G.; Rogers, A. D.2009
Characterizing environmental flows for maintenance of river ecosystems: North Fork Cache La Poudre River, ColoradoManagement and Restoration of Fluvial Systems with Broad Historical Changes and Human ImpactsRathburn, S. L., D. M. Merritt, E. E. Wohl, J. S. Sanderson, and H. A. L. Knight2009
Sea-level rise research and dialogue in North Carolina: Creating windows for policy changeOcean and Coastal ManagementPoulter, Benjamin; Feldman, Rebecca L.; Brinson, Mark M.; Horton, Benjamin P.; Orbach, Michael K.; Pearsall, Samuel H.; Reyes, Enrique; Riggs, Stanley R.; Whitehead, John C.2009
Contemporary Approaches For Small-Scale Oyster Reef Restoration To Address Substrate Versus Recruitment Limitation: A Review And Comments Relevant For The Olympia Oyster, Ostrea Lurida Carpenter 1864Journal of Shellfish ResearchBrumbaugh, Robert D.; Coen, Loren D.2009
Sustainable Floodplains Through Large-Scale Reconnection to RiversScienceOpperman, Jeffrey J.; Galloway, Gerald E.; Fargione, Joseph; Mount, Jeffrey F.; Richter, Brian D.; Secchi, Silvia2009
Tracking Progress Toward the 2010 Biodiversity Target and BeyondScienceWalpole, Matt; Almond, Rosamunde E. A.; Besancon, Charles; Butchart, Stuart H. M.; Campbell-Lendrum, Diarmid; Carr, Genevieve M.; Collen, Ben; Collette, Linda; Davidson, Nick C.; Dulloo, Ehsan; Fazel, Asghar M.; Galloway, James N.; Gill, Michael; Goverse,2009
The promise and pitfalls of systematic conservation planningProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesMcDonald, Robert I.2009
Effect of Biological Control on Leafy Spurge (Euphorbia esula) and Diversity of Associated Grasslands Over 14 YearsInvasive Plant Science and ManagementLesica, Peter; Hanna, Dave2009
Marxan with Zones: Software for optimal conservation based land- and sea-use zoningEnvironmental Modelling & SoftwareWatts, M. E., I. R. Ball, R. S. Stewart, C. J. Klein, K. Wilson, C. Steinback, R. Lourival, L. Kircher, and H. P. Possingham2009
Decaying wood and tree regeneration in the Acadian Forest of Maine, USAForest Ecology and ManagementWeaver, Jamie K.; Kenefic, Laura S.; Seymour, Robert S.; Brissette, John C.2009
Identification of endangered Hawaiian ducks (Anas wyvilliana), introduced North American mallards (A. platyrhynchos) and their hybrids using multilocus genotypesConservation GeneticsFowler, Ada C.; Eadie, John M.; Engilis, Andrew, Jr.2009
Biomass and Stand Characteristics of a Highly Productive Mixed Douglas-Fir and Western Hemlock Plantation in Coastal WashingtonWestern Journal Of Applied ForestryHarrison, Robert B.; Terry, Thomas A.; Licata, Christopher W.; Flaming, Barry L.; Meade, Rod; Guerrini, Irae A.; Strahm, Brian D.; Xue, Dongsen; Lolley, M. Reese; Sidell, Amy R.; Wagoner, Gage L.; Briggs, David; Turnblom, Eric C.2009
Assessment of threats to ecosystems in South AmericaJournal for Nature ConservationAndy Jarvis, Jerome L. Touval, Mauricio Castro Schmitz, Leonardo Sotomayor, Glenn Graham Hyman2009
Why we should aim for zero extinctionTrends in Ecology and EvolutionParr, Michael J.; Bennun, Leon; Boucher, Tim; Brooks, Tom; Chutas, Constantino Aucca; Dinerstein, Eric; Drummond, Glaucia Marie; Eken, Guven; Fenwick, George; Foster, Matt; Martinez-Gomez, Juan E.; Mittermeier, Russell; Molur, Sanjay2009
Past, present, and future. Economic impacts of invasive species in forestsAnnals of the New York Academy of SciencesHolmes, T. P., J. E. Aukema, B. Von Holle, A. Liebhold, and E. Sillse2009
Economic Impacts of Invasive Species in Forests Past, Present, and FutureHolmes, Thomas P.; Aukema, Juliann E.; Von Holle, Betsy; Liebhold, Andrew; Sills, Erin2009
Threats and biodiversity in the mediterranean biomeDiversity and DistributionsUnderwood, Emma C.; Viers, Joshua H.; Klausmeyer, Kirk R.; Cox, Robin L.; Shaw, M. Rebecca2009
Population Dynamics of Long-tailed Ducks Breeding on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, AlaskaArcticSchamber, Jason L.; Flint, Paul L.; Grand, J. Barry; Wilson, Heather M.; Morse, Julie A.2009
La Planificacion Sistem‡tica en çreas Protegidas y Corredores Biol—gicos de Costa Rica: Experiencias y DesafiosRecursos Naturales y AmbienteHerrera, B. and Finegan,
Status of coastal and marine resources: Implications for fisheries management and poverty in Southeast AsiaWhite, A2009
The Arkansas Endemic Fauna: An Update With Additions, Deletions, A Synthesis Of New Distributional Records, And Changes In NomenclatureTexas Journal Of ScienceMcAllister, Chris T.; Robison, Henry W.; Slay, Michael E.2009
Identificaci—n de vac’os en la representatividad de ecosistemas terrestres en el Sistema Nacional de çreas Protegidas de Costa RicaRecursos Naturales y AmbienteArias, E., O. Chac—n, G. Induni, B. Herrera, H. Acevedo, L. Corrales, J. R. Barborak, M. Coto, J. Cubero, and P. Paaby2009
Sensitivity of winter chill models for fruit and nut trees to climatic changes in California's Central ValleyAgriculture Ecosystems and EnvironmentLuedeling, E., M. Zhang, V. Luedeling, and E. H. Girvetz2009
A predictive model of burn severity based on 20-year satellite-inferred burn severity data in a large southwestern US wilderness areaForest Ecology and ManagementHolden, Zachary A.; Morgan, Penelope; Evans, Jeffrey S.2009
Post-fire tree stress and growth following smoldering duff firesForest Ecology and ManagementVarner, J. Morgan; Putz, Francis E.; O'Brien, Joseph J.; Hiers, J. Kevin; Mitchell, Robert J.; Gordon, Doria R.2009
Habitat expansion and contraction in anchovy and sardine populationsProgress In OceanographyBarange, Manuel; Coetzee, Janet; Takasuka, Akinori; Hill, Kevin; Gutierrez, Mariano; Oozeki, Yoshioki; van der Lingen, Carl; Agostini, Vera2009
Changes in biodiversity patterns in the High Andes - Understanding the consequences and seeking adaptation to global changeMountain Forum BulletinSeimon, A., K. Yager, T. Seimon, S. Schmidt, A. Grau, S. Beck, C. Garc’a, A. Tupayachi, P. Sowell, J. Touval, and S. Halloy2009
Mapping snags and understory shrubs for a LiDAR-based assessment of wildlife habitat suitabilityRemote Sensing Of EnvironmentMartinuzzi, Sebastian; Vierling, Lee A.; Gould, William A.; Falkowski, Michael J.; Evans, Jeffrey S.; Hudak, Andrew T.; Vierling, Kerri T.2009
Patterns of plant community structure within and among primary and second-growth northern hardwood forest standsForest Ecology and ManagementBurton, J. I., E. K. Zenner, L. E. Frelich, and M. W.
Effects of climate on occurrence and size of large fires in a northern hardwood landscape: historical trends, forecasts, and implications for climate change in TŽmiscamingue, QuŽbecApplied Vegetation ScienceDrever, C. R., Y. Bergeron, M. C. Drever, M. Flannigan, T. Logan, and C. Messier2009
The loss of natural habitats and the addition of artificial substrataL Airoldi, SD Connell, MW Beck2009
Yuman fringe-toed lizard. In Lizards of the American Southwest: a Photographic Field GuideTurner, D.S., Rorabaugh, J.C.2009
Scaling Up to Networks of Marine Protected Areas in the Philippines: Biophysical, Legal, Institutional, and Social ConsiderationsCoastal ManagementLowry, G. K.; White, A. T.; Christie, P.2009
Conserving Connectivity: Some Lessons from Mountain Lions in Southern CaliforniaConservation BiologyMorrison, Scott A.; Boyce, Walter M.2009
Fire on Guadalupe Island reveals some old wounds Ð and new opportunityFremontiaOberbauer, T., L. Luna Mendoza, N. Citlali Oliveres, L. Barbosa Deveze, I. Granillo Duarte, and S. A. Morrison2009
Orangutan population biology, life history, and conservation. Perspectives from population viability analysis modelsMarshall, A. J., R. Lacy, M. Ancrenaz, O. Byers, S. Husson, M. Leighton, E. Meijaard, N. Rosen, I. Singleton, S. Stephens, K. Traylor-Holzer, S. U. Atmoko, C. P. van Schaik, and S. A. Wich2009
Why climate change makes riparian restoration more important than ever: Recommendations for practice and researchEcological RestorationSeavy, N. E., T. Gardali, G. H. Golet, F. T. Griggs, C. A. Howell, T. R. Kelsey, S. Small, J. H. Viers, and J. F. Weigand2009
Healing small-scale fisheries by facilitating complex socio-ecological systemsReviews in Fish Biology and FisheriesMcClanahan, Timothy R.; Castilla, Juan Carlos; White, Alan T.; Defeo, Omar2009
Simulating dynamic and mixed-severity fire regimes: A process-based fire extension for LANDIS-IIEcological ModellingSturtevant, Brian R.; Scheller, Robert M.; Miranda, Brian R.; Shinneman, Douglas; Syphard, Alexandra2009
Population attributes of an Endangered mussel, Epioblasma torulosa rangiana (Northern Riffleshell), in French Creek and implications for its recoveryNortheastern NaturalistCrabtree, D. L., and T. A.
Diversity, conservation status and threats to native oysters (Ostreidae) around the Atlantic and Caribbean coasts of South AmericaAquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater EcosystemsA Carranza, O Defeo, M Beck2009
Linking fisheries management and conservation in bioengineering species&#58; the case of South American mussels (Mytilidae)Reviews in Fish Biology and FisheriesA Carranza, O Defeo, M Beck, JC Castilla2009
Cambio clim‡tico y ambiental: las consecuencias inesperadas de las decisiones humanasActa Zool—gica LilloanaHalloy, S. R. P., and K. Yager2009
Management under uncertainty: guide-lines for incorporating connectivity into the protection of coral reefsCoral ReefsMcCook, L. J., G. R. Almany, M. L. Berumen, J. C. Day, A. L. Green, G. P. Jones, J. M. Leis, S. Planes, G. R. Russ, P. F. Sale, and S. R. Thorrold2009
Management under uncertainty: guide-lines for incorporating connectivity into the protection of coral reefsCoral ReefsMcCook, L. J.; Almany, G. R.; Berumen, M. L.; Day, J. C.; Green, A. L.; Jones, G. P.; Leis, J. M.; Planes, S.; Russ, G. R.; Sale, P. F.; Thorrold, S. R.2009
Eucalyptus&#58; Promising short-rotation energy crop or invasion invitation?The Florida Forest StewardDemers, C., D. Gordon, and D.L. Rockwood.2009
Strong-Billed Woodcreeper (Xiphyocolaptes Promeropirhynchus) Attempting To Capture A MouseSouthwestern NaturalistPeak, Rebecca G.; Perez, Selvin E.; Herrera, Pablo2009
Designing marine protected area networks to address the impacts of climate changeFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentMcLeod, Elizabeth; Salm, Rodney; Green, Alison; Almany, Jeanine2009
Las redes de conectividad como base para la planificaci—n de la conservaci—n de la biodiversidad: propuesta para Costa RicaRecursos Naturales y AmbienteArias, E., O. Chac—n, B. Herrera, G. Induni, H. Acevedo, M. Coto, and J. R.
Areas naturales protegidas y desarrollo social en Mexico, en Capital Natural de MexicoBezaury-Creel, J., D. GutiŽrrez Carbonell, and et al2009CONABIO, Mexico
Understanding and managing human threats to the coastal marine environmentAnnals of the New York Academy of SciencesCM Crain, BS Halpern, MW Beck, CV Kappel2009
Factors Affecting Golden-Cheeked Warbler Nest Survival in Urban and Rural LandscapesJournal of Wildlife ManagementReidy, Jennifer L.; Thompson, Frank R., III; Peak, Rebecca G.2009
Identification of a spatially efficient portfolio of priority conservation sites in marine and estuarine areas of FloridaAquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater EcosystemsL Geselbracht, R Torres, GS Cumming, D Dorfman, M Beck, D Shaw2009
Modeling multiple ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation, commodity production, and tradeoffs at landscape scalesFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentNelson, Erik; Mendoza, Guillermo; Regetz, James; Polasky, Stephen; Tallis, Heather; Cameron, D. Richard; Chan, Kai M. A.; Daily, Gretchen C.; Goldstein, Joshua; Kareiva, Peter M.; Lonsdorf, Eric; Naidoo, Robin; Ricketts, Taylor H.; Shaw, M. Rebecca2009
Relative abundance, habitat use, and longterm population changes of wintering and resident landbirds on St. John, U.S. Virgin IslandsWilson Journal of OrnithologySteadman, D. W., J. R. Montambault, S. K. Robinson, S. N. Oswalt, T. J. Brandeis, A. G. Londono, M. J. Reetz, W. M. Schelsky, N. A. Wright, J. P. Hoover, J. Jankowski, A. W. Kratter, A. E. Martinez, and J. Smith2009
Orangutan nest surveys: the devil is in the detailsOryxMarshall, A. J., and E. Meijaard2009
Expanding the Global Network of Protected Areas to Save the Imperiled Mediterranean BiomeConservation BiologyUnderwood, Emma C.; Klausmeyer, Kirk R.; Cox, Robin L.; Busby, Sylvia M.; Morrison, Scott A.; Shaw, M. Rebecca2009
Dise–o de una red ecol—gica de conservaci—n entre la Reserva de Biosfera La Amistad y las ‡reas protegidas del çrea de Conservaci—n Osa, Costa RicaRecursos Naturales y AmbienteCŽspedes, M. V., B. Finegan, B. Herrera, L. D. Delgado, S. Vel‡squez, and J. J.
A cross-comparison of field, spectral, and lidar estimates of forest canopy coverCanadian Journal Of Remote SensingSmith, Alistair M. S.; Falkowski, Michael J.; Hudak, Andrew T.; Evans, Jeffrey S.; Robinson, Andrew P.; Steele, Caiti M.2009
Quantifying Eradication Success: the Removal of Feral Pigs from Santa Cruz Island, CaliforniaConservation BiologyRamsey, David S. L.; Parkes, John; Morrison, Scott A.2009
Integration of regional mitigation assessment and conservation planningEcology and SocietyThorne, J. H., P. Huber, E. H. Girvetz, J. F. Quinn, and M. C. McCoy2009
Progress and challenges in freshwater conservation planningAquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater EcosystemsNel, Jeanne L.; Roux, Dirk J.; Abell, Robin; Ashton, Peter J.; Cowling, Richard M.; Higgins, Jonathan V.; Thieme, Michele; Viers, Joshua H.2009
Sustaining Our Natural Heritage: Ten (Suggested) Conservation CommandmentsMissouriensisLadd, Douglas2009
Pragmatism and Practice in Classifying Threats: Reply to Balmford et al.Conservation BiologySalafsky, Nick; Butchart, Stuart H. M.; Salzer, Daniel; Stattersfield, Alison J.; Neugarten, Rachel; Hilton-Taylor, Craig; Collen, Ben; Master, Lawrence L.; O'Connor, Sheila; Wilkie, David2009
El monitoreo de la efectividad del manejo de corredores biol—gicos. Una herramienta basada en la experiencia de los comitŽs de gesti—n en Costa RicaRecursos Naturales y AmbienteCanet, L., B. Finegan, C. Bouroncle, I. GutiŽrrez, and B.
Environmental correlates for tropical tree diversity and distribution patterns in BorneoBiodiversity and ConservationSlik, J. W. F., N. Raes, S.-I. Aiba, F. Q. Brearley, C. H. Cannon, E. Meijaard, H. Nagamasu, R. Nilus, G. Paoli, A. D. Poulsen, D. Sheil, E. Suzuki, J. L. C. H. v. Valkenburg, C. O. Webb, P. Wilkie, and S. Wulffraat2009
Using Remote Sensing to Evaluate the Influence of Grassland Restoration Activities on Ecosystem Forage Provisioning ServicesRestoration EcologyMalmstrom, Carolyn M.; Butterfield, H. Scott; Barber, Christopher; Dieter, Barbara; Harrison, Richard; Qi, Jiaquo; Riano, David; Schrotenboer, Abbie; Stone, Scott; Stoner, Chantal J.; Wirka, Jeanne2009
Carbon Storage Of Bottomland Hardwood Afforestation In The Lower Mississippi Valley, UsaWetlandsShoch, David T.; Kaster, Gary; Hohl, Aaron; Souter, Ray2009
Environmental Correlates of Reproductive Success for Introduced Resident Whooping Cranes in FloridaWaterbirdsSpalding, Marilyn G.; Folk, Martin J.; Nesbitt, Stephen A.; Folk, Monica L.; Kiltie, Richard2009
New State Record And Western Range Extension For Pseudosinella Dubia Christiansen (Collembola: Entomobryidae) From Oklahoma, UsaEntomological NewsSlay, Michael E.; Graening, G. O.; Fenolio, Dante B.2009
Planificaci—n y desarrollo de estrategias para la conservaci—n de la biodiversidad en MŽxicoMarch, I. J., M. A. Carvajal, R. M. Vidal, E. J. San Rom‡n, and G. Ruiz2009
One Hundred Questions of Importance to the Conservation of Global Biological DiversityConservation BiologySutherland, W. J.; Adams, W. M.; Aronson, R. B.; Aveling, R.; Blackburn, T. M.; Broad, S.; Ceballos, G.; Cote, I. M.; Cowling, R. M.; Da Fonseca, G. A. B.; Dinerstein, E.; Ferraro, P. J.; Fleishman, E.; Gascon, C.; Hunter, M., Jr.; Hutton, J.; Kareiva, P.2009
Fire in tropical pine ecosystemsMyers, R. L., and D. A. Rodr’guez-Trejo2009
Lista preliminar de los Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) en BoliviaKempffianaGareca, Y., S. Reichle, and R. Robbins2009
Projected climate-induced faunal change in the Western HemisphereEcologyLawler, Joshua J.; Shafer, Sarah L.; White, Denis; Kareiva, Peter; Maurer, Edwin P.; Blaustein, Andrew R.; Bartlein, Patrick J.2009
Local and landscape effects on butterfly density in northern Idaho grasslands and forestsJournal of Insect ConservationPocewicz, Amy; Morgan, Penelope; Eigenbrode, Sanford D.2009
Inuit and Marine MammalsJensen, Anne M.; Sheehan, Glenn W.; MacLean, Stephen A.2009
Urban effects, distance, and protected areas in an urbanizing worldLandscape and Urban PlanningMcdonald, Robert I.; Forman, Richard T. T.; Kareiva, Peter; Neugarten, Rachel; Salzer, Dan; Fisher,
A Critical Analysis of Ecosystem Services as a Tool in Conservation Projects The Possible Perils, the Promises, and the PartnershipsGoldman, Rebecca L.; Tallis, Heather2009
The Herpetofauna of the Camp Shelby Joint Forces Training Center in the Gulf Coastal Plain of MississippiSoutheastern NaturalistLee, James R.2009
An‡lisis de vac’os y omisiones en conservaci—n en MŽxicoCapital Natural de MexicoKoleff, P., M. Tambutti, I. March, R. Esquivel, C. Cantœ, and A. Lira-Noriega2009
Sasi and Marine Conservation in Raja Ampat, IndonesiaCoastal ManagementMcLeod, Elizabeth; Szuster, Brian; Salm, Rodney2009
El monitoreo ecol—gico como herramienta de manejo para la conservaci—n. Bases conceptuales y estructura del Programa de Monitoreo Ecol—gico Terrestre en çreas Protegidas y Corredores Biol—gicos de Costa RicaRecursos Naturales y AmbienteFinegan, B., M. CŽspedes AgŸero, S. E. Sesnie, B. Herrera, G. Induni, J. S‡enz, J. Ugalde, and G. Wong2009
Gradient modeling of conifer species using random forestLandscape EcologyEvans, J. S., and S. A.
Reproductive ecology of the scleractinian corals Echinopora gemmacea and Leptoria phrygia (Faviidae) on equatorial reefs in KenyaInvertebrate Reproduction & DevelopmentMangubhai, Sangeeta2009
Factors Impacting Condition And Spawning Of The Northern Quahog (Mercenaria Mercenaria): Implications For Restoration.Journal of Shellfish ResearchDoall, Michael H.; Padilla, Dianna K.; Lobue, Carl2009
Is It Possible To Restore Mercenaria Mercenaria To Great South Bay, Ny After 30 Years Of Decline?Journal of Shellfish ResearchLobue, Carl; Clapp, Chris; Doall, Mike; Carrano, Tom; Goldner, Emily2009
Association of Bisphenol A With Diabetes and Other AbnormalitiesJama-Journal Of The American Medical AssociationHoward, Sarah; Howard, Timothy G.2009
Fumarole-supported island of biodiversity within a hyperarid, high-elevation landscape on Socompa Volcano, Puna de Atacama, AndesApplied and Environmental MicrobiologyCostello, E. K., S. R. P. Halloy, S. C. Reed, P. Sowell, and S. K.
Surviving urbanization: Maintaining bird species diversity in urban MelbourneVictorian NaturalistWhite, J. G., J. A. Fitzsimons, C. G. Palmer, and M. J. Antos2009
State-level variation in conservation investment by a major nongovernmental organizationConservation LettersFishburn, I. S., P. Kareiva, K. J. Gaston, K. L. Evans, and P. R.
Use of GIS to Prioritize Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) Control on Camp Shelby Joint Forces Training Center, MississippiInvasive Plant Science and ManagementYager, Lisa Y.; Smith, Matt2009
Bioenergy and wildlife: Threats and opportunities for grassland conservationBioScienceFargione, J., T. R. Cooper, D. J. Flaspohler, J. Hill, C. Lehman, T. McCoy, S. McLeod, E. J. Nelson, K. S. Oberhauser, and D.
Effects of Fuel Treatments on Fire Severity in an Area of Wildland-Urban Interface, Angora Fire, Lake Tahoe Basin, CaliforniaForest Ecology and ManagementSafford, H. D., D. A. Schmidt, and C. H. Carlson2009
A Framework for Implementing Biodiversity Offsets: Selecting Sites and Determining ScaleBioScienceKiesecker, Joseph M.; Copeland, Holly; Pocewicz, Amy; Nibbelink, Nate; Mckenney, Bruce; Dahlke, John; Holloran, Matt; Stroud, Dan2009
Solving mammalian riddles along the Indochinese-Sundaic zoogeographic transition: new insights from mammalian biogeographyJournal of BiogeographyMeijaard, Erik2009
Trajectories and magnitude of change in coral reef fish populations in Philippine marine reserves: a meta-analysisCoral ReefsMaliao, R. J.; White, A. T.; Maypa, A. P.; Turingan, R. G.2009
Lichens and related fungi of Highstead Arboretum, Fairfield County, ConnecticutOpuscula PhilolichenumDOUGLAS LADD, RICHARD C. HARRIS, WILLIAM R. BUCK2009
Land Manager and Researcher Perspectives on Invasive Plant Research Needs in the Midwestern United StatesInvasive Plant Science and ManagementRenz, Mark; Gibson, Kevin D.; Hillmer, Jennifer; Howe, Katherine M.; Waller, Donald M.; Cardina, John2009
Sensitivity of amounts and distribution of tropical forest carbon credits depending on baseline rulesEnvironmental Science & PolicyGriscom, Bronson; Shoch, David; Stanley, Bill; Cortez, Rane; Virgilio, Nicole2009
Biodiversity and conservation of Lake Huron's islandsAquatic Ecosystem Health & ManagementKraus, Dan; Henson, Bonnie; Ewert, Dave2009
Effects of agricultural drainage on aquatic ecosystems: a reviewCritical Reviews in Environmental Science and TechnologyBlann, K. L., J. L. Anderson, G. R. Sands, and B. Vondracek2009agriculture
LiDAR Utility for Natural Resource ManagersRemote SensingHudak, Andrew Thomas; Evans, Jeffrey Scott; Smith, Alistair Matthew Stuart2009
Evaluating terrestrial cumulative impacts of road improvement projects for long-term advanced mitigation assessment in California, USAEnvironmental ManagementThorne, J. H., E. H. Girvetz, and M. C. McCoy2009
Effect of count duration on abundance estimates of Black-capped VireosJournal of Field OrnithologyCimprich, D. A2009
Effect of count duration on abundance estimates of Black-capped VireosJournal of Field OrnithologyCimprich, David A.2009
Comparing Locally Derived BpS and LANDFIRE Geo-Layers in the Wassuk Range, NVFire EcologyProvencher, L, K. Blankenship, J. Smith, J. Campbell, and M. Polly2009
Effects of Air Pollution on Ecosystems and Biological Diversity in the Eastern United StatesLovett, Gary M.; Tear, Timothy H.; Evers, David C.; Findlay, Stuart E. G.; Cosby, B. Jack; Dunscomb, Judy K.; Driscoll, Charles T.; Weathers, Kathleen C.2009
Declining winter chill for fruit and nut trees in CaliforniaPLoS ONELuedeling, E., M. Zhang, and E. H. Girvetz2009
Energy sprawl or energy efficiency: Climate policy impacts on natural habitat for the United States of AmericaPLoS ONEMcDonald, R. I., J. Fargione, J. Kiesecker, W. M. Miller, and J. Powell2009
The impact of nature experience on willingness to support conservationPLoS ONEZaradic, P. A., O. R. W. Pergams, and P. Kareiva2009
Mapping Oil and Gas Development Potential in the US Intermountain West and Estimating Impacts to SpeciesPLoS ONECopeland, Holly E.; Doherty, Kevin E.; Naugle, David E.; Pocewicz, Amy; Kiesecker, Joseph M.2009
Reconstruction Of Pleistocene Southeast Asian Environments Through Megafauna Community AnalysisJournal Of Vertebrate PaleontologyLouys, Julien; Meijaard, Erik2009
The impacts and opportunities of oil palm in Southeast Asia. What do we know and what do we need to know?CIFOR Occasional PaperSheil, D., A. Casson, E. Meijaard, M. van Noordwijk, J. Gaskell, J. Sunderland-Groves, K. Wertz, and M.
The Fate of Coho Salmon Nomads: The Story of an Estuarine-Rearing Strategy Promoting ResilienceEcology and SocietyKoski, K. V.2009
Climate Change, Habitat Loss, Protected Areas and the Climate Adaptation Potential of Species in Mediterranean Ecosystems WorldwidePLoS ONEKlausmeyer, Kirk R.; Shaw, M. Rebecca2009
Energy Sprawl or Energy Efficiency: Climate Policy Impacts on Natural Habitat for the United States of AmericaPLoS ONEMcDonald, Robert I.; Fargione, Joseph; Kiesecker, Joe; Miller, William M.; Powell, Jimmie2009
Intuitive simulation, querying, and visualization for river basin policy and managementIbm Journal Of Research And DevelopmentEckman, B.; West, P. C.; Barford, C.; Raber, G.2009
The National Fish Habitat Action Plan: A partnership approach to protect and restore fish populationsJournal of the American Water Works AssociationHiggins, J. V2009
Applications of the Ecological Limits of Hydrologic Alteration (ELOHA) in the United StatesKendy E, Sanderson JS, Olden JD, Apse CD, DePhilip MM, Haney JA, Knight RR, Zimmerman JKH.2009
Construcci—n del Cat‡logo Digital de las plantas vasculares, briofitas y l’quenes para los sitios pilotos Gloria-Andes - Propuesta para Discusi—nSalgado, P. S., F. Cuesta, M. T. Becerra, B. Le—n, S. Beck, S. Halloy, M. Gottfried, and H. Pauli2009
Greenhouse gas implications of land use and land conversion to biofuel cropsBiofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land UseRavindranath, N. H., R. Manuvie, J. Fargione, J. G. Canadell, G. Berndes, J. Woods, H. Watson, and J. Sathaye2009
Will a forest carbon deal fuel forest loss?Conservation BiologyVenter, O., J. Watson, E. Meijaard, W. F. Laurance, and H. P. Possingham2009
Investing in natural infrastructure: the economic value of Indonesia's marine & coastal ecosystemsThe Nature Conservancy-Environment Management GroupEmerton, L2009
Tropical montane cloud forests: State of knowledge and sustainability perspectives in a changing worldBruijnzeel, L. A., M. Kappelle, M. Mulligan, and F. N. Scatena2009
So much to do, so little time: identifying priorities for freshwater biodiversity conservation in the United States and BritainHiggins, J. V., and C. Duigan2009
Ecology and use of old-growth and recovering montane oak forest in the Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa RicaHšlscher, D., L. Kšhler, M. Kappelle, and C. Leuschner2009
Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats, 2nd editionWalsh, A. L., and P. A. Morton2009
The Hidden Frontier of Forest Degradation: A Review of the Science, Policy and Practice of Reducing Degradation EmissionsBronson Griscom, David Ganz, Nicole Virgilio, Fran Price, Jeff Hayward, Rane Cortez, Gary Dodge, Jack Hurd, Frank L. Lowenstein, Bill Stanley2009
A predictive tool for implementation of voluntary Codes of Conduct for Botanic Gardens and ArboretaGordon, D.R. and K. Serbesoff-King2009
Opportunities and constraints for intensive agriculture in the Hawaiian archipelago prior to European contactJournal of Archaeological ScienceLadefoged, Thegn N. ; Kirch, Patrick V.; Gon III, Samuel M.; Chadwick, Oliver A.; Hartshorn, Anthony S.; Vitousek, Peter M.2009–land interaction; Agriculture; Pondfields; Rain-fed agriculture; Hawai'i; GIS
Lessons from the prairie: research at The Nature Conservancy's Tallgrass Prairie Pre­serveAllen, M.S., R.G. Hamilton, U. Melcher, and M.W. Pal­mer2009, OK
Collaborative Planning Fosters Multiple-benefit Restoration Projects on the Sacramento River.Conservation BiologyGregory H. Golet, Beverley Anderson, Ryan A. Luster, Gregg Werner.2009 were pleased that Buckley and Crone (2008) highlight the importance of understanding societal impacts of restoration in their article entitled “Negative Off-Site Impacts of Ecological Restoration: Understanding and Addressing the Conflict.” This is an important issue that deserves attention in the conservation science literature. We were disappointed, however, in their characterization of how these issues are being dealt with in the context of Sacramento River restoration efforts. Their article overlooks important steps that have been taken over the past two decades to deal with the concerns of agricultural landowners and local communities. They use the Sacramento River as an example of where unaddressed conflicts have shut down restoration efforts. Yet in reality, this is an area where cutting-edge science and stakeholder engagement practices have supported implementation of some of the most progressive river restoration projects ever undertaken. Although Sacramento River riparian restoration has faced some local opposition, the stakeholder engagement forums in the area have fostered a suite of multiple-benefit projects that simultaneously benefit society and the ecosystem.Restoration, Sacramento River
Ecosystem-based Adaptation in Marine and Coastal Ecosystems.Renewable Resources Journal Hale, L.Z., I. Meliane, S. Davidson, T. Sandwith, M. Beck, J. Hoekstra, M. Spalding, S. Murawski, N. Cyr, K. Osgood, M. Hatziolos, P.V. Eijk, N. Davidson, W. Eichbaum, C. Dreus, D. Obura, J. Tamelander, D. Herr, C. McClennen, P. Marshall,2009 change is already impacting the 50% of humanity that lives along coasts Population densities in coastal regions are about three times higher than the global average, with 23 per cent of the world's population living both within 100 kilometer distance of the coast and less than 100 meters above sea level. Sixty percent of the world's cities with a population of over 5 million are located within 100 kilometers of the coast. Many of the world's poorest communities also live along the coast and rely on mangrove and reef-based fisheries for food security and on tourism for foreign exchange, particularly in small islands and tropical developing countries. This, coupled with poor adaptive capacity of the local populations and the governments, makes these areas highly vulnerable.Marine ecosystems, Coastal ecosystems
Coral mortality versus structural collapse as drivers of corallivorous butterflyfish decline.Biodiversity and ConservationGraham, N.A.J., S.K. Wilson, M.S. Pratchett, N.V.C. Polunin, M.D. Spalding2009*~hmac=ad5beb7116e9a2594c812190b50c8e8311a98a8d9f41bd627a0c672d9c546fecAs climate change increasingly threatens biodiversity, identifying specific drivers of species loss as well as the attributes of species most vulnerable to climatic disturbances is a key challenge to ecologists and conservationists. Here we assess the effects of coral loss versus declines in structural complexity on obligate and facultative coral feeding butterflyfishes on coral reefs in the central and western Indian Ocean. In the inner Seychelles, the abundance of the obligate coral feeding group declined markedly in response to live coral mortality (r 2 = 0.48), but showed no further decline with respect to erosion of the physical matrix of the reef. Conversely, the facultative feeding group showed no decline in response to live coral loss, reflecting their feeding versatility; however they did decline in response to structural erosion of the reef framework (r 2 = 0.26). There were no significant changes in either obligate or facultative corallivore abundances at a reference location (Chagos archipelago), highlighting that butterflyfish populations are stable in the absence of habitat disturbance. While specialised coral dependant fishes are highly vulnerable to coral loss caused by climate-induced coral bleaching, the structural collapse of dead coral colonies may have significant, but more variable, impacts across a wide range of fishes. If conservation and mitigation planning are to be effective, there is a clear need to better understand the mechanisms of reef structural collapse and the dynamics of system recovery following large-scale disturbance.
Pelagic SystemsGlobal Open Oceans and Deep Seabed (GOODS) Biogeographic ClassificationSpalding, M., V. Agostini, S. Grant, J. Rice2009 classification was produced by an international and multidisciplinary group of experts under the auspices of a number of international and intergovernmental organizations as well as governments, and under the ultimate umbrella of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and its Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC). The classification is intended to provide technical backstopping to planning and policy decisions related to open ocean and deep seabed areas, while paying special attention to not implying the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of authors, sponsors or associated organizations concerning the legal status of any country, territory or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. oceans, Biogeographic Classification
Detecting and monitoring coral bleaching events.Ecological StudiesSpalding, M.D.2009 and monitoring coral bleaching is considered across three broad spatial scales: remote sensing; field studies; and individual coral colonies and polyps. Remote sensing observations have limitations, although aerial photography offers sufficient resolution for detecting and quantifying bleaching. Much lower resolution SST anomalies have also proved valuable as short-term predictors of bleaching and in post hoc bleaching likelihood indicators for un-surveyed areas. Field based observations offer reliability at the expense of reduced spatial coverage. Nested sampling may allow for generalised observations across all reef zones, while allowing for more accurate quantification at fixed locations. Methods should be devised to facilitate comparison with other monitoring; and must include measures of mortality, recovery and recruitment over time. At the scale of individual colonies a broad array of techniques are available for in situ and field laboratory observations, strengthening our understanding of underlying mechanisms and supporting better predictive modelling of future impacts.coral bleaching
Inundation of freshwater peatlands by sea level rise: Uncertainty and potential carbon cycle feedbacksJournal Of Geophysical Research-BiogeosciencesHenman, Jenny; Poulter, Benjamin2008[2] Peatlands represent an important component of the global carbon cycle due to their influence on carbon storage across different biomes, comprising the largest terrestrial biological carbon pool [Armentano and Menges, 1986;
Hybridization between longnose and alligator gars in captivity, with comments on possible gar hybridization in natureTransactions Of The American Fisheries SocietyHerrington, Steven J.; Hettiger, Kurt N.; Heist, Edward J.; Keeney, Devon B.2008Although hybridization occurs widely in fishes, it has never been recorded in gars. Here, we describe the first known hybrids of the longnose gar Lepisosteus osseus and alligator gar Atractosteus spatula from four specimens spawned in an aquarium
Movements and site fidelity of the giant manta ray, Manta birostris, in the Komodo Marine Park, IndonesiaMarine BiologyDewar, Heidi; Mous, Peter; Domeier, Michael; Muljadi, Andreas; Pet, Jos; Whitty, Jev2008Despite their large size and frequent occurrence in near-shore tropical habitats, little published information is available on the movements and behaviors of the giant manta ray, Manta birostris, and what factors influence visitation patterns. To
Field evidence that ecosystem service projects support biodiversity and diversify optionsProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesGoldman, Rebecca L.; Tallis, Heather; Kareiva, Peter; Daily, Gretchen service approaches to conservation are being championed as a new strategy for conservation, under the hypothesis that they will broaden and deepen support for biodiversity protection. Where traditional approaches focus on setting aside
Lepidoptera of Fort Indiantown Gap National Guard Training Center, Annville, PennsylvaniaNortheastern NaturalistFerster, Betty; Leppo, Betsy Ray; Swartz, Mark T.; Vulinec, Kevina; Habegger, Fred; Mehring, Andrew2008Eighty-one species of butterflies and two-hundred and thirty-seven species of moths were identified from Fort Indiantown Gap, a National Guard training facility in south-central Pennsylvania. The Lepidoptera found here include the last remaining
Strategies for offsetting seasonal impacts of pumping on a nearby streamGround WaterBredehoeft, John; Kendy, Eloise2008Ground water pumping from aquifer systems that are hydraulically connected to streams depletes streamflow. The amplitude and timing of stream depletion depend on the stream depletion factor (SDF i) of the pumping wells, which is a function of aqu
Allerton Park 1983: the beginnings of a paradigm for landscape ecology?Landscape EcologyWiens, John A.2008In 1983, a group of incipient landscape ecologists met to discuss the nature and future directions for landscape ecology. The themes emerging from this conference‰ÛÓmovement of materials, organisms, and energy through a landscape; the genesis of
Distribution and conservation status of the orang-utan (Pongo spp.) on Borneo and Sumatra: how many remain?OryxWich, Serge A.; Meijaard, Erik; Marshall, Andrew J.; Husson, Simon; Ancrenaz, Marc; Lacy, Rolfrt C.; van Schaik, Carel P.; Sugardjito, Jito; Simorangkir, Togu; Traylor-Holzer, Kathy; Doughty, Matt; Supriatna, Jatna; Dennis, Rona; Gumal, Melvin; Knott, Che2008In recognition of the fact that orang-utans (Pongo spp.) are severely threatened, a meeting of orang-utan experts and conservationists, representatives of national and regional governmental and non-governmental organizations, and other stakeholde
Using surrogate species and groups for conservation planning and managementBioScienceWiens, John A.; Hayward, Gregory D.; Holthausen, Richard S.; Wisdom, Michael J.2008In species management and conservation, surrogate species or groups of species can be used as proxies for broader sets of species when the number of species of concern is too great to allow each to be considered individually. However, these surro
Land clearing and the biofuel carbon debtScienceFargione, Joseph; Hill, Jason; Tilman, David; Polasky, Stephen; Hawthorne,;rep=rep1&amp;type=pdfIncreasing energy use, climate change, and carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions from fossil fuels make switching to low-carbon fuels a high priority. Biofuels are a potential low-carbon energy source, but whether biofuels offer carbon savings depends
Does Stem Injection of Glyphosate Control Invasive Knotweeds (Polygonum spp.)? A Comparison of Four MethodsInvasive Plant Science and ManagementHagen, Erin N.; Dunwiddie, Peter W.2008Japanese knotweed, Sakhalin knotweed, and their hybrid, Bohemian knotweed, are invasive across much of the United States. Monocultures formed by these species threaten natural riparian areas, and effective methods of control are being sought. Inj
Intertidal oysters in northern New EnglandNortheastern NaturalistCapone, Mark; Grizzle, Ray; Mathieson, Arthur C.; Odell, Jay2008Little is known about the distribution and ecology of intertidal oysters in northeastern North America. North of Chesapeake Bay, intertidal oysters have either been previously reported as non-existent or only occurring as single oysters or sparse
The persistence and conservation of Borneo's mammals in lowland rain forests managed for timber: observations, overviews and opportunitiesEcological ResearchMeijaard, E.; Sheil, D.2008Lowland rainforests on Borneo are being degraded and lost at an alarming rate. Studies on mammals report species responding in various ways to habitat changes that occur in commercial forestry concessions. Here we draw together information on the
Habitat Complexity, Brain, and BehaviorBrain Behavior and EvolutionShumway, Caroly A.2008More complex brains and behaviors have arisen repeatedly throughout both vertebrate and invertebrate evolution. The challenge is to tease apart the forces underlying such change. In this review, I show how habitat complexity influences both brain
Nutrient and phytoplankton responses to a flood event in a series of interconnected coastal lakes: Myall Lakes AustraliaHydrobiologiaWilson, Joanne2008Myall Lakes is a large brackish coastal lake on the east coast of Australia that was considered pristine until the occurrence of blue-green algal blooms in 1999. The temporal and spatial extent of chemical and biological changes to the water colu
Response of larval lost river and shortnose suckers to wetland restoration at the Williamson River Delta, OregonTransactions Of The American Fisheries SocietyCrandall, John D.; Bach, Leslie B.; Rudd, Nathan; Stern, Mark; Barry, Matt2008Population declines of the federally endangered Lost River sucker Deltistes luxatus and shortnose sucker Chasmistes brevirostris have been linked to several factors, including the loss of larval nursery habitat associated with lake fringe and rip
Coastal dynamic and shoreline mapping: multi-sources spatial data analysis in Semarang IndonesiaEnvironmental Monitoring And AssessmentMarfai, Muh Aris; Almohammad, Hussein; Dey, Sudip; Susanto, Budi; King, Lorenz2008Semarang coastal area has geomorphologically complex processes, such as erosion-sedimentation, land subsidence, and tidal inundation hazard. Multi-years shoreline mapping is considered a valuable task for coastal monitoring and assessment. This p
Floristic study of sand prairie-scrub oak nature preserve, Mason County, IllinoisCastaneaMcClain, William E.; Schwegman, John E.; Strole, Todd A.; Phillippe, Loy R.; Ebinger, John E.2008 590 ha Sand Prairie-Scrub Oak Nature Preserve in Mason County, Illinois contains remnant dry sand prairies, sand savanna, sand forest, and successional fields. Purchased in 1969, the abandoned agricultural fields have been allowed to re-vegetate naturally. The vegetation of a mature dry sand prairie was compared with two successional<br />fields, one 60- and one 30-years-old. The mature dry sand prairie was dominated by Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem), Dichanthelium villosissimum (hairy panic grass),<br />Tephrosia virginiana (goat’s-rue), Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed), and Opuntia humifusa (common pricklypear). Eragrostis trichodes (sand love grass) dominated the 60-year-old successional fields. The 30-year-old successional field was dominated by <br />Eragrostis trichodes, Strophostyles helvula (wild bean), and Monarda punctata (horsemint). A total of 393 vascular plant species were documented for the preserve.agriculture, restoration
An ecosystem services framework to support both practical conservation and economic developmentProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesTallis, Heather; Kareiva, Peter; Marvier, Michelle; Chang, Amy2008The core idea of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment is that the human condition is tightly linked to environmental condition. This assertion suggests that conservation and development projects should be able to achieve both ecological and social
A global map of human impact on marine ecosystemsScienceHalpern, Benjamin S.; Walbridge, Shaun; Selkoe, Kimberly A.; Kappel, Carrie V.; Micheli, Fiorenza; D'Agrosa, Caterina; Bruno, John F.; Casey, Kenneth S.; Ebert, Colin; Fox, Helen E.; Fujita, Rod; Heinemann, Dennis; Lenihan, Hunter S.; Madin, Elizabeth M.2008The management and conservation of the world's oceans require synthesis of spatial data on the distribution and intensity of human activities and the overlap of their impacts on marine ecosystems. We developed an ecosystem-specific, multiscale sp
Reproductive and Early Life History of Nonindigenous Red Shiner in the Chattahoochee River Drainage, GeorgiaSoutheastern NaturalistHerrington, Steven J.; DeVries, Dennis R.2008This study quantified the reproductive and early life-history characteristics of nonindigenous populations of Cyprinella lutrensis (Red Shiner) introduced into two tributaries of the Chattahoochee River, GA. Red Shiners had a maximum age of at le
Predicting land use change: comparison of models based on landowner surveys and historical land cover trendsLandscape EcologyPocewicz, Amy; Nielsen-Pincus, Max; Goldberg, Caren S.; Johnson, Melanie H.; Morgan, Penelope; Force, Jo Ellen; Waits, Lisette P.; Vierling, Lee2008To make informed planning decisions, community leaders, elected officials, scientists, and natural resource managers must be able to evaluate potential effects of policies on land use change. Many land use change models use remotely-sensed images
Freshwater ecoregions of the world: A new map of biogeographic units for freshwater biodiversity conservationBioScienceAbell, Robin; Thieme, Michele L.; Revenga, Carmen; Bryer, Mark; Kottelat, Maurice; Bogutskaya, Nina; Coad, Brian; Mandrak, Nick; Balderas, Salvador Contreras; Bussing, William; Stiassny, Melanie L. J.; Skelton, Paul; Allen, Gerald R.; Unmack, Peter; Nasek2008We present a new map depicting the first global biogeographic regionalization of Earth's freshwater systems. This map of freshwater ecoregions is based on the distributions and compositions of freshwater fish species and incorporates major ecolog
Dynamic social system in Nubian ibex: can a second mating season develop in response to arid climate?Journal Of ZoologyMassolo, A.; Spalton, J. A.; Tear, T. H.; Lawrence, M. W.; Al Harsusi, L. Said; Lovari, S.2008We studied a population of Nubian ibex Capra ibex nubiana in the eastern extreme of its range, the hyper-arid central desert of the Sultanate of Oman. Long-term data were collected from January 1983 to December 1997 by direct observation, as well
Adult and juvenile survival of Black-capped vireos within a large breeding population in TexasCondorKostecke, Richard M.; Cimprich, David A.2008We used mark-recapture and information-theoretic model selection methodologies to estimate survival and recapture probabilities for the federally endangered Black-capped Vireo (Vireo atricapilla) at Fort Hood Military Reservation, Texas, during 1
Implementation of mid-scale fire regime condition class mappingInternational Journal of Wildland FireProvencher, Louis; Campbell, Jeff; Nachlinger, Jan2008We used mid-scale Fire Regime Condition Class (FRCC) mapping to provide Hawthorne Army Depot in the Mount Grant area of Nevada, USA, with data layers to plan fuels restoration projects to meet resource management goals. FRCC mapping computes ...
Effects of experimental manipulation of light and nutrients on establishment of seedlings of native and invasive woody species in Long Island, NY forestsBiological InvasionsGurevitch, Jessica; Howard, Timothy G.; Ashton, Isabel W.; Leger, Elizabeth A.; Howe, Katherine M.; Woo, Eliza; Lerdau, Manuel2008While earlier studies on the process of invasion often focused on single factors or on the general explanation of 'disturbance,'recent work has attempted to move towards a more mechanistic understanding of the factors that promote plant community
The ecological importance of a recently discovered intertidal sabellariid reef in St. Croix, US Virgin IslandsCaribbean Journal Of ScienceMcCarthy, Daniel A.; Kramer, Philip; Price, Janice R.; Donato, Candace Florida, the reef-building polychaete Phragmatopoma lapidosa is important in enhancing local biodiversity via the shelter it provides for various fish and invertebrate species. While the range of P. lapidosa extends south to Brazil, it is r
A standard lexicon for biodiversity conservation: Unified classifications of threats and actionsConservation BiologySalafsky, Nick; Salzer, Daniel; Stattersfield, Alison J.; Hilton-Taylor, Craig; Neugarten, Rachel; Butchart, Stuart H. M.; Collen, Ben; Cox, Neil; Master, Lawrence L.; O'Connor, Sheila; Wilkie, David2008An essential foundation of any science is a standard lexicon. Any given conservation project can be described in terms of the biodiversity targets, direct threats, contributing factors at the project site, and the conservation actions that the p
Biofuels and biodiversity: Principles for creating better policies for biofuel productionConservation BiologyGroom, Martha. J.; Gray, Elizabeth M.; Townsend, Patricia A.2008Biofuels are a new priority in efforts to reduce dependence on fossil fuels; nevertheless, the rapid increase in production of biofuel feedstock may threaten biodiversity. There are general principles that should be used in developing guidelines
Linking terrestrial and marine conservation planning and threats analysisConservation BiologyTallis, Heather; Ferdana, Zach; Gray, Elizabeth2008The existence of the Gulf of Mexico dead zone makes it clear that marine ecosystems can be damaged by terrestrial inputs. Marine and terrestrial conservation planning need to be aligned in an explicit fashion to fully represent threats to marine
Spatial patterns of plant diversity and communities in Alpine ecosystems of the Hengduan Mountains, Northwest Yunnan, ChinaJournal of Plant EcologySherman, Ruth; Mullen, Renee; Haomin, Li; Zhendong, Fang; Yi, Wang2008Aims Conduct a quantitative, but rapid, regional-level assessment of the alpine flora across northwest Yunnan (NWY) to provide a broad-based understanding of local and regional patterns of the composition, diversity and health of alpine ecosystems across
Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversityFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentMolnar, Jennifer L.; Gamboa, Rebecca L.; Revenga, Carmen; Spalding, Mark D.2008Although invasive species are widely recognized as a major threat to marine biodiversity, there has been no quantitative global assessment of their impacts and routes of introduction. Here, we report initial results from the first such global assessment.
Evaluating orangutan census techniques using nest decay rates: Implications for population estimatesEcological ApplicationsMathewson, P. D.; Spehar, S. N.; Meijaard, E.; Nardiyono; Purnomo; Sasmirul, A.; Sudiyanto; Oman; Sulhnudin; Jasary; Jumali; Marshall, A. J.2008An accurate estimate for orangutan nest decay time is a crucial factor in commonly used methods for estimating orangutan population size. Decay rates are known to vary, but the decay process and, thus, the temporal and spatial variation in decay time are
Protecting Biodiversity when Money Matters: Maximizing Return on InvestmentPLoS ONEUnderwood, Emma C.; Shaw, M. Rebecca; Wilson, Kerrie A.; Kareiva, Peter; Klausmeyer, Kirk R.; McBride, Marissa F.; Bode, Michael; Morrison, Scott A.; Hoekstra, Jonathan M.; Possingham, Hugh P.2008Background Conventional wisdom identifies biodiversity hotspots as priorities for conservation investment because they capture dense concentrations of species. However, density of species does not necessarily imply conservation 'efficiency'. Here we expli
Ominous trends in nature recreationProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesKareiva, P2008Conservation science is replete with analyses of threats to biodiversity. The IUCN even has a formal taxonomy of threats to imperiled species that can be used to tally up global inventories of threats across taxa or geographies (1). Habitat loss and habit
The implications of current and future urbanization for global protected areas and biodiversity conservationBiological ConservationMcdonald, Robert I.; Kareiva, Peter; Formana, Richard T. T.2008Due to human population growth and migration, there will be nearly 2 billion new urban residents by 2030, yet the consequences of both current and future urbanization for biodiversity conservation are poorly known. Here we show that urban growth will have
Improving transboundary river basin management by integrating environmental flow considerationsKrchnak, Karin M.2008Freshwater ecosystems provide a wealth of services to humans including food and fiber, water purification, fish and wildlife habitat, tourism and recreational opportunities, shipping routes, employment, and opportunities for cultural and spiritual renewal
Tolerance of frugivorous birds to habitat disturbance in a tropical cloud forestBiological ConservationGomes, L.G.L., V. Oostra, V. Nijman, A.M. Cleef, M. Kappelle2008In view of the continued decline in tropical forest cover around the globe, forest restoration has become a key tool in tropical rainforest conservation. One of the main‰ÛÒand least expensive‰ÛÒrestoration strategies is natural forest regeneration. By aid
Cuddly animals don't persuade poor people to back conservationNatureMeijaard, Erik; Sheil, Douglas2008In your Editorial'Two symbols, one solution'(Nature 453, 427; 2008) on symbols used to publicize the challenges of global warming, you caution against focusing on animals rather than people. But symbols can be powerful‰ÛÓso perhaps what we need instead is
Forecasting relative impacts of land use on anadromous fish habitat to guide conservation planningEcological ApplicationsLohse, Kathleen A.; Newburn, David A.; Opperman, Jeff J.; Merenlender, Adina M.2008Land use change can adversely affect water quality and freshwater ecosystems, yet our ability to predict how systems will respond to different land uses, particularly rural-residential development, is limited by data availability and our understanding of
Planning for persistence in marine reserves: a question of catastrophic importanceEcological ApplicationsGame, E. T., Watts, M. E., Wooldridge, S., and Possingham, H. catastrophic events, although rare, lie generally beyond the control of local management and can prevent marine reserves from achieving biodiversity outcomes. We formulate a new conservation planning problem that aims to minimize the probabili
Strategies and alliances needed to protect forest from palm-oil industryNatureVenter, Oscar; Meijaard, Erik; Wilson, Kerrie2008Lian Pin Koh and David S. Wilcove propose in their Commentary'Cashing in palm oil for conservation'(Nature 448, 993‰ÛÒ994; 2007) that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) should purchase and operate oil-palm plantations, and that they should use the reve
Snake activity affects seasonal variation in nest predation risk for birdsJournal Of Avian BiologySperry, Jinelle H.; Peak, Rebecca G.; Cimprich, David A.; Weatherhead, Patrick J.2008Methods We conducted this study at the Fort Hood military installation located in central Texas (308 10? N, 978 45? W) between 2005 and 2007. The Nature Conservancy (TNC), in cooperation with Department of Defense, has been monitoring populations of both
Long-term effects of a ship-grounding on coral reef fish assemblages at Rose Atoll, American SamoaBulletin of Marine ScienceSchroeder, Robert E.; Green, Alison L.; DeMartini, Edward E.; Kenyon, Jean C.2008The nature and degree of impact of ship groundings on coral reefs and subsequent recovery is not well understood. Disturbed benthic and associated fish assemblages may take years-decades to return to pre-impact levels or may attain alternate stable states
Ocean urea fertilization for carbon credits poses high ecological risksMarine Pollution BulletinGlibert, Patricia M.; Azanza, Rhodora; Burford, Michele; Furuya, Ken; Abal, Eva; Al-Azri, Adnan; Al-Yamani, Faiza; Andersen, Per; Anderson, Donald M.; Beardall, John; Berg, G. Mine; Brand, Larry; Bronk, Deborah; Brookes, Justin; Burkholder, Joann M.; Cemb2008The proposed plan for enrichment of the Sulu Sea, Philippines, a region of rich marine biodiversity, with thousands of tonnes of urea in order to stimulate algal blooms and sequester carbon is flawed for multiple reasons. Urea is preferentially used as a
Economic Valuation of Coastal and Marine Resources: Bohol Marine Triangle, PhilippinesCoastal ManagementSamonte-Tan G.P.B., A.T. White, M.A. Tercero, J. Diviva, E. Tabara, C. Caballes2008This article provides results on the net benefits generated from the natural resources in the Bohol Marine Triangle (BMT) in the Philippines. The BMT spans over 112,000 ha and its coastal ecosystems are rich in biodiversity and provide economic opportunit
Effects of fuelwood collection and timber harvesting on giant panda habitat useBiological ConservationBearer, Scott; Linderman, Marc; Huang, Jinyan; An, Li; He, Guangming; Liu, Jianquo2008Timber harvesting and fuelwood collection have dramatically reduced the total amount of forestland around the world, including in China. To understand how timber harvesting and fuelwood collection activities affect use by wildlife, we examined giant panda
Ground water discharge by evapotranspiration in wetlands of an arid intermountain basinJournal of HydrologySanderson, John S.; Cooper, David J.2008To improve basin-scale modeling of ground water discharge by evapotranspiration (ET) in relation to water table depth, daily ET was measured using the Bowen ratio energy balance method during 1999‰ÛÒ2005 in five herbaceous plant dominated wetlands in an a
Survival rates of northern quahog (Mercenaria mercenaria) transplanted into Great South Bay, NYJournal of Shellfish ResearchLoBue, Carl; Clapp, Chris; Doall, Mike2008
Assessment and impact of the Australian weed risk assessment modified for the USHortscienceGordon, Doria R.; Gantz, Crysta; Oderdonk, Daphne A.2008
Slow recolonization of burned oak-juniper woodlands by Ashe juniper (Juniperus ashei): Ten years of succession after crown fireForest Ecology and ManagementReemts, Charlotte M.; Hansen, Laura L.2008
Mammals of Borneo - small size on a large islandJournal of BiogeographyMeiri, Shai; Meijaard, Erik; Wich, Serge A.; Groves, Colin P.; Helgen, Kristofer M.2008
Obstacles to Bottom-Up Implementation of Marine Ecosystem ManagementConservation BiologyEvans, Kirsten E.; Klinger, Terrie2008
Ranging of Rhinopithecus bieti in the Samage Forest, China. II. Use of Land Cover Types and AltitudesInternational Journal Of PrimatologyLi, Dayong; Grueter, Cyril C.; Ren, Baoping; Long, Yongcheng; Li, Ming; Peng, Zhengsong; Wei, Fuwen2008
The Myall Lakes: patterns and processes in an unusual coastal lake system in eastern Australia - PrefaceHydrobiologiaWilson, Joanne2008
DGVM responses to the latest IPCC future climate scenariosGlobal And Planetary ChangeBachelet, Dominique; Price, David2008
Involving resource users in the regulation of access to resources for the protection of ecosystem services provided by protected areas in IndonesiaBiodiversity And Human Livelihoods In Protected Areas: Case Studies From The Malay ArchipelagoHalim, Abdul; Soekirman, Tri; Ramono, Widodo2008
Terrestrial ecosystems of South AmericaSayre, R., Bow, J., Josse, C., Sotomayor, L., & Touval, J2008
Consistent accuracy of the Australian Weed Risk Assessment system across varied geographies.Canadian Journal of Forest ResearchGordon, D.R., D.A. Onderdonk, A.M. Fox, and R.K. Stocker.2008
Biofuels: Putting current practices in perspective - ResponseScienceFargione, Joseph; Hill, Jason; Tilman, David; Polasky, Stephen; Hawthorne, Peter2008
Diminishing sea ice - ResponseScienceHalpern, Benjamin S.; Kappel, Carrie V.; Micheli, Fiorenza; Selkoe, Kimberly A.; D'Agrosa, Caterina; Bruno, John; Casey, Kenneth S.; Ebert, Colin M.; Fox, Helen E.; Fujita, Rod; Heinemann, Dennis; Lenihan, Hunter S.; Madin, Elizabeth M. P.; Perry, Matt; S2008
Impacts of exploited species on food web interactions along the coral reef-seagrass interface: a comparison using fished and no-take zones in the Florida Keys National Marine SanctuaryEcological ApplicationsValentine, J., K. Heck Jr., D. Blackmon , M. Goecker, J. Christian, R. Kroutil, B. Peterson, M. VanderKlift, K. Kirsch, M.W. Beck2008
Exploited species impacts on trophic linkages along reef-seagrass interfaces in the Florida keysEcological ApplicationsValentine, J. F., Heck Jr, K. L., Blackmon, D., Goecker, M. E., Christian, J., Kroutil, R. M., ... & Beck,
Fighting algae in Kaneohe Bay - ResponseScienceSmith, Jennifer E.; Conklin, Eric J.; Smith, Celia M.; Hunter, Cynthia L.2008
Environmental economics - Development and conservation goals in World Bank projectsScienceKareiva, Peter; Chang, Amy; Marvier, Michelle2008
Efficacy of Basal Girdling to Control Oak Wilt Fungal Mat Production in Texas Red Oak (Quercus buckleyi) in Central TexasSouthern Journal Of Applied ForestryGreene, Thomas A.; Reemts, Charlotte M.; Appel, David N.2008
Land cover and forest formation distributions for St. Kitts, Nevis, St. Eustatius, Grenada and Barbados from decision tree classification of cloud-cleared satellite imageryCaribbean Journal Of ScienceHelmer, Eileen H.; Kennaway, Todd A.; Pedreros, Diego H.; Clark, Matthew L.; Marcano-Vega, Humfredo; Tieszen, Larry L.; Ruzycki, Thomas R.; Schill, S. R.; Carrington, C. M. Sean2008
Predicting Invasive Plants in Florida using the Australian Weed Risk Assessment.Invasive Plant Science and ManagementGordon, D.R., D.A. Onderdonk, A.M. Fox, R.K. Stocker, and C. Gantz.2008
A new species of Gelanoglanis (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae) from the Marañon River (Amazon Basin), northeastern PerúProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesRengifo, B., N. K. Lujan, D. Taphorn & P. Petry2008
Diminishing return on investment for biodiversity data in conservation planningConservation LettersGrantham, Hedley S.; Moilanen, Atte; Wilson, Kerrie A.; Pressey, Robert L.; Rebelo, Tony G.; Possingham, Hugh P.2008
Biofuels: Effects on land and fire - ResponseScienceFargione, Joseph; Hill, Jason; Tilman, David; Polasky, Stephen; Hawthorne, Peter2008
Optimal dynamic allocation of conservation funding among priority regionsBulletin of Mathematical BiologyBode, Michael; Wilson, Kerrie; McBride, Marissa; Possingham, Hugh P.2008
Managing for ocean biodiversity to sustain marine ecosystem servicesFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentPalumbi, S. R., Sandifer, P. A., Allan, J. D., Beck, M. W., Fautin, D. G., Fogarty, M. J., ... &amp; Wall, D. H.2008
Connectivity: science, people and policy in the Florida Keys National Marine SanctuarySalm, R.V. and E. McLeod2008
Toward representative protection of the world's coasts and oceans-progress, gaps, and opportunitiesConservation LettersSpalding, Mark D.; Fish, Lucy; Wood, Louisa J.2008
Environmental regulation of annual schedules in opportunistically-breeding songbirds: adaptive specializations or variations on a theme of white-crowned sparrow?General and Comparative EndocrinologyHahn, T. P., Cornelius, J. M., Sewall, K. B., Kelsey, T. R., Hau, M., & Perfito,
Disturbance frequency and patch structure from pre-European settlement to present in the Mixed Forest Province of Minnesota, USACanadian Journal of Forest ResearchWhite, M.A., and Host, G.E2008
Screening new plant introductions for potential invasiveness: a test of impacts for the United StatesConservation Letters Gordon, D.R. and C.A. Gantz.2008
Accuracy of the Australian Weed Risk Assessment system across varied geographiesDiversity and DistributionsGordon, D.R., D.A. Onderdonk, A.M. Fox, and R.K. Stocker2008
The ecological future of the north American Bison: Conceiving long-term, large-scale conservation of wildlifeConservation BiologySanderson, Eric W.; Redforda, Kent H.; Weber, Bill; Aune, Keith; Baldes, Dick; Berger, Joel; Carter, Dave; Curtin, Charles; Derr, James; Dobrott, Steve; Fearn, Eva; Fleener, Craig; Forrest, Steve; Gerlach, Craig; Gates, Cormack; Gross, John E.; Gogan, Pet2008
Assessing the influence of historical factors, contemporary processes, and environmental conditions on the distribution of invasive speciesJournal of the Torrey Botanical SocietyMcDonald, Robert I.; Motzkin, Glenn; Foster, David R.2008
Simple three-pool model accurately describes patterns of long-term litter decomposition in diverse climatesGlobal Change BiologyAdair, E. Carol; Parton, William J.; Del Grosso, Steven J.; Silver, Whendee L.; Harmon, Mark E.; Hall, Sonia A.; Burke, Ingrid C.; Hart, Stephen C.2008
Using Circuit Theory To Model Connectivity In Ecology, Evolution, And ConservationEcologyMcRae, Brad H.; Dickson, Brett G.; Keitt, Timothy H.; Shah, Viral B.2008
The lichen genus Chrysothrix in the Ozark Ecoregion, including a preliminary treatment for eastern and central North AmericaOpuscula PhilolichenumRICHARD C. HARRIS & DOUGLAS LADD2008
The lichen genus Chrysothrix in the Ozark Ecoregion, including a preliminary treatment for eastern and central North AmericaOpuscula PhilolichenumRICHARD C. HARRIS & DOUGLAS LADD2008
Monitoring Western Gray Squirrels for Landscape Management in Western WashingtonNorthwest ScienceFimbel, Cheryl; Freed, Sanders2008
New tools for marine conservation and management to reduce coastal losses to natural and human communitiesBiologia marina mediterraneaMW
Regional-scale seagrass habitat mapping in the Wider Caribbean region using Landsat sensors: Applications to conservation and ecologyRemote Sensing Of EnvironmentWabnitz, Colette C.; Andrefouet, Serge; Torres-Pulliza, Damaris; Mueller-Karger, Frank E.; Kramer, Philip A.2008
Rank Clocks And Plant Community DynamicsEcologyCollins, Scott L.; Suding, Katharine N.; Cleland, Elsa E.; Batty, Michael; Pennings, Steven C.; Gross, Katherine L.; Grace, James B.; Gough, Laura; Fargione, Joe E.; Clark, Christopher M.2008
Food web interactions along seagrass-coral reef boundaries: an experimental test of the impacts of piscivore reduction on cross-habitat energy exchange using the marine protected areas of the Florida Keys National Marine SanctuaryMarine Ecology Progress SeriesValentine, J. F., K.L. Heck Jr., D. Blackmon, M.E. Goecker, J. Christian, R. Kroutil, K.D. Kirsch, B.J. Peterson, M.W. Beck, M. A.
Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity ConservationBioScienceAbell, R., M. Thieme, C. Revenga, M. T. Bryer, M. Kottelat, N. Bogutskaya, B. Coad, N. Mandrak, S. B. Contreras, W. A. Bussing, M. L. J. Stiassny, P. Skelton, G. R. Allen, P. Unmack, A. Naseka, R. Ng, N. Sindorf, J. Robertson, E. Armijo, J. V. Higgins, T. J. Heibel, E. Wikramanayake, D. Olson, H. López, R. E. Reis, J. G. Lundberg, M. H. Sabaj & P. Petry2008
Application of an Expert System Approach for Assessing Grassland Status in the US-Mexico Borderlands: Implications for Conservation and ManagementNatural Areas JournalEnquist, Carolyn A. F.; Gori, David F.2008
Change the IUCN protected area categories to reflect biodiversity outcomesPlos BiologyBoitani, Luigi; Cowling, Richard M.; Dublin, Holly T.; Mace, Georgina M.; Parrish, Jeff; Possingham, Hugh P.; Pressey, Robert L.; Rondinini, Carlo; Wilson, Kerrie A.2008
Ephemeral floodplain habitats provide best growth conditions for juvenile Chinook salmon in a California riverEnvironmental Biology of FishesJeffres, Carson A.; Opperman, Jeff J.; Moyle, Peter B.2008
Ecology - Harvesting data from genetically engineered cropsScienceMarvier, Michelle; Carriere, Yves; Ellstrand, Norman; Gepts, Paul; Kareiva, Peter; Rosi-Marshall, Emma; Tabashnik, Bruce E.; Wolfenbarger, L. LaReesa2008
Population Trends Of Breeding Birds On The Edwards Plateau, Texas: Local Versus Regional PatternsSouthwestern NaturalistKostecke, Richard M.2008
Comparing geographic boundaries in songbird demography data with vegetation boundaries: A new approach to delineating habitat qualityEnvironmental and Ecological StatisticsHall, K.R2008
Comparing geographic boundaries in songbird demography data with vegetation boundaries: A new approach to delineating habitat qualityEnvironmental and Ecological Statistics Hall, K.R2008
Water sector benchmarking and environmental sustainabilityJournal American Water Works AssociationGritsinin, Alexander2008
Combined impacts of native grass competition and introduced weevil herbivory on Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)Rangeland Ecology & ManagementFerrero-Serrano, Angel; Collier, Timothy R.; Hild, Ann L.; Mealor, Brian A.; Smith, Thomas2008
Acoustic signals, species diagnosis, and species concepts: the case of a new cryptic species of Leptodactylus (Amphibia, Anura, Leptodactylidae) from the Chapare region, BoliviaZoological Journal Of The Linnean SocietyAngulo, Ariadne; Reichle, Steffen2008
The value of ecosystem services provided by the US National Wildlife Refuge System in the contiguous USEcological EconomicsIngraham, Molly W.; Foster, Shonda Gilliland2008
The Odonata of MississippiBulletin of American OdonatologyKrotzer, R.S., J.T. Bried, and M.J. Krotzer2008
Solenopsis enigmatica, a new species of inquiline ant from the island of Dominica, West Indies (Hymenoptera : Formicidae)Florida EntomologistDeyrup, Mark; Prusak, Zachary A.2008
Average optimacity: An index to guide sate prioritization for biodiversity conservationBiological ConservationWilhere, George F.; Goering, Mark; Wang, Huilin2008
A multi-model framework for simulating wildlife population response to land-use and climate changeEcological ModellingMcRae, Brad H.; Schumaker, Nathan H.; McKane, Robert B.; Busing, Richard T.; Solomon, Allen M.; Burdick, Connie A.2008
Quantifying the effects of habitat loss on marine diversityBiologia marina mediterraneaL Airoldi, D Balata, MW
Saving Florida’s rarest plants&#58; Florida’s endangered and threatened plant conservation grants programPalmettoWeekley, C.W., D.R. Gordon, J. Maguire, J. Maschinski, E.S. Menges, V.C. Pence, and C.L. Peterson2008
The Gray Zone&#58; relationships between habitat loss and marine diversity and their applications in conservationJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and EcologyL Airoldi, D Balata, MW Beck2008
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) alter herbaceous species diversity and understory forest structure in the Hiawatha National Forest, Michigan, USAAmerican Midland NaturalistHolmes, S.A., L.M. Curran, and K.R. Hall2008
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) alter herbaceous species diversity and understory forest structure in the Hiawatha National Forest, Michigan, USAAmerican Midland NaturalistHolmes, S.A., L.M. Curran, and K.R. Hall2008
Soil fertility increases with plant species diversity in a long-term biodiversity experimentOecologiaDybzinski, Ray; Fargione, Joseph E.; Zak, Donald R.; Fornara, Dario; Tilman, David2008
Neurobiological Lessons Learned from Comparative Studies: Evolutionary Forces Shaping Brain and Behavior PrefaceBrain Behavior and EvolutionHofmann, Hans A.; Shumway, Caroly A.2008
Distribution and abundance of shallow water echinoderms from Cocos Island, Costa Rica, Eastern Pacific.Revista De Biologia TropicalJose Alvarado, Juan; Chiriboga, Angel2008
Where have all the scallops gone? Trends in Rhode Island's bay scallop populationsJournal of Shellfish ResearchChintala, Marnita M.; Tammi, Karin A.; Hancock, Boze2008
Sustaining the flow of the world's riversJournal American Water Works AssociationRichter, Brian2008
Protecting Biodiversity when Money Matters: Maximizing Return on InvestmentPLoS ONEUnderwood, E., M.R. Shaw, K.A. Wilson, P. Kareiva, K.R. Klausmeyer, M.F. McBride, M. Bode, S.A. Morrison, J.M. Hoekstra, H.P. Possingham2008
Climate Warming, Marine Protected Areas and the Ocean-Scale Integrity of Coral Reef EcosystemsPLoS ONEGraham, Nicholas A. J.; McClanahan, Tim R.; MacNeil, M. Aaron; Wilson, Shaun K.; Polunin, Nicholas V. C.; Jennings, Simon; Chabanet, Pascale; Clark, Susan; Spalding, Mark D.; Letourneur, Yves; Bigot, Lionel; Galzin, Rene; Ohman, Marcus C.; Garpe, Kajsa C.2008
Response to comment on a global map of human impact on marine ecosystemsScienceSelkoe, Kimberly A.; Kappel, Carrie V.; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Micheli, Fiorenza; D'Agrosa, Caterina; Bruno, John; Casey, Kenneth S.; Ebert, Colin; Fox, Helen E.; Fujita, Rod; Heinemann, Dennis; Lenihan, Hunter S.; Madin, Elizabeth M. P.; Perry, Matt; Seli2008
Results of a plant screening test with implications for animal screening approachesGordon, D.R.2008South Bend, Indiana
Biodiversity of the Oak Forests of Tropical America (Biodiversidad de los bosques de roble [encino] de la AmŽrica tropical)Kappelle, M2008
Revised list of Hawaiian names of plants native and introduced with brief descriptions and notes as to occurrence and medicinal or other values by Joseph F. Rock consulting botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawai‘i, 1920Ethnobotany Research and ApplicationsGon, S. M.2008 1913, the writer compiled a list of Hawaiian names of plants, which was published as Botanical Bulletin No. 2 of the Board of Agriculture and Forestry. The above mentioned list comprised simply the Hawaiian names and the corresponding scientific names of plants both native and introduced. Owing to the popularity of, and the demand for, the bulletin it was soon out of print, and the suggestion was made by the Superintendent of Forestry that the list be reprinted. Since 1913, the writer has added quite a number of new names to the old list and it was thought advisable to incorporate these in the present publication, which gives in addition a short popular description of the plants and such facts and notes as are of ethnological and historical interest. Many of the added names were secured from an old kahuna from Kaupō, Maui, who has since died. He collected plants personally and brought them to the writer giving the native names and such information as he could transmit through his interpreter, the writer not being familiar with the ancient Hawaiian speech. This information is here incorporated. Some of the scientific names have been changed in order to conform with the present day nomenclature. Others, only very few, however, needed to be corrected. Some represent new species which were described more or less by the writer. The present publication is simply to fill a popular want and therefore the remarks under each plant are couched in popular language. Unfortunately the meaning of some of the Hawaiian names has been lost, and the writer has translated only those of which he was absolutely certain. Such delicate work which presupposes intimate knowledge of the Hawaiian language the writer will leave for Hawaiian scholars, such as Mr. T.C. Thrum and Mr. Joseph Emerson, and it is hoped that in the compilation of the new Hawaiian Dictionary, provision for which was made by the Hawaiian Legislature, the Hawaiian names given in this publication will not only be used, but their original meaning explained in order to preserve the historic value connected with them. No name was inserted for which the writer did not have the actual corresponding plant before him. Some of the plants brought to him by kahunas were fragmentary and a specific diagnosis could not be made owing to the polymorphic character of many of the Hawaiian plants, especially such as belong to genera like Cyrtandra or Peperomia. July 31, 1920 Joseph F. Rock
Opposing environmental gradients govern vegetation zonation in an intermountain playaWetlandsSanderson, John S.; Kotliar, Natasha B.; Steingraeber, David A.2008Vegetation zonation was investigated at an intermountain playa wetland (Mishak Lakes) in the San Luis Valley (SLV) of southern Colorado. Plant composition and abiotic conditions were quantified in six vegetation zones. Reciprocal transplants were performed to test the importance of abiotic factors in governing zonation. Abiotic conditions differed among several vegetation zones. Prolonged inundation led to anaerobic soils in the Eleocharis palustris and the submerged aquatics zones, on the low end of the site’s 1.25 m elevation gradient. On the high end of the gradient, soil salinity and sodicity (a measure of exchangeable sodium) were high in the Distichlis spicata zone (electrical conductivity, EC = 5.3 dS/m, sodium absorption ratio, SAR = 44.0) and extreme in the Sarcobatus vermiculatus zone (EC = 21 dS/m, SAR = 274). Transplanted species produced maximum biomass in the zone where they originated, not in any other higher or lower vegetation zone. The greatest overall transplant effect occurred for E. palustris, which experienced a ≥77% decline in productivity when transplanted to other zones. This study provides evidence that physical factors are a major determinant of vegetation zone composition and distribution across the entire elevation gradient at Mishak Lakes. Patterns at Mishak Lakes arise from counter-directional stress gradients: a gradient from anaerobic to well-oxygenated from basin bottom to upland and a gradient from extremely high salinity to low salinity in the opposing direction. Because abiotic conditions dominate vegetation zonation, restoration of the altered hydrologic regime of this wetland to a natural hydrologic regime may be sufficient to re-establish many of the natural biodiversity functions provided by these wetlands.
Simulated natural hydrologic regime of an intermountain playa conservation siteWetlandsSanderson, John S.; Kotliar, Natasha B.; Steingraeber, David A.; Browne, Claudia2008An intermountain playa wetland preserve in Colorado's San Luis Valley was studied to assess how its current hydrologic function compares to its natural hydrologic regime. Current hydrologic conditions were quantified, and on-site effects of off-site water use were assessed. A water-budget model was developed to simulate an unaltered (i.e., natural) hydrologic regime, and simulated natural conditions were compared to observed conditions. From 1998–2002, observed stream inflows accounted for ≥ 80% of total annual water inputs. No ground water discharged to the wetland. Evapotranspiration (ET) accounted for ≥ 69% of total annual water loss. Simulated natural conditions differed substantially from current altered conditions with respect to depth, variability, and frequency of flooding. During 1998–2002, observed monthly mean surface-water depth was 65% lower than under simulated natural conditions. Observed monthly variability in water depth range from 129% greater (May) to 100% less (September and October) than simulated. As observed, the wetland dried completely (i.e., was ephemeral) in all years; as simulated, the wetland was ephemeral in two of five years. For the period 1915–2002, the simulated wetland was inundated continuously for as long as 16 years and nine months. The large differences in observed and simulated surface-water dynamics resulted from differences between altered and simulated unaltered stream inflows. The maximum and minimum annual total stream inflows observed from 1998–2005 were 3.1 × 106 m3 and 0 m3, respectively, versus 15.5 × 106 m3 and 3.2 × 106 m3 under simulated natural conditions from 1915–2002. The maximum simulated inflow was 484% greater than observed. These data indicate that the current hydrologic regime of this intermountain playa differs significantly from its natural hydrologic regime, which has important implications for planning and assessing conservation success.
Ecoregions with crop wild relatives are less well protectedBiodiversity & AgricultureSue Stolton, Tim Boucher, Nigel Dudley, Jonathan Hoekstra, Nigel Maxted & Shelagh Kell2008In situ conservation of crop wild relatives (CWR) is recognised as an important factor in maintaining global food security; however, until now there has been no systematic global assessment of the protection status of this vital source of agrobiodiversity. CWR are not spread evenly across the world, but are concentrated in relatively small regions often referred to as ‘centres of food crop diversity’. To assess their global conservation status, we compared levels of habitat protection and habitat loss in centres of crop diversity against global averages for terrestrial ecoregions. Habitat protection in 34 of the world's 825 ecoregions with the highest levels of agrobiodiversity is significantly lower than the global average - 29 ecoregions had less than 10% protection and six had less than 1% of their area under protection. Some of these ecoregions are also undergoing rapid losses in natural habitat. We outline the importance of protected areas in conserving CWR. In light of the findings, we recommend increased commitments by governments, conservation organizations and the agricultural industry to improve in situ protection of CWR in the world's centres of crop diversity in order to protect agrobiodiveristy and improve future food security.agriculture
Land cover and conservation: from protected areas to landscapesWiens, J.A., Anderson, M.G., Boucher, T.2008 areas are the foundation of conservation efforts at local to global scales. Although the development of formal reserve-selection procedures and conservation planning at multiple scales has made the identification of priority areas for protection increasingly data-based, the resulting areas are often treated as if they were internally homogeneous islands in an equally featureless but unsuitable landscape. Land-cover data, however, show that such conservation areas are not only internally heterogeneous, but that they are embedded in an equally heterogeneous landscape mosaic. The conservation value of a protected area is affected by this internal structure and by the spatial structure and dynamics of the landscape context. Because protected areas by themselves cannot ensure the persistence of biodiversity, it is necessary to include the broader surroundings of these areas in the conservation equation. These are the places where people live and work, so people and their activities are important features of landscape context. Land-cover data are essential to describing the internal and external texture of protected areas, but information on land use and land-use change is equally important if the conservation perspective is to be expanded from the traditional emphasis on protecting “pretty places” to include landscapes, people, and their uses of lands and waters.Chapter 10
A comparative measure of biodiversity based on species compositionBiodiversity and ConservationJennings, M.D., Hoekstra, J., Higgins, J., Boucher, T.2008In conservation planning, species richness and species endemism are the most often used metrics for describing the biodiversity importance of areas. However, when it comes to prioritizing regions for conservation actions these measures alone are insufficient because they do not reveal how similar or different the actual composition of species may be from one area to another. For comparative analysis an additional useful metric would be one that indicates the degree to which the species assemblage in one area is also represented in—or is distinct from—species assemblages of other areas. Here we describe a method for quantifying the compositional representativeness of species assemblages among geographic regions. The method generates asymmetric pairwise similarity coefficients that are then used to calculate separate measures for the representativeness and the distinctiveness of species assemblages in the regions being compared. We demonstrate the method by comparing fish communities among freshwater ecoregions of the Mississippi Basin, and then among smaller hydrological units within two individual freshwater ecoregions. At both scales of analysis, our measures of representativeness and distinctiveness reveal patterns of fish species composition that differ from patterns of species richness. This information can enhance conservation planning processes by ensuring that priority-setting explicitly consider the most representative and distinctive species assemblages.Biodiversity, Conservation, Representation, Species composition, Compositional representativeness
Susceptibility of Exotic Annual Grass Seeds to FireInvasive Plant Science and ManagementSara B. Sweet, Guy B. Kyser, Joseph M. DiTomaso2008Prescribed burning can control invasive annual grasses that threaten the biological and economic value of California grasslands. Susceptibility of grass seed to burning can depend on burn timing, exposure time, and type of exposure (direct flame heat or convective heat); thus, these factors can influence the success of a prescribed burning program. To further investigate these factors, laboratory simulations were conducted on barb goatgrass, medusahead, and ripgut brome at several stages of seed maturity, as determined by percent moisture of the inflorescences. Seeds were exposed either to direct flame using a Bunsen burner or to heated air in a muffle furnace. Flame treatments were conducted at one temperature (∼400 C) and several exposure times (0 to 14 s), depending on the species. Furnace treatments included four temperatures (150, 200, 250, and 300 C) and seven exposure times (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 60, or 80 s). Seed germination was analyzed for each temperature series to determine the LD50 and LD90 in seconds of exposure time. Susceptibility to furnace treatments, which simulated heat exposure of seeds on the soil surface, was not statistically different within a range of seed moisture levels for all three species. The LD50 values at 250 C (typical soil temperature with grassland fire) ranged from 28 to 49 s, which far exceeds the time of exposure during a typical grassland fire. Susceptibility to flame showed a similar lack of change over maturation of medusahead and barb goatgrass seeds, with LD90 values ranging between 4.8 and 7.4 s for all seed moisture levels. In contrast, ripgut brome seeds exposed to flame showed increasing susceptibility with reduced seed moisture content. The LD90 values for exposure were less than one second for seed moisture levels at or below 10%, compared to 3.7 s for seeds at 55 to 60%. Although flame susceptibility increased for ripgut brome, seeds at all maturation stages were more sensitive than medusahead and barb goatgrass. Additionally, the LD90 values for all three species are attainable under field conditions. Thus, burn prescriptions for these three species are not constrained by maturation stage, but should occur prior to seed drop and when fuel loading is high. This will maximize exposure time of seeds to direct flame.
Wildlife Response to Restoration on the Sacramento River.San Francisco Estuary and Watershed ScienceGolet G.H., T. Gardali, C. Howell, J. Hunt, R. Luster, B. Rainey, M. Roberts, H. Swagerty, N. Williams.2008 that assess the success of riparian restoration projects seldom focus on wildlife. More generally, vegetation characteristics are studied, with the assumption that animal populations will recover once adequate habitats are established. On the Sacramento River, millions of dollars have been spent on habitat restoration, yet few studies of wildlife response have been published. Here we present the major findings of a suite of studies that assessed responses of four taxonomic groups (insects, birds, bats, and rodents). Study designs fell primarily into two broad categories: comparisons of restoration sites of different ages, and comparisons of restoration sites with agricultural and remnant riparian sites. Older restoration sites showed increased abundances of many species of landbirds and bats relative to younger sites, and the same trend was observed for the Valley elderberry longhorn beetle (Desmocerus californicus dimorphus), a federally threatened species. Species richness of landbirds and grounddwelling beetles appeared to increase as restoration sites matured. Young restoration sites provided benefits to species that utilize early successional riparian habitats, and after about 10 years, the sites appeared to provide many of the complex structural habitat elements that are characteristic of remnant forest patches. Eleven-year old sites were occupied by both cavity-nesting birds and special-status crevice-roosting bats. Restored sites also supported a wide diversity of bee species, and had richness similar to remnant sites. Remnant sites had species compositions of beetles and rodents more similar to older sites than to younger sites.wildlife, Sacramento river
The World's Protected Areas. Status, values, and prospects in the twenty-first century.Stuart Chape, Mark D. Spalding, M.D. Jenkins2008protected areas
Spatial and temporal patterns of gap dominance by low-canopy lianas detected using EO-1 Hyperion and Landsat Thematic MapperRemote Sensing of EnvironmentJane R. Foster, Philip A. Townsend, Chris E. Zganjar 2008Woody lianas are critical to tropical forest dynamics because of their strong influence on forest regeneration, disturbance ecology, and biodiversity. Recent studies synthesizing plot data from the tropics indicate that lianas are increasing in both abundance and importance in tropical forests. Moreover, lianas exhibit competitive advantages over trees in elevated CO2 environments and under strong seasonal droughts, suggesting that lianas may be poised to increase not only in abundance but also in spatial distribution in response to changing climate. We used a combination of high-resolution color-infrared videography and hyperspectral imagery from EO-1 Hyperion to map low-lying lianas in Noel Kempff Mercado National Park (NKMNP) in the Bolivian Amazon. Evergreen liana forests comprise as much as 14% of the NKMNP landscape, and low-stature liana patches occupy 1.5% of these forests. We used change vector analysis (CVA) of dry season Landsat TM and ETM+ imagery from 1986 and 2000 to determine changes in liana-dominated patches over time and to assess whether those patches were regenerating to canopy forest. The spatial distribution of liana patches showed that patches were spatially aggregated and were preferentially located in proximity to waterways. The CVA results showed that most of the dense liana patches increased in brightness and greenness and decreased in wetness over the 14 years of the change analysis, while non-liana forest patches changed less and in more random directions. Persistent liana patches increased in area by an average of 59% over the time period. In comparison, large burned areas appeared to recover completely to canopy forest in the same time period. This suggests that the dense liana patches of NKMNP represent an alternative successional pathway characterized not by tree regeneration but rather by a stalled state of low-canopy liana dominance. This research supports hypotheses that liana forests can be a persistent rather than transitional component of tropical forests, and may remain so due to competitive advantages that lianas enjoy under changing climatic conditions.
Conservation for the peopleScientific AmericanKareiva, P and M Marvier2007Environment. Scientific American (October 2007), 297, 50-57 doi :10.1038/scientificamerican1007-50. Conservation for the People. Peter Kareiva and Michelle Marvier.Abstract. Pitting nature and biodiversity against people makes little sense. ...
Relations among storage, yield, and instream flowWater Resources ResearchVogel, Richard M.; Sieber, Jack; Archfield, Stacey A.; Smith, Mark P.; Apse, Colin D.; Huber-Lee, Annette2007[2] It is no longer possible to exploit water resources for human needs without taking into consideration ecological flow needs. After two centuries of dam-building, only 2% of US rivers remain free flowing [Benke, 1990], which has caused large-scale hydr
Biogeography of Indonesian Mountain Weasel Mustela lutreolina and a newly discovered specimenSmall Carnivore ConservationMeiri, S., J.W. Duckworth, and E. previously undocumented specimen of Indonesian Mountain Weasel Mustela lutreolina from Java was previously ascribed, incorrectly, to Malay Weasel M. nudipes. The reYidentification is based on a decisive cranial feature, and is consistent with k
Forest edges negatively affect golden-cheeked warbler nest survivalCondorPeak, Rebecca G.2007Abstract. I used an information-theoretic approach to determine support for hypotheses concerning the effects of edge and temporal factors on Golden-cheeked Warbler (Dendroica chrysoparia) nest survival on Fort Hood Military Reservation, Texas, d
A meta-analysis of effects of Bt cotton and maize on nontarget invertebratesScienceMarvier, Michelle; McCreedy, Chanel; Regetz, James; Kareiva, Peter2007Although scores of experiments have examined the ecological consequences of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crops, debates continue regarding the nontarget impacts of this technology. Quantitative reviews of existing studies are crucial fo
Does conservation need landscape ecology? A perspective from both sides of the divideManaging and Designing Landscapes for Conservation. Moving from Perspectives to PrinciplesWiens, J.A2007As the emphasis of conservation has shifted from protecting species to include entire ecological systems or 'functional landscapes', the need for closer linkages between conservation and landscape ecology has become obvious. Several emerging prin
Remote camera-trap methods and analyses reveal impacts of rangeland management on Namibian carnivore communitiesOryxKauffman, Matthew J.; Sanjayan, M.; Lowenstein, Jacob; Nelson, Adam; Jeo, Richard M.; Crooks, Kevin R.2007Assessing the abundance and distribution of mammalian carnivores is vital for understanding their ecology and providing for their long-term conservation. Because of the difficulty of trapping and handling carnivores many studies have relied on abagriculture, ranching
Can urbanization solve inter-sector water conflicts? Insight from a case study in Hebei Province, North China PlainWater PolicyKendy, Eloise; Wang, Jinxia; Molden, David J.; Zheng, Chunmiao; Liu, Changming; Steenhuis, Tammo, like many countries, is experiencing an unprecedented rate of urbanization. Urbanization is usually thought to intensify inter-sectoral water conflicts. In contrast, this paper considers urbanization as part of a viable solution to the pro
Environmental complexity and social organization sculpt the brain in Lake Tanganyikan cichlid fishBrain Behavior and EvolutionPollen, AA, AP Dobberfuhl, MM Igulu, J Scace, SCP Renn, CA Shumway, and HA Hofmann2007Complex brains and behaviors have occurred repeatedly within vertebrate classes throughout evolution. What adaptive pressures drive such changes? Both environmental and social features have been implicated in the expansion of select brain structu
Conserving biodiversity efficiently: What to do, where, and whenPlos BiologyWilson, Kerrie A.; Underwood, Emma C.; Morrison, Scott A.; Klausmeyer, Kirk R.; Murdoch, William W.; Reyers, Belinda; Wardell-Johnson, Grant; Marquet, Pablo A.; Rundel, Phil W.; McBride, Marissa F.; Pressey, Robert L.; Bode, Michael; Hoekstra, Jon M.; And2007Conservation priority-setting schemes have not yet combined geographic priorities with a framework that can guide the allocation of funds among alternate conservation actions that address specific threats. We develop such a framework, and apply i
Best practices for improved governance of coral reef marine protected areasCoral ReefsChristie, P.; White, A. T.2007Coral reef marine protected areas (MPA) are widely distributed around the globe for social and ecological reasons. Relatively few of these MPAs are well managed. This review examines the governance of coral reef MPAs and the means to improve cora
Importance of detrital algae, bacteria, and organic matter to littoral microcrustacean growth and reproductionLimnology And OceanographyLemke, A. Maria; Lemke, Michael J.; Benke, Arthur C.2007Cumulative incorporation of radiolabeled algal (NaH14CO3) and bacterial (14C-acetate) carbon associated with benthic organic matter (BOM) was measured at timed intervals to determine the relative importance of algal, bacterial, and detrital compo
Reproductive responses of northern goshawks to variable prey populationsJournal of Wildlife ManagementSalafsky, Susan R.; Reynolds, Richard T.; Noon, Barry R.; Wiens, John A.2007Developing comprehensive conservation strategies requires knowledge of factors influencing population growth and persistence. Although variable prey resources are often associated with fluctuations in raptor demographic parameters, the mechanisms
Applying ecological risk assessment to environmental accidents: Harlequin ducks and the Exxon Valdez oil spillBioScienceWiens, John A.2007Ecological risk assessment is a systematic way to evaluate the likelihood that an environmental accident has caused significant ecological consequences. I apply this framework retrospectively to evaluate a scenario linking the Exxon Valdez oil sp
Factors associated with variation in home-range size of appalachian ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus)AukWhitaker, Darroch M.; Stauffer, Dean F.; Norman, Gary W.; Devers, Patrick K.; Edwards, John; Giuliano, William M.; Harper, Craig; Igo, William; Sole, Jeff; Spiker, Harry; Tefft, Brian2007From 1996 to 2001, researchers at 10 Appalachian study sites collected radiotracking data sufficient to delineate 1,054 seasonal home ranges of Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus; hereafter ‰ÛÏgrouse‰Û&#157;). Using information-theoretic model selection a
Winter relative abundance and habitat associations of swamp rabbits in eastern ArkansasSoutheastern NaturalistFowler, Allison and Robert E. Kissell, Jr2007Habitat loss coupled with decline in harvest has raised concern for Sylvilagus aquaticus (swamp rabbit) in Arkansas. We assessed relative abundance and habitat associations of swamp rabbits in eastern Arkansas using presence of latrine sites. We
Conservation reserve program benefits on henslow's sparrows within the united statesJournal of Wildlife ManagementHerkert, James R.2007Henslow's sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii) is one of North America's fastest declining songbirds. Population declines combined with a small global population have led to heightened conservation concern. I used data from the North American Breeding
Advancing treeline and retreating glaciers: Implications for conservation in Yunnan, PR chinaArctic Antarctic And Alpine ResearchBaker, B. B.; Moseley, R. K.2007Historic climate data and repeat photographs were used to assess and document changes in alpine treeline and glacial recession in northwestern Yunnan, China. Results show that mean annual temperature in the last two decades of the 20th century .
Alpine ecosystems of Northwest Yunnan, China: an initial assessment for conservationJournal Of Mountain ScienceRuth Sherman; Renee Mullen; Li Haomin; Fang Zhendong; Wang Yi2007Implementing conservation actions on-the-ground is not a straightforward process, especially when faced with high scientific uncertainty due to limited available information. This is especially acute in regions of the world that harbor many uniqu
The power of partnerships: Landscape scale conservation through public/private collaborationNatural Areas JournalHiggins, Alison; Serbesoff-King, Kristina; King, Matthew; O'Reilly-Doyle, Kathy2007Invasive exotic plants know no boundaries. If public conservation lands' managers wish to achieve long-term success, it is critical for them to reach out and collaborate with all stakeholders, including private landowners. In Florida, many region
Living trees provide stable large wood in streamsEarth Surface Processes And LandformsOpperman, Jeff J.; Merenlender, Adina M.2007Large wood exerts strong influences on stream channel morphology and aquatic ecosystems. Previously, in-stream large wood has generally been equated with dead wood. However, in streams in Northern California we found that living wood‰ÛÒtrees that
Intraspecific models and spatiotemporal context of size-mass relationships in adult dragonfliesJournal of the North American Benthological SocietyBried, JT and GN equations are valued for their efficiency and reliability because many animals, including aquatic macroinvertebrates, show predictable correlations between mass and linear body dimensions. Our paper explores overlooked aspects of leng
Domesticated nature: Shaping landscapes and ecosystems for human welfareScienceKareiva, Peter; Watts, Sean; McDonald, Robert; Boucher, Tim2007Like all species, humans have exercised their impulse to perpetuate and propagate themselves. In doing so, we have domesticated landscapes and ecosystems in ways that enhance our food supplies, reduce exposure to predators and natural dangers, an
Soil phosphorus release from a restoration wetland, Upper Klamath Lake, OregonWetlandsAldous, Allison R.; Craft, Christopher B.; Stevens, Carla J.; Barry, Matthew J.; Bach, Leslie B.2007Many wetland restoration projects are initiated with phosphorus (P) retention as a primary objective. While undisturbed wetlands often are net sinks for P and other nutrients, there is evidence that newly flooded restoration wetlands on former ag
Mitigating the ecological effects of riverbank filtrationJournal American Water Works AssociationKendy, E. & Bredeheoft, J.D2007One option for mitigating the effect of a large RBF well is to spread the pumping out across the aquifer. Figure 1 compares the areas affected by a 5,000-m3/d well and a 15,000-m^ sup 3^/d well. As indicated in the figure, if a well is located 50
Structure of isolated populations of Populus tremuloides (Quaking aspen) in the davis mountains of far-west texasNatural Areas JournalVan Auken, O. W.; Bush, J. K.; Richter, F. A.; Karges, J.2007Populus tremuloides is one of the most widespread woody species in North America, occurring across Canada, the northern United States, and at higher elevations in the southwestern United States and parts of Mexico. In Texas, it is found only at t
Measuring Impacts of Restoration on Small Mammals in a Mixed-grass Colorado PrairieEcological RestorationStone, E.R2007Small mammals in restored and native grassland plots were monitored at Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge in Colorado from 1997 to 2005 in order to measure the effects of restoration on small mammal communities. Variation in small .
