SouthernBottomlandForest

   

The Southern bottomland forest macrogroup consists of the following habitats:











Back to Terrestrial Habitats page | Back to Habitat Guides homepage

Atlantic Coastal Plain Blackwater/Brownwater Stream Floodplain Forest

Download the pdf Guide for this habitat.
Regional distribution:
VA. 163,607 total acres of habitat, of which 6.2% is conserved.


Description:
A complex of wetland and upland vegetation on floodplains of coastal plain streams south of the James river in southeast Virginia. These are narrow but sometimes long dendritic patches of wetland forest dominated by bald cypress and tupelo with oaks and other bottomland hardwoods found in drier areas. Small shrubby sloughs may be present, and shrub and herb layers are generally well- developed. Two variants are recognized. "Blackwater" floodplains originate in sandy soils; their waters are strongly stained by tannins and carry little suspended clay sediment. Depositional landforms are limited. Streams in more nutrient- rich and diverse "brownwater" floodplains carry substantial amounts of silt and clay. Natural levees are often distinctly present.

Download the pdf for this habitat for information about species, crosswalks to state names, and condition of this habitat.

Back to Terrestrial Habitats page | Back to Habitat Guides homepage

​​​