LANDFIRE -- Landscape Fire and Resource Management Planning Tools -- is an innovative program designed to create and periodically update comprehensive vegetation, fire and fuel characteristics data using a consistent process for the United States, including Alaska and Hawai'i.

LANDFIRE developed quantitative vegetation models and comprehensive ecological descriptions for all major vegetation systems in the US (Biophysical Settings, or BpS), and a suite of GIS tools that help landscape and resource managers make the most of these powerful products.


  • The suite of spatial data and vegetation models is free and accessible online.
  • Products are ready for use almost immediately.
  • Data and models are adaptable to fire and non-fire applications.
  • Experts developed products using consistent methods across the country.
  • Models & descriptions are complete for the entire U.S., regardless of ownership or boundaries.
  • Data are updated on a regular schedule to reflect spatial layers that change over time.

"Innovation That Is Changing Conservation"

Around the globe, scientists employ the latest technological advances to make a difference for people, wildlife, oceans, forests and clean water. In honor of World Environment Day (June 5) - a day to raise global awareness to take positive environmental action to protect nature and the planet earth - the editors at Cool Green Science named LANDFIRE one of the "most useful and inspiring technological advances that are assisting conservation."

In his overview, Matt Miller asks and answers the question, "How do conservationists know what a natural habitat looked like before human disturbance – before invasive species, development, fire suppression or logging? This is not an easy question. Computer models offer the most accurate answer, and few have proven as effective as the Conservancy-led suite of tools known as LANDFIRE."
•Click here to read 10 Innovations That Are Changing Conservation.


LANDFIRE on Conservation Gateway


This site is designed to present information that helps the user community understand LANDFIRE Program products and use them appropriately.

The full range of tools, data and resources are on the LANDFIRE Program web site. Here on the Conservation Gateway, we continually post and update hundreds of publications, reports, resource links, tutorials, guides, maps, videos and more.

The short video below provides a concise introduction to the LANDFIRE Program that shows how our tools, data and products are used to support analysis and management of large landscapes across the U.S. 

MORE than Fire

LANDFIRE's suite of tools, models and digital map layers -- the first complete, nationally consistent collection of resources with an ecological foundation -- are valuable resources for those working on land management issues, scenario planning and budgeting.  LANDFIRE models and spatial layers have been used in numerous and varied conservation applications such as

  • Developing statewide forest assessments
  • Analysing the impact of habitat fragmentation on bobcat populations
  • Looking at how climate change could affect flora and fauna
  • Maintaining habitat for viable populations of bighorn sheep
  • Establishing cougar population viability

A selection of "beyond fire" application stories are posted in the Resources Library and in the Applications section. The interactive WHAM! (Web-Hosted Application Map) details more than 80 on-the-ground projects where LANDFIRE tools and data were and are being used.   

LANDFIRE: 2004-2014



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