Pine snake (Pituophis ruthveni and Pituophis melanoleucus lodingi) hibernaculaJournal Of HerpetologyRudolph, D. C.; Schaefer, R. R.; Burgdorf, S. J.; Duran, M.; Conner, R. N.2007Snakes are often highly selective in the choice of sites for hibernation, and suitable sites can potentially be a limiting resource. Hibernating Louisiana Pine Snakes (Pituophis ruthveni; N= 7) in eastern Texas and Black Pine Snakes (Pituophis me
Ruffed Grouse population ecology in the Appalachian regionWildlife MonographsKrausman, Paul R.2007The Appalachian Cooperative Grouse Research Project (ACGRP) was a multistate cooperative effort initiated in 1996 to investigate the apparent decline of ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) and improve management throughout the central and southern .
Alteration of water levels in a Massachusetts coastal plain pond subject to municipal ground-water withdrawalsWetlandsMcHorney, R. and Neill, C2007The coastal plain ponds that occur within glacial deposits in the northeastern US experience annual and inter-annual water level fluctuations. Periodic inundation and drying of coastal plain pond shorelines has led to the development of pondshore
What are we conserving? Establishing multiscale conservation goals and objectives in the face of global threatsScott, J.M., and T.H. Tear2007The conservation movement is entering a new era defined by increasing uncertainty and complexity, driven primarily by largescale human-induced threats impacting conservation efforts at global and local scales. In this context, how is it possible
American Oystercatchers in Maryland and Virginia, USA: Status and distributionWaterbirdsWilke, Alexandra L.; Brinker, David F.; Watts, Bryan D.; Traut, Ashley H.; Boettcher, Ruth; McCann, James M.; Truitt, Barry R.; Denmon, Pamela P.2007The conservation status of the American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus palliatus) along the Chesapeake Bay, coastal bays, and barrier island shorelines of Maryland and Virginia has been investigated in detail in recent years. The region supp
Plant diversity and priority conservation areas of Northwestern Yunnan, ChinaBiodiversity And ConservationMa Chang-Le; Moseley, Robert K.; Chen Wen-Yun; Zhou Zhe-Kun2007The Global Plant Conservation Strategy of the Convention on Biological Diversity calls for ‰ÛÏprotection of 50% of the most important areas for plant diversity.‰Û&#157; All global biodiversity analyses have identified the mountains of northwestern Yun
Restoring Heterogeneity On The Tallgrass Prairie Preserve: Applying The Fire-Grazing Interaction ModelHamilton, Robert interaction of fire and grazing is an important ecological process in the Great Plains grasslands of North America. The fire‰ÛÒgrazing interaction promotes a shifting mosaic of patches that support a diverse array of grassland flora and faunaagriculture, ranching
Taxonomic uniqueness of the Javan Leopard; an opportunity for zoos to save itContributions To ZoologyGippoliti, Spartaco; Meijaard, Erik2007The Javan leopard (Panthera pardus melas) is a distinct subspecies, basal to the phylogenetic tree of Asian leopards. At present this taxon is not specifically managed in captive breeding programs in America and Europe. As it is endangered in the
A checklist for ecological management of landscapes for conservationEcology LettersLindemeyer, D. et al (37 authors including J. Wiens)2007The management of landscapes for biological conservation and ecologically sustainable natural resource use are crucial global issues. Research for over two decades has resulted in a large literature, yet there is little consensus on the applicabi
Phylogenetic age is positively correlated with sensitivity to timber harvest in Bornean mammalsBiotropicaMeijaard, E., Sheil, D., Marshall, A. G. and Nasi, R2007The reasons that forest vertebrates differ in their response to selective timber extraction in tropical forests remain poorly characterized. Understanding what determines response and sensitivity can indicate how forest management might yield gre
Development and application of a video-mosaic survey technology to document the status of coral reef communitiesEnvironmental Monitoring And AssessmentLirman, Diego; Gracias, Nuno Ricardo; Gintert, Brooke Erin; Gleason, Arthur Charles Rogde; Reid, Ruth Pamela; Negahdaripour, Shahriar; Kramer, Philip2007The recent decline in the condition of coral reef communities worldwide has fueled the need to develop innovative assessment tools to document coral abundance and distribution rapidly and effectively. While most monitoring programs rely primarily
Fire effects on stable isotopes in a Sierran forested watershedJournal Of Environmental QualitySaito, Laurel; Miller, Wally W.; Johnson, Dale W.; Qualls, Robert G.; Provencher, Louis; Carroll, Erin; Szameitat, Peter2007This study tested the hypothesis that stable C and N isotope values in surface soil and litter would be increased by fire due to volatilization of lighter isotopes. The hypothesis was tested by:(1) performing experimental laboratory burns of orga
Impacts of garlic mustard invasion on a forest understory communityNortheastern NaturalistStinson, Kristina; Kaufman, Sylvan; Durbin, Luke; Lowenstein, Frank2007To assess the community-level responses of a New England forest to invasion by the Eurasian biennial Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard), we conducted a vegetation census at twenty-four plots ranging from low to high invasive cover, and experimen
Interactions between slimy sculpin and trout: Slimy sculpin growth and diet in relation to native and nonnative troutTransactions Of The American Fisheries SocietyZimmerman, Julie K. H.; Vondracek, Bruce2007To investigate whether introductions of nonnative trout affect growth and diet of nongame fish in small streams, we designed a field experiment to examine interactions between slimy sculpin Cottus cognatus and native brook trout Salvelinus fontin
An experimental test of frequency-dependent selection on male mating strategy in the fieldProceedings Of The Royal Society B-Biological SciencesBleay, C, T Comendant, and B Sinervo2007We provide field-based experimental evidence for the frequency-dependent nature of the fitness of alternative mating strategies. We manipulated the frequency of genetically determined phenotypic strategies in six wild populations of the side-blot
Simulating the cumulative effects of multiple forest management strategies on landscape measures of forest sustainabilityLandscape EcologyGustafson, Eric J.; Lytle, David E.; Swaty, Randy; Loehle, Craig2007While the cumulative effects of the actions of multiple owners have long been recognized as critically relevant to efforts to maintain sustainable forests at the landscape scale, few studies have addressed these effects. We used the HARVEST timbe
Restoring environmental flows by modifying dam operationsEcology and SocietyRichter, BD and GA construction of new dams has become one of the most controversial issues in global efforts to alleviate poverty, improve human health, and strengthen regional economies. Unfortunately, this controversy has overshadowed the tremendous ...
Conservation easements: Biodiversity protection and private useConservation BiologyRissman, Adena R.; Lozier, Lynn; Comendant, Tosha; Kareiva, Peter; Kiesecker, Joseph M.; Shaw, M. Rebecca; Merenlender, Adina M.2007Conservation easements are one of the primary tools for conserving biodiversity on private land. Despite their increasing use, little quantitative data are available on what species and habitats conservation easements aim to protect, how much st
Salamander abundance along road edges and within abandoned logging roads in Appalachian forestsConservation BiologySemlitsch, Raymond D.; Ryan, Travis J.; Ramed, Kevin; Chatfield, Matt; Drehman, Bethany; Pekarek, Nicole; Spath, Mike; Watland, Angie2007Roads may be one of the most common disturbances in otherwise continuous forested habitat in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Despite their obvious presence on the landscape, there is limited data on the ecological effects along a road edge o
Estimating the effect of protected lands on the development and conservation of their surroundingsConservation BiologyMcDonald, Robert I.; Yuan-Farrell, Chris; Fievet, Charles; Moeller, Matthias; Kareiva, Peter; Foster, David; Gragson, Ted; Kinzig, Ann; Kuby, Lauren; Redman, Charles2007The fate of private lands is widely seen as key to the fate of biodiversity in much of the world. Organizations that work to protect biodiversity on private lands often hope that conservation actions on one piece of land will leverage the action
Evidence for a recent Henslow's sparrow population increase in IllinoisJournal of Wildlife ManagementHerkert, James R.2007The Henslow's sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii) is a species of high conservation concern due to long-term population declines and a small global population. Habitat loss is considered to be the most likely cause of Henslow's sparrow declines and t
Ecosystem services related to oyster restorationMarine Ecology Progress SeriesCoen, LD, RD Brumbaugh, D Bushek, R Grizzle, MW Luckenbach, MH Posey, SP Powers, and SG importance of restoring filter-feeders, such as the Eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica, to mitigate the effects of eutrophication (eg in Chesapeake Bay) is currently under debate. The argument that bivalve molluscs alone cannot control ..
Latitudinal patterns of range size and species richness of New World woody plantsGlobal Ecology and BiogeographyWeiser, M. D., B. J. Enquist, B. Boyle, T. J. Killeen, P. M. J¿rgensen, G. Fonseca, M. D. Jennings, A. J. Kerkhoff, T. E. J. Lacher, A. Monteagudo, M. P. Nœ–ez Vargas, O. L. Phillips, N. G. Swenson, and R. V. Mart’nez2007Aim Relationships between range size and species richness are contentious, yet they are key to testing the various hypotheses that attempt to explain latitudinal diversity gradients. Our goal is to utilize the largest data set yet compiled for New World w
Overstory response to alternative thinning treatments in young Douglas-fir forests of western OregonNorthwest ScienceDavis, L. R., K. J. Puettmann and G. F. increase in land dominated by young second-growth Douglas-fir forests in the Pacific Northwest has coincided with heightened concerns over loss of old-growth habitat. In search of options for managing young forests to provide late-successional forest s
Use of limestone karst forests by Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus morio) in the Sangkulirang Peninsula, East Kalimantan, IndonesiaAmerican Journal of PrimatologyMarshall, A J, L A Salas, S Stephens, Nardiyono, L Engstršm, E Meijaard, and S A orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) are confined to the lowland and midelevation forests of the large Southeast Asian island of Borneo [Rijksen &amp; Meijaard, 1999]. At all locations for which we have reliable data, orangutan populations appear to be in dram
Can captive rearing promote recovery of endangered butterflies? An assessment in the face of uncertaintyBiological ConservationCrone, Elizabeth E.; Pickering, Debbie; Schultz, Cheryl B.2007Captive rearing is increasingly used as an interim strategy to maintain at-risk butterfly populations while long-term recovery techniques are developed. However, it is seldom feasible to measure effects of captive rearing on small, fragile, and highly mob
Quantitative threat analysis for management of an imperiled species: Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)Ecological ApplicationsHoekstra, Jonathan M.; Bartz, Krista K.; Ruckelshaus, Mary H.; Moslemi, Jenniffr M.; Harms, Tamara K.2007Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) have declined dramatically across the Pacific Northwest because of multiple human impacts colloquially characterized as the four ‰ÛÏH's‰Û&#157;: habitat degradation, harvest, hydroelectric and other dams, and hatchery
Incentives for employing conservation easements in Washington StateNatural Areas JournalKilbane, C.A., and Kareiva, P2007Conservation easements are the most popular tool used by United States land trusts to conserve private land (LTA 2004). Part of the appeal of easements is that landowners can deduct the value of the donated easement as a charitable contribution, thereby r
Conservation easements in context: a quantitative analysis of their use by The Nature ConservancyFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentKiesecker, Joseph M.; Comendant, Tosha; Grandmason, Terra; Gray, Elizabeth; Hall, Christine; Hilsenbeck, Richard; Kareiva, Peter; Lozier, Lynn; Naehu, Patrick; Rissman, Adena; Shaw, M. Rebecca; Zankel, Mark2007Conservation easements have become the principal tool used by land trusts to preserve habitat and open space. However, anecdotal evidence has led some to question whether easements actually deliver conservation value. Our analysis of data from 119 easemen
Annual groundwater evapotranspiration mapped from single satellite scenesJournal of HydrologyGroeneveld, D. P., W. M. Baugh, J. S. Sanderson and D. J. Cooper2007Evapotranspiration (ET) data measured using micrometeorological equipment were obtained from three separate studies conducted in arid and semi-arid shallow groundwater environments in California, New Mexico and Colorado. These locations have great ...
Projecting transition probabilities for regular public roads at the ecoregion scale: A Northern Appalachian/Acadian case studyLandscape and Urban PlanningBaldwin, Robert F.; Trombulak, Stephen C.; Anderson, Mark G.; Woolmer, Gillian2007Existing roads have far-reaching effects on biodiversity, and therefore road network expansion is of critical concern to conservation planning. Road density trend analysis is often too coarse and assumes homogeneous landscapes, whereas spatial transition
Facing the dilemma at eradication's end: uncertainty of absence and the Lazarus effectFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentMorrison, Scott A.; Macdonald, Norman; Walker, Kelvin; Lozier, Lynn; Shaw, M. Rebecca2007Feral ungulates, such as pigs, are highly destructive to island ecosystems and are therefore often the target of eradication efforts. To succeed in eradication, however, managers must address a question made formidable by the great difficulty of detecting
Modeling the long-term effects of fire suppression on central hardwood forests in Missouri Ozarks, using LANDISForest Ecology and ManagementShang, ZongBo; He, Hong S.; Lytle, David E.; Shifley, Stephen R.; Crow, Thomas R.2007Fire suppression has been found to dramatically change fire regimes, lead to accumulation of fuels, and alter forest composition and species abundance in the Central Hardwood Forests in the Missouri Ozarks, United States. After a half century of fire supp
Maximizing return on investment in conservationBiological ConservationMurdoch, William; Polasky, Stephen; Wilson, Kerrie A.; Possingham, Hugh P.; Kareiva, Peter; Shaw, Rebecca2007Global conservation needs far exceed the available resources, so scarce resources must be used cost-effectively. Although many conservation priory-setting frameworks used by NGO's or public agencies explicitly claim to emphasize efficiency or wise investm
Overstory tree mortality resulting from reintroducing fire to long-unburned longleaf pine forests: the importance of duff moistureCanadian Journal of Forest ResearchVarner, J. Morgan, III; Hiers, J. Kevin; Ottmar, Roger D.; Gordon, Doria R.; Putz, Francis E.; Wade, Dale D.2007In forests historically maintained by frequent fire, reintroducing fire after decades of exclusion often causes widespread overstory mortality. To better understand this phenomenon, we subjected 16 fire-excluded (ca. 40 years since fire) 10 ha longleaf pi
Putting orang-utan population trends into perspectiveCurrent BiologyMeijaard, E and S Wich2007Is it true that ‰ÛÏthe orang-utan could be virtually extinct within five years‰Û&#157;, as reported by [1] in a recent issue of Current Biology? The dire conservation status of this ape warrants a sense of urgency [2], but we would like to present a more balan
Foundation Papers in Landscape EcologyWiens, J2007Landscape ecology focuses on spatial heterogeneity, or the idea that where things are and where they are in relation to other things can have important consequences for a wide range of phenomena. Landscape ecology integrates humans with natural ecosystems
Comparing alternative management strategies of fire, grazing, and weed control using spatial modelingEcological ModellingProvencher, Louis; Forbis, Tara A.; Frid, Leonardo; Medlyn, Gary2007Modeling can be used to resolve controversies generated by differing opinions about the effects of livestock grazing, fire management, and herbicide application on western public lands. We used spatial simulations of 10 potential vegetation types to compaagriculture, ranching
A logged forest in Borneo is better than none at allNatureMeijaard, E and D ‰ÛÓ We welcome your encouragement for integrating conservation with other land use in Borneo (‰ÛÏTimber and tapirs‰Û&#157; Nature 446, 583‰ÛÒ584; 2007). However, your picture of rampant logging and forest destruction in Indonesian Borneo (Kalimantan) requi
Quantifying habitat complexity in aquatic ecosystemsFreshwater BiologyShumway, CA, HA Hofmann, and AP Dobberfuhl2007SUMMARY 1. Many aquatic studies have attempted to relate biological features, such as species diversity, abundance, brain size and behaviour, to measures of habitat complexity. Previous measures of habitat complexity have ranged from simple, habitat-speci
Umbrella potential of plants and dragonflies for wetland conservation: a quantitative case study using the umbrella indexJournal of Applied EcologyBried, JT, BD Herman, and GN Ervin2007Summary 1. Shortcuts to measuring biodiversity enable prioritization of conservation effort in the face of limited time, personnel and funding. The conservation umbrella approach focuses management effort according to individual species that may confer pr
The Malay Weasel Mustela nudipes: distribution, natural history and a global conservation status reviewSmall Carnivore ConservationDuckworth, JW, BPH-H Lee, E Meijaard, and S The Malay Weasel Mustela nudipes inhabits only the Sundaic sub-region of South-East Asia and has never been studied in the field. Overall, it is recorded only rather rarely. Given major declines in many better-known Sundaic forest vertebrates, rec
Spatial scaling of avian population dynamics: Population abundance, growth rate, and variabilityEcologyJones, Jason; Doran, Patrick J.; Holmes, Richard T.2007Synchrony in population fluctuations has been identified as an important component of population dynamics. In a previous study, we determined that local-scale (&lt; 15-km) spatial synchrony of bird populations in New England was correlated with synchronous
Channel-forming discharge selection in river restoration designJournal Of Hydraulic Engineering-AsceDoyle, Martin W.; Shields, Doug; Boyd, Karin F.; Skidmore, Peter B.; Dominick, DeWitt2007The concept of channel-forming (Q cf) or dominant discharge is now a cornerstone of river channel restoration design. Three measures of channel-forming discharge are most commonly applied: effective discharge (Q eff), bankfull discharge (Q bf), and a disc
Hierarchical tree classifiers to find suitable sites for sandplain grasslands and heathlands on Martha's Vineyard Island, MassachusettsBiological ConservationChase, Tom; Rothley, Kristina D.2007The grasslands and heathlands of Martha's Vineyard Island, Massachusetts provide habitat for unusual, rare, and endangered species. Currently, these globally rare ecosystems exist as fragments on the southern coast of the island within a matrix of wooded,
Logging for the ark: improving the conservation value of production forests in South East AsiaCenter for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, IndonesiaGustafsson, L., Nasi, R., Dennis, R., Nguyen Hoang Nghia, Sheil, D., Meijaard, E., Dykstra, D.P., Priyadi, H., and Pham Quang recommendations made in this report aim to improve the conditions for biodiversity conservation in the selectively logged production forests of South East Asia, a region which is one of the most important hot spots for global flora and fauna and which
Ecological resilience, climate change and the Great Barrier ReefMcCook, L.J., Folke, C., Hughes, T., Nystršm, M., Obura, D., Salm, R2007The vulnerability assessments in this volume frequently refer to the resilience of various ecosystem elements in the face of climate change. This chapter provides an introduction to the concept of ecological resilience, and its application as part of a ma
The dangers of black-and-white conservationConservation BiologyWiens, world is a complex place. To simplify this complexity, people often reduce it to simple either‰ÛÒor choices‰ÛÓblack or white, do or don't, yes or no, winners or losers, nature or nurture, and so on. Even our computer systems are based on binary logic.
Factors affecting fisherfolk's support for coastal resource management: The case of local government-initiated mangrove protection activitiesOcean and Coastal ManagementGenio, Emmanuel L., Jr.; Rejesus, Roderick M.; Pomeroy, Robert S.; White, Alan; Smith, Becky2007This article examines factors that influence support for local-government initiated mangrove protection activities. Using an ordered probit approach, we show how fisher characteristics and regional variation affect the level of support given to mangrove p
The Role of Disturbance in Habitat Restoration and Management for the Eastern Regal Fritillary Speyeria idalia idalia) at a Military Installation in PennsylvaniaEcological RestorationLatham, RE, D Zercher, P McElhenny, P Mooreside, and B Ferster2007
Can captive rearing promote recovery of endangeredbutterflies? An assessment in the face of uncertaintyBiological ConservationElizabeth E. Crone, Debbie Pickering, Cheryl B. Schultz2007
Demographic differences of black-capped vireos in two habitat types in central TexasJournal of Wildlife ManagementNoa, L.A., D.H. Hirth, T.M. Donovan, and D. Cimprich2007
Nonnative Plants of CaliforniaBossard, Carla C.; Randall, John M.2007
Using ecoregional assessments to predict the biodiversity impacts of major transportation corridorsKelly, E.M., K. Freeman, and D.R., GA
Assessing tradeoffs in biodiversity, vulnerability and cost when prioritizing conservation sitesJournal of Conservation PlanningCopeland, HE, JM Ward, and JM Kiesecker2007
Forest Regeneration from Pasture in the Dry Tropics of Panama: Effects of Cattle, Exotic Grass, and Forested RipariaRestoration EcologyHeather P. Griscom, Bronson W. Griscom, and Mark S. Ashton2007agriculture, ranching
Beak deformity in the endangered Black-Capped VireoNorth American Bird BanderSperry, D., D. Cimprich, and J.
In memoriam - Frank B. Golley (1930-2006)Landscape EcologyTurner, Monica G.; Barrett, Gary W.; Gardner, Robert H.; Iverson, Louis R.; Risser, Paul G.; Wiens, John A.; (Jingle)Wu, Jianguo2007
Logging and marine coastal systemsMcGraw-Hill 2007 Yearbook of Science and TechnologyShaber Nelson, K, E Gray, and H. Tallis2007
Response of Golden-cheeked Warblers (Dendroica chrysoparia) to wildfires at Fort Hood, TexasOccasional Publication of the Texas Ornithological SocietyBaccus, JT, ME TollŽ, and JD Cornelius2007
Ecosystem-service science and the way forward for conservationConservation BiologyArmsworth, P. R.; Chan, K. M. A.; Daily, G. C.; Ehrlich, P. R.; Kremen, C.; Ricketts, T. H.; Sanjayan, M. A.2007
Application of the indicators of hydrologic alteration software in environmental flow settingJournal of the American Water Resources AssociationMathews, Ruth; Richter, Brian D.2007
Investigating the rapid spread of invasive knotweed in a riparian setting (Washington)Ecological RestorationHolman, M., P. Dunwiddie, and B. Carey2007
Visual obstruction: Weight technique for estimating production on northwestern bunchgrass prairie rangelands.Journal Of Animal ScienceDamiran, D.; DelCurto, T.; Darambazar, E.; Clark, A. A.; Kennedy, P. L.; Taylor, R. V.2007
Species composition and diversity on northwestern bunchgrass prairie rangelands.Journal Of Animal ScienceDarambazar, E.; DelCurto, T.; Damiran, D.; Clark, A. A.; Taylor, R. V.2007
Building Resilience into MPAs: Impact from Sites to Global PoliciesSalm, R.V., A. Green, L.Z. Hale, P. Kramer, E. McLeod, G. Miles, A. Smith, S.E. Smith, S.L. Wear2007
Fire in California GrasslandsReiner, R. J2007
A method for landscape-scale vegetation assessment: Application to great basin rangeland ecosystemsRangeland Ecology & ManagementForbis, Tara A.; Provencher, Louis; Turner, Lee; Medlyn, Gary; Thompson, Julie; Jones, Gina2007agriculture, ranching
Monitoring natural resources on rangeland conservation easements; who's minding the easement?RangelandsRissman, A. R., R. J. Reiner,ÊandÊA. M., ranching
Can hydro power be sustainable?Water Power & Dam ConstructionHarrison, D., J. J. Opperman, and B. Richter2007
Was the kouprey a feral hybrid? A response to Galbreath et al. (2006)Journal Of ZoologyHedges, S.; Groves, C. P.; Duckworth, J. W.; Meijaard, E.; Timmins, R. J.; Burton, J.
Willamette River, Oregon: moving toward basin-wide flow and floodplain restorationIMPACT (American Water Resources Association)Bach, L. B., M. Rea, M. K. Scullion, K. Kanbergs, and J. J. Opperman2007
Fire Learning Network In The Arkansas Blackland EcosystemMelnechuk, Maria; Anderson, McRee; Clark, Mark2007
Documenting hurricane impacts on coral reefs using two-dimensional video-mosaic technologyMarine Ecology-An Evolutionary PerspectiveGleason, Arthur C. R.; Lirman, Diego; Williams, Dana; Gracias, Nuno R.; Gintert, Brooke E.; Madjidi, Hossein; Reid, R. Pamela; Boynton, G. Chris; Negahdaripour, Shahriar; Miller, Margaret; Kramer, Philip2007
Epidermal 'alarm substance' cells of fishes maintained by non-alarm functions: possible defence against pathogens, parasites and UVB radiationProceedings Of The Royal Society B-Biological SciencesChivers, Douglas P.; Wisenden, Brian D.; Hindman, Carrie J.; Michalak, TracyA.; Kusch, Robin C.; Kaminskyj, SusanG. W.; Jack, Kristin L.; Ferrari, Maud C. O.; Pollock, Robyn J.; Halbgewachs, Colin F.; Pollock, Michael S.; Alemadi, Shireen; James, Clayton2007
Cave crickets (Orthoptera : Rhaphidophoridae) as vectors of dictyostelids (Protista : Dictyosteliida)Entomological NewsStephenson, Steven L.; Slay, Michael E.; Slay, Christy A.; Tuggle, Alicia E.2007
Is wildlife research useful for wildlife conservation in the tropics? A review of Borneo with global implicationsBiodiversity and ConservationMeijaard, E and D Sheil2007
Six grand reserves, one grand desertFelger, R.S., B. Broyles, M.F, Wilson, G.P. Nabhan, and D.S. Turner2007
Phylogeography and population structure of the Yunnan snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti) inferred from mitochondrial control region DNA sequence analysisMolecular EcologyLiu, Zhijin; Ren, Baoping; Wei, Fuwen; Long, Yongcheng; Hao, Yanli; Ll, Ming2007
Loss, status, and trends for coastal marine habitats of EuropeAnnual Review of Marine Biology and OceanographyAiroldi, L, and MW
Compensatory mitigation for marine bycatch will do harm,notgoodFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentDoak, Daniel; Bakker, Victoria; Finkelstein, Myra; Sullivan, Ben; Lewison, Rebecca; Keitt, Bradford; Arnold, Jennifer; Croxall, John; Micheli, Fiorenza; Sanjayan, M.2007
Food web interactions along seagrass-coral reef boundaries: effects of piscivore reductions on cross-habitat energy exchangeMarine Ecology Progress SeriesValentine, J. F., Heck Jr, K. L., Blackmon, D., Goecker, M. E., Christian, J., Kroutil, R. M., ... & Vanderklift, M.
Low-cost bathymetric mapping for tropical marine conservation - A focus on reef fish spawning aggregation sitesMarine GeodesyHeyman, William D.; Ecochard, Jean-Louis B.; Biasi, Frank B.2007
WhatÕs so new about ecosystem services?Bulletin of the British Ecological SocietyWiens, J2007
Will land-use change erode our conservation gains?Bulletin of the British Ecological SocietyWiens, J.A2007
The Cumberland Plateau disjunct paradox and the biodiversity and conservation of pond-breeding amphibiansAmerican Midland NaturalistCorser, J.D.2007
Marine Ecoregions of the World: a bioregionalization of coast and shelf areasBioScienceSpalding M.D., H.E. Fox, G.R. Allen, N. Davidson, Z.A. Ferdana, M. Finlayson, B.S. Halpern, M.A. Jorge, A. Lombana, S.A. Lourie, K.D. Martin, E. McManus, J.L. Molnar, C.A. Recchia, J.
New taxa of lichens and lichenicolous fungi from the Ozark EcoregionOpuscula PhilolichenumRICHARD C. HARRIS & DOUGLAS LADD2007
Sex differences in the first basic-plumage of the Black-capped VireoNorth American Bird BanderCimprich, D.
The contribution of long-term research at Gombe National Park to chimpanzee conservationConservation BiologyPusey, Anne E.; Pintea, Lilian; Wilson, Michael L.; Kamenya, Shadrack; Goodall, Jane2007
Increased forest edge density negatively affects Golden-cheeked Warbler nest survival on Fort Hood Military Reservation, TexasCondorPeak,
The science of targeting within landscapes and watersheds to improve conservation effectivenessManaging Agricultural Landscapes for Environmental Quality: Strengthening the Science BaseWalter, T, M Dosskey, M Khanna, J Miller, M Tomer, and J Wiens2007agriculture
Estimating the effect of cropland to prairie conversion on peak storm run-offRestoration EcologyGerla, Philip J.2007
Habitat mapping and conservation analysis to identify critical streams for Arizona's native fishAquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater EcosystemsTurner, D.S. and M.D.
It'll take more than researchBulletin of the British Ecological SocietySheil, D. and Meijaard, E2007
Comments on the type status of Laemolyta (Characiformes: Anostomidae) specimens described by Garman 1890 and Borodin 1931Neotropical IchthyologyPetry, P., K. C. Mautari, N. A. Menezes & K. E. Hartel2007
Using Models To Assess Fire Regime Conditions And Develop Restoration Strategies In Grassland Systems At Landscape And Global ScalesShlisky, Ayn J.; Hickey, S.; Bragg, T. B.2007
Cultural erosion and biodiversity: Canoe-making knowledge in Pohnpei, MicronesiaConservation BiologyBrosi, Berry J.; Balick, Michael J.; Wolkow, Robert; Lee, Roberta; Kostka, Mark; Raynor, William; Gallen, Robert; Raynor, Ally; Raynor, Pelihter; Ling, Dana Lee2007
Strategies to protect forest from palm-oil industryNatureVenter, O., E. Meijaard, and K. Wilson2007
Restoring Nature's Capital: An Action Agenda to Sustain Ecosystem ServicesIrwin.F, K. Krchank., et.
Groundwater: a global assessment of scale and significanceShah T, et
New taxa of lichens and lichenicolous fungi from the Ozark EcoregionRICHARD C. HARRIS & DOUGLAS LADD2007
Managing for biodiversity in vernal pool grasslands using fire and grazingMarty, J.2007Studies from the Herbarium 14
Fish community development during wetland restoration of an agriculturally impacted floodplain system, 1999-2003Pegg, M.A., M.A. Herbert, and A.M. Lemke2007Special Publication
Effects of Riparian Restoration on Abundances of Small Mammal Agricultural Pest Species (California)Ecological RestorationGolet G.H., R.J. Bogiatto, J.W. Hunt, D. Koenig, G. Werner2007
Growing Carnivorous PlantsMeyers-Rice, B.A2006... Search help. Growing carnivorous plants [2006]. rdf logo rdf logo. Meyers-Rice, Barry.Translate with Translator. This translation tool is powered by Google. AGRIS andFAO are not responsible for the accuracy of translations. fao, ...
Who needs to spend money on conservation science anyway?Conservation BiologyHiggins, Jonathan V.; Touval, Jerome L.; Unnasch, Robert S.; Reichle, Steffen; Oren, David C.; Waldman, William R.; Hoekstra, Jonathan M.2006... Who Needs to Spend Money on Conservation Science Anyway? ... Additional Information. Howto Cite. Higgins, JV, Touval, JL, Unnasch, RS, Reichle, S., Oren, DC, Waldman, WR and Hoekstra,JM (2006), Who Needs to Spend Money on Conservation Science Anyway?.
Structure and composition of Costa Rican montane oak forestsEcology and Conservation of Neotropical Montane Oak ForestsKappelle, Conclusions The current chapter provides some insight into the structure, composition and diversity of Costa Rica's montane oak forest. It is meant to set the stage on this particularly rich and voluminous forest, in order to better understand its sp
Land use, ethnobotany and conservation in Costa Rican montane oak forestsEcology and Conservation of Neotropical Montane Oak ForestsKappelle, M. & M.E. Ju‡ large number of studies on human impact on tropical mountains underline the vast destructive and often irreversible effects that settlements and inappropriate land use practices may have on local forest resources (eg, Baker and Little 1976; Budowski 198
Nitrogen and carbon storage in alpine plantsIntegrative And Comparative BiologyMonson, RK; Rosenstiel, TN; Forbis, TA; Lipson, DA; Jaeger, CH2006Alpine plants offer unique opportunities to study the processes and economics of nutrient storage. The short alpine growing season forces rapid completion of plant growth cycles, which in turn causes competition between vegetative and reproductiv
Ecological thresholds: The key to successful environmental management or an important concept with no practical application?EcosystemsGroffman, P; Baron, J; Blett, T; Gold, A; Goodman, I; Gunderson, L; Levinson, B; Palmer, M; Paerl, H; Peterson, G; Poff, N; Rejeski, D; Reynolds, J; Turner, M; Weathers, K; Wiens, J2006An ecological threshold is the point at which there is an abrupt change in an ecosystem quality, property or phenomenon, or where small changes in an environmental driver produce large responses in the ecosystem. Analysis of thresholds is complic
Bactrurus speleopolis, a new species of subterranean amphipod crustacean (Crangonyctidae) from caves in northern ArkansasProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesHolsinger, JR; Sawicki, TR; Graening, GO2006Bactrurus speleopolis, a large stygobitic amphipod crustacean in the family Crangonyctidae is described from specimens collected from a lake in Cave City Cave, Sharp County, Arkansas, and is the second species of Bactrurus Hay, 1902 recorded to d
Using anurans as bioindicators of PCB contaminated streamsJournal Of HerpetologyDeGarady, CJ; Halbrook, RS2006Because polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) persist in the environment and are lipophilic they can accumulate in wildlife. Little is known about accumulation or effects of PCBs in anurans; therefore, we chose them for study at a PCB contaminated Sup
Historical landscape change in northwestern Yunnan, China - Using repeat photography to assess the perceptions and realities of biodiversity lossMountain Research And DevelopmentMoseley, Robert K.2006Biodiversity conservation programs rely on accurate knowledge about past rates of ecological change and patterns of human use. In remote areas of the world, empirical data on historical trends rarely exist to inform conservation planning. Such is
A conservation design for the central coast of California and the evaluation of mountain lion as an umbrella speciesNatural Areas JournalThorne, JH; Cameron, D; Quinn, JF2006Conservation planners use several methods to select conservation target areas. These include the use of umbrella species for large area requirements, site-specific locations of important biodiversity elements, and indications of ecosystem health.
Conservation planning for ecosystem servicesPlos BiologyChan, Kai M. A.; Shaw, M. Rebecca; Cameron, David R.; Underwood, Emma C.; Daily, Gretchen C.2006Despite increasing attention to the human dimension of conservation projects, a rigorous, systematic methodology for planning for ecosystem services has not been developed. This is in part because flows of ecosystem services remain poorly ...
Coprophagy in a cave-adapted salamander; the importance of bat guano examined through nutritional and stable isotope analysesProceedings Of The Royal Society B-Biological SciencesFenolio, DB; Graening, GO; Collier, BA; Stout, JF2006During a two year population ecology study in a cave environment, 15 Eurycea (= Typhlotriton) spelaea were observed ingesting bat guano. Furthermore, E. spelaea capture numbers increased significantly during the time that grey bats (Myotis grises
Fat affects predator-avoidance behavior in gray catbirds (Dumetella carolinensis) during migratory stopoverAukCimprich, David A.; Moore, Frank R.2006During migration, birds may store large quantities of fat to fuel long-distance flight. Because mass affects flight performance, fat migrants should behave with greater caution toward aerial predators than lean migrants. We tested a prediction of
Edge effects reduce the nesting success of Acadian Flycatchers in a moderately fragmented forestJournal of Field OrnithologyHoover, Jeffrey P.; Tear, Timothy H.; Baltz, Michael E.2006Forest fragmentation can create negative edge effects that reduce the reproductive success of birds nesting near the forest/nonforest interface, and threaten bird populations deeper in remnant forest habitats. Negative edge effects may be more .
Abundance patterns of dragonflies along a wetland bufferWetlandsBried, Jason T.; Ervin, Gary N.2006Local abundance of animals with aquatic and terrestrial life stages may be useful to determine criteria for protective buffers around wetlands. Maiden flights and daily commutes of adult Odonata (damselflies, dragonflies) occur between wetland br
A collaborative and adaptive process for developing environmental flow recommendationsRiver Research And ApplicationsRichter, BD; Warner, AT; Meyer, JL; Lutz, K2006Many river restoration projects are focusing on restoring environmental flow regimes to improve ecosystem health in rivers that have been developed for water supply, hydropower generation, flood control, navigation, and other purposes. In efforts
Allocating resources between taking action, assessing status, and measuring effectiveness of conservation actionsNatural Areas JournalSalzer, Daniel; Salafsky, Nick2006Millions of dollars are spent annually on biodiversity conservation projects at natural areas around the world. Managers of natural areas must achieve a balance between taking conservation action, evaluating the effectiveness of actions taken, an
Reducing cowbird parasitism with minimal-effort shooting: A pilot studySouthwestern NaturalistSummers, Scott G.; Stake, Mike M.; Eckrich, Gilbert H.; Kostecke, Richard M.; Cimprich, David A.2006Overall, trapping of brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) on Fort Hood, Texas, has reduced parasitism on black-capped vireos (Vireo atricapilla). However, parasitism remained high (92.0% in 1999) on a disjunct, 20-ha patch of habitat. As an alt
Terrestrial subsidies of organic carbon support net ecosystem production in temporary forest ponds: Evidence from an ecosystem experimentEcosystemsRubbo, Michael J.; Cole, Jonathan J.; Kiesecker, Joseph M.2006Recent research suggests that secondary production in aquatic systems can be driven by inputs of energy from terrestrial sources. Temporary forest ponds appear to be unproductive ecosystems that are reliant upon allochthonous inputs of energy to
Capture rate, body size, and survey recommendations for larval Ambystoma cingulatum (Flatwoods salamanders)Southeastern NaturalistBishop, DC; Palis, JG; Enge, KM; Printiss, DJ; Stevenson, DJ2006Recovery of the federally threatened Ambystoma cingulatum (Flatwoods Salamander) will require monitoring of known populations, as well as continued searches for additional populations. In an effort to develop recommendations for maximizing ...
Protecting red-cockaded woodpecker cavity trees predisposed to fire-induced mortalityJournal of Wildlife ManagementWilliams, Brett W.; Moser, E. Barry; Hiers, J. Kevin; Gault, Kathy; Thurber, Dale K.2006Reducing fire-induced mortality of cavity trees used by red-cockaded woodpeckers (Picoides borealis) is a challenge and concern in managing this federally endangered species. Prior to the 2001 burning season, 814 active and inactive longleaf pine
Factors affecting avian species richness and density in riparian areasJournal of Wildlife ManagementPeak, RG; Thompson, FR2006Riparian areas are an important part of conservation efforts directed toward minimizing the effects of habitat loss on birds because riparian areas host a large number of bird species. We compared species richness and densities of breeding songbi
Abundance patterns of landbirds in restored and remnant riparian forests on the Sacramento River, California, USARestoration EcologyGardali, Thomas; Holmes, Aaron L.; Small, Stacy L.; Nur, Nadav; Geupel, Geoffrey R.; Golet, Gregory H.2006Riparian vegetation along the Sacramento River‰ÛÓCalifornia's largest river‰ÛÓhas been almost entirely lost, and several wildlife species have been extirpated or have declined as a result. Large-scale restoration efforts are focusing on revegetat
Daily energy expenditure in free-ranging Gopher Tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus)CopeiaJodice, PGR; Epperson, DM; Visser, GH2006Studies of ecological energetics in chelonians are rare. Here, we report the first measurements of daily energy expenditure (DEE) and water influx rates (WIRs) in free-ranging adult Gopher Tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus). We used the doubly label
Mechanical land clearing to promote establishment of coastal sandplain grassland and shrubland communitiesRestoration EcologyLezberg, AL; Buresch, K; Neill, C; Chase, T2006The decline in grasslands and other species-rich early successional habitats on the coastal sandplains of the northeastern United States has spurred management to increase the area of these declining plant communities. We mechanically removed ove
Land market feedbacks can undermine biodiversity conservationProceedings of the National Academy of SciencesArmsworth, PR; Daily, GC; Kareiva, P; Sanchirico, JN2006The full or partial purchase of land has become a cornerstone of efforts to conserve biodiversity in countries with strong private property rights. Methods used to target areas for acquisition typically ignore land market dynamics. We show how co
Predicting presence-absence of the endangered golden-cheeked warbler (Dendroica chrysoparia)The Southwestern NaturalistDeBoer, T. S., and D. D. Diamond2006The golden-cheeked warbler (Dendroica chrysoparia) is a federally endangered, Neotropical migrant songbird that breeds exclusively in central Texas. Previous studies have identified habitat characteristics associated with the warbler, but a predi
Range extension and status update of the endangered hell creek cave crayfish, Cambarus zophonastes (Decapoda : Cambaridae)Southwestern NaturalistGraening, G. O.; Koppelman, Jeffrey B.; Wagner, Brian K.; Slay, Michael E.; Brickey, Charles L.2006The range of the endangered Hell Creek Cave crayfish (Cambarus zophonastes) is expanded to include a second population, determined by genetic analyses. This crayfish is still restricted to Stone County, Arkansas, and is known from only 14 individ
Patterns of genetic differentiation and conservation of the slabside pearlymussel, Lexingtonia dolabelloides (Lea, 1840) in the Tennessee River drainageJournal Of Molluscan StudiesGrobler, PJ; Jones, JW; Johnson, NA; Beaty, B; Struthers, J; Neves, RJ; Hallerman, EM2006The restoration and recovery of imperiled mussel species will require the re-establishment of populations into historically occupied habitats. The possible existence of genetic differentiation among populations should be considered before inter-b
Capture for culture: artificial shelters for grouper collection in SE AsiaFish and FisheriesMous, P.J., Y.J. Sadovy, A. Halim, and J.S. Pet2006This paper addresses a little-discussed relationship between wild capture and mariculture, when the latter involves grow-out of small wild-caught fish or invertebrates in captivity. Seafood generated in this way is typically considered to be a fo
Great Basin Land Management planning using ecological modelingEnvironmental ManagementForbis, Tara A.; Provencher, Louis; Frid, Leonardo; Medlyn, Gary2006This report describes a land management modeling effort that analyzed potential impacts of proposed actions under an updated Bureau of Land Management Resource Management Plan that will guide management for 20 years on 4.6 million hectares in the
Declining populations of the Javan warty pig Sus verrucosusOryxSemiadi, G; Meijaard, E2006We conducted an interview-based survey for the Javan warty pig Sus verrucosus, endemic to the islands of Java and Bawean in Indonesia. The species occurs in 10 isolated areas, although some additional, probably very small populations, may remain.
Evaluating non-native species and wetland indicator status as components of wetlands floristic assessmentWetlandsErvin, G. N., B. D. Herman, J. T. Bried, and D. C. Holly2006We evaluated a potential index for quantifying wetland floristic quality, based on the Floristic Quality Assessment Index (FQAI) developed and tested in other regions of the United States. Principal reasons for this study were 1) FQAI is based on
Adjustments in hydraulic architecture of Pinus palustris maintain similar stomatal conductance in xeric and mesic habitatsPlant Cell And EnvironmentAddington, RN; Donovan, LA; Mitchell, RJ; Vose, JM; Pecot, SD; Jack, SB; Hacke, UG; Sperry, JS; Oren, R2006We investigated relationships between whole-tree hydraulic architecture and stomatal conductance in Pinus palustris Mill.(longleaf pine) across habitats that differed in soil properties and habitat structure. Trees occupying a xeric habitat (char
California least tern chick predation by greater roadrunnerSouthwestern NaturalistWhelchel, Adam W.; Lansford, Kevin C.2006We present the first documented account of adult greater roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus) feeding on California least tern chicks (Sterna antillarum browni). This predation event occurred at a designated nesting site within Batiquitos Lagoon,
Status and distribution of the endangered benton cave crayfish, Cambarus aculabrum (Decapoda : Cambaridae)Southwestern NaturalistGraening, G. O.; Slay, Michael E.; Brown, Arthur V.; Koppelman, Jeffrey B.2006We present the first summary of the status and distribution of the Benton cave crayfish (Cambarus aculabrum). The range of this endangered crayfish is limited to 4 sites globally (3 in Benton County and 1 in Washington County, Arkansas). The iden
Bird records of note from Fort Hood, TexasTexas Ornithological Society BulletinKostecke, R. M2006Since 1989, bird surveys have been conducted at Fort Hood, Bell and Coryell counties, central Texas. Only some of these data have been reported to bird records compilers for North American Birds and the Texas Ornithological Society. I provide
The questionable effectiveness of science spending by international conservation organizations in the tropicsConservation BiologyCleary, D2006The general context of conservation in the tropics‰ÛÓin the Amazon basin and elsewhere‰ÛÓis stagnant or declining funding and rapidly growing threat levels. For conservation programs this makes strategic deployment of limited conservation resour
Current velocity and habitat patchiness shape stream herbivore movementOikosHoffman, A.L., J.D. Olden, J.B. Monroe, N.L. Poff, T. Wellnitz, and J.A. Wiens2006Animal movements are influenced by the structure and arrangement of patches in a landscape. Most movement studies occur in terrestrial landscapes, though aquatic landscapes are equally heterogeneous and feature patches that differ in resistance to ...
Fire and Plant InteractionsFites-Kaufman, Joann; Bradley, Anne F.; Merrill, Amy G.2006Charcoal records show that fire has been present in California for millions of years (Weide 1968, Keeley and Rundel 2003), creating a long history of fire interacting with plants. In an ecological context, fire is neither ‰ÛÏgood‰Û&#157; nor ‰ÛÏbad‰Û&#157; for biot
Cavernicolous Missouri triclad (Platyhelminthes: Turbellaria) recordsThe Southwestern NaturalistSlay, M.E., W.R. Elliot, and R. Sluys2006Dendrocoelopsis americana (Hyman, 1939) inhabits subterranean streams and springs in Oklahoma and Arkansas (Hyman, 1939a, 1939b; Kenk, 1973; Darlington and Chandler, 1979; Kawakatsu et al., 1995) and a single well in northeastern Texas (Kawakatsu and Mitc
Ground-based photomonitoring of ecoregional ecological changes in northwestern Yunnan, ChinaMonitoring Science and Technology Symposium: Unifying Knowledge for Sustainability in the Western HemisphereLassoie, J.P., K.E. Goldman, and R.K. Barring abrupt natural or anthropogenic disasters, ecological changes in terrestrial landscapes proceed at a pace not readily detected by humans. The use of historical repeat photography can provide valuable information about such changes, buProceedings RMRS-P-42CD. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
Dictyostelid cellular slime molds from cavesJournal Of Cave And Karst StudiesLandolt, JC; Stephenson, SL; Slay, cellular slime molds (dictyostelids) are singlecelled, eukaryotic, phagotrophic bacterivores usually present and often abundant in terrestrial ecosystems (Raper, 1984). These organisms represent a normal component of the microflora in soils a
Litter and dead wood dynamics in ponderosa pine forests along a 160-year chronosequenceEcological ApplicationsHall, S. A.; Burke, I. C.; Hobbs, N. T.2006Disturbances such as fire play a key role in controlling ecosystem structure. In fire-prone forests, organic detritus comprises a large pool of carbon and can control the frequency and intensity of fire. The ponderosa pine forests of the Colorado Front Ra
Movements of double-crested cormorants fledged on the Columbia River EstuaryNorthwest NaturalistClark, Alan C., T.M. Kollasch, D.A. Williamson2006Double-crested cormorants (Phalacrocorax auritus) have been the subject of increased research throughout North America in recent years, primarily as a result of conflicts with sport and commercial fisheries (Nettleship and Duffy 1995; Hatch and Weseloh 19
The blowgun is mightier than the chainsaw in determining population density of Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus morio) in the forests of East KalimantanBiological ConservationMarshall, AJ; Nardiyono; Engstrom, LM; Pamungkas, B; Palapa, J; Meijaard, E; Stanley, SA2006Due to its practical relevance to conservation, considerable efforts have been devoted to understanding the effects of logging on orangutan (Pongo spp.) population densities. Despite these efforts, consistent patterns have yet to emerge. We conducted oran
Preliminary prairie restoration study finds Sethoxydim reduces exotics without harming natives (Washington)Ecological RestorationDunwiddie, P.W. and E. Delvin2006English. Espa̱ol. Fran̤ais. ¯¤ôã¯_¯±¯¬ô_¯©. Šü_¾Ðà. _Ê„Ä„&#129;„&#129;_¼_ü__. agris. About: How it works; AGRIScenters; For contributors; Acceptable use policy. Feedback: Search help. Translate withTranslator. This translation tool is powered by Google. AGRIS ...
Fitness consequences of choosy oviposition for a time-limited butterflyEcologyDoak, P; Kareiva, P; Kingsolver, J2006For the majority of insects, a female's choice of oviposition site (s) greatly influences both the success of individual offspring and her own total fitness. Theory predicts that females most strongly limited by egg number will employ greater oviposition
Investments in fuel removals to avoid forest fires result in substantial benefitsJournal of ForestryMason, CL; Lippke, BR; Zobrist, KW; Bloxton, TD; Ceder, KR; Comnick, JM; McCarter, JB; Rogers, HK2006Forest fuel reduction treatments are needed, as shown by the increased number and cost of devastating crown fires in overly dense forests. Although large trees can be removed for valuable products, the market value for the smaller logs may be less than th
Assessing gaps in marine conservation in CaliforniaFrontiers in Ecology and the EnvironmentGleason, MG, MS Merrifield, C Cook, AL Davenport, and R Shaw2006Implementation of marine conservation strategies lags far behind terrestrial conservation efforts. Quantifying what is protected and what is not, or ‰ÛÏgap analysis‰Û&#157;, helps to show just how much work there is to do; systematic conservation planning prov
Vegetation dynamics in the dry valleys of Yunnan, China, during the last 150 years: implications for ecological restorationJournal of Plant EcologyMoseley, R.K. and Y. Tang2006In southwestern China, there are many opinions about past environmental conditions and the historical drivers of change, but little direct evidence. Such is the case in Dry Valley ecosystems, where current conservation programs appear to be based more on
Should heterogeneity be the basis for conservation? Grassland bird response to fire and grazingEcological ApplicationsFuhlendorf, Samuel D.; Harrell, Wade C.; Engle, David M.; Hamilton, Robert G.; Davis, Craig A.; Leslie, David M., Jr.2006In tallgrass prairie, disturbances such as grazing and fire can generate patchiness across the landscape, contributing to a shifting mosaic that presumably enhances biodiversity. Grassland birds evolved within the context of this shifting mosaic, with somagriculture, ranching
The impact of combined grass and wetland easements on agricultural land values in South DakotaJournal of Property EconomicsShultz, S. and D. An understanding of the impact of conservation easements on the resale values of land in production agriculture is essential for the calculation of&quot; fair market&quot; easement payment values by numerous federal and state agencies and non-governmenreprinted from the Journal of Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers, agriculture
Patterns of herbaceous plant diversity in southeastern Louisiana pine savannasApplied Vegetation ScienceKeddy, P. A.; Smith, L.; Campbell, D. R.; Clark, M.; Montz, G.2006Keywords: Andropogon virginicus; Competition; Conserva- tion; Disturbance; Diversity; Fugitive species; Longleaf pine; Louisiana; Peripheral species; Pinus palustris; Species-area relationship; Species frequency. ... Nomenclature: Integrated Taxonomic I
Cave fauna of the Buffalo National RiverJournal Of Cave And Karst StudiesGraening, G. O.; Slay, Michael E.; Bitting,;// Biological inventories of macrofauna were performed from November 1999 to December 2005. During this five-year study, at least 139 inventory events were performed and at least 67 caves and other karst features were inventoried (Fig. 3). Sites were
Shaping global environmental decisions using socio-ecological modelsTrends in Ecology and EvolutionTallis, Heather M.; Kareiva, Peter2006One of the most ambitious ecological studies of the past few decades was the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), which examined the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being. The MA developed global ecological scenarios as a process to infor
People and desertsSeely, M., A. Al-Amoud, D. Chatty, J. Henschel, J. Kinahan, J. Kinahan, P. Klintenberg, A. Le—n, S. Morrison, C. Roedern, E. Abraham, R. S. Felger, P. Laureano, D. Mouat, B. A. Portnov, U. Safriel, S. Schmidt, M. Sciortino, A. Warren, D. have lived in and around deserts since time immemorial where their activities and use of natural resources have been, and are, governed by the basic parameters defining all deserts. Rainfall, essential for growth and reproduction of plants and anim
Morphometric variation in North American Pogonomyrmex and Solenopsis ants: caste evolution through ecological release or dietary change?Ethology Ecology & EvolutionFerster, B; Pie, MR; Traniello, JFA2006Polymorphism in the ant Pogonomyrmex badius was studied using morphometric analysis. Head shape in P. badius was compared to 14 closely related monomorphic Pogonomyrmex believed to differ in worker morphology due to character displacement. Head shape in P
Responses of American toad tadpoles to predation cues: behavioural response thresholds, threat-sensitivity and acquired predation recognitionBehaviourMirza, Reehan S.; Ferrari, Maud C. O.; Kiesecker, Joseph M.; Chivers, Douglas P.2006Predation is one of the most important selective forces acting on prey animals. To respond adaptively to predation threats and increase their chances of survival, prey animals have to be able to recognize their potential predators. Even though a few studi
Conservation biology: Beyond marine protected areasCurrent BiologyKareiva, Peter2006Socioeconomic and ecological analyses of eleven coral reef conservation efforts make clear that marine protected areas are not the answer, and that in fact support of local communities is far more important than some government mandated 'fishing closure'.
Negative effects of changing temperature on amphibian immunity under field conditionsFunctional EcologyRaffel, T. R.; Rohr, J. R.; Kiesecker, J. M.; Hudson, P. J.2006Summary 1. Recent evidence of the important role of emerging diseases in amphibian population declines makes it increasingly important to understand how environmental changes affect amphibian immune systems. 2. Temperature-dependent immunity may be ...
Nature: poorest may see it as their economic rivalNatureMarvier, Michelle; Grant, Joy; Kareiva, Peter2006The moral imperative of saving species and protecting nature, as put forward by Douglas J. McCauley (&quot; Selling out on nature&quot; Nature 443, 27‰ÛÒ28; 2006), must be weighed against the moral imperative of saving people. Typically, it is the poorest members o
Forest and Woodland SystemsShvidenko, A., C.V. Barber, R. Persson, P. Gonzalez, R. Hassan, P. Lakyda, I. McCallum, S. Nilsson, J. Pulhin, B. van Rosenburg, and B. paradigm of sustainable forest management has been widely embraced at national and international policy levels, but it has not yet been implemented to the point where it is appreciably mitigating the negative trends affecting the world's forests. SFM
Neotropical montane oak forests: overview and outlookEcology and Conservation of Neotropical Montane Oak ForestsKappelle, preceding chapters of this book discuss scientific research results on natural and managed oak forests growing in the highlands of the American Tropics. Chapter authors highlight evolutionary, ecological and socioeconomic aspects of specific oak fores
Wildlife conservation in Bornean timber concessionsEcology & SocietyMeijaard, E., Sheil, D., Nasi, R. & Stanley, S2006There is an increasing awareness that wildlife species in Kalimantan can benefit from forests that are managed for sustainable timber extraction (ColÌ_n, 1999; Lammertink, 2004b; Sheil et al., 2004). In the last few decades, conservation efforts have focu
Desert outlook and options for actionGlobal Deserts OutlookHerrmann, S.M., C.F. Hutchinson, C. Nellemann, K. Nagatani, A. Warren, D. Dent, S. Morrison, A. Abdukadir, H. Ahlenius, R. Alkemade, M. Bakkenes, B. Brink, E. Ezcurra, O. St¿en, B.P. Kaltenborn, L. Miles, T. Tekelenburg, M. Seely, I. Vistnes, and A. Warre2006This chapter considers alternative futures for deserts in the coming decades. These futures depend both on how we manage the deserts and on global economic developments and environmental policies. Taking into account trends in the numbers of the people, t
Changes in diversity and structure along a successional gradient in a Costa Rican montane oak forestEcology and Conservation of Neotropical Montane Oak ForestsKappelle, montane forests are among the most fragile of all ecosystems on Earth (StadtmÌ_ller 1987; Hamilton et al. 1995; Kappelle and Brown 2001; Schneider et al. 2003). Following clearing, they recover extremely slowly, and it may take one to several cen
Spatial and temporal variability in forest growth in the Olympic Mountains, Washington: sensitivity to climatic variabilityCanadian Journal of Forest ResearchHolman, ML; Peterson, DL2006We compared annual basal area increment (BAI) at different spatial scales among all size classes and species at diverse locations in the wet western and dry northeastern Olympic Mountains. Weak growth correlations at small spatial scales (average R= 0.084
Whales are big and it mattersWhales, Whaling and Ocean EcosystemsKareiva, P., Yuan-Farrell, C, and C. OÕConnor2006Whales have a unique place in conservation lore. Their plight is widely known, and the beaching of even a single whale is a major news event, typically drawing hundreds of spectators. In addition, as a marine mammal, whales are given favored legal protect
Inadvertent selection in the propagation of native plants: A cautionary noteNative Plants JournalDunwiddie, P.W. and E. Delvin2006
Adapting a floral biogeography model to prairie-dependant LepidopteraMetzler, E. H., J. A. Shuey, L. A. Ferge, R. A. Henderson, and P. Z. University of Wisconsin-Madison
Book review: Invasive Plants of the Upper Midwest: An Illustrated Guide to Their Identification and Control. Elizabeth J. Czarapata. 2005.Ecological RestorationPearsall, D., S. Woods, and P. Doran2006
Can we control leafy spurge?�Adaptive management and the recovery of native vegetation�Ecological RestorationCornett, M.W., P. J. Bauman, and D. D. Breyfogle2006
Nongovernmental organizationsEndangered Species Act at ThirtyKareiva, P., T. Tear, S. Solie, M. Brown, L. Sotomayor, and C. Yuan-Farrell2006
Der Schabrackentapir (Tapirus indicus)Die TapireMeijaard, E. and van Strien, N2006Filander Verlag, FŸrth, Germany