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Sharing the Benefits of REDD+: Lessons from the Field

Erin Myers Madeira, Lisa Kelley, Jill Blockhus, David Ganz, Rane Cortez, Greg Fishbein

How can investments in REDD+ benefit people now?

How can tropical forest countries meet dual goals of conserving forests and increasing economic development?

What can we learn from other natural resource management and benefit sharing mechanisms?

In the near-term, most funding for REDD+ will come from the public sector and will focus on building readiness, piloting key policies and measures, and demonstrating how REDD+ will work on the ground. These upfront investments in REDD+ can deliver real, meaningful benefits, such as securing stakeholders’ access to resources and land, empowering communities to participate in land-use decisions, creating new “green” enterprises that are economically sustainable, and shifting towards low-carbon practices in existing industries.  These benefits are real and measurable, and are independent from any performance-based payments from measuring emissions reductions that may come once a program is fully implemented. This report examines the full set of opportunities to generate benefits through all phases of developing, demonstrating and implementing a REDD+ program. Further, it examines how actors’ interests at all levels can be aligned – from individual landholders to private firms to state and federal governments.

This report includes case studies of 10 existing natural resource management and benefit sharing programs. We identified the 5 key factors that must be considered when designing any successful natural resource management program and drew lessons for REDD+. The case studies focus on the following programs:

  • Costa Rica’s National Payments for Environmental Services Program (PSA)
  • Mexico’s Nature Conservation Fund (FMCN)
  • Brazil’s Ecological Tax (ICMS-E)
  • Indonesia’s Kecamatan Development Project (KDP)
  • Botswana’s Multi-Year Approach to Budgeting Diamond Extraction Revenues
  • Brazil’s Amazon Fund
  • Oddar Meanchey: Community Forest REDD+ Project in Northwest Cambodia
  • Distribution of Mineral Revenues in Colombia
  • China’s Clean Development Mechanism Guangxi Reforestation Project
  • Bolsa Floresta: Amazonas State, Brazil

Contact info
Erin Myers Madeira
Global Climate Change Team
The Nature Conservancy

4245 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 100
Arlington, VA 22